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cofferer to his majesty, who will build their name a story higher to posterity.*
29. JOHN LEWKENOR.-He was afterwards knighted by this king, and was a cordial zealot for the Lancastrian title, at last paying dear for his affections thereunto; for, in the reign of king Edward the Fourth, anno 1471, he, with three thousand others, was slain in the battle at Tewkesbury, valiantly fighting under prince Edward, son to king Henry the Sixth.
12. MATTHEW BROWN, Arm.-I would be highly thankful to him (gratitude is the gold wherewith scholars honestly discharge their debts in this kind) who would inform me how Sir Anthony Brown (a younger branch of this family) stood related to this sheriff: I mean that Sir Anthony, standard-bearer of England, second husband to Lucy fourth daughter to John Nevell, marquis Montacute, and grandfather to Sir Anthony Brown, whom queen Mary created Viscount Montacute. He was a zealous Romanist, for which queen Mary loved him much the more, and queen Elizabeth no whit the less, trusting and employing him in embassies of high consequence, as knowing he embraced his religion, not out of politic design, but pure devotion. He was direct ancestor to the right honourable the present viscount Montacute.
This viscount is eminently, but not formally, a baron of the land, having a place and vote in parliament by an express clause in his patent, but otherwise no particular title of a baron. This I observe for the unparalleled rarity thereof, and also to confute the peremptory position of such who maintain that only actual barons sit as peers in parliament.
10. NICHOLAS CAREW, Mil.-He was a jolly gentleman, fit for the favour of king Henry the Eighth, who loved active spirits, as could keep pace with him in all achievements, and made him knight of the Garter, and master of his horse.
This Sir Nicholas built the fair house (or palace rather) at Beddington in this county, which, by the advantage of the water, is a paradise of pleasure.
Tradition in this family reporteth, how king Henry, then at bowls, gave this knight opprobrious language, betwixt jest and earnest; to which the other returned an answer rather true than discreet, as more consulting therein his own animosity than allegiance. The king, who in this kind would give and not take, being no good fellow in tart repartees, was so highly
Of this family is the present noble Earl of Ashburnham; whose ancestor, John Ashburnham, Esq. was created a baron in 1689; he had two sons, of whom the youngest, John, was created Viscount and Earl in 1730.-ED.
offended thereat, that Sir Nicholas fell from the top of his favour to the bottom of his displeasure, and was bruised to death thereby. This was the true cause of his execution, though in our chronicles all is scored on his complying in a plot with Henry marquis of Exeter, and Henry lord Montague.
We must not forget, how, in the memory of our fathers, the last of this surname adopted his near kinsman, a Throckmorton, to be his heir, on condition to assume the name and arms of Carew. From him is lineally descended Sir Nicholas Carew, knight, who, I confidently hope, will continue and increase the honour of his ancient family.
1. THOMAS CARDEN, Miles.-Some five years before, this knight was improbable to be sheriff of this or any other county, when cunning Gardiner got him into his clutches within the compass of the Six Articles, being with a lady (and some others of the king's privy chamber) indicted for heresy, and for aiding and abetting Anthony Persons, burnt at Windsor, as is beforementioned. But king Henry coming to the notice hereof, of his special goodness, without the suit of any man, defeated their foes, preserved their lives, and confirmed their pardon.†
20. GEORGE GORING. He would do me a high favour, who would satisfy me how Sir George Goring, knight (bred in Sydney College in Cambridge, to which he was a benefactor) referred in kindred to this present sheriff.
This our Sir George was by king Charles the First created Baron of Hurst-per-Point in Sussex, and (after the death of his mother's brother, Edward lord Denny) Earl of Norwich. He is a phoenix, sole and single by himself (vestigia sola retrorsum), the only instance in a person of honour who found pardon for no offence, his loyalty to his sovereign. Afterwards, going beyond the seas, he was happily instrumental in advancing the peace betwixt Spain and Holland. I remember how the nobility of Bohemia, who sided with Frederic prince Palatine, gave for their motto, 66 COMPASSI CONREGNABIMUS;" meaning that
such who had suffered with him in his adversity should share with him in his prosperity, when settled in his kingdom. But alas! their hopes failed them. But, blessed be God, this worthy lord, as he patiently bare his part in his Majesty's afflictions, so partaketh in his restitution, being captain of his guard.
TO THE READER.
May he be pleased to behold this my brief description of * Berkshire, title MARTYRS.
+ Fox's Martyrology, p. 1221.
Surrey, as a running collation to stay his stomach-no set meal to satisfy his hunger. But, to tell him good news, I hear that a plentiful feast in this kind is providing for his entertainment, by Edward Bish, Esq. a native of SURREY, intending a particular survey thereof.* Now, as when the sun ariseth, the moon sneaketh down obscurely, without any observation: so, when the pains of this worthy gentleman shall be public, I am not only contented, but desirous, that my weak endeavours (without further noise or notice) should sink in silence.
