Prize Essay on the Evils which are Produced by Late Hours of Business: And on the Benefits which Would Attend Their Abridgement

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Էջ 10 - Thus with the year Seasons return, but not to me returns Day, or the sweet approach of even or morn, Or sight of vernal bloom, or summer's rose, Or flocks, or herds, or human face divine...
Էջ 38 - that twelve hours a-day, including two hours for meals, is quite sufficient time for human beings to labour for a continuance." THOMAS HODGKIN, MD " 10901. Do you, in reference to the general experience of mankind, and the principles of medical science, believe that the customary hours of a day's labour, namely, twelve, including the necessary intervals for refreshment and rest, are, in ordinary cases, as long a term of human labour as is consistent with the preservation of a perfect state of health...
Էջ 8 - Thus we see that these young men are compelled to breathe an atmosphere which gradually becomes more and more impure ; until in the evening, and especially late in the evening, it becomes positively and actively pernicious. The results of such a state of things may be easily inferred. The lungs imperfectly perform their functions ; as a necessary consequence, the blood is only partially oxygenised, or changed from venous into arterial ; the circulation becomes sluggish ; all the secretions are rendered...
Էջ 6 - Now the assistant - draper, during much of the time which he spends in the shop, breathes an atmosphere which has been rendered impure both by the exhalations of human bodies, and by the fixed air, or carbonic acid, which is given out by expiration, and by the burning of gas. According to Dr. A. Combe, every individual breathes from 14 to 20 times in a minute, and inhales from 15 to 30 cubic inches of air at each inspiration. Reckoning 15 inspirations to a minute, and 20 cubic inches of air to each...
Էջ 2 - Thus in busy thoroughfares they arc generally kept open later than in more retired streets. The best shops in the best neighbourhoods are generally opened at seven o'clock in the morning (in some few cases at six o'clock), at which hour a certain number of the young men come down to make preparations for business in their several departments. At eight o'clock (or in some cases at half-past seven) the others, who may be called the seniors, come down, when the former party arc allowed to retire for...

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