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der of an age. At Lancaster Assizes, 46 per- terns on full or ball pay, are admitted gra: sons received sentence of death.

tis. The sons of officers now serving are It is said that Ministers have received and admitted on condition of paying 20, 30, or entertained a proposition from the King of 501. per annum, according to the rank of Spain, to become a Mediator between him their parent. All others pay 1001. for which and the Independent Provinces of South they are clothed, and furnished with every America, in return for which his Majesty of thing necessary, according to the regulations fers a limited commerce with certain ports of the College. The general.term is from 3 on the coast. Report adds, that Sir George to 4 years. The branches of instruction, beCockburn is to command a squadron destined sides military tactics, are French, German, for the coast of South America for that pur- Latin, fortification, drawing, and history. No pose; and that preparations are already ma- person is admissible, who is under 13, or over king for carrying it into effeet.

15 years of age. Such cadets as pass their li is computed that the consumption of to- examinations, are recommended, by the bacco in England bas decreased 50 per cent.; board, to the Commander in Chief for com. that the consumption of American tobacco missions. for the last two years, ending 1st April, 1817, has not exceeded 54,000 hhds. and that the sinecures and cartailing useless espense,

While the British Parliament are abolishing: stock on hand, in Europe and America, is 366,000 hhds., sufficient to supply Europe for among the institutions of public utility which three years.

are still fostered, is the Royal Military Asy. A long continuance of dry weather bad vide for the maintenance and education of

lum. The object of this institution, is to progreatly retarded the progress of vegetation in all parts of England: it was feared that unless dren of the non-commissioned officers and

a certain number of orphan and other chil. they should have some copious rains immedialely, the wheat crops would be far short privates” of the army. of any late year's product.

In the selection of the children for admiss During the late bigh winds, one of the sion, preference is given-Ist

. To orphang. majestic trees which adorned the venerable 2d. To those whose fathers bave been killed; building of Arundel Castle, was blown down or have died on foreign service. 3d. To after resisting every storm for nearly 300 those who have lost their mothers, and years, having been planted by Henry, Earl of whose fathers are absent on duty abroad. Arandel, in the reign of Henry VIII. Arun- 4th. To those whose fathers are ordered on del is the premier earldom of England, at foreign service, or whose parents have other present in the possession of the Duke of Nor children to maintaio. The age at which the folk, and is the only title in England that goes regulated by the circumstances stated in the

children are admitted into the asylum is with the lands.

A decision bas lately been had in the Eng- printed forms of petition and certificate to be lish courts of justice, which establishes the had at the asylum ; but there is a branch of precedent, that no schoolmaster can expel a the establishment in the Isle of Wight, for scholar without giving the parent of the child the reception of children of the earliest age. timely notice.

The continuance in the asylum, either of The Finance Committee have recommend boys or girls, is limited to the age of fourteen. ed diminishing the number of pupils at the They are taught reading, writing, and the British Royal Military Academy, on the four rules of arithmetic, according to the ground that, the reduced state of the army instructed in the trades of shoe-makers, tai, cannot furnish them with employment This Academy was instituted in the year lors, cap-makers, &c. &c.; they make and 1790. It is under the government of a board mend all the principal articles of their own of twenty-three commissioners, a governor dress, and thereby materially lessen the ex. general, who has a salary of 15001. and a pense of the institution. They are taught lieutenant governor, with a salary of 10981. also to march, and some other parts of miliIt is divided into a Senior and Junior depart- tary exercise, without arms; and all their ment. The commandant of the Senior de proceedings are directed with military form partment has a salary of 5491.; the Major of and regularity. At the age of fourteen, the the Junior department, 3521.; four Captains boys have their choice, either of being aphave 27411. each. There is a professor of Arts, prenticed to trades, or of going into the ara professor of Classics, and three professors my; and the girls are also apprenticed out of Mathematics. The Chaplain and Libra. at the same age. Both are at such times rian, the Secretary, the Treasurer, the Pay. completely clothed to an extent suited to master, and the Surgeon, have each salaries their situation; and take with them a Bible, of 3001. There are besides several other a Prayer Book, and Whole Duty of Man. officers.

