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it is no better than tempting Divine Providence, to lavish their strength, and venture their lives, except solemnly summoned thereunto by just necessity.


Expect not, reader, that under this title I should present thee with a list of the lord mayors of this city born therein. Only, to make this part conformable to the rest of my book, know, that I find one native of this city lord mayor of London;


1. Martin Bowes, son of Thomas Bowes, of York, Goldsmith, 1545.


To take our leave of this loyal city: I desire that some lucrative trade may be set up therein, to repair her former losses with advantage. Meantime I rejoice, that the archiepiscopal see is restored thereunto; not despairing but that, in due time (if the supreme authority adjudge it fit) the court of the presidency of the north may be re-erected therein, presuming the country will be eased and city enriched thereby, as the loadstone which will attract much company, and by consequence commodity thereunto.

Let me add, I am informed that Sir Thomas Widdrington, a person accomplished in all arts (as well as in his own profession of the laws), hath made great progress in his exact description of this city. Nor do I more congratulate the happiness of York coming under so able a pen, than condole my own infelicity, whose unsuccessful attendance hitherto could not compass speech with this worthy knight. Sure I am, when this his work is set forth, then indeed York shall be-what? a city most completely illustrated in all the antiquities and remarkables thereof.

A copy of Sir Thomas Widdrington's MS. account of the antiquities of the city of York was in the hands of Thomas Fairfax of Menston, Esq. Thomas married a sister of General Fairfax, from whose uncle Charles the Menston family was descended, and probably gave or left it to his brother-in-law He began in Charles the First's time, and after the restoration offered to print this work, and dedicate it to the city, who seem to have refused it on account of the indifference he shewed to their interest when he represented them in Cromwell's Parliament. Upon this he is said to have expressly forbid his descendants to publish it. See British Topography, voi. ii. p. 418.-ED.


Eugene ARAM, self-taught scholar; born at Ramsgill in Netherdale; executed in 1759 for murder, under neculiar circum


John BALGUY, learned divine and author; born at Sheffield 1686; died 1748.

Edmund Henry BARKER, classical scholar and editor of the Greek Thesaurus; born at Hollym vicarage 1788; died 1839.

Richard BARON, dissenting minister and zealous political writer; born at Leeds; died 1768.

Benjamin BARTLETT, celebrated antiquary and medallist; born at Bradford 1714.

Richard BENTLEY, divine, celebrated classic, and polemic; born at Oulton 1661; died 1742.

John BERKENHOUT, physician and miscellaneous writer; born at Leeds 1730; died 1791.

Joseph BINGHAM, divine and antiquary, author of the "Origines Ecclesticæ;" born at Wakefield 1668; died 1723. William BINGLEY, divine, author of "Animal Biography;"

born at Doncaster 1774; died 1823.

Joseph BOYSE, able dissenting divine; born at Leeds 1660 ;

died 1728.

Thomas BRADBURY, facetious dissenting divine and author; born at Wakefield 1677; died 1759.

John Charles BROOKE, Somerset Herald, antiquary; born at Field Head, near Dodsworth, 1748.

John BURTON, physician and learned ecclesiastical antiquary; born at Ripon 1697; died 1771.

James CALVERT, learned non-conformist divine and author ; born at York; died 1698.

Thomas CALVERT, uncle to James, nonconformist divine and author; born at York 1606; died 1679.

Newcome CAPPE, Socinian divine, and author of "Discourses on Providence," &c.; born at Leeds 1732; died 1800. William CAVENDISH, first duke of Newcastle, royalist officer,

writer on the management of horses, &c.; born at Hansworth 1592; died 1676.

Samuel CLAPHAM, divine and author; born at Leeds 1755. David CLARKSON, controversialist and nonconformist divine; born at Bradford 1622; died 1686.

William CONGREVE, dramatic writer; born at Bardsey Grange 1670; died 1728-9.

Dr. William CRAVEN, divine and professor of Arabic at Cambridge; born at Gowthwaite Hall 1731; died 1814.

