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In London, on the 23d of July, a great con is believed even by some honorable gentlemen course of the English friends of the Magyar in Threadneedle street. Now, I have been liberties, met at London Tavern, to express there, and I know what is the value of those their sympathy with that brave, but unfortu- mines. The Russian government does not nate and unfriended people. Among those work those mines itself, but receives a per present were Mr. Cobden, Lord Nugent, Wil- centage upon the working of these mines by liam Howitt, &c. Mr. Cobden addressed the others. After the gold-mine delusion is dispelmeeting with great effect. He put forth the led, they tell you that the Emperor of Russia principle, that the liberty of every nation should has a great amount of specie in the vaults of be regarded as sacred, the principle of non the fortress of St. Petersburgh. Yes, there is interference, except for the defense of national a reserve of specie there, precisely as we have liberties. He said that every nation ought to a reserve of specie in the Bank of England, but be allowed to regulate its own affairs. He it is a reserve of £14,000,000 to meet a circuthought favorably of the cause of the Hunga- lation of £40,000,000 or £50,000,000. If it rians, and spoke with great severity against comes to a war, Russia must either come for Russian interference. What I am here to a foreign loan or rob the bank; and if the Emday for,” said Mr. Cobden, “is to rouse the peror takes that money, he takes what no more feelings of the peace party in this country belongs to him, and what he has no more right against the aggression of Russia. We may be to take, than if the Chancellor of the Excheasked, how can you bring moral force to bear quer came down to Threadneedle street and upon these armed despots ? I will tell you. took the reserve out of the vaults there. There We can stop the supplies. Why Russia can't are men here present who know I am speaking carry on two campaigns beyond her own fron- the truth. I know it, because I have been on tiers without coming to Western Europe for a the spot and made it my business to understand loan. She never has done so without being these things. I should never have spoken thus either subsidized by England or borrowing of the poverty of Russia, if she had not violated money from Amsterdam. I tell you I have a principle which every man who admires paid a visit there, and I assert that ihey cannot Hungarian fortitude and courage, and feels an carry on two campaigns in Hungary without interest in the cause of liberty and patriotism, either borrowing money in Western Europe or is bound to further and uphold. Well, these robbing the Bank at St. Petersburgh. I know are my moral means, by which I invite the that the Russian party here and abroad would peace party to put down this system of loaning. rather that I should send against them a Now, will any one in the city of London dare squadron of cavalry and a battery of cannon, to be a party to a loan to Russia, either directthan that I should fire off the facts that I am ly or openly, or by agency and co-partnership about to tell you. I say, then, that Russia can with any house in Amsterdam or Paris ? Will not carry on two campaigns without a loan. any one dare, I say, to come before the citizens In 1829, Russia was engaged in a war with of this free country and avow that he has lent Turkey, but after one campaign she was ob- his money for the purpose of cutting the throats liged to go to Hope, of Amsterdam, and borrow of the innocent people of Hungary? I have 40,000,000 florins to carry on a war of two heard such a project talked of. But let it only years' duration. In 1831, when the Poles rose assume a shape, and I promise you, that we, in insurrection against Russia, if it had not the peace party, will have such a meeting as been for the assistance of Hope, of Amsterdam, has not yet been held in London, for the purRussia could not have carried on that nine pose of denouncing the blood-stained projectmonths' war. The loan, I understand, was for the purpose of pointing the finger of scorn called in England, the Pole-murdering loan. at the house or the individuals who would emWell now, I want to know, can't we, as a peace ploy their money in such a manner-for the party, do something to prevent Russia or Aus- purpose of fixing an indelible stigma of infamy tria raising a loan in Western Europe again ? upon the men who would lend their money for The whole contest depends upon that. I have such a vile, unchristian, and barbarous purtold you they cannot carry on a war without pose. That is my moral force. As for Auseither robbing the Bank of St. Petersburgh or tria, no one, I suppose, would ever think of borrowing money abroad. There is no one in lending her money. Why, she has been banktheir own country from whom they can bor- rupt twice within the last forty years, and now row; there is not a citizen who can lend them her paper money is at a discount of 15 per a farthing. The rumors of the wealth of Rus-cent. As the peace party throughout the sia exist because their diplomatists, who are country, we will raise a crusade against the elever, cunning men. invent falsehoods, which credit of every government that is carrying on no one who knows the real condition of the an unholy war. If Russia should take a step country could believe for a moment. They that required England or any other great maritell us that the Emperor has gold mines time power, like the United States, to attack in Siberia, from which he can draw any pos- that Power, why we should fall like a thundersible amount of gold, and that is a story which / bolt upon her.

