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bly has lain there 210 years ; because those GERMANY

of Popham's party, who survived the incle. M. Francois de Salingre, a cbemist of Hal- ment winter of 1607-8, returned in their verstadt, has discovered a mode of inanufac- ships to England, in May, 1608, and there turing an oil from cabbage seeds, superior to has been no dwelling house, or person who any vegetable oil now known. 1. it equals has lived at, or near the site of this ancient in point of yellow colour and purity the fin fort since. This axe, being probably the oldest oil in Provence. 2. It is in dorous, and est manufactured article known in this part bas the taste of almonds, which distinguishes of the country, has been presented by Mr. it from the oil of rape seed. 3. It may be Hill to the Antiquarian Society. substituted for olive oil in sallads, and for It appears, by several of the English periother domestic uses. 4. When used as lamp odical publications, lately received in this oil, it gives a bright flame without smoke. it city, that Captain Riley's Narrative is in the is also very economical-a given quantity Press, and will soon be published in London, will be consumed much more slowly than in a quarto form. the same quantity of rape oil within the same J. Eastburn & Co. of New York, bave istime.

sued proposals for re-publishing by subscripIt is well known that the deeper we pene. the Arts," a work of great erudition and

tion “ The Quarterly Journal of Science and trate into the earth, the greater is the warmth. At Frieberg, they pretend to bave calculated much interest, edited originally at the Royal that this increase of warmth amounts to one Society of Great Britain, by William Thomas degree of the thermometer for 150 feet, from Brande, Esq. F. R. S. L. and E. B. and others. which it is inferred, that at the depth of 50 The publication is to commence in August

next. German, (225 English) miles iron must melt and the interior of the earth be a sea ol li the artillery, bas for some time been engaged,

We understand that Captain O'Connor, of quid fire.

by order of the War Department, in transMr. Henz, an eminent tanner of Srzensk, lating from the French a celebrated Treatise vin Poland, has ascertained that the leaves on the Science of War and Fortification, ori. of the oak are equal to the bark in tanning ginally composed by order of the Emperor leather, provided they are used in the month Napoleon for the use of the students of the of September, when they possess the bitter Imperial Polytechnic and Military Schools sap, which they afterwards' lose.

of France. This work embraces the wbole

Science of War, and Field and Permanent UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Fortification, with all the modern inventions

and improvements in the latter branches; Some persons employed by the Hon. and in France is universally used by the miMark L. "Hill, to make improvements on litary, and is esteemed beyond all other prohis farm at Phipsburg, situated at the ductions on the subjects, being considered a mouth of Kennebec river, whereon are to masterpiece. We learn that the Translabe seen the remains of the ancient fort tion is completed, and will sbortly be publislı. built by Sir George Popham in 1607, found, ed for the use of the Cadets of the United io May last, about 10 inches under the sur. States' Military Academy. face of the earth, an axe, which unquestiona. E.



PENKSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS. President John Trumbull. l'ice Presi-
T an election for president and direc- denti- John R. Murray. Directors--Cadwal.

tors of the Pennsylvania Academy of lader D. Colden, William Cutting, John G. Fine Arts, held at the Academy on Monday Bogert, David Hosack, Archibald Bruce, the second of June instant, the following gen. Arcbibald Robertson, Benj. W. Rogers, Wil. tlemen were chosen, viz:-President Joseph liam Dunlap, John Mc Comb, Sami L. Wal. Hopkinson. Directors--William Tilghman, do, James Renwick Treasurer-John PinEdward Pennington, William Meredith, Wil- tard. Secretary-Alex. Robertson. Keeper liam Rush, Plunket F. Glentworth, James and Librarian-William Dunlap AcademiGibson, Zaccheus Collins, Thomas Cadwa- cians-John Trumbull, William S. Leney, Jader, Jobn Vaughan, Grilfith Evans, Tbo. John Mc Comb, John I. Holland, Saml. L. mas Sully, Joseph Allen Smith.

Waldo, William Dunlap, Peter Maverick, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF THE EINE ARTS. John Dixey, Archibald Robertson, Alexan

The following gentlemen have been elect. der Robertson, A. Anderson, William Rol. ed Officers of the American Academy linson, G. B. Brown, A. Dickinson, Jolin of the Fine Arts for the year 1817-Via Vanderlyn, J. O. Doppell.