Notwithstanding the present depressed state The orphans of officers, and seos of subal- of weavers’wages,tbe beautiful manufacture of

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Silk Gauze has, aíter a suspension of 30 years, Miss Beaureau was admitted to take possesbeen revived, with every psospect of success, sion of her father's estates. But in 1814, a in Paisley. Many looms are already em- Marquis de Beaureau came forward, who preployed; apel there is little doubt that the tended that a wooden corpse had been buried number will rapidly increase.

in his place, and that he was the real Eugene The quantity of Max-seed sown in Ireland de Beaureau. He presented himself to his last year was 64,000 hhds. The supply for mother, who refused to recognise bim; but the present year is said to be very short. he persists in demanding the restitution of

The poorer classes will, probably, on ac- his property. The Marquis de Beaureau is a count of the present scarcity of provisions, Colonel and Chevalier of St. Louis. endeavour chiefly to put in oats and potatoes, Mr. James Collet has been appointed by and probably neglect the flax crops. It will, the American Minister, Consul pro tem. of therefore, be the more likely to remunerate the United States at Calais. sach persons as sow largely.

By a Royal Ordinance dated the 19th of Married. At the House of his Grace the April, bis Majesty Louis 18th has established Duke of Wellington, Col. Harvey, Aid-de. a council for the direction and improvement Camp to the Prince Regent, to Louisa Catha. of the conservatory of arts and manufacrine, third daughter of Richa:d Caton, Esq. tures; and by an ordinance of the 16th of of Maryland, in the U. States of America. April, M. Christian is named director, and The bride was given away by the Duke of the Duke de la Rochefoucault inspector geWellington; and immediately after the cere

neral of the establishment. mony the bride and bridegroom set off for

One of the French Exiles under sentence Englefield Green, near Windsor.

par contumace, has lately gone to Parma,

the residence of Napoleon's wife. Died.) At Dublin, on the 17th, at the

The French officers have subscribed to a Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, in the 66th year monument to the memory of Marsbal Mas. of his age, Captain Owen Fawcett. He ser sena. General Massena was of Jewish orived in the former American war, and par- gin; his real name was Menassah; he has left ticularly distinguished himself during the troubles of 1798.

property to the amount of 40 millions of francs.

The public session of the four Academies Louis bas recovered his health and transacts which compose the Royal Institute of France, business as usual. He presided at a council on the 24th April drew such an immense of Ministers on the 16th April.

crowd, that all the holders of tickets could not A royal ordinance has been issued to abo. penetrate into the Hall. The Academicians had lish the offices of secretaries general of pre. much ditficulty in finding seats themselves. fecture-to economize the national expenses

Three thousand English troops embarked was stated to be the object.

on the 1st of April, from Calais for England, The second council of war, formed in the and on the 2d, two hundred more. These case of Marshal Grouchy, had declared its were the balance of the English forces which self, by a vote of 5 to 2, incompetent to pro. were to evacuate France. ceed in his trial, under the 62d article of the The Count de Blacas, ambassador from constitution, and, bad decided that the process France to the Holy See, arrived in Paris yesshould be re-delivered to the minister sccre- terday. It is thought his journey has some tary of war.

affairs of negotiation in view from the court Among the reports circulated in Paris for of Rome. some time past, which has gained considera There has been a distressing drought in the ble credence, and the belief of which has south of France, together with an unusual. been much prolonged, is that of the dissolu- degree of cold. Public prayers have been tion of the chamber of deputies.

