A Grammar of the Urdū Or Hindūstānī Language

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Common terms and phrases

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Էջ 255 - Christian sera may be found very nearly, as follows : — Rule. Express the Musalman date in years and decimals of a year; multiply by .97; to the product add 621.54, and the sum will be the period of the Christian sera.
Էջ 150 - Cl^or^ honour, highness/ etc., and the like, with the third person plural (of the pronouns and verbs) ; and when an inferior addresses a superior, he ought at all times to use similar expressions of respect, suitable to the rank of the person addressed.
Էջ 33 - ... 65. The comparison of the adjective is made in a very simple manner, by merely placing the word with which the comparison is made in the ablative case ; and instead of saying ' the girl is better than the boy,' saying 'the girl is good than the boy ;' thus, ^ (_5ff-l <±£ <=£P Ls^jp larkl larke se achchhl hai.
Էջ 255 - Hijra, apply the following rule :—From the given number of Musalman years deduct three per cent., and to the remainder add the number 621-54; the sum is the period of the Christian era at which the given current Musalman year ends. This rule is founded on the fact that 100 lunar years are very nearly equal to 97 solar years, the difference being about eighteen days only.
Էջ 148 - When the nominatives are of different persons, the verb agrees with the first person in preference to the second, and with the second in preference to the third...
Էջ 140 - If an adjective qualifies two or more nouns of different genders, it...
Էջ 258 - mana,' is divided into twelve lunar months ; an intercalary month (called in Sanskrit adhika vulgo, ' lound ') being supplied, on a particular principle, once in about three years. The year commences at the true instant of conjunction of the sun and moon : that is, on the new moon which immediately precedes the commencement of the solar year : falling somewhere therefore within the 30 or 31 days of the solar month Chait ( Chaitra). The day of conjunction...
Էջ 141 - Dowson's rule (Urdu Grammar, p. 141). Not only are these rules wrong as regards the conception of the adjective spoken of, and its relation to the verb and the object, but they serve clearly to show that both these grammarians have failed to perceive that it is the use of the particle jS with...
Էջ 6 - The forms $ and ^ are medial varieties of the h, which are used indiscriminately by natives ; but the following distinction made by Dr. Gilchrist is generally used in printed books, and is so useful as to merit universal acceptance.
Էջ 150 - ... correct to address even the lowest rank in the singular number. 3. The pronouns of the third person may be used in the singular when speaking of any person in their presence, unless they be of superior rank, when they ought to be spoken of in the plural. 4. When one person of rank addresses another of the same or superior rank, or speaks of him in his presence, it is most correct to make use of the respectful pronoun <_>T or the great man's title, or some respectful phrase, as jjjl jci- ' your...

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