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before John Stoaksley bishop of London, from whom he found such cruel usage as is above belief. Master Fox saith,* that he was fed with manchet made of sawdust, or at least a great part thereof; and kept so long in prison, manacled by the wrests, till the flesh had overgrown his irons; and he, not able to comb his own head, became so distracted, that, being brought before the bishop, he could say nothing, but “My lord is a good man.' A sad sight to his friends, and a sinful one to his foes, who first made him mad, and then made mirth at his madness.
I confess distraction is not mentioned in that list of losses reckoned up by our Saviour, " He that left his house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake,” &c. But seeing his wits is nearer and dearer to any man than his wealth, and seeing what is so lost may be said to be left; no doubt this poor man's distraction was by God graciously accepted, on his enemies severely punished, and to him mercifully rewarded. We must not forget how the wife of this Edward Freese, being big with child, and pressing in to see her husband, the porter at Fulham gave her such a kick on the belly, that the child was destroyed with that stroke immediately, and she died afterwards of the same.
PRELATES. John ROMAN, so called because his father was born in Rome, though living a long time in this city, being treasurer of the cathedral therein ;I and I conjecture this John his son born in York, because so indulgent thereunto; for generally pure pute Italians, preferred in England, transmitted the gain they got, by bills of exchange or otherwise, into their own country; and those outlandish mules, though lying down in English pasture, left no heirs behind them: whereas this Roman had such affection for York, that, being advanced archbishop, he began to build the body of the church, and finished the north part of the crossisle therein. Polydore Vergil praised him (no wonder that an Italian commended a Roman) for a man of great learning and sincerity.
He fell into the disfavour of king Edward the First, for excommunicating Anthony Beck bishop of Durham ; and it cost him four thousand marks to regain his prince's good-will. He died anno Domini 1295; and let none grudge his burial in the best place of the church, who was so bountiful a builder thereof.
ROBERT WALBEY, born in this city,s was therein bred an Augustinian friar; he afterwards went over into France, where he so applied his studies, that at last he was chosen divinity professor in the city of Toulouse. He was chaplain to the Black
* Fox's Acts and Monuments, p. 1026. + Mark x. 29.
Godwin, in the Catalogue of the Archbishops of York.
Prince, and, after his death, to his father king Edward the Third. Now as his master enjoyed three crowns, so under him in his three kingdoms this his chaplain did partake successively of three mitres, being first a bishop in Gascoigne, then archbishop of Dublin in Ireland, and afterwards bishop of Chichester in England; not grudging to be degraded in dignity, to be preferred in profit. At last he was consecrated archbishop of York; and was the first and last native which that city saw the least of infants, and, in his time, when man, the greatest therein. Yet he enjoyed his place but a short time, dying May 29, anno Domini 1397.
SINCE THE REFORMATION. Thomas Morton was born anno 1564, in the city of York, whose father Richard Morton (allied to cardinal Morton archbishop of Canterbury) was a mercer, (I have been informed the first of that calling, in that city sure) of such repute, that no mercers for many years by-past were of any eminency, but either immediately or mediately were apprentices unto him. He was bred in York School, where he was school-fellow with Guy Faux, which I note, partly to shew that loyalty and treason may be educated under the same roof; partly to give a check to the received opinion, that Faux was a Fleming, no native Englishman.
He was bred in Saint John's College in Cambridge, and chosen fellow thereof, to a fellowship to which he had no more propriety than his own merit, before eight competitors for the place, equally capable with himself, and better befriended.
Commencing doctor in divinity, he made his position (which, though unusual, was arbitrary and in his own power) on his second question, which much defeated the expectation of doctor Playfere, replying upon him with some passion, “ Commosti mihi stomachum.” To whom Morton returned, “ Gratulor tibi, Reverende Professor, de bono tuo stomacho, cænabis apud me hâc nocte.”
He was successively preferred dean of Gloucester, Winches. ter; bishop of Chester, Coventry and Lichfield, and Durham. The foundation which he laid of foreign correspondency with eminent persons of different persuasions, when he attended as chaplain to the lord Evers (sent by king James ambassador to the king of Denmark and many princes of Germany) he built upon unto the day of his death.
In the late Long Parliament, the displeasure of the House of Commons fell heavy upon him; partly for subscribing the bishop's protestation for their votes in parliament; partly for refusing to resign the seal of his bishopric, and baptizing a daughter of John earl of Rutland with the sign of the cross; two faults which, compounded together, in the judgment of honest and wise men, amounted to a high innocence. Yet the parliament allowed him eight hundred pounds a year
(a proportion above any of his brethren) for his maintenance. But, alas ! the trumpet of their charity gave an uncertain sound, not assigning by whom or whence this sum should be paid. Indeed the severe votes of the parliament ever took full effect, according to his observation who did anagram it, “ VOTED, (OUTED.) But their merciful votes found not so free perform
However, this good bishop got a thousand pounds out of Goldsmiths' Hall, which afforded him his support in his
The nib of his pen was impartially divided into two equal moieties; the one writing against faction, in defence of three innocent ceremonies; the other against superstition, witness “The Grand Impostor," and other worthy works.
He solemnly proffered unto me (pardon me, reader, if I desire politically to twist my own with his memory, that they may both survive together) in these sad times to maintain me to live with him; which courteous offer, as I could not conveniently accept, I did thankfully refuse. Many of the nobility deservedly honoured him, though none more than John earl of Rutland, to whose kinsman, Roger earl of Rutland, he formerly had been chaplain. But let not two worthy baronets be forgotten : Sir George Savill, who so civilly paid him his purchased annuity of two hundred pounds, with all proffered advantages; and Sir Henry Yelverton, at whose house he died, aged 95, at Easton Mauduit in Northamptonshire, 1659. For the rest, the reader is remitted to his life, written largely and learnedly by doctor John Barwick, dean of of Durham.
