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Anno
Name.

Place.
10 Joh. Ludlowe, arm. ut infra.
11 Tho. Thynne, mil. Longleate.

Barry of ten pieces O. and S. 12 Will. Button, arm. ut prius. 13 Edr. Baynton, arm. ut prius. 14 Joh. St. John, arm. ut prius. 15 Wol. Hungerford, mil. ut prius. 16 Joh. Danvers, mil. ut prius. 17 Rob. Long, arm.

ut prius. 18 Tho. Wroughton, mil. ut infra. 19 Joh. Hungerford, mil. . ut prius. 20 Hen. Knivet, mil.

Arg. a bend within a border engrailed S. 21 Nich. St. John, arm. ut prius. 22 Mich. Erneley, arm.

ut prius. 23 Will. Brounker, arm. ut prius. 24 Wal. Hungerford, arm. ut prius. 25 Jasper. Moore, arm. ut infra. 26 Joh. Snell, arm.

ut infra. 27 Joh. Danvers, mil.

ut prius. 28 Edm. Ludlow, arm. ut infra. 29 Rich. Mody, arm. ut infra. 30 Wal. Hungerford, mil.

ut prius. 31 Hen. Willoughby, arm. ut prius. 32 Joh. Warnford, arm.

Parti per fess embattled Arg. and S. six crosses patée

counterchanged. 33 Will. Eyre, arm.

ut infra. 34 Joh. Hungerford, mil. ut prius. 35 Joh. Thynne, arm.

ut prius. 36 Edw. Hungerford, arm. ut prius. 37 Hen. Saddler.

Everley. 0. a lion rampant parti per fess Az. and G. 38 Joh. Dauntsey, arm. ut prius. 39 Jac. Marvyn, mil. ut prius. 40 Edw. Penruddock, arm. ut prius. 41 Walt. Vaughan.

(See the Notes on this year.) 42 Tho. Snell, arm.

Quarterly G. and Az. a cross fleury Q. 43 Hen. Baynton, mil. ut prius. 44 Walt. Long, mil.

ut prius. 45 Jasper. Moore, mil. et 1 Jacob.

Erm. on a chevron between three Moors' heads proper,

two swords Arg.

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JACOB. REX,

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1 Jasper. Moore, mil.

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Anno
Name.

Place. 2 Alex. Tutt, mil.

Quarterly Arg. and G. a crescent in the first quarter of

the second. 3 Joh. Hungerford, arm. ut prius. 4 Gabriel. Pile, arm.

S. a cross between four nails G. 5 Tho. Thynn, mil. 6 Rich. Goddard, arm.

Stondon Hu. G. a chevron Vairy betwixt three crescents Erm. 7 Joh. Ayliffe, arm. 8 Eg. Wroughton, mil. Brodhenten. Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three boars' heads couped S.

tusked 0. 9 Will. Button, mil. ut prius. 10 Fran. Popham, mil. Litlecot.

Arg. on a chief G. two buck heads 0. 11 Will. Pawlet, mil. ut prius. 12 Hen. Marvyn, arm. . . Pertwood.

Arg. a demi-lion rampant, couped S. charged on the

shoulders with a flower-de-luce O. 13 Tho. More, arm.

ut prius. G. a lion passant Erm. wounded in the shoulder. 14 Rich. Grubham, mil. 15 Joh. Horten, mil. 16 Hen. Moody, mil. Garesdon.

G. a fess engrailed between three harpies Arg. crined O. 17 Hen. Poole, mil.

Az. semée de flowers-de-luce O. a lion rampant Arg. 18 Caro. Pleadall, mil. . . Colshill.

Arg. a bend G. guttée d'eau betwixt two Cornish choughs

proper, a chief countercomponée O. and S. 19 Will. Pawlet, arm. ut prius. 20 Joh. Lambe, mil.

ut prius. 21 Gifford Long, arm.

ut prius. 22 Edw. Read, arm.

G. a saltire betwixt four garbs 0.

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REX CAROL. 1 Fran. Seymour, mil. ut prius. 2 Egid. Estcourt, mil. . Newton.

Erm. on a chief indented G. three stars. 3 Walt. Long, arm. ut prius. 4 Joh. Ducket, arm.

S. a saltire Arg.; a mullet for difference. 5 Rob. Baynard, mil. ut prius. 6 Joh. Topp, arm.

Stocton. Arg. a canton G. a gauntlet of mail clenched proper. 7 Edward Hungerford, mil. Balnei

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Anno
Name.

Place. 8 Joh. St. John, mil

.. ut prius. 9 Hen. Ludlow, mil. Hildenrel.

Arg. a chevron betwixt three bears' heads erased S. 10 Fran. Goddard, arm. ut prius. 11 Geor. Ayliffe, mil. ut prius. 12 Nevil. Poole, mil. ut prius. 13 Edw. Baynton, mil. . ut prius. 14 Joh. Grubb, arm.

Pottern. 15 Joh. Duke, arm.

Lakes. Per fess Arg. and Az. three chaplets counterchanged. 16 Egid. Eyre, arm.

Arg, on a chevron S. three quatrefoils 0. 17 Rob. Chivers, arm.

Arg. a chevron engrailed G. 18 19

Ingratum bello debemus inane. 20 21 23 Ant. Ashly Cooper, bar.

G. a bend engrailed betwixt six lions rampant.

KING HENRY VI.

23. John BASKET, Esq.—High Sheriff of this county in the twenty-third of king Henry the Sixth. He is memorable on this account, that a solemn dispensation granted unto him from the court of Rome, acquainteth us with the form of those instruments in that age, not unworthy our perusal.

