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maintained if the States which we represent ". The spectacle which North America of. were consolidated into one great empire. But, fers us today is nothing less than the whole sir, ours is a federative republic; it bears no of the new continent learning to recognize its resemblance to an empire whatever; it is a masters in the Anglo-Americans, in education ; structure unlike what the world ever saw, de- and the simple and beautiful constitution of riving its powers from sovereign States, who 1789, after half a century only of existence, are members of this confederation; and this extending an influence under which all must Government, this General Government, can come, sooner or later.' exercise none but the powers which are clear- "This great triumph, if we are true to our ly granted to it by the States. Whatever ter- principles, will be accomplished without ritory is acquired, is acquired for the people arms." of the several States, and Congress must remember to exercise its legislative functions in regard to it as their agent.”

His speech in support of the appropria

tion for sending a minister to Rome is so There are other fully reported speeches deeply imbued with the spirit to which we of Mr. Hilliard's which we feel strongly have referred, that we cannot forbear from disposed to examine and quote from, but giving a short passage from it. He said our want of room will not allow it. He has participated in the debates which have

“I regret that the opportunity was not afarisen in Congress upon all the great ques- forded me of replying to the speech of my tions affecting the country since he became honorable friend from Pennsylvania, (Mr. a member, and his efforts have exhibited a Levin,) before the committee proceeded to vote thorough acquaintance with the subjects on the appropriation, which provides the which they touch, while they are charac

means of opening diplomatic intercourse with terized by the spirit of the enlightened and for the beauty of its language and the eleva

the Papal States. The speech was remarkable christian age in which we live. In the ted tone of many of its sentiments, but it lackspeech from which we have just quoted, he ed one great quality—liberality. There was says

about it nothing of toleration; it disclosed

none of the spirit of the beautiful sentiment “ California and New Mexico are ours, and

of St. Augustine, “Let there be charity in all costly acquisitions we must admit them to be ;

things. Yucatan has barely escaped our grasp; and

"I cannot, of course, within the few minutes what other neighboring provinces are next to allowed me, attempt to reply to the speech of be overrun, and conquered, and annexed, no

the honorable gentleman, but I shall seek an man tell.

Our true policy is peace. We are early occasion to do so, when I hope to be set apart by a dividing ocean from the Old able to show that there is much in the present World; we have nothing to do with its com- condition of Italy to awaken the hopes of all plicated system; we have no balance of

men who watch with interest the progress of

power to preserve; no intervention to make in the reform throughout the world. In the meanaffairs of other nations. We should desire while, let us not, in our impatience, forget that friendly relations ith every people, entang

there is a mighty difference between reform ling alliances with none. When the rights or

and revolution. A reformation is brought the honor of the country demand it we will go about by the steady and gradual march of to war, as we have done twice with great truth; while a revolution, like the earthquake, Britain ; but war is too great a calamity and

too often upheaves to overthrow and crush. too much opposed to the principles of Chris. That a reform has begun in Italy no man can tian civilization for any insufficient cause.

doubt who will take the trouble to compare With the blessing of God we shall advance the present political state of that country with rapidly enough in a career of peace. Our po that which ít exhibited previous to the acceslitical system is at once great and economical ;

sion of the present Pontiff. The spirit of reit should be kept so; we need never go to war

form is waked up in that beautiful and classic to extend our territory or to increase our wealth land. It can never be put down. While a and power. Patrick Henry said, in the true representative of the freest Government on American spirit, “Those nations which have earth may be employed in observing the progone forth in search of grandeur, power, and gress of liberal principles in that interesting splendor, have also fallen a sacrifice and been

and important part of Europe, and may serve victims to their own folly.

