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And Eivir-life is on her cheek,

we were determined to serve up this And yet she will not move or speak, Kor will her eyelid fully ope;

broad-shouldered barbarian, like a Perchance it loves, that hair-shut eye,

roasted Manning-tree ox,' to the epiThrough its long fringe, reserved and shy, cures in Epic. If this do not answer Affection's opening dawn to spy ; And the deep blush, which bids its dye

the purpose, we have no doubt that O'er cheek, and brow, and bosom fly,

Scott or Byron will elaborate someSpeaks shame-facedness and hope. thing, by and by, tbat will nauseate them. XIX.

We the more lament this perversion But vainly seems the Dane to seek

of taste in the reading public,' that comFor terns his new-born love to speakFor words save those of wrath and wrong,

pels a writer, who aims at popularity, to Till now were strangers to his tongue;

adopt so uncouth a style of character, So, when he raised the blushing maid,

language, scenery, and sentiment, as we In blunt and honest terms he said ("Twere well that maids, when lovers woo,

are convinced that, but for this reHeard none more soft, were all as true,) straint on his genius and better pro“ Eivir! since thou for many a day Hast follow'd Harold's wayward way,

pensities, our author would have proIt is but meet that in the line

duced a much more interesting and Of after-life I follow thine.

edifying performance. Where he loses To-morrow is St. Cuthbert's tide, And we will grace his altar's side,

sight of his models, and resigns himself A Christian knight and Christian bride ;

to his own fancy, in an occasional diAnd of Witikind's son shall the marvel be said, gression, he discovers traits of a truly That on the same morn he was christen'd and poetic imagination. wed.”

As an evidence of his felicity of And here our story ends. The reader will, probably, by this thought and expression, when he indultime, begin to inquire, with some solici- ges the bent of his inclination, we will tude, what can be the object of this there is a playfulness of manner and a

quote his Introductory stanzas, in which Poem. The author, with more can- freedom of mind, that hold out a hope dour than most of his competitors for of happier results to more legitimate the same meed, confesses that his efforts. rhymes, Court not the critic's smile, nor dread hiş There is a mood of mind we all have known, frown;

On drowsy eve, or dark and low'ring day, They well may serve to wbile an hour away,

When the tired spirits lose their sprightly tone, Nor does the volume ask for more renown,

And nought can chase the lingering hours Than Ennui's yawning anile, what time she drops away. it down.

Dull on our soul falls Fancy's dazzling ray,

And Wisdom holds his steadier torch in vain, It were a pity that so innocent an Obscured the painting seems, mistuned the lay, ambition should not be gratified !-but Nor dare we of our listiess load complain, as to every moral and rational


For who for sympathy may seek that cannot tell

of pain? Ennui might as well have been playing the jew's-harp; and, though it be not The jolly sportsman knows such drearihood,

When bursts in deluge the autumnal rain, Inaterial over what listlessness shall Clouding that morn which threats the heathyawn, it is to be apprehended that cock's brood; some who read for improvement, may,

Of such, in summer's drought, the anglers

plain, by inadvertently overlooking the pre. Who hope the soft mild southern shower in vain ; face, be led a wild-goose chase through But more than all the discontented fair, the whole volume.

Whom father stern, and sterner aunt, restrain

From county-ball, or race occurring rare, Should we be interrogated, in turn, while all her friends around their vestments gay as to the motive that could induce us prepare. to devote so many pages to so unpro- Ennui !-or, as our mothers call'd thee, Spleen! fitable a subject, we can merely say,

To thee we owe full many a rare device;that as there are some inordinate appe

Thine is the sheaf of painted cards, I ween,

The rolling billiard ball, the rattling chce, tites, that can only be cured by a sarfcit, The turning laibe fer framing gimcrack nice; VOL, I. NO. II!.


The amateur's blotch'd pallet thou may'st Oft at such seasons, too, will rhymes unsought claim,

Arrange themselves in some romantic lay; Retort, and air-pump, threatening frogs and mice, The which, as things unfitting graver thought,

(Murders disguised by philosophic name,) A re burnt or blotted on some wiser day. And much of trifling grave, and much of buxom These few survive-and, proudly let me say, game.