I have been credibly informed, that one Mr. Clarke, some seven-score years since, built at his charges the market-house of Farnham in this county. Once, reproving his workmen for going on so slowly, they excused themselves that they were hindered with much people pressing upon them, some liking, some disliking, the model of the fabric.
Hereupon Mr. Clarke caused this distich (hardly extant at this day) to be written in that house:
"You who do like me give money to end me;
I wish this advice practised all over this county, by those who vent their various verdicts in praising or reproving structures erected gratis for the general good.
WORTHIES OF SURREY WHO HAVE FLOURISHED SINCE THE TIME OF FULLER.
Archibald ARGYLE, third duke, lord keeper of Scotland; born at Ham-house, Petersham; died 1761.
John ARGYLE, brother, second duke, statesman and general; born at Ham-house 1680.
John BACON, eminent sculptor; born at Southwark 1740;
Josiah BACON, benefactor to his native parish; born at Bermondsey; died 1718.
Henry St. John BOLINGBROKE, viscount, statesman and philosopher; born at Battersea 1672; died 1751.
William COBBETT, M.P. political writer; born at Farnham 1762; died 1835.
Dr. Samuel CROXHALL, archdeacon of Salop, and author; born at Walton-upon-Thames; died 1752.
Sir John Thos. DUCKWORTH, admiral; born at Leatherhead 1748, or 1749.
* See more of him in the Life of Nicholas Upton, in Devonshire.-F.
Sir Philip FRANCIS, political writer, and presumed author of
Edward LOVIBOND, scholar and poet; died 1775.
Population;" born at Albury 1766; died 1835. Israel MAUDUIT, political writer; born at Bermondsey 1708. Richard MOUNTENEY, lawyer, and classical editor; born at Putney 1707.
John PARTRIDGE, the celebrated astrologer; born at East. Sheen; died 1715.
WORTHIES SINCE THE TIME OF FULLER.
Charlotte SMITH, elegant poetess; born at Stoke near Guildford, or Bignor Park, Sussex, 1749.
Augustus Montague TOPLADY, champion of the Calvinists; born at Farnham 1740; died 1788.
Robert WOOD, mathematician, and parliamentarian; born at Pepperharrow; died 1685.
Basil WOODD, divine and author; born at Richmond 1760.
The county of Surrey has been admirably illustrated by the pen of the historian and the pencil of the artist. John Norden, who made a complete survey of the county, was among the earliest of its topographers. Mr. Aubrey also made a survey, and perambulated the whole county; and his labours were revised and published by Dr. Rawlinson, under the title of The Natural History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey; the work being commenced in 1673, and completed in 1719. In 1736, Mr. N. Salmon brought out his Antiquities of Surrey, collected from the ancient records. These works, however, were in a measure superseded by the labours of the Rev. O. Manning, which were continued by the indefatigable exertions of Mr. W. Bray, and completed, in three vols. folio, in 1804. In addition to these we have various Works of a local nature; the principal of which are, the Histories of Croydon, by Dr. Ducarel (1783), and by the Rev. D.W. Garrow (1818); of Lambeth, by Dr. Ducarel (1785), by J. Nichols (1786), by the Rev. S. Denne (1795), and by T. Allen (1828); History of St. Saviour's, Southwark, by Concanen and Morgan (1795); Promenade round Dorking (1824); Sir W. Chambers' Account of Kew Gardens, &c.-ED.
SUSSEX hath Surrey on the north, Kent on the east, the sea on the south, and Hampshire on the west. It is extended along the sea-side three-score miles in length, but is contented with a third of those miles in the breadth thereof. A fruitful county, though very dirty for the travellers therein, so that it may be better measured to its advantage by days' journeys than by miles. Hence it is, that, in the late order for regulating the wages of coachmen, at such a price a day and distance from London, Sussex alone was excepted, as wherein shorter way or better pay was allowed. Yet the gentry of this county well content themselves in the very badness of passage therein, as which secureth their provisions at reasonable prices; which, if mended, Higlers would mount, as bajulating them to London.
It is peculiar to this county, that all the rivers (and those, I assure you, are very many) have their fountains and falls in this shire (though one may seem somewhat suspicious) as being bred, living (though not to their full strength and stature of being navigable), and dying therein, swallowed up by the sea.
It is sufficient evidence of the plenty of this county, that the toll of the wheat, corn, and malt, growing or made about and sold in the city of Chichester, doth amount yearly, at a halfpenny a quarter, to sixty pounds and upwards† (as the gatherers thereof will attest); and the numbers of the bushels we leave to be audited by better arithmeticians.
It hath been said that the first baron, viscount, and earl in England, all three have, and have had for some term of time, their chief residence in this county; and it is more civility to believe all than to deny any part of the report, though, sure I am, this observation was discomposed at the death of the earl of Essex, since which time viscount Hereford is the first person in England of that dignity.
So was I informed by Mr. Peckham, the recorder of Chichester.-F.