Second Exhibition of the American Academy of conscious that on the common aet of hospitality the Fine Arts.

she is performing, an act so congenial to her sex, (Continued.)

depends her future fate, has an air of nonchaleoce The last mentioned painter (Omeganck) is faithful Eleazar. The camels and men in the

well contrasted with the anxious gaze of the still living, an ornament to his country, and distance are finely painted, particularly the perhaps the best painter of animals, particularly figure on whom the light falls: Mr. Alston's sheep, which the world possesses. His Land touch is new to us, and we are not prepared to scape is likewise uncommonly fine. The keeper praise it, neither shall we condemn it. The of the Musee de France, when asked why there finish of many parts of the picture is very fine. was no picture of Omeganck in the Exhibition, This beautiful composition is the property of Mr. replied, that in tenderness to him as a living ar: Van Schaick of our city, who when in Europe tisi, they would not injure bin by comparison gratified his taste by encouraging the merit of his Omeganck has since visited the Museum in per- countryman Alston, and has set an example to son, as one of the Commissioners appointed by our wealthy merchants, who expend their thouthe King of Holland to reclaim the pictures plun- gands and lens of thousands upon walls, carpeta, dered by the Emperor of the French.

and mirrors, but have not heretofore been in the No. 19. Battle of Cavalry.—BREYDEL. habit of calling forth the talents of the painter to In a space whose utmost length is 6 inches, and decorate their splendid halls and drawing rooms breadth 5, the painter has represented an exten. with the instructive and taste-refining productions sive plain, on which, and under the walls of a

of the pencil. Let them be assured that a good Castie, large bodies of Cavalry are mingled picture reflects more honour upon the possessor in bloody strife. The composition, drawing, than ten times the wealth that purchased it; and colouring, and touch, show the hand of a mas! (a circunstance by no means to be forgotten)

will, if taken due care of, increase in value by

age. No. 20. Portrait of a Lady.-W. DUNLAP.

No. 29. An old Woman and little Girl by This is a balf length of a lady, sitting, and Peaning her head on one hand, while the other

fire-light.-W. JEWITT. rests easily on her silk drapery. There is inuch Mr. Jewitt, quite a young Artist, has succeed. truth in the composition.

ed admirably in representing the effect of fire

light, upon two figures well contrasted and hapNo. 21. Mary Magdalen. W. DUNLAP. pily imitated from nature.

Nc. 30. A Storm at Sea. A spirited sketch, -the parts most finished make us wish that equal labour had been bestow An admirable picture, and deserving of a better ed on the whole.

place. No. 22. Landscape.- RUYSDAL.

No. 31. Portrait of G. Clarke, Esq.-S. This is a jewel. There were two painters of L. Waldo. the name of Ruisdaal, (for with all due deference No. 32. Female half length.Painted by to the Librarian of the Academy, so we believe Paris Bourdon, the pupil and rival of Titian. the name is spelt,) James and Solomon. The Works of the first are valued by Le Brun and by

This is the finest specimen of colouring in the De Burtin at 8000 livres; the second at 1720. Gallery :-we know of none so fine on this side James Ruisdaal, whose landscape we believe this the Atlantic. It is a model for every Artist to

study, for colouring, but not for composition or to be, was distinguished for his knowledge of nature and of the effect of light and shade. His design. It was in colouring alone that Bourdon spaster was the celebrated Everdingen.

(or Bourdone) was the rival of the prince

No. 23. Christ on the Mount of Olires.-

No. 33.- Portrait of a Gentleman.-S. L.

Waldo. No. 24. Infant St. John.

No. 34. La Madonna dell Gallo, Copied No. 25. Ballle of Cavalry.BREYDEL. from Barocci by Tompkins.

Still more beautiful than its companion, No. 19. The principal Horse and Man are very Family, the attention of the children occupied by

This beautiful little picture represents a Holy fine.

a cat. It is difficult to imagine any thing more No. 26. Flemish Scene.

true to nature. Barocci was born at Urbino in No 27. Flemish Card Party.

1528, and painted most of his great pictures at

Rome. Great truth of expression. No. 28. Rebekah at the Well.-W. ALSTON. No. 35. Study for the Woman taken in This charming picture is painted subsequently

Adultery.-J. TRUMBULL. to the large picture of the resuscitation of the The large picture was exhibited last Fall, and dead man on touching the bones of the prophet, is, in our opinion, the most perfect of the life-size which established the reputation of Mr. Alston. compositions of Mr. Trumbull. It has the This last we have not seen.