offered up in many places for a termination A question of much importance is pending of the calamitous season, and for a return of before the French tribunals. The Marquis rain, of which the country stood in the most Beaureau, being in the colonies, received in- imperious need. telligence of the decease of his first wife. At Toulon fears have been entertained for He married again, and had a daughter by his the corn crops; and large quantities continue second marriage. Shortly after, he learnt to be imported. At Marseilles it did not rain from another source that his first wife was in for seven weeks. Wine was high and scarce, all probability living. He at once embarked in consequence of the last crop baving partfor France, and, upon his arrival at Havre, iy failed. It was reported also, that the ensuhe found his first wife, with an infant son. A ing crop had suffered very materially from decree of the Parliament set aside his second the frost. Many persons stated that one marriage, but acknowledged the daughter of third of it would be lost; but it is believed that union as the legitimate heiress of the that the damage would not be quite so extenATarquis de Beaureau. Young Eugene de sive. Bcadreau baviog died at the age of fourteen, Previous to April there bad been no raio

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age, &c.

in Corsica for three months. Two leagues of lion at Barcelona, are the generals Lacey soil and fifteen houses, have been burnt by and Milans, patriots of the revolution. The fire supposed to be electrical.

crime of these men consisted in a desire to French commerce. Arrived at Havre in restore the constitution of the Cortes, to March - 138 vessels, viz. 79 French, 18 Ame. which they and Ferdinand had sworn to ad. rican, 13 English, 8 Norwegian, 7 Swedes, here. Most of the conspirators, it is report. &c of the former, only four were from the ed, are imprisoned. The mob are said to colonies,

have seized upon the friars and made Sailed in March - 130 vessels, viz. 106 eunucbs of them all. French, 11 American, 4 English, 3 Norwegi. Letters going into France from Spain are an, 3 Prussian, 2 Swedes, &c. of the for- dipped into vinegar at Bayonne,on account of mer, 17 were for the colonies in India, Africa, the contagious diseases raging in that part of and West Indies; 3 for America, (New-Or- the country. leans,) I Brazils, and 2 Havanna.

The force so long collecting at Cadiz, has A list of all merchandise imported in March at last sailed for America. Ten vessels left is also given-including 6,687 bales of cot- there with troops,on the 1st April. The followcon, 2,279 tierces, 100 sacks and 72 casks ing is the statement of the royal navy of Spain: rice, 275 bbls. pot asb, 135 cases indigo. - Asia, 64 guns,refitted in Portsmouth, 1811,

Among the numerous advantages resulting now in Cadiz. Frigates La Prueba and Esfrom the freedom of the port of Marseilles, meralda, of 44 guns each, now at Cadiz, re. vessels of every nation entering there, are fitted in England, 1811. Frigate Sabina, 36, exempt from the duties of tonpage, anchor- now at Vera Cruz, refitted in England, 1812.

- Frigates Iphigenia and Diana, of 40 guns By the Budget for 1817, 6,100,000 francs each, now in the West Indies, went out with bave been applied to the benefit of the cler. Morillo, and are scarcely sea-worthy. So that gy. Of this sum, the King bas regulated, by they have but two frigates in Europe to send. ordinance, the employment of 3,900,000; the The demand made by the Court of Madrid remainder, 2,200,000, to be disposed of bere on the Allies, and particularly on England, after.

for an active interference in the affairs of The Cotton Manufactories at Bordeaux, South America, is coming to be considered being well encouraged, are in full activity. of serious importance. The confedera

cy of Princes for the guarantee of their

respective dominions is the basis of the Some of the troops collected at Cadiz, des application. The Court of Madrid states, tined for America, lately raised a mutiny, that in addition to the revolutionary progress saying they would not act as butchers to the in South America, the Court of Brazils" has Cadiz monopolists. They swore they would actually avowed an attack on Monte Video, liberate all confined in the prisons, and ob- and that the evident design of the king of lain, themselves, their arrear of pay out of the Portugal is to spread his authority over the treasury. The other quiet regiments were wbole of the Spanish provinces on that conmarched against them, and after a severe con- tinent, either by conquest or negotiation with test they were compelled to embark on the the independents

. Under these circumstanfollowing day. During the whole time the ces, an offer has been made by the Court of greatest alarm prevailed in Cadiz ; the win. Madrid to allow a certain limited trade to the dows and doors of every house were shut up.

