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Emily, until you can produce a better first book of Kings, to this effect — And title to it.”
it came to pass, that when the evil spirit “I assure you I am not covetous of so from God was upon Saul, David took a high an honor; a title to sympathy never harp and played with his hand, and Saul involved a lawsuit.”
was refreshed and was well, and the evil There is a certain species of conversa- spirit departed from him.' This is a high tion which derives all its sweetness from the compliment to your favorite pursuit, and opportunity that calls it into existence, my recollection of it is only attributable to and from the circumstances inspiring it; your proficiency. Whether you are gratwhich defies repetition, as it was never ified in receiving praise where you exdesigned for a third party; and which, pected a secret, I know not ; for the above all, should never be retailed in the discrimination of Aquinas himself would first person. It is born beneath the ray be insufficient to determine which is dearof the intensest feeling, and withers under est to woman—the indulgence of her the chilling influences of a colder clime. vanity, or the gratification of her curi
“ Draw to that shutter a little,” said osity.' Emily, “the sun is right in my
face. "My dear father," replied Emily, “the There~I will reward you with a slow light of your praise is hidden beneath the movement from Mozart's Entfürhrung, bushel of your censure; your honey is which is more like the song of a pensive flavored quite too decidedly with the angel than mortal music.”
Sardinian poppy; but I thank you She sung the brief adagio—I have never high an authority, that music is so nearly heard it since-in such a manner, that I allied to heaven, that a demon fled at its felt my innermost soul acknowledge the sound.” truth of her last proposition. Beautiful Your nap has been a short one,” I and accomplished girl! When, at this said, addressing Msilent and remote hour, the mind allows “ Short! When I left you, the sun the senses to slumber as if in consideration had a fourth of his course to run, and now of past services, turning to memory for his fiery disc is scorching the horizon. old impressions, unambitious of new ones, But do not imagine that I slept through I recall thy perfections so well adapted to the whole interval; one hour suffices me, bestow, instead of losing the joys of Eden, and the two others, which you were I fear that reviving regret is not entirely pleased to condense into a short nap, stifled by the sweet conviction that thou were devoted to such exercise as the mind art now enjoying the reward of thy is entitled to." virtues !
“Those shadows have had a most She had concluded the air, and her wonderful growth,” I said, surveying from fingers were trickling carelessly over the the window the lengthening outlines of the strings. Her uplifted eye still retained old oaks upon the grass. the inspiration of the dreamy strain, when “Yes," he replied, “ the growth of I heard a whisper in my ear, repeating Otus and Ephialtes was nothing to it. A Benedict's outrageous soliloquy—“Is it short nap of three hours! In what denot strange that sheeps' guts should hale licious fairy-land have you been roaming, the souls out of men's bodies ?" I started pray? Well, time is like a cone standing from my reverie, and recognized M-at on its base, where the circles in planes
parallel to the plane of the base may re“Secrets! Oh exquisite !” said Emily, present years or days; the space we springing forward ; “I insist upon being travel is increased or diminished, as afflicmade lord keeper of the little vagrants.” tion compels us towards the ground line,
“I have not the heart," said M- or joy elevates us to the tapering vertex. “to disappoint so reasonable a curiosity, Your orbit has been around the very top.” and I will insure your secrecy by the assur- "And you, sir, I hope, have not been ance that you are at liberty to divulge circling near the base ?" it anywhere or to anybody. I was then “No, my course was midway. But merely reminding this young gentleman of put away your instrument, my child, or a passage in the sixteenth chapter of the sing some English, Irish or Scotch air,
that I can comprehend; your selections lle gave Emily his arm, and I followed
The air was now pleasant, and the birds “Now, my dear father," replied Emily, and beasts seemed rejoicing in the golden "your prejudices on this score are surely serenity that attends a summer sunset. most unfounded. There is no earthly
There is no earthly The sun, just dipping beneath the horizon, reason why music should be despised for retained all bis light without half his heat. want of simplicity. Because we admire Large banks of purple clouds fringed with the songs of Burns, or the idyls of gold were clustering around him, and here Theocritus, are we prevented from accord and there light fleecy specks hung on the ing homage to the lofty and studied ma- borders of the radiant mass, rejoicing in jesty of Paradise Lost or the Divine the effulgence, and changing their gorComedy? The musical faculty is as sus- geous livery with the rapidity of a fanciful ceptible of cultivation as any other, and belle determined to display the variety and yet when experts in the art venture an extent of her wardrobe. The sun is ceropinion and evince a partiality, their con- tainly suggestive of similes. clusions are scouted at by the uninitiated "See those sycophant clouds," said as at variance with their tastes, and their M-“how they turn their bright sides ideas."