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Retribution; or, the Vale of Shadows-A Tale , The History of Pendennishis fortunes and

of Passion. By EMMA D. E. NEVITT SOUTH. misfortunes,his friends and his greatest enemy. WORTH. N. York : Harper & Brothers. 1849. By W. M. T'HACKERAY. New York: Harper

& Brothers. 89 Cliff street. A critical friend, who has read this novel, pronounces it nearly, if not quite equal in pow The author of " Vanity Fair," and what we er and interest to the famous “ Jane Eyre.” like still better, of the “Great Hoggarty DiaThe style is eloquent, and refined, the plot con- mond,” has a style that ranks, for simplicity sistent, and powerful, the characters natural and and bon hommie, with that of Charles Lamb. strongly marked.

As an author he can only be compared with Dickens, but he is also as unlike that admirable delineator as he is unlike Lamb, or Field

ing. Thackeray, notwithstanding his sarcastic Darid Copper field-No. 4. With a plate. vein, is essentially the prince of good fellows

Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard. New in print. He is an author in whom one may
York : G. P. Putnam. The same published place confidence. You sit down to him, as to
in an elegant form, by JOHN WILEY, 161 à table where you are sure of good cooking,
Broadway, New York. 1849.

an amiable and witty company.

In such a

spirit and with such a confidence, shall we sit This work of Dickens' seems to ourselves down, by and by, and read Pendennis, and then his very best; certainly his best written. It we will be able to make up our minds whether shows more art and study, the style is purer, the author has “exceeded himself” or “ fallen it is freer from the author's peculiar faults, has short of himself,” &c. &c. no “maudlin" in it, and is altogether a delicious affair, though the sadness of the history of poor little Copperfield renders it too pathetic for very sensitive nerves.

The works of Washington Irving-New edition,

revised by the Author's own hand. Vol. II. The Sketch Book. New York: G. P. Put.

1849. History of the Constituent Assembly of France

from May 1848. By J. F. COCKRAN, Esq. Mr. Irving's works never weary in the readNew York: Harper & Brothers. 1849. ing. A more elegant master of English has

not appeared this century; he is the only A brilliant, lively, and sensible series of po writer who has succeeded in the style of Addison litical sketches, taken by the author from per- and the classics, and is perhaps the last of that sonal observation in the galleries of the French school. The Sketch Book is generally supposAssembly. The book conveys a remarkably ed to be his best work. vivid impression of the leading men of the This edition has an English look. The style present French Republic. The style is culti- of “getting up” is English, the pages delightvated and at the same time easy and conver- fully open and clear, the work cheap. sational.

nam.

A Second Visit to the United States of North
Bulwer and Forbes on the Water Treatment America. By Sir CHARLES LYELL, F. R. S.,

Edited, with additional matter, by ROLAND President of the Geological Society of Lon-
S. HOUGHTON, A. M., M. D. New York : don, &c. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Geo. P. Putnam, 155 Broadway. 1849. 2 vols.

The press teems with works on the Water Sir Charles Lyell is the only English trav-
Cure. This is a reproduction of Bulwer's eller in this country, who writes without pre-
famous letter from the Malvern Hills, on the judice, if indeed he is not strongly prejudiced
benefits and pleasures which he himself re in favor of republican institutions.
ceived from it; to which is added a regular No features of our country, or of our social
scientific treatise by Dr. Forbes. The volume system, escape his keen scientific vision,
is elegantly got up.