to diffuse a better knowledge of our political "I was struck last summer with an article system, I cannot discern that we can suffer which met my eye in one of the best reviews any injury from such intercourse. of our day, a French review, “La Revue des In my judgment, neither Christianity nor Deux Mondes,” in which the writer says:

free principles have anything to fear from a




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conflict with opposing powers. I would send sympathy of this Government to any peoa minister to the Papal States, as I would to ple who overturn a throne to plunge into any other Power. I would encourage every | the wild, unrestrained and reckless experireform in the Government. I would cheer the friends of freedom, in all Europe, by send

ment of ideal liberty. Every kingless goring a minister from the United States of Amer- ernment is not of necessity a republican ica, where the noblest toleration is granted to government. Liberty cannot exist without all opinions, to reside at a Court where hith- law; its elements must be consolidated, erto the policy has been to crush all freedom and its great principles be embodied in a of thought and action. It would be a specta- Constitution. The great movement in cle of high moral interest, to such a represent- France must develope institutions before ative from Republican America, taking his post amidst the ruined temples and arches of it accomplishes any permanent good for a country where in other days Republican Rome the French people. I confess I am not exhibited to the world its colossal proportions. free from apprehension with regard to the

* My honorable friend and future. The convulsion which exhibits a myself do not differ in our horror of an intol- form so attractive to-day, may yet upturn erant and dangerous system; but we do differ the foundations of society, and result in in our views of the true policy to be pursued the wildest anarchy. On the other hand, sustain the Bible, and to vindicate Protestant there is in the great popular movement, Christianity: I need not say that I am no

which has so suddenly and so successfully partizan of the Pope; on the contrary expelled royalty from France, much of there breathes, not a man whose sympathy promise for that beautiful country and for with the Protestant cause beats stronger or mankind. I solemnly believe that the time quicker than my own. I can never for- has come when king-craft has lost its hold get its battles nor its victories, its persecutions nor its triumphs. But, sir, I solemnly believe upon the human mind: the world is wathat toleration is the wisest as well as noblest king from its deep slumber, and mankind policy. *

Our true policy is begin to see that the right to govern beto extend our peaceful relations with the world. | longs not to crowned kings, but to the We have nothing to fear from an intercourse great masses. of that kind with other Powers. Truth is clad “I think, sir, that we ought to sustain in more than triple steel; and I would bid her

our Minister, Mr. Rush, who so promptly, to spread her standard in the very midst of the without the opportunity of consulting his world, and take her station in front of the VaGovernment, hailed the popular movement tican. By keeping the Papal See isolated, you which expelled a powerful dynasty and strengthen it. It carries on its agencies in secret. Bring it upon the open field; do not proclaimed a Republic. It was a geneshun it; bring it into open intercourse with a rous impulse which prompted the act, and free Protestant nation, and civil and religious the country will applaud it. There are, liberty will achieve new triumphs.”

certainly, some features in the scene that

France presents, not wholly agreeable to While, however, Mr. Hilliard has

a thoughtful observer, and which awakens shown a disposition to recognize and en- the apprehension that the Provisional courage the first efforts made by every Government just established, has promised people to establish free institutions, his re

more than it can redeem. The fraternite inarks upon the resolutions offered in the which has been adopted may not be consisHouse upon the reception of the news of tent with regulated liberty; it may be the the overthrow of the government of Louis / dream of idealists and not the conception Philippe, show, at the same time, that he of a philosophical statesman. The meadoes not mistake every popular outbreak sure, too, which has been adopted in regard for a national struggle for liberty. He to the labor and wages of operatives, doubmoved to refer the resolutions to the Com- ling their compensation and undertaking mittee on Foreign Affairs, saying, “He to employ them on the part of the Governsimply desired to secure a proper expres- ment, is a very unsafe one. Every one sion of the sympathy which we felt in that accustomed to the order of a well regulamovement. The occasion,” said he, “is ted liberty must see the danger of such one of no common moment—it must deep- legislation. It partakes too much of a ly affect the cause of mankind throughout system of social reform-it is too impracthe world. I am not ready to extend the ticable to be easily realized. Still, these

may be but temporary arrangements, de- | the settlement of all open questions, insigned to give the new government time to cluding that of providing governments for adjust the complicated details of the great the new territories. Hence he refused to task which has been undertaken. These participate in any mode of action that are circumstances that may awaken appre- seemed to imply distrust; and he declined hension, but they cannot repress sympathy. to put his name to the address prepared No, sir, they cannot prevent the expression by Mr. Calhoun, and issued by a portion of our deep and full sympathy with a peo- of the southern members to their constiple struggling to make a free government tuents.