to their monarch, while they frown gloomi“Ghost of Aristophanes ! Emily--what ly upon all beneath them: honey to their a broadside! I sink my colors. But re- master, gall to their inferiors. Aye, their member, my child, I only said your fa- glories are fading now; they will soon be vorite jingles were above my mark-not left black and desolate enough, perhaps below it : I charged myself with inca
to weep ere many hours.” pacity, not your German or Italian fan
The tiny hills in the distance still held tasias with absurdity."
on to a few loitering beams, with the “ But you have done so before,” she said tenacious grip of some love-sick damsel to with a smile; “ admired the Bucolics, but a fickle lover. We watched the splendid despised the Æneid.”
pageant to its close, and then retraced our "Only because I could not understand steps. the latter. I am far from disputing your We sat in the ample porch as long as position, my daughter; there is a progres- the night-air permitted. I will not atsion in music as well as in mathematics ; tempt to repeat the brilliant and varied and though I may have occasionally conversation with which M- regaled laughed at your devoting as much time to us; I feel the injustice I have already your quavers, as Miss Ringlet gives to her done him, and dare not peril bis reputacurls, I assure you that I deem your tion any further. Among the many things favorite recreation anything but a frivolous which gave zest to hours, not remembered pastime, at war with more serious pur- without a sigh, was a song of Emily's,
I would not hesitate to employ a running thus: lawyer, because he might, after the stern toils of the day, prefer the canvas to “ Had I the Peri power to hie parchment, or happen to perpetrate a From star to star on viewless wing, sonnet at his own fireside; I am not quite
Ah, yet no wanderer were I !so prejudiced as to censure a lecturer for
There is one sweet spot in the sky
Where I would ever cling.
“ And though 'mid halls all bright and fair solid and deeply rooted, and the sturdy My jewelled foot might proudly roam ; Tuscan or Doric column uphold a sub- No earthly beck could lure me there, stantial and enduring mass; the light
While Allah yields the bliss to share
My Azim's tented home !"
Thus Zara sung, while her dark lash fung
O'er her bright eye a soft eclipse; without impairing the strength of the edi
And while the mellow music hung fice. But if we dally here much longer Still thrilling on the minstrel's tongue, we shall miss the sunset.”
Young Azim sealed her lips.
These lines, dearer to me from associa- troubled expression of her eye gave me tion than from any intrinsic merit, I have much uneasiness. My horse, as I had never forgotten : on that evening, like directed, was at the gate, and as I rode Zelica's mournful lay, their effect was en- home in the clear moonlight I felt the hanced by the thrilling tone and the hour. first chill mist settle on hopes hitherto so
Thus ended a day of mingled pain and bright and cloudless. pleasure. As I took leave of Emily the
NO. III.—THE PRIMARY PLATFORM.
The founders of our system did much law acts only upon evidence, and seldom more than they are apt to have credit for fails of arriving at just conclusions. having done, in a policy of conservation But when at length the particular State looking to the future. And as power in organizations were to be combined in a one form or another was the Pandora's larger economy for national purposes, the box of the subject, so it will be found upon question of official endowment became examination, that to adjust the measure more embarrassing, forasmuch as the agenand distribute the jurisdiction of power; cies now to be instituted were confined and to keep it from excess in every quarter special in their objects, and could only be and prevent abuses; to stay its natural invested with their needed authority by growth, control its tendencies, and provide a sort of cession from the pre-existing aptidotes for the poison of its temptations, governments, or from the people in derowas the main drift of that policy.
gation of those governments. A comproA government may be too strong or too mise was necessary. The States were as weak; may have too much power in it or yet sovereign in the absolute sense of this too little.