No. 28 does great

“ Bon choix, bien rendu" of the French Copkonour to its author. The lovely Rebekab, un- noisseurs. It is a picture whieb will remind te


beholder of Corregio.* The study is in itself a by four Banquets, executed at Venice, for four carefully painted and beautiful piciure, principal. several resectories of Convents. A copy of the ly differing from the large picture, in having the centre part of one of these great compositions bewoman's drapery white.

longs to the American Academy. No.36. Holy Family, with Eleaser and St. No. 43. The Natirity. John.-J. TRUMBULL.

No. 44. A Salrap. MICHAEL ANGELO. A picture of uncommon beauty, evincing a We observe on the first page of the Catalogue knowledge of all the parts which belong to this that " the titles of the pictures, and the names of enchanting and very difficult art. The St. John the painters, are given as sent in." is perhaps the finest part of the composition.

No. 45. The Annunciation.
No. 37. Study for our Saviour with litlle
Children.-J. TRUMBULL.

No. 46. Constantia and Sylvia. SIGNIOR

WALDRE. As the picture itself is in this exhibition, and is much improved upon the study, we will reserve

The subject of this picture is from one of Metaour remarks until we reach its number.

sis's Operas. It is an object of great importance

for the painter to choose a subject generally No. 38. The Virgin anil Child, Elizabeth known, and generally interesting. We are here and St. John.-Copied from Andrea Del attracted by the size of the picture, figures as Sarto by Tompkins.

large as life, and the general tone of the colourThis is a pendant to No. 34, but though the ing, but the eye, after dwelling a short time Dame of Andrea del Sarto stands higher than that on some parts of unquestionable beauty, par. of Barocci, few beholders but will prefer the pic. ticularly in the landscape, turns away unsatisfied. ture of the latter here exhibited to that of the The drawing of Constantia's face is very bad. former. Andrea del Sarto (whose real name No. 47. Landscape. was Vanucchi) was born at Florence in 1488. His character of design is learning and simplici.

No. 48. Moses striking the Rock. ty, both of which may be seen in this picture, but No 49. Zaphna in the Tragedy of Mahothere is likewise severity and hardness.

met.-MORSE. No. 39. Portrait of the Marquis de la Fay. It has been suggested that this is a portrait of clte.

Mr. John H. Payne, in this character, as be perVery bad.

formed it in London. No. 40. An old Man. Cuyp.

No. 50. A head. A head of merit, whether by Cuyp or not. This fine picture ought to have a better situa

No. 41. The Archangel Michael preparing tion. It ought to have the strongest light in the lo enchain Salan. Revelations, cbap. 12 and room. 20. A sketch in Fresco.--ARCHD. ROBERT No.51. An Italian Landscape. View in son.

the Burghese Gardens. One of the effects of the revival of the Ameri

Very beautiful. can Academy of the Fine Arts, and the opening of a Gallery for Exhibition, is that talent is stimu- of George Washington.—G. STEWART.

No. 52. A full length Portrait, site of life, lated to action, and sleeping genius roused to exertion. Mr. Robertson has here evinced a know. We are always delighted by the magic of ledge of composition and design which does him Stewart's pencil. This is either the copy or the honour.

original of the picture painted for Lord Lansdown, No. 42. Portrait of Paul Veronese, between from which the engraving was made by Heath. Virtue and Vice. Figures as large as life. We have seen a full length portrait of Washing-PAUL VERONESE.

ton, by Stewart, giving another view of the face

and another attitude, beyond all comparison preMany of our readers will remember a fine en- ferable to this. It is in the possession of Peter graving of this picture, in the Florence Galle. Jay Munroe, Esq. We lament that the engrav. ry.” Unfortunately, the painting has been so ing had not been made from Mr. Munroe's, rather abused as to dinninish the satisfaction of the be- than Lord Lansdown's picture. It is not only a holder, and almost to destroy the impression better picture, but it is much more like the person which would otherwise be made by the work of and face of Washington. In No. 52, a disagreea so great a master. The composition is grand, ble protuberance of the under lip may be observthe massing of light and shade, equally so,--and ed, and a deficiency of chin very unfavourable to the drawing beautifully correct; but we have the physiognomy. only the remains of the colouring of one of the great colourists of the Venetian school. Paolo

No. 63. Italian Ruins.-ALLPORT. Cagliari (called Veronese, from the place of his Apparently a copy from a print. birth) lived from 1530 to 1588; he distinguished No. 54. A Landscape. himself by many great pictures, but particularly

No 55. Landscape, with hunters and hounds. * The recurrence of this name reminds us of -Mais, un error in the printing of the remarks, on No. There were three eminent painters of the name 3, where 1553, should be read for 1253.

of Maes (or Maas) Dirk, Arnold, and Nicbolas.