South American ports, on the payment of sti. It is also stated, that the contest was re: pulated duties, provided that early and effectnewed on board, when a great number wal aid shall be rendered to what is called of men were shot, whose "numbers, as the rebellion, and check the Brazillian designs, well as three hundred who had previously As a further inducement for

England to interdeserted, were replaced by part of the Cadiz fere, it is urged, that piracy is now organized

on so regular a plan and carried on to such an garrison. A quarrel has taken place belween the extent, under a variety of fags, that the trade

of no nation is safe, and the extirpation of out-posts of the English and Spanish troops near Gibraltar, in which several of the latter the buccaneers becomes, therefore, a just

object for the exertion of all legitimate were killed. The Spanish governor or commander at Algesiras, interfering to quell the power, tumult, was stabbed. An investigation immediately took place, and two English soldiers, who were ringleaders in the distur. The Portuguese government is said to have bance, had been tried at Gibraltar and exe- contracted in England for 30,000 stand of futed.

arms, to be sent to Lisbon without delay. Among the persom implicated in the rebel. Already 6000 are on their passage.





among them many that were in easy circumThe king of Naples, restored to his throne stances, carrying with them much money. and still supported upon it by Austria, has yet Their number is given at five thousand. Yefused to acknowledge Maria Louisa as so The greatest misery reigns in the district vereign of Parma, &c. Not being willing to of Sargans, in the canton of St. Gall. In the relinquish a dormant claim that he supposes commune of Amen, near the lake of Waller. him self to have upon that territory, as heir stadt, many persons have died from want of the Farnese family, once princes of and inanition, and the bad quality of the Parma.

provisions they bave, threatens the general Lucien Bonaparte appears to be closely health. watched at Rome. It is probable triat he In the Grisons, the avalanches have dewill not obtain leave to embark for the Uni- stroyed, this season, twenty-live houses, ted States.

twenty-eight persons, and forty-three bead of Trauquillity has been much disturbed in cattle. the territory of Reggio, by the disembarka.. tion of numerous bands of pirates who have plundered and made slaves of many of the Licenses has notified all merchants and

The Director-General of Convoys and inhabitants

Numerous bands of robbers infest the roads ship.owners, that by virtue of Amicle 206, of from Rome to Naples. The road from Rome the law of October 3, 1816, and in conse

of various decisions made on the subto Florence is equally infested. The ponti ject, the foreign vessels sailing under the folfical government has redoubled its activity to establish the public security.

lowing flags, viz. American, English, Danish, There is prospect of a very plentiful har. East Friesland, Hamburgh, Bremen, Lubeck, vest in Italy

Mecklenburg, Aldenburg, Russian, PortaIt is stated that the plague has broke out at guese, Spanish, Hanoverian, Austrian, as also Milan.

ihose of Syria, in which are included those

of Aleppo and Alexandrette, are provisionalFerdinand, king of the Sicilies, bas pro: ly placed on the same footing in respect 10 mulgated a law, which ordains, among other things, that all civil and ecclesiastical em

tonnage duties as the national vessels.

The American Minister to the Netherlands ployments in Sicily, beyond the Straits, shall has succeeded in procuring an ordinance rebe conferred on Sicilians exclusively; that, as the island of Sicily comprises one fourth of gulating trade to the island of Java, by wbich the population of the whole kingdom, Sici; from ibat island, are exempt from the import

it is provided that foreign vessels coming Jians shall compose one fourth of the council duties upon entering the ports of Hollaud of state, and the same ratio shall be observed and Belgium, upon producing evidence of for ministers and secretaries of state, &c.; that their having paid the export duties at Batainstead of two Sicilian consultatori, in the

via. supreme court of chancery, one fourth of said court shall consist of Sicilians; that of said, has sailed from Antwerp with 350 pas