Churches, courts, families, scenery, geology,

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&c. &c.—the enterprise of our citizens, their and vastness, to be aimed at in buildings erected
prejudices, and peculiar sentiments ; the pro- for a sacred or a civil purpose.
gress of education, all are discussed in a clear, The Lamp of Beauty. In this chapter grace
vigorous style, and with a peculiar force and and beauty are treated of, as far as these qual-
classic simplicity of manner which character- ities can be communicated to architectural
izes the writings of this excellent author. Hav- designs; especially in the imitation of organic
ing won the very first position as a writer forms.
upon the grandest topics of science, he now The Lamp of Life. This chapter treats of
adds the reputation of having written the best the peculiar vitality of the different styles" of
book on America. Scientific men of eminence architecture, as they are significant and com-
in France and England, are very generally plete in themselves.
liberal, and many of them republican, in senti The Lamp of Memory. Of durability, and
ment. The habit of accurate investigation the erection of works with a view to the admi-
dissipates their prejudices and leads them to ration and respect of future ages, and as monu-
take a very accurate view of the affairs of ments and memorials of the present; com-
men, as well as those of nature.

municating to buildings a quality at once of
venerableness and persistence.

The Lamp of Obedience. Opposed to foolish
Humes's History of England. Boston. 1849. efforts at innovation, and inculcating a respect
Phillips, Sampson, & Co., of Boston, havę ile ambition of originality.

for what is established. It condemns the puerpublished a very elegant edition of Humes'

It were impossible in the brief space of a history of England, prefaced by his Autobiography. This edition is in small octavo, and notice, to enter upon a discussion of the merits

of this admirable but often faulty and eccentric is the most convenient one we have seen. The volumes are small octavo, and cheaply our literature, and that it may be read by any

production. That it is a valuable addition to got up—a good table and library edition.

one with profit, is all the praise that we can Notwithstanding all that has been said and

here expend upon it. written against this elegant and accomplished historian, his work is still felt to be the most perfect one of its kind. A careful comparison The early Dramas and Romances of Schiller. of facts will indeed discover a few errors, and

Henry G. Bohn. London : 1849. perhaps some misrepresentations, the result of bias and prejudice, in his narrative ; but take Humboldt's Cosmos. H. G. Bohn. London. him as a whole, we do not know his equal in the language, and as a model of pure correct English, he is not admitted to have a superior. have been sent us by the agents of the pub

These very cheap and convenient volumes lishers in this country, Messrs. Bangs, Platt & Co.

The first are very spirited translations of
The Seven Lamps of Architecture. By JOHN Schiller's Robbers, Fiesco, Love and Intrigue,

Ruskin, Author of " Modern Painters.” New The Ghost-Seer, and The Sport of Des-
York: John Wiley, 161 Broadway.

tiny, chiefly by the publisher, Mr. Bohn, him

self. This is one of the most remarkable and ele The edition of the Cosmos is an'exceedingly gant works of the year, a fit companion for the cheap and convenient one. Of the merits of * Modern Painters.”

this great work we have spoken at large in a The “Seven Lamps" are the seven princi- former number. ples, or rather “sentiments," which should guide the architect in the construction of enduring works. These, as our author enumerates them, the lamps of Sacrifice, of Truth, of The History of Alexander the Great, and the Power, of Beauty, of Memory, and of Obedi History of Julius Cæsar. Harper and Broth

New York: 1849. The Lamp of Sacrifice prompts to the offering of precious things. It devotes the grandest These are other two volumes of the series of efforts and the most costly and durable mate- Jacob Abbott, and no books of the kind are rials to the work.

more happily designed and written. The Lamp of Truth directs simplicity and In a very condensed form, and most lucid sincerity to be observed in the work; it excludes style, Mr. Abbott gives in these portraitures, false ornaments, architectural deceptions, and sketches of the actions and the lives of these every effort to produce grand effects with mean, heroes more satisfactory to the class of readers hollow, and contemptible materials.

at which he aims, than many more pretentious The Lamp of Power directs dignity, grandeur writers. We confess, in their perusal, to hav

ence.

ers.

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AMERICAN REVIEW,

No. XXII.

FOR OCTOBER, 1849.

A HISTORY OF PARTIES.