This, if from the hand of either, is painted by No. 78. Landscape.
Dirk Maas, who was born at Haerlein in 1656,

No. 79. Virgin and Child. MILBERT. and at the best period of his practice excelled in Battles, Chases, and Cavalcades, giving his

A very beautiful drawing. horses with great truth and force.

No. 80. Landscape. No. 56. Venus and Vulcan.

No.81. Fruit Piece. Mrs. ROBERTSON. No. 57. Flemish Peasants.

No. 82. Fruit, Wine, &-c. E. METCALF. Nos. 58, 59, 60. Portrails.—WRIGHT of There is a truth of imitation, neatness of penDERBY.

cilling, and beauty of colouring, as well as good No. 61. A Mother caressing her Infant, composition, which must recommend this picture copied from Titian by a very eminent British

to every beholder. Artist.

No. 83. Fruit Piece. By a masterly band. This we presume is given as sent in.

No. 84. Dead Game. E. METCALF. No. 62. Michael and the Fallen Angels

This is a companion to No. 82, and partakes of

the same merits. copied from RUBENS. This is undoubtedly a copy from Rubens,

No. 85. Fruit. Mrs. ROBERTSON. though not by a very eminent artist, but even a No. 86. Landscape. BOURGUIX. copy from Rubens affords delight and instruction.

A highly finished and beautiful composition. No. 63. A portrait of a Child—I am so No. 87. A Female head in Crayons. big." -ARCHD. ROBERTSON.

No.88. Landscape. BOURGUIN. No. 64. View of the Falls of Yantick Rirer, at Noruich, Connecticut. J. I'RUMBULL.

The companion to No. 86, and still more beau

tiful, though it lacks the well touched figures of Charming scenery well painted.

the first. No. 65. Landscape.

No. 89. Landscape with Figures. No. 66. St. John with a Lamb. J. TRUM.

A picture of merit.

No. 90. Magdalen. HERRYNS. No. 67. Another view of the Falls of Yan. This is a very bad copy of a picture of the great tick River. J. TRUMBULL.

Corregio's. We have seen a mezzotinto print This is a companion to No. 64, and is even from Corregio's picture, possessing much more more beautiful. There is a quiet harmony of the beauty of the original than this painting throughout the picture that is delightful. Al can boast. looks nature.

No. 91. Landscape and Figures. A comNo. 68. Ruins.

panion to No. 89. No. 69. Portrait of a Lady. Copley. No. 92. Landscape. MazzaRA.

This is a production of Mr. Copley's, before he No. 93. Asiatic Justice. bad seen the works or received the instructions

If we mistake not, this, instead of an Asiatlo of any master in the art. John Singleton Copley, Justice, is the Lord of the Vineyard paying of ce of the men who have made the United States bis labourers, from the parable. to be considered as the birth place of painters, was born in Boston, Massachusetts. After leaving

No. 94. Landscape. MAZZARA. his native country, then an English province, he No. 95. Hebe. A Drawing Mrs. Rofixed his residence in London, and soon attained BERTSON. a bigh rank in his profession. His pictures of the

No. 96. Landscape.
Death of Lord Chatham, Death of Major Pierson,
Youth rescued from a Shark, and Destruction of

No. 97-is missing.
the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, are most No. 98. Travellers and Cross.
known from having been engraved. The por.
trait ander consideration has mach to be admired,

A remarkably fine little picture. and will afford useful hints to young portrait paint

No 99. A head. ers.

There is no painter's name given in the CataNos, 70 and 71. Views in Amsterdam.-- logne, but it is said to be by Ferdinan: Bol, a THEIRFS.

distinguished Artist, born at Dort, in 1611. It is No. 72. Landscape.

certainly a well painted head.

No. 100. Lear. B. WEST. No. 73. Landscape. VAUREGEMORTEL.