Here was a problem to begin term. And as no new government could with.
be set up over them without a consequent In the early State constitutions it is re- reduction of their power and dignity, the markable that with few exceptions the enterprise had some vanities and jealousies measure of power allotted to rulers was to contend with, and instead of being left nowhere specified. Not even words of as before to common-law adjustments, grant were used in most cases; much less must depend in great measure upon exact words of definition. The fathers simply verbal provisions. said, let there be such and such depart The result might have been guessed bements, with such and such officers in each, forehand. The first experiment was a comand there they stopped. The rest was to plete failure. The thing was gone about be settled by implication--common law too timidly, (too grudgingly perhaps,) in implication.
the very point of ceded power. There And upon second thought, what better was not power enough given to the new could they do? Those governments were economy to keep it alive. The prepure republics. There had been no such existence of the local organizations may governments before. It was impossible to or may not explain the fact. At any rate, foresee all exigencies. To attempt to dole it was a severe tax upon the magnanimity out in advance, statute fashion, the precise of the States, to be called upon to curtail modicum of power that would be certainly their own consequence by contributing to enough in every instance, and as certainly the erection of a government, which must not more than enough, would have been necessarily overshadow them in certain realike gratuitous and empirical, when the spects. Whether from this cause or from common law presented a so much safer sheer misjudgment in apportioning means alternative. Legislation and the common to ends, the important fact is, that they law are very different things. That goes went no further for the time than to sign before events, while this applies its judg- " articles of confederation,” establishing ments to them in the detail of their occur what in the first paragraph of the instru
Legislation is conjectural often, ment was accordingly termed “a confedand shoots wide of the mark; the common 'eracy,” while the second paragraph led
off with these ominous words, “ each Stale | 1787 left us one mouth of communication relains ils sovereignty."
with foreign countries, and no more; one Well, as sovereignty, taken absolutely, head of counsel and of empire for purposes is a whole of political power; if the States of general interest among ourselves. As kept all, the Union of course got nothing; to these objects, the States no longer exand so it proved. The new government isted. They retained, indeed, besides their (such by courtesy of speech) was too organism, many important powers; just as, weakly constituted to be good for any- while they were yet completely sovereign, thing. The men appointed to administer important powers remained vested in the it, tried to get on by overstepping their smaller corporations, the counties, cities, authority. That could not save the system. townships of their territories.
But as Nothing could save it or make it worth those corporations were voiceless in the saving. And good reason : it was a con- halls of the State legislatures, so were the federacy, and nol properly u government. States to be voiceless for the future in the It had no subjects. Can there be a gov- councils of the nation. Nor was the union trnment without subjects? Are not the of county with county more perfect, nor two ideas correlative, implying each other? | the individuality of their corporate existThe federal Congress were to do everything ence more entirely merged in the supreby requisitions on the local legislatures. macy of a State government as to general To the people as individuals, they had no State affairs, than the union of the States access. They did not represent the peo is perfect and their separate individuality ple. It was not directly for the people melted down to a mass, in the one subsistihat they acted in any respect. The or- ing sovereignty of the federal government ganic States were the parties they had to as to all concerns of a strictly national do with, the masters they served. They character. The two cases are precisely voted by States. They held office at the parallel. pleasure of the States, and were liable to And this parallel may be run yet furhe recalled by them at any time, or dicta- ther. That we are one nation, and have torially instructed, like ambassadors. In but one government, so far as the union of short, their functions and whole character the States is thus consolidated, no man, were rather diplomatic than governmental. who has not a supposed interest of his own Rulers they were not in any legitimate to serve by contradiction, will deny. The sense of the term.
framework is complex, but the political Fortunately, this poor contrivance of a entity is single. And here the question confederacy, in lieu of a government, going arises as to what we are in other respects; very soon, as was meet, to its own place, that is to say, whether we have properly it worthier effort of statesmanship was put one government or thirty, as regards those forth, “a more perfect union ” formed. points of jurisdiction which have not been The federal Constitution (loosely, but con- made over to the central economy, but are veniently so called, the word federal hav- left where they were of old (under the ing come down to us in a modified sense, confederacy) for local management. The equivalent to general, national, central, as answer would of course depend upon the applied to that Constitution) was truly a bearing in which the question is put. In forernment, and consequently not a con- reference to the particular objects of the federacy. Both it could not be. The local jurisdictions, we naturally say there union formed by it was a real, not a merely are thirty governments. And indeed, for ostensible union. The States retained their special county purposes, township purseparate organism, but in a very altered poses, city and village purposes, there are position, and with a total loss of national
as many governments as there are political power. Everything national was trans- corporations for conducting the detailed ferred to the new economy, and there con- business of the people's affairs. But insolidated. They very design of the ar- stead of looking microscopically inwards, rangement was to substitute one govern- let us turn our eyes upon the circumferment nationality for many. The State ence of things, and contemplate the broad sovereignties (absolutely speaking) were area of the country as a whole. Can we therefore at an end. The Constitution of say in that view, that we have a score and