The publication of the Statesman's Man- himself with these, is like studying theoloual

, which contains, besides the Addresses gy in the primer. A great many, indeed, and the Messages of the Presidents, a me of the class called politicians, are formed moir of each and the history of their ad- upon the labor-saving principle, and with ministration, will probably have the effect some few, certain clever points of statesin future to give a more solid and accurate manship may be developed on the basis of character to political writings upon ques- the science made easy; but most of these tions of the day. After giving our read cases serve chiefly to reveal the distinction ers a brief review of this new and valuable between the profession of politics and a work, and pointing out a few statistical political education. errors, which have escaped the notice of To understand fully and clearly the printhe author and compiler, it is our intention ciples on which our government has been to enter upon a brief history of the rise administered—to comprehend the relations and progress of the two parties, which of the various policies with the circumstanoriginated during the formation of the ces of the nation—to trace their connecConstitution. We believe that most of tion with later events,—we must know not our political readers, if they will follow us merely what has been done, but why it was in this history, will confess that the cur donemust know what was thought by rent opinions of the day, and which are the actors : to know this, and to make the studiously maintained by the opposition lesson of experience available to the prespresses, in regard to the origin of the present, we must resort to the cotemporaneous ent Whig Republican party, are false opin- exposition from the voices and pens of the ions; and they will have the satisfaction statesmen who conceived, who debated, of finding that the line of policy at present or who executed, the systems that have taken by the Whigs is an unbroken line, prevailed. transmitted to them by their republican A compilation the most important of founders from the time of the origin of the any which could be made, in a selection of

American State papers, is given us in the A first want in every nation in which work of Mr. Williams.

The Messages of politics is a profession of free choice, is a

the Presidents are dignified and intelligent collection of the documentary history of treatises on the national interests, containthe government. Politicians are, no more ing, generally, sound definitions (in the abthan scholars, made by the study of epit- stract view, at least,) of the theory of our omes. A narrative history of the admin- Republican system, and so far as they istration of public affairs may answer very

reason debatable points, make use only of well the purpose of those who seek nothing i dispassionate and logical arguments. At beyond general ideas; but for one who is the same time, they contain better

expresin search of a political education to content sions of the sentiments of the parties by Special , from 1789 to 1846. BY EDWIN WILLIAMS. New York: Edward Walker. Messages of the Presidents of the United States ; Inaugural, Annual and

22

Constitution.

* The Addresses

VOL IV. NO. IV.

NEW SERIES.

Collor's New French READER; a delightfal the following catalogue of new works from

SOUTHEY'S COMMON PLACE Book; edited by his | CONTRIBUTIONS TO LEGAL SCIENCE; by John

son-in-law, John Wood Warter, Esq. (Reprint,) New Anthon, 8vo.
York, Harper & Brothers ; 2 vols., 8vo.

BYRNE's New METHOD OF CALCULATING THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY,

LOGARITAMS OF ANY GIVEN NUMBER. 12mo.
with engraved likness of Hon. Elias Boudinot, L. L. D ; by EXERCISES IN GREEK COMPOSITION ; by Prof.
W. P. Strickland, one of the Society's agents. New York,
Harper & Brothers, 1849.

Boise of Brown University. 12mo.
Manual OF ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY AND His Cicero De OFFICIIS. With Notes, by Prof.
TORY ; by Wilhelm Patz, principal tutor at the Gymnasium

Thather of Yale College. 12mo.
of Duren. Translated from the German; edited by the Cicero's Orations. By that very learned and
Rev. Thomas K. Arnold ; revised and corrected from the
London edition. New York, D. Appleton & Co. 1849.

elegant scholar, Professor Johnson, of New York University.

Messrs. Appleton & Co. also communicate selection from the French comedies. D. Appleton & Co. 1849.

their

press. SELECT ITALIAN COMEDIES, translated from the

WORKS IN PRESS.
Italian of Goldoni, Giraud, and Nota. New York, D. Ap-
poleton & Co
1849.

NEW ILLUSTRATED GIFT-BOOKS.
Jones' BOOK-KEEPING. This work has the rare I. COMPANION TO " THE WOMEN OF THE BIBLE."

merit in its class of being both simple and comprehen In one very elegant volume, imperial octavo.
sive; the edition is elegant. New York, John Wiley ; 1849.