Court not the critic's smile, nor dread his frown; Then of the books, to catch thy drowsy glance

They well may serve to while an hour away,

Nor does the volume ask for more renown, Compiled,

what bard the catalogue may quote! Than Ennui's yawning smile, what time she drops Plays, poems, novels, never read but once ;

it down. But not of such the tale fair Edgeworth wrote, That bears thy name, and is thine antidote;

Similar indications of the poet's powers And not of such the strain my Thomson sung, may be gathered from some of the preDelicious dreams inspiring by his note, What time to Indolence his harp he strung;

vious extracts which we have made. Ob! might my lay be rank'd that happier list We are prevented, by want of room, as among!

well as by the utter futility of his preEach hath his refuge whom thy cares assail. sent production, from animadverting For me, I love my study-fire to trim,

upon particular instances of the quaint And con right vacantly some idle tale, Displaying on the couch each listless limb,

and obsolete phraseology, inbarmonious Till on the drowsy page the lights grow dim,

versification, unnecessary and undigniAnd doubtful slumber half supplies the theme;

fied variety of metre, and many other While antique shapes of knight and giant grim, Damsel and dwarf, in long procession gleam,

faults and absurdities, into which too And the Romancer's tale becomes the Reader's servile an imitation of his prototypes dream.

has betrayed him. They are too pro"Tis thus my malady I well may bear,

minent and obtrusive, indeed, to escape Albeit outstretch'd like Pope's own Paridel,

the most cursory observation. An opUpon the rack of a too-easy chair;

And find, to cheat the time, powerful spell portunity will not, probably, be long In old romaunts of errantry that tell,

wanting, to resume the consideration Orlater legends of the Fairy folk,

of the characteristics of the fashionOr oriental tale of Afrite fell, Of Genii, Talisman, and broad-wing'd Roc,

able romances in verse, and we shall Though taste may blush and frown, and sober not fail to improve it. reason mock.


ART. 2. A Valedictory, delivered at the Forum, on the 11th of April, 1817,

on closing the first Session. By J P. C. Sampson, Esq. 8vo. pp. 23. Van

Winkle, Wiley, & Co. New York, 1817. FRO "ROM the occasion, on which this permanent institution, and become the

address was pronounced, and from school, in which are to be trained the its affinity with a style of eloquence, future orators of this rising city. Most which seems to bave acquired some po- of the young men, who have fixed on pularity in this community, it derives New-York, as the theatre for the exeran importance, which, on the ground of cise of their talents; who are destined its own merits, it could scarcely claim. to supply with advocates her tribunals

Tbe society, before which it was of justice, or represent her citizens in delivered, was established early last the legislatures of the state and dation, winter, by a number of young gentle. will probably contract the predominant men in this city, for the purpose of im- style of their public speaking, from provement in eloquence and the art of their exercises at the Forum, and model oratory. Its objects, of course, are their eloquence according to the standworthy of all praise. From the inter- ard there established. Now tbis standest, moreover, which it excited in the ard, we think, ought to be American. public mind, and the efforts, to which Every nation bas some features of chaits members were consequently prompt- racter to distinguish it from every ed, it appears likely to be rendered a other, and to the peculiarities, which