Hugh Paulin de CRESSEY, popish writer, convert from Protestantism; born at Wakefield 1605; died 1674.

John DAWSON, learned surgeon and mathematician; born at

Garsdale 1733.

Laurence EUSDEN, divine and poet laureat; born at Spofforth, or Spotsworth; died 1730.

Thomas Lord FAIRFAX, parliamentarian general, author; born at Denton 1611; died 1671.


Sir W. FAWCETT, military officer and writer; born at Shipdenhall 1728; died 1804.


Francis FAWKES, divine, poet, and miscellaneous writer; born near Leeds 1731; died 1777.

RICHARD FIDDES, divine, author of a life of cardinal Wolsey, &c.; born at Hunmanby 1671; died 1725.

John FLAXMAN, R.A. sculptor; born at York 1755; died 1826.

John FOTHERGILL, quaker, physician, and author; born at Carr End, Askrigg 1712; died 1780.

Anthony FOTHERGILL, learned physician and author; born at

Sedbergh 1732-3.

Marmaduke FOTHERGILL, pious and learned but eccentric divine; born at York 1652; died 1713.

John GREEN, bishop of Lincoln, the only prelate who in 1772 voted in the house of Lords for the bill in favour of Dissenters; born at Beverley or Hull 1706; died 1779. John HARRISON, inventor of a time-piece to ascertain the longitude at sea, &c., for which he received the parliamentary premium of £10,000; born at Foulby near Pontefract 1693; died 1776.

David HARTLEY, physician and metaphysician, author of "Observations on Man," &c.; born at Armley 1705; died 1757. John HAYGARTH, physician and author; born at Garsdale 1740.

Sir Thomas HERBERT, traveller in Africa and Asia; born at York 1606; died 1682.

Godfrey HIGGINS, author of the "Celtic Druids," &c.; born at York 1771; died 1833.

Dr. Joseph HILL, divine and editor of Schrevelius' Lexicon, born at Bramley 1625; died 1707.

George HOLMES, learned antiquary; born at Skipton 1662; died 1748-9.

Nathaniel HULME, physician and author; born 1732; died


Francis HUNTLEY, melodramatic actor, talented but dissipated, educated as a surgeon; born at Barnsley 1787; died


Robert INGRAM, divine, and writer on the plagues and prophecies, &c.; born at Beverley 1726-7; died 1804.

William KENT or CANT, celebrated painter, architect, and landscape gardener; born at Bridlington 1685; died 1748. John KILLINGBECK, learned vicar of Leeds; born at Head

ingley 1649; died 1715-16.

John LACY, dramatic writer, author of "The Dumb Lady," &c.; born at Doncaster; died 1681.

William LODGE, distinguished engraver; born at Leeds 1649; where he died 1689.

James MARGETSON, archbishop of Armagh ; born at Drighlington; died 1678.

Andrew MARVEL, assistant to Milton as Latin secretary, member of parliament, patriot, poet, and wit; born at Winestead or Hull 1620 or 1621; died 1678.

William MASON, lyric poet and divine; born at Hull 1725; died 1797.

John METCALF, called "Blind Jack of Knaresborough," a self-taught surveyor of roads; born at Knaresborough 1717.

Dr. Conyers MIDDLETON, learned divine and polemist; born at York 1683; died 1790.

Isaac MILNER, dean of Carlisle (originally a weaver), natural philosopher; born near Leeds 1751; died 1820.

Joseph MILNER, brother of Isaac, divine and ecclesiastical historian; born at Leeds 1744; died 1797.

Sir Philip MONCKTON, general, royalist and high sheriff of the county in 1669; born at Heck.

Elizabeth MONTAGU, lively and ingenious writer; born at York 1720; died 1800.

Robert NARES, archdeacon of Stafford, author of "A Glossary," &c.; born at York 1753; died 1829.

Thomas NETTLETON, physician and miscellaneous writer; born at Dewsbury 1683; died 1742.

George PEARSON, physician, author and experimental chemist;

born at Rotherham 1751; died 1828.