Faithful as a southern represenlike our own. I, for one, cannot look on tative-steadfastly opposed, as he had such a spectacle unmoved. It may be shown himself to be, to any encroachment premature-it may even be rash, but I on the rights of the section from which he should feel myself unworthy of a seat in comes, he did not, it seems, think it his an American Congress if I could refuse to duty to co-operate in that movement. He cheer a people engaged in such a work. had, besides, expressed it as his firm purMay they go on and prosper, and may they pose to exert whatever power he possessed erect upon the soil of France a government for effecting a settlement of the important resting upon the great principles of con- question which so deeply interested the stitutional law, ensuring order at home, country and threatened its tranquillity, commanding respect abroad, and throw- so as to secure the rights of the South ing over Europe the clear and steady light without impairing the strength of the of rational liberty."

Union. This course subjected him to the Mr. Hilliard possesses an acquaintance fiercest assaults on his return to Alabama, with Foreign Affairs that has made him a and a canvass ensued which is described distinguished and useful member of the as far the most excited ever witnessed in Committee to which they are referred for that state or, perhaps, in the Union. The consideration in the House. His report most formidable opposition was organized on the subject of our Foreign Missions, against him-an opposition to which talmade at the first session of the last Con- ent, energy, and money were freely congress, is an elaborate review of the whole tributed as elements, and unparalleled efdiplomatic system, full of information, and forts were made to ensure his defeat. The suggesting certain modifications in our press and the stump teemed with the most intercourse with other nations, which violent denunciations against him : his seemed to him to be required by the speeches and votes were misquoted and dignity of the country and its growing misinterpreted to make him odious to the power and resources. This course of study people. His refusal to sign the address and his residence in Europe, both qualify sent out by some of the Southern memhim for usefulness in that department of bers, was represented to be conclusive public affairs.

proof that he was faltering in the vindicaHis recent election is the most brilliant tion of Southern rights; while certain aptriumph of his life. One of the first to peals which he had made in Congress in discover in Gen. Taylor those great quali- behalf of the Union-appeals which were ties that fit him for places of high trust in intended to rouse the patriotism of the the service of his country, he was conspic- representatives from every part of the uous in giving impulse to the movement country-were tortured into open renunwhich resulted in his triumphant election. ciations of the section which had given In the Philadelphia Convention he did his him birth, and which had advanced him utmost to secure his nomination, and on to honors. The contest, relentless, imthe adjournment of Congress he threw his placable and heated, drew the attention of energies into the contest in Alabama, and the whole state, and was observed with incontributed his efforts towards bringing terest in other parts of the Union. Elothat state so nearly to the support of the quent and influential gentlemen of both whig candidates. After Gen. Taylor's parties entered the lists, and extraordinary election, Mr. Hilliard, having unbounded exertions were made on either side. Mr. confidence in his character and principles, Hilliard is described as having borne himwas willing to confide to his administration self throughout the protracded and trying VOL. IV. NO. VI.



contest with the most determined manli- | deals justly and liberally with an opponent. ness, never for a moment yielding a prin- But when provoked by any low or unfair ciple or asking a concession-staking every attack, his sarcasm is irresistible. Keen thing upon the open field. He met the as the blade of Saladin, it cuts to the quick opposition in the most fearless spirit ; de- or leaves excoriations that smart through fied the combination against him ; entered life. In his wielding it is a fearful weapon, the arena in person ; appealed to the peo- never used unless deserved, but when used ple throughout his extensive district, and scathing to an unmeasured degree. Many addressed them in mass-meetings; brought of his speeches, during his late canvass, in the question before them in all its relations, grandeur of style, indignant declamation, involving in its ultimate settlement the wit, and burning sarcasm, would have honor of the South, the safety of the Union, earned him distinction among the first orators and the glory of the nation ; and insisted of any day or country. His style of orathat, under Gen. Taylor's administration, tory, when engaged in earnest discussion we should be able to maintain the RIGHTS upon a great question, is thought to bear a of the States, and the Union of the States." strong resemblance to that of Fisher Ames, He emerged from the contest with tri- vividly recalling that eloquent statesman to umphant majority, and he returns to his the memory of those who are acquainted seat in Congress—which he has filled with with his peculiar manner. He requires an such distinguished ability, and with the occasion to arouse him to his best efforts ; increased confidence of his constituents and but his powers are most advantageously his country-to employ his powers still far- displayed when encountering a formidable ther in the service of both. He is just opposition. He is characterized by enreaching the prime of manhood, and we ergy, firmness, and unswerving adherence may hope that a long career of usefulness to the principles which he professes. and distinction opens before him.