constitute this distinction, and make the whole internal structure of society. what is called the genius of a nation, Let the student of eloquence learn to ought the standard of taste, in every think and to feel in unison with the pursuit, to conform. The truth of this constitution and laws of his country ;position is obvious in regard to the man- let him nourish his sentiments and seed ners and customs of a country, and the bis imagination by a contemplation of general character of civil and domestic the disposition and manners of his counintercourse, which ought to be che. trymen, and carefully scrutinize the Jished, in order that the habits of think- causes from wbich they proceed. Let ing and feeling of a people, may co. bim attentively observe the nature of operate with the spirit of their political the education which they receive, and institutions and the wisdom of their the prevailing features of the scenery rulers to give stability to their condi, in which they dwell, over whom he tion; and why is it not equally true wishes to acquire influence by his elowhen applied to literature and the fine quence. These investigations, and a arts? These bave an important influ- resort to these sources of thought and ence upon society, and by taking a illustration, become important, accordLone of grateful conformity, they may ing to the degree in which public opicontribute much to the permanency of nion acts upon the condition of a comthose institutions, by which they have munity; and in a republic like ours, been protected and fostered. Indeed, where all the elements of society are any attempt to establish another stand- held together by the mere force of that ard, or any hope of eminence from opinion, it is a matter of the highest imsuch an attempt, must ultimately prove portance, that whatever is intended to abortive; for it should seem, that all touch that main-spring of the social efforts to counteract the proper bias of economy immediately and with power, national character, must prove as un- should be wholesome in its operation. wise and ineffectual, in any department Besides, if it were merely for the beauof learning, and be attended with as ty cf the spectacle, and the pleasure it much embarrassment and abuse, as would yield the imagination, without would be, in politics, any endeavour considering the wisdom or utility of not to establish and enforce a system of servilely copying others, we would policy, that should not be adapted to have nations and individuals preserve the situation, form of government, po- their distinctive traits of character in pulation, and resources of the state. all their original strength. But, notwithstanding the necessity of Let them enlarge their knowledge ultimate failure in such an attempt, yet and augment their wisdoin by obseras the genius of a nation may not be vation and reflection upon the examat once understood, especially during ples of others, but let them not wish to its early periods, while its character, assume their peculiarities, or undertake from most eyes, lies bid in its elements, to transfer, by tale, accidents of charmuch study and sagacity are requisite acter. Over tbese original and pecuwisely to adjust a standard of taste, or liar traits, let arts, and letters and scia system of policy. Now, as in poli- ence, throw all their refinement, and tics, so in literature, certainly in those pour all their illumination; but let them departments more immediately con- retain their identity. Let the field of nected with the welfare of society, as human nature present all that bound. eloquence, the most successful mode of less and beautiful variety, which perarriving at excellence, will be found to vades and adorns the pbysical world. consist in a careful and thorough inves. We would, indeed, have nations and tigation of the political institutions of individuals all acknowledge and obey the comtry, the spirit of the laws, and the same fundamental principles of

right and wrong, as the physical world, the days of Burke and Sheridan and throughout its sublime extent, conforms Langrishe, have gone by,—their coumto the same fundamental laws originally rymen seem to have neglected their impressed on matter ; but let none of bright example, forgotten their wisdom, the fine features of mind and character and ceased to cherish their authenbe obliterated, or defaced, or lose any tic fire,' while extravagance of sentiof their relief by a slavish imitation. ment, intemperance of feeling, and an Fortunately, we can urge these senti- unnatural ecstasy of phrase, too much ments with the more propriety and countenanced by Curran, have at zeal, inasmuch as the ingredients of our length, with bad taste and Phillips, bebational character less need a change come the favourites of the day. Against or a different combination, than they the introduction of this style of elodo assiduous cultivation, to furnish to quence into our country, to debauch other climes and after ages a magnifi- the taste of our orators and pollute our cent example for their instruction and schools, or degrade the dignity of the applause. These sentiments do not American bar, and violate the decodeny the expediency of contemplating rum of our legislative assemblies, we the character of others, or of studying will raise our voice, feeble as it is, and the elements of their greatness, and the though not one echo ever reach us. means by which they have acquired It is not fitted to our use ; it is not suitdistinction, especially if they have any ed to the sober, home-bred, industrious important traits common to both. On character of our orderly republicans. this ground, the oration of the ancient It is a kind of eloquence that has no orators are eminently appropriate as basis in sound practical wisdom, and models for the study of our countrymen; no respectability or weight of characfor although the state of society be dif- ter to command confidence. It is not ferent now, and here, from what it was calculated to produce wholesome conin the days of Demosthenes or Cicero, victions, on great occasions of public and though the mass of the people emergency, or to assist in strengthening then, were an ignorant, capricious, the foundations of national grandeur. vicious multitude, wholly destitute of If what Cicero has said, be true, 'sapithe essential republican character, yet entiam, sine eloquentiâ, parum prodesse the prevailing tenor of the admirable civitatibus, wbat he has added, is no harangues of those masters of persua- less so, eloquentiam, sine sapientiâ, sion, is entirely in unison with the en- nimium obesse plerumque, prodesse lightened genius of our political insti- nunquam;' and when so much better tutions, and well fitted to confirm our models abound, we, in this country, independence of principle, while at the who profess to make real utility the same time they impart the temperate standard of value, surely will not tum spirit of rational, regulated liberty. from gold to dross, from bullion to tin