“Nicholas, miseratione divinâ, &c. Sanctæ Crucis in Jerusalem Presbyter Cardinalis, dilectis in Christo nobilibus Johanni Basket, Scutifero, et Aliciæ ejus uxori, Sarisburiensis Diocesis, salutem in Domino. Solet annuere Sedes Apostolica piis votis, et honestis petentium precibus, maximè ubi salus requiritur animarum favorem benevolem impartiri. Cùm igiur ex parte vestrâ nobis fuerit humiliter supplicatum, ut in animarum vestrarum solatium, eligendi Confessorem idoneum vobis licentiam concedere dignaremur: Nos vestris supplicationibus favorabiliter annuentes, authoritate Domini Papæ, cujus * Primariæ curam gerimus, et de ejus speciali mandato, super hoc vivæ vocis oraculo nobis facto, devotioni vestræ concedimus, quatenus liceat vobis idoneum et discretum presbyterum in Confessorem eligere, qui super peccatis quæ sibi confitebimini (nisi talia sint propter quæ sit dicta Sedes consulenda) authoritate prædictâ vobis provideat de absolutionis debitæ beneficio, et pænitentiâ salutari quamdiu vixeritis, quotiens

Thus it is written in the original, which we have Englished, and request the learned reader's better instruction.-F.

fuerit opportunum. Vota verd peregrinationis et abstinentiæ si quæ emisistis, qua commodè servare non potestis, ultra marina (beatorum Petri et Pauli, atque Jacobi, Apostolorum, votis duntaxat exceptis) commutet vobis idem Confessor in alia opera pietatis. “ Dat. Florentiæ, sub sigillo officii Primariæ, 3 Non. Aprilis,

Pontificatus Domini Eugenii Papæ IV. anno Decimo." “ Nicholas, by divine mercy, &c. Priest Cardinal of St. Cross in Jerusalem, to the beloved in Christ the worshipful John Basket, Esq. and Alice his wife, of the Diocese of Salisbury, greeting in the Lord. The See Apostolic useth to grant the pious desires and honest requests of petitioners, chiefly where the health of souls requireth courteous favour to be bestowed upon them. Seeing therefore on your behalf you have supplicated humbly unto us, that for the comfort of your souls we would vouchsafe to grant you licence to choose for yourselves a Confessor : We favourably yielding to your request, by the authority of our Lord the Pope, the charge of whose Primary we bear, and from his special command in this case made unto us by the oracle of his mouth, do grant to your devotion, so far forth as it

may be lawful for you, to choose a fit and discreet priest for your Confessor, who as touching the sins which ye shall confess unto him (except they be such for which the said See is to be consulted with) may by authority aforesaid provide for you concerning the benefit of due absolution, and wholesome penance, so long as ye live, so often as there shall be occasion. But if ye have made any foreign vows of pilgrimage and fasting, which ye cannot conveniently keep (vows to blessed Peter, Paul, and James, Apostles, only excepted) the same Confessor may commute them for you in other works of piety. “ Given at Florence, under the seal of the office of the Pri

mary, 3 Non. of April, the 13th year of the Popedom of Pope Eugenius the Fourth.”)

The tenth of Pope Eugenius falleth on the twentieth of king Henry the Sixth, anno Domini 1440. Why it should be higher and harder to dispense with vows made to Saint James than to Saint John, (his brother, and Christ's beloved disciple) some courtier of Rome must render the reason.

The posterity of this Master Basket, in the next generation, removed into Dorsetshire, where they continue at this day in a worshipful condition at Divenish.

QUEEN ELIZABETH. 11. Thomas Tax, Mil.--The great and sudden wealth of this knight, being envied by a great earl and privy councillor neibouring on his estate, caused his summons before the counseltable, to answer how in so short a time he had gotten so large possessions. Some suggested as if he had met with treasure

trove, or used some indirect means to enrich himself. The knight calmly gave in the unquestionable particulars of the bottom he began on, the accruement by his marriage, and with what was advanced by his industry and frugality, so bringing all up within the view (though not the touch) of his present estate. “For the rest, my lords,” said he, "you have a good mistress our gracious queen ; and I had a good master the duke of Somerset." Which being freely spoken, and fairly taken, he was dismissed without further trouble. Nor were his means too big for his birth, if descended (as Camden saith) from the ancient family of the Bottevils.

41. WALTER VAUGHAN, Arm.-His arms (too large to be in. serted in that short place) were, “Sable, a chevron betwixt three children's heads couped at the shoulders Argent, the peruques Or, enwrapped about their necks, with as many snakes proper;" whereof this (they say) the occasion, because one of the ancestors of this family was born with a snake about his neck.* Such a necklace as nature, I believe, never saw. But grant it. How came the peruques about the infants' heads ? So that fancy, surely, was the sole mother and midwife of this device. The lands of this Walter Vaughan (afterwards knighted) descended to his son Sir George, a worthy gentleman, and after his issueless decease to a brother of his, who was born blind, bred in Oxford, brought up in orders, and prebendary of Sarum.

KING CHARLES. 1. FRANCIS SEYMOUR, Mil.--This wise and religious knight (grandchild to Edward earl of Hartford, and brother to William duke of Somerset) was by king Charles the First created Baron of Trowbridge in this county ; since, for his loyalty, made privy councillor to king Charles the Second, and chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster.

BATTLES.

LANSDOWN FIGHT. This was fought in the confines of this county and Somerset, the 13th of July 1643. It was disputed by parcels and piecemeals, as the place and narrow passages would give leave; and it seemed not so much one entire battle, as a heap of skirmishes huddled together. It may be said in some sort of both sides,

“ Victus uterque fuit, victor uterque fuit." For the Parliament forces five times (by the confession of the Royalists) beat them back with much disorder, Sir Bevil Greenfield being slain in the head of his pikes; Major Lowre in the

Guillim's Display of Heraldry, p. 174.

VOL. III.

2 A

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