THE WOMEN OF THE NEW AND OLD TESTA.
John Wiley, 161 Broadway, also announces

MENT. A series of eighteen exquisitely finished engravinge the following:

of Female Characters of the New and Old Testament, with Book-KEEPING AND ACCOUNTANTSHIP, Element

descriptions by various eminent American Clergymen. Ed.

by the Rev. Dr. E. B Sprague. ary and Practical; in two parts, with a Key for Teachers. II. Uniform with the above, a new edition, in a new style of For schools, self-instruction, or counting-house reference ; binding. imperial 8vo., cloth.

THE WOMEN OF THE BIBLE, delineated in a Root & SWEETZIR'S NEW COLLECTION OF

series of Sketches of prominent Females mentioned in Church Music. Oblong 16mo., half bound.

Scripture, by Clergymen of the United States. Ilustrated ADAMS, ROOT AND SWEETSIR'S SINGER'S MAN by 18 characteristic steel engravings. Edited by Jonathan VAL; 12mo., cloth.

M. Wainwright, D. D. One beautifully prinied imperial

octavo vol. handsomely bound. Downing's Country Houses; or New Designs III. In one vol. octavo, containing twelve new and finely ex

for Rural Residences, with Interior, Furniture, &c. ; 8vo. ecuted Steel Engravings, CAPTAIN CLARIDGE's Guide to HYDROPATHY, The Four GOSPELS. Arranged as a Practical as applied to every disease ; with notes on the cure of dis

Family Commentary, for every Day in the Year. By the ease in Horses and Cattle. 12mo.

Author of “ The Peep of Day," &c. Edited with an laRev. H. SEYMOUR'S PILGRIMAGE TO ROME. troductory Preface, by Stephen H. Tyng, D. D., Rector of

St. George's Church, N. Y. The following works have also been sent by IV. THE LITERARY GEM. An Mustrated the publishers to this office; our limited space Souvenir for all Seasons. Nineteen highly finished steel compels us merely to name them for the pre

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By Mrs. Ellis. Illustrated with fine steel engravings. One

handsome 8vo. vol. LIBERTY'S TRIUMPH; an epic poem of more than VI. A New Edition, with additional illastrations, 20,000 lines, descriptive if the American Revolution; by THE SACRED POETS OF ENGLAND AND AMERICA

Robert W. Landis. John Wiley, New York. 1849. Class BOOK OF ZOOLOGY; a school book, with a

during three centuries. With Biographical and Critical

Notices, by Rufus W. Griswold. One handsome octavo large number of illustrations well executed. A small and volume.

cheap volume. D. Appleton & Co., New York. 1842. A LIFT FOR THE LAZY. The author has been

NEW JUVENILES. at a great feast of languages, and stolen the scraps. Very | I. TALES AND STORIES FROM THE GERMAN. curious and full of entertainment. George P. Putnam, New

Translated by G. P. Quackenboss. Illustrated by Orr. York ; 1849. The Child's History of Rome; by E. M. Se- II. A New Story Book, by Miss Pardoe. well, author of Amy Herbert, &c. &c. D. Appleton & III. Tales OF TRAVEL AND ADVENTURE, with Co., New York; 18-19.

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Josiah C. Nott, M. D. of Mobile, Alabama, with preface by Men; adapted for the Amusement and Instruction of
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Youth
view. Bartlett & Welford, No. 7 Astor House, New-York;
1841.

V. AMERICAN HISTORICAL TALES FOR YOUTH,

16mo. D. APPLETON & Co. have in press a number of new and valuable books, as follows:

VI. Popular MORAL TALES FOR YOUTH. By

Mary Howitt.
SOUTHERN AND WESTERN TRAVELLERS GUIDE; VII. MY JUVENILE Days; and other Tales.

an indispensable travelling companion, illustrated with 23
maps, and plans of cities. °16mo.

By Mary Howitt.
OLLENDORF'S ELEMENTARY FRENCH GRAM- VIII. TALES AND STORIES FOR BOYS and Girls.
MAR; or Lessons in French. Ed. by G. W. Greene. 18mo.

By Mary Howitt. Ollendorf's system of teaching the modern languages is the IX. INNOCENCE OF CHILDHOOD. By Mrs. Colone most generally in use by good teachers.

man. Illustrated with numerous Engravings. 16mo. Living AUTHORS OF ENGLAND; by Thomas X. Aunt Fanny's STORY-Book, a new edition. Powell, 12mo.

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