STATESMEN. Sir ROBERT CAR was born in this city, on this occasion. Thomas Car, his father, laird of Furnihurst, a man of great lands and power in the south of Scotland, was very active for Mary queen of Scots; and, on that account forced to fly his land, came to York. Now although he had been a great inroader of England, yet, for some secret reason of state, here he was permitted safe shelter; during which time Robert his son was born. This was the reason why the said Robert refused to be naturalized by act of our parliament, as needless for him, born in the English dominions.
I have read how his first making at court was by breaking of his leg at a tilting in London, whereby he came first to the cognizance of king James. Thus a fair starting with advantage in the notice of a prince, is more than half the way in the race to his favour. King James reflected on him whose father was a kind of confessor for the cause of the queen his mother. Besides, the young gentleman had a handsome person, and a conveniency of desert. Honours were crowded upon him; made Baron, Viscount, Earl of Somerset, Knight of the Garter, Warden of the Cinque Ports, &c.
He was a well-natured man, not mischievous with his might, doing himself more hurt than any man else. For, abate one foul fact, with the appendance and consequences thereof, notoriously known; and he will appear deserving no foul character to posterity: but for the same he was banished the court, lived and died very privately, about the year of our Lord 1638.
WRITERS. John WALBYE was born in this city, of honest parentage. He was bred an Augustinian (Provincial of his order), and doctor of divinity in Oxford. A placentious person, gaining the good-will of all with whom he conversed, being also ingenious, industrious, learned, eloquent, pious, and prudent. Pits writeth, that (after Alexander Nevell) he was chosen, but never confirmed, archbishop of York* (an honour reserved for Robert his younger brother, of whom before); but bishop Godwint maketh no mention hereof, which rendereth it suspicious. The said Pits maketh him actual archbishop of Dublin ; whilst Bale (who being an Irish bishop, had the advantage of exacter intelligence) hath no such thing; whence we may conclude it a mistake, the rather because this John is allowed by all to have died in this place of his nativity, 1393. Also I will add this, that though sharp at first against the Wickliffites, he soon abated his own edge; and, though present at a council kept at Stanford by the king against them, was not well pleased with all things transacted therein.
John Erghom was born in this city,f an Augustinian by his profession. Leaving York he went to Oxford; where passing through the Arts, he fixed at last in divinity, proving an admirable preacher. My authorç tells me, that sometimes he would utter nova et inaudita ; whereat one may well wonder, seeing Solomon hath said, “ There is no new thing under the sun."|| The truth is, he renewed the custom of expounding Scripture in a typical way, which crowded his church with auditors, seeing such soft preaching breaks no bones, much pleased their fancy, and little crossed or curbed their corruptions. Indeed some (but not all) Scripture is capable of such comments; and because metals are found in mountains, it is madness to mine for them in every rich meadow. But, in expounding of Scripture, when men's inventions outrun the spirit's intentions, their swiftness is not to be praised, but sauciness to be punished. This Erghom wrote many books, and dedicated them to the earl of Hereford (the same with Ed
• De Scriptoribus Britannicis, anno 1393.
Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, num. 1, Cent. viii.
| Eccl. i. 9.
ward duke of Buckingham*); and flourished under king Henry the Seventh, anno 1490.
SINCE THE REFORMATION. RICHARD Stock was born in this city; bred scholar of the house in Saint John's College in Cambridge, and designed fellow of Sidney, though not accepting thereof. He was afterwards minister of All-hallows Bread-street in London, by the space of thirty-two years, till the day of his death; where (if in health) he omitted not to preach twice every Lord's-day, with the approbation of all that were judicious and religious.
No minister in England had his pulpit supplied by fewer strangers. Doctor Davenant, afterwards bishop of Sarum (whose father was his parishioner), was his constant auditor, while lying in London. His preaching was most profitable ; converting many, and confirming more in religion ; so that, appearing with comfort at the day of Judgment, he might say, behold, “I and the children that God hath given me.”+ He was zealous in his life, a great reformer of profanations on the Sabbath, prevailing with some companies to put off their wonted festivals from Mondays to Tuesdays, that the Lord's-day might not be abused by the preparation for such entertainments. Though he preached oft" in neighbouring churches, he never neglected his own, being wont to protest, “ That it was more comfortable to him to win one of his own parish than twenty others.”
Preaching at Saint Paul's Cross when young, it was ill taken at his mouth, that he reproved the inequality of rates in the city (burdening the poor to ease the rich); and he was called a green-head for his pains. But, being put up in his latter days to preach on the lord mayor's election, and falling on the same subject, he told them, “That a grey-head spake now what a green-head had said before.”—He died April 20, anno Domini 1626, with a great lamentation of all, but especially of his parishioners.
MEMORABLE PERSONS. John LEPTON, of York, Esquire, servant to king James, undertook for a wager to ride six days together betwixt York and London, being seven-score and ten miles, stylo vetere as I may say; and performed it accordingly, to the greater praise of his strength in acting, than his discretion in undertaking it. He first set forth from Aldersgate, May 20, being Monday, anno Domini 1606, and accomplished his journey every day before it was dark. A thing rather memorable than commendable; many maintaining, that able and active bodies are not to vent themselves in such vain, though gainful, ostentation; and that
• See Camden's Britannia, in Herefordshire. + Gen. xxxiii. 5. | Mr. Sanderson's History of King James, hoc anno.