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sition (those at Warrington being soon put to fight by his presence), until he came to Worcester. His army consisted of twelve thousand effectual fighting men (whereof two thousand English, the rest of the Scottish nation); but neither excellently armed, nor plentifully stored with ammunition, whilst the Parliament forces under Cromwell more than doubled that number, wanting nothing [but a good cause) that an army could wish or desire.
The royalists' chiefest strength consisted in two passes they possessed over the river of Severn, which proved not advantageous according to expectation; for the enemy found the river fordable elsewhere; and the bridge and pass at Upton, though valiantly defended by major-general Massey (who received a shot in his hand) was forced by Lambert pouring in unequal numbers on the king's forces. Besides, Cromwell finished a bridge of boards and planks over the main river, with more celerity, and less resistance, than could have been expected in a matter of such importance.
Then began the battle ; wherein his majesty, to remember his subjects' good, forgot his own safety, and gave an incomparable example of valour to the rest, by charging in his own person. This was followed by few to the same degree of danger; but imitated in the greatest measure by the Highlanders, fighting with the butt-ends of their muskets when their ammunition was spent. But new supplies constantly charging them, and the main body of the Scotch horse not coming up in due time from the city to his majesty's relief, his army was forced to retreat in at Sudbury-gate in much disorder.
If there were (which some more than whisper) false and foul play in some persons of principal trust; as they have had a great space seasonably, God grant them his grace sincerely to repent, for their treacherous retarding the happiness, prolonging and increasing the miseries, of a gracious king and three great nations ! Sure it is, here were slain the flower of the Scottish loyal gentry, with the most illustrious William (formerly earl of Laneric) duke of Hamilton. As for common soldiers, some few who had escaped had a longer life, to have a sadder death, wandering in the country till other men's charity and their own strength failed them.
Since, how God hath conducted his majesty miraculously, through labyrinths of many difficulties, to the peaceable possession of his throne, is notoriously known to the wonder of the world.
Here my Muse heartily craveth leave to make an humble address to his majesty; depositing at his feet the ensuing Panegyric :
Of foreign states you since have studied store,
Garbling men's manners, you did well divide :
the Spaniards' wisdom, not their pride ;
But tell us, gracious sovereign, from whence
We, your dull subjects, must confess our crime,
i 8. God's justice now no longer could dispense With the abusing of His providence. To hear success his approbation styl’d, And see the bastard brought against the child. [Scripture) by such, who in their own excuse Their actings 'gainst his writings did produce.
The pillar which God's people did attend,
11. Men's loyal thoughts conceived their time was good. But God's was best; without one drop of blood, By a dry conquest, without foreign hand, (Self-hurt, and now) self-healed is our land. This silent turn did' make no noise, O strange! Few saw the changing, all behold the change.
Your narrow seas, for foreigners do wrong
The Spaniard, looking with a serious eye,
The Germans seeing this your sudden power,
above your ancestors renown'd,
As Sheba’s queen defective Fame accus'd,
And here my Muse craves her own Nunc dimittis, never to make verses more; and because she cannot write on a better, will not write on another occasion, but heartily pray in prose for the happiness of her lord and master. And now, having taken our Vale of verses, let us therewith take also our Farewell of Worcestershire.
THE FAREWELL. I read in a good author* how the State of Lunenburg in Germany (whose chief revenues arise from the sale of salt) prohibited poor people the benefit thereof. Whereupon Divine Providence (offended that a monopoly was made of his mercy) stopped the flowing of those salt-springs for a time, till the poor were restored to their partage therein. I am not particularly instructed, what share the poor have in the salt of this shire, not knowing how their interest is stated therein : but I the concernments of the poor are well cared for, and all things equally ordered betwixt them and rich people, grounding my confidence on the long and large continuance of the salt-pits amongst them. All I will add is this; I shall pray that they may endeavour for spiritual-soul-savouriness," that their speech may be always with grace seasoned.”+
As for the loyal city of Worcester (which deserves a particular Farewell by itself), I heartily desire that God would be pleased to restore unto it the years which the locust, caterpillar, and palmer-worm, have devoured. And how quickly can he do it (as by infinite other ways, so) by blessing the clothing, the staple commodity in this county! not formerly omitted by me, but pretermitted till this occasion. Sure it is, that the finest (though this may seem a word of challenge) cloth of England is made at Worcester; and such, I believe, was that which Erasmus, that great critic (who knew fine cloth as well as pure * Fines Morison, in his Travels, p. 3.
† Col. iv. 6. * In his Colloquy, intituled, “ UXOR Mopyriyapos.