They were not demagogues, in the sel. We have, among our own citi. modern acceptation of the term, but zens, on our own soil, of native prosober, though resolute patriots, the duction, as bright examples of genuine friends of order and subordination; eloquence as can be boasted by any who loved the people, but were faithful people of any age; and let not misto the state. Great Britain, also, guided ambition, or perverted taste, abounds in models, not surpassed by the make one effort to withdraw our AmeGreek or Roman, the faithful study of rican youth from these pure and living which, would contribute to elevate the fountains, from which have flowed character of our eloquence, and impart streams of as divine eloquence as ever to it a congenial influence. (reland, too, refreshed and elevated the human soul. has furnished such models; but, alas, How incongruous, how ludicrous would

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the speeches of Mr. Phillips appear, provement, we shall make an extract
coming from the mouth of Demosthenes, from one of the most considerable
or Cicero; Chatham, or Burke, ot Fox, speeches made on that important oc-
or Sheridan, or Erskine; Henry, or casion. It is obviously impossible,
Ames, or Hamilton, or Morris, or Bay- by so short a specimen as we are
ard, or Dexter! What have the majesty obliged to give, to do justice to the
and comprehension of their minds, the speaker ; for there is so much logical
simplicity of their language, the eleva- connexion and dependence throughout
tion and grandeur of their views, and all these speeches, that to do them
their utility of object, to do with the adequate justice we should give the
fantastic sentimentality, or the prurient whole; and any American who reads
imagination of Mr. Phillips? One would the whole, must find himself exbilara-
as soon expect to bear the Macedonian ted by their wit, roused by their elo-
Alexander, or the Roman Cæsar, talk- quence, and enlightened by their argu-
ing in the language of Chononhoton- ment, and, congratulating himself upon
thologos, or Bombastes Furioso. We his citizenship, must feel an increased
know of no more successful way of love and veneration for his country, -a
opposing the influx of this false taste country, of which it may be said, as
and spurious eloquence, than to hold Virgil says of Berecynthia, the mother
up better examples, and fix the at- of gods
tention of the community, particularly “Felix prole virum
of the younger candidates for oratorical

centum complexa nepotes, bonours, on those of their illustrious

Omnes cælicolas, omnes supera alta tenentes.!!! countrymen, who have by their elo The extract we shall make, is from quence and wisdom, more powerful the speech of Gouverneur Morris, of than the lyre of Ampbion, established New-York, in the Senate. round our civil and political rights and Speaking of the balanced nature of privileges, ramparts of nobler materi- our government, and the importance of als and more enduring strength, than an independent judiciary as necessary the Tbeban wall, or Theban constitu- to preserve the equilibrium, he says: tion. The monuments of our American But away with all these derogatory sup. eloquence have suffered, and their positions. The legislature may be trusted, number been diminished, for want of Our government is a system of salutary care in reporting and collecting the checks; one legislative branch is a check ou

the other. And sliould the violence of speeches of our great men ; but there party spirit bear both of them away, the are some preserved, and few as they President, an officer high in honour, high are, from them an estimate may be in the public confidence, charged with weighty formed of the value of those which have concerns, responsible to his own reputation,

and to the world, stands ready to arrest their been suffered to perish, as well

as of the too impetuous course. This is our system. genius that produced them. • Ex pede, It makes no mad appeal to every mob in the Herculem. Among these monuments, country: It appeals to the sober sense of is the collection of speeches made in men selected from their fellow.citizens for the Senate and House of Representa- ced in life, and of matured judgment. It ap

their talents and their virtue ; of men advantives of the United States, on the •Ju- peals to their understanding, to their integdiciary Bill,' in the year 1802, when rity, to their honour, to their love of farne, the two great political parties which their sense of shaine. If all these checks

should prove insutficient, and alas ! such is the at that time agitated the country, were condition of human nature, that I lear they more ably represented than at any will not be always sufficient, the constitution subsequent period. In order that we has given us one more; it has given us an inmay further exemplify our ideas or dependent judiciary. Before then tbat you viothe style of eloquence we would have late that independence-Pause. There are

state sovereignties, as well as the sovereignty Our young countrymen stady for im- of the general government. There are cases,

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