Of Mr. Hilliard's literary attainments Mr. Hilliard as an orator, enjoys a wide we have not space to say anything. He and enviable reputation. His speeches are has been a Regent of the Smithsonian Incharacterized by comprehensiveness and stitution from its organization, and still liberality. Generous in sentiment, candid continues to manifest the deepest interest in opinion, inclined to the most favorable in the success of that great establishment. construction of action and conduct, he ever


I REMEMBER Jane Austen, the novelist, the ear. Some white pigeons on the a little child; she was very intimate with roof are cooing and bowing amourously, Mrs. Lefroy, and much encouraged by and finely contrast with the blue back her. Her mother was a Miss Leigh, ground of the sky. The picturesque elm whose paternal grandmother was a sister of trees are leafing out in broad masses of a the first Duke of Chandos. Mr. Austen refreshing green. was of a Kentish family, of which several families have been settled in the Weald, Ah, friends! methinks it were a pleasant and some are still remaining there. When sphere, I knew Jane Austen I never suspected she If, like the trees, we blossomed every year; was an authoress, but my eyes told me that If locks grew thick again, and


dyes she was fair and handsome, slight and ele- Returnod in cheeks, and raciness in eyes gant, but with cheeks a little too full. The

And all around us, vital to the tips, last time I saw her was at Ramsgate, in

The human orchard laughed with cherry lips. 1803: perhaps she was then about twenty-seven years old. Even then I did not Jane Austen was born on the sixteenth know that she was addicted to literary day of December, 1775, at Steventon, in composition.-Sır EGERTON BRydges. Hampshire, in which parish her father was

rector for upwards of forty years, remainYou mention Miss Austen ; her novels ing there till he had passed three score and are more true to nature, and have (for my ten, faithfully discharging the duties of his

office. sympathies) passages of finer feeling than any other of this age. She was a


of whom I have heard so well, and think so

The love of Christ and his Apostles twelve highly, that I regret not having seen her, He taught; but first, he followed it himselve.

CHAUCER. nor ever had an opportunity of testifying to her the respect which I feel for her. Souther, (in a letter to Sir E. Bryd- He then retired to Bath with his wife, ges.)

Jane, and her sister, where he died in about

four years. He was a man of taste and The brightness and beauty of the acquirements, and gave the direction to his morning have induced me to go down in daughter's talents. After his death, his the garden, and there read and write. wife and her two children retired to SouthThe trees are now in blossom. The ampton, and subsequently to the village of peach with its delicate blush color, beau- Chawton, in the same county, where Jane tiful bell-shape, the lips turning back- wrote her novels, four of which were pubward and exposing the entire beauty of the lished anonymously in her life time, nameflower, is mingled with the white blossom ly: “ Sense and Sensibility,Pride of the plum, and that of the cherry twi- and Prejudice,Mansfield Park,” and ning its lovely flowers all around the long “ Emma.A fair constitution, regular straight branches, from end to end, not a habits, calm and happy pursuits, seemed to leaf to be seen except those that come as a promise her a long life, but in May, 1817, green crowning ornament at the tip of each her health rendered it necessary that she bough-and, sweetest of all, there are the should remove to some place where conapple blossoms, fresh, delicate and modest, stant medical aid could be obtained. She

a blending of the rose and the lily went to Winchester, and there expired on Countless bees are diving down to the very the 24th day of July in the same year, heart of the flowers, and with a perpetual aged forty-two. For two months before and drowsy hum make pleasant music to her death she suffered great pain and weari

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