Here we have before us one of the best picNo. 74. Fruit Piece. Mrs. ROBERTSON.

tures of the greatest Historical Painter of the No. 75. Woman buying Vegetables. Var eighteenth century, Benjamin West, of PennsylvaDERPOOL.

pia. This great Artist was born in Chester Coun

ty, Pennsylvania, in 1738. At the age of 22, af. No. 76. Scene from Rokeby. ALLPORT.

ter having been 14 years employed in teaching No. 77. Man buying Game. VANDERPOOL. himself to paint, and a part of that time pracusing

his art for his emolument, he had accumulated a England, he in his way thither passed through sufficiency to bear his expenses to Italy, and as. Turin and Paris, profiting by the works of art sisted by the liberality of Mr. William Kelly of there displayed. In England Mr. West's success New-York, and Mr. Allen of Philadelphia, he at- in the great object of his ambition was so great tained the object of his wishes, an opportunity of as to prevent his return to his native land, and he studying the great works of the masters of his continues to exert the full vigour of his uncommon profession at Rome. Mr. West arrived at Rome talents at the age of seventy-nine; nay, the last in July, 1760, and was advised by Mengs to visit great picture he has exhibited, “Christ RejectFlorence, Bolonga, Parma, and Venice. This ed,” is not only his greatest performance, but advice he was enabled to pursue hy the liberality ranks among the greatest pictures of the world. of Messrs. Allen and Hamilton of Philadelphia, The painting under contemplation, “The Mad. who, unsolicited, remitted letters of unlimited ness of Lear," was painted for Alderman Boydel credit in favour of West, to their agent in Leg. in the year 1798, and was, with its companion, horn. At Parma be made the copy of Corregio's “ The Madness of Ophelia," purchased by Mr. Virgin and St. Jerome, which is the third num. Fulton at the sale of the Shakespeare Gallery. ber of the present Exhibition, and which is in the Mr. West then retouched the picture, which he possession of the family of Mr. Allen, one of his always considered as one of his finest composifirst patrons. Having an opportunity of visiting tions.




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muel Merwin, Vice Presidents. Mr. Henry THE Pope has issued a bull against Bible Hudson, Secretary Mr. Joseph Rodgers,

Treasurer. There have been distributed the faith.'

the year past by this society, 3105 bibles; The Holy Alliance is making rapid pro- and since its organization in 1809 to 1st May gress. Sweden and Cassel have acceded to last, it has distributed 18,053 bibles and 196 it, and the courts of Weimar, Hanover, Olden- testaments. burg, and Mecklenburg, have been invited A new Tract Society has been formed in to do so. Bavaria and Saxony have already Livingston County, (Kentucky,) called the become parties to it.

• Betbany Tract Society.'

A society has lately been instituted in Sa

vaupah. (Georgia,) under the name of the The Bible Society of Virginia held a gene. • Savannah Female Mite Society,' for mismal meeting at the capitol in the city of Rich. sionáry purposes. mond, in the last month.

The East Tennesee Bible Society,' has The corner stone of a new church has become auxiliary to the American Bible lately been laid in Baltimore. On a brass Society.' plate deposited in the stone, are written these A Female Auxiliary Bible Society has words, -" There is one GOD, and one Me. been lately established in Colchester, Condiator between God and man, the man Christ necticut Jesus." 1. Tim. ii. 5.

A Bible Society has been organized in the From the Report of the board of inspec• county of Herkimer, New-York. tion of the Albany Sunday Free School So The following donations have been made ciety, for the benefit of Africans, it appears, to the American Bible Society,' by societies that besides the direct benefit of the institu- not professedly auxiliary,-Philadelphia Fe. tion, the force of example bad led to the or- male Bible Society. 500 dollars; Long Island ganizing similar associations in the neigh. do. 200 dollars ; Stauton (Va.) do. 200 dol. bouring towns and counties. The average lars ; Middleburg Female do. yo dollars; number which had attended the school, in Charleston. (S. C.) do 500 dollars. the past year, was about 200. The pupils A Female Sunday School for adults has had been of all ages, from 4 years to 78 years. been established at Chilicothe, (Ohio,) and

At the Annual Meeting of the Connecticut there is a prospect of others being opened in Bible Society, beld in the State House in the that town. City of Hartford, on Thursday the 8th ult. We notice, with pleasure, that the board the following oflicers were chosen for the of directors for the American Bible Society, ensuing year-Hon. John C. Smith, Presi. have resolved to publish the Bible in the dent. Hon. Jedediah Huntington, Rev. Sa- language of the Aborigives of this country. muel Nott, Rev. Lyman Beecher, Rev. Sa. E.



'N the following Parody of Virgils' Pasto- 'Proeme,' to the Shepherd's Week,' from ly preserved io heighten the ridicule. His ludicrously quaint. As this part of his worko

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