William PETTYT, lawyer, keeper of the records in the Tower; born at Storithes 1636; died 1707.

Matthew POOLE, nonconformist divine, learned annotator on the Scriptures; born at York 1624; died in Holland 1679. Beilby PORTEUS, bishop of London, poet and author; born at York 1731; died 1808.

John POTTER, archbishop of Canterbury, author of "Archælogia Græca," &c.; born at Wakefield 1674; died 1747. Joseph PRIESTLEY, dissenting divine, experimental philosopher; born at Fieldhead near Birstall 1733; died 1804. John RADCLIFFE, popular physician, bequeathed £4000 for founding the Radcliffe library at Oxford; born at Wakefield 1650; died 1714.

Thomas ROBINSON, divine and author; born at Wakefield 1749; died 1813.

John ROEBUCK, physician, natural philosopher, and founder of the Carron and other works in Scotland; born at Sheffield 1718; died 1794.

Dr. Nicholas SAUNDERSON, professor of mathematics at Cambridge, blind; born at Thurlstone 1682; died 1739. James SCOTT, D.D. eloquent preacher, author under the signature of Anti-Sejanus; born at Leeds 1733; died 1814.


Abraham SHARP, mathematician, mechanist, and astronomer; born at Little Horton 1651; died 1741.


John SHARP, archbishop of York, author of sermons, opponent of Dean Swift; born at Bradford 1644; died 1714.

John SMEATON, engineer, builder of Eddystone lighthouse, and author; born at Austhorpe 1724; where he died in 1792. Sir Robert STAPLETON, soldier, poet, dramatist, translator of Juvenal, &c.; born at Carleton; died 1669.

Benjamin THOMPSON, translator of the play of "the Stranger," &c. from the German; born at Hull 1774; died 1816. Captain Edward THOMPSON, R.N. dramatist, author of some highly popular sea-songs; born at Hull 1738; died 1786. Ralph THORESBY, learned and industrious antiquary; born at

Leeds 1658; died 1725.

John TILLOTSON, archbishop of Canterbury, author of Sermons; born at Sowerby 1630; died 1694.

Ezreel TONGE, D.D. first discoverer of the popish plot in the time of Charles II.; died 1680.

John TOPHAM, antiquary; born at Malton; died 1803.
George WALLIS, physician and satirist; born at York 1740;

died 1802.

William WILBERFORCE, M.P. distinguished for his exertions to abolish slavery, writer on Vital Christianity, &c.; born at Hull 1759; died 1833.

Henry WILKINSON, D.D. principal of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, nonconformist, and author; born at Adwick 1616; died 1690.

Benjamin WILSON, eminent painter, distinguished for his etchings in imitation of Rembrandt; born at Leeds; flourished 1760.

Sir Clifton WINTRINGHAM, physician and author; born at York 1710; died 1794.

Dr. Thomas ZoUCH, learned divine and poet; born at Sandal Magna 1737; died 1806.

Of all the collectors of Yorkshire antiquities, Roger Dodsworth certainly stands pre-eminent. He was born at Newton Grange in 1585; and collected the antiquities of his native county in 162 folio volumes; which, in 1673, were deposited, along with his manuscripts, in the Bodleian library at Oxford. Collections have also been formed by Hopkinson, Talbot, Thornton, Gascoigne, and others. No regular history has, however, been yet produced, owing, probably, to the vast extent of the county, and the difficulties attending its accomplishment. A great number of local histories, notwithstanding, have made their appearance at different times; at the head of which may justly be ranked Dr. T. D. Whitaker's History of Whalley and Clitheroe, the History of the Deanery of Craven, Thoresby's Topography of Leeds, and Illustrations of the Vale of Calder. The Rev. J. Hunter has also largely contributed towards the history of the county, by his Hallamshire, which was published in 1819, and the History of the Deanery of Doncaster (1828-31). There have also appeared the Ecclesiastical History of Yorkshire, by Dr. Burton in 1758; a Gazetteer of the County by E. Hargrave; and a Topographical Dictionary

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