The Russian ship Vanlerlandsleib, it is ficers in the army, the navy, and the royal household, shall be indiscriminately filled sengers, (Quakers) for Philadelphia; and 200 with Sicilians and Neapolitans; that when in a few days, to embark for the same place.

more, Hollanders, were expected at Antwerp the king shall reside in Sicily, a governor shall be left, with ministerz, in the states on

M. Santini, who lately arrived at Brussels this side the Straits, and vice versa; that the from St. Helena, (via England,) is supposed to civil rights of the Sicilians shall be adjudged bave itin charge to visit all the chief adherents in their own tribunals, even in the last re- of Bonaparte on the Continent. All his steps sort; that the abolition of the feudal rights in this city have been narrowly watched. shall be maintained in Sicily as in Naples; He went from Brussels, first to Liege, to prothat the part of Sicily in the permanent ex. ceed thence to Munich and Parma. penses of the kingdomn shall be fixed annu

GERMANY. ally, but shall never exceed the sun of

Two Austrian frigates, the Austria and the 1,847,687 ounces and 20 tari, unless by con- Augusta, sailed from Trieste, in April, for Rie sent of parliament; that not less than 150,000 Janeiro, giving freight and protection to ma. ounces of the above quota stall be annually ny tons of manufactures of ihe Empire, as an applied to the extinguishment of the national encouragement to its subjects 10 commence debt, and when that is extinguished, shall a direct commercial intercourse with the constitute a sinking fund for the Sicilian Brazils. debt.

Austria, in 1783, had no national debt: her SWITZERLAND.

debt now amounts to the enormous sum of The emigrants wbo are learing Switzer- 2000,000,000 German forins, or 1000,000,000 land for the United States, are said to bave Spanish dollars.

Great retrenchments have been made by name of Dutchess of Cornwallis, (Cornwall,) the Austrian Court, and a great reduction bas accompanied with a suite of fifteen persons, been made in the army. The Emperor ap- and was set down at the hotel of the Empress pears to concur most cordially in the paciic of Austria. A courier from Munich had prepolicy of Alexander. Much attention has viously announced that her Royal Highness been paid to the restoration of public credit, was coming, and that she intended to alight at which had suffered severely from immense the English Ambassador's(Lord Stewart;) but emissions of paper money:

he went away the evening before for his counThe little principality of Lippe-Demold is try seat at Kitsee. The Minister of the king. the only European state not burdened with a dom of Hanover, (Alexander Count Hardenpublic debt.

burg) followed bis example, and also absent. A steam-boat has arrived at Hamburg from ed himself; so that the Princess was obliged Berlin in 35 hours 25 minutes, the distance to alight at a public hotel. The court sent to being 72 leagues. It is destined to ply be. her a chamberlain to wait on her; and, altween these two cities constantly.

though she observed the strictest incognito, The King of Bavaria bas issued an ordi- as the Court Gazette announces, the PrinDance, that thenceforth no member of a Free. cess paid a visit to the Empress. She mason's Lodge shall be permitted to esercise was to depart in a few days, and travel the office of a Public Functionary!

through Laybach, Trieste, and Venice, on bor The marriage of Madame Murat with Ge- return to her beautiful seat at Gorovo, on the neral Macdonald, has been celebrated at lake of Como. It thus appears that the disaVienna. The ci-devant queon has just pur- greements between the domestics of the Princhased the Lordship of Kottingbrom, four cess and the inhabitants of Como were not leagues from Vienna, in the neighbourhood of very serious. These quarrels, indeed, are atBaden.

tributed to the jealousy of some husbands at A German paper, of the 9th of April, states, Como. It is not known what are the reasons that the Princess of Wales, while at Munich, which have dissuaded the Princess from her caused a pamphlet to be distributed, which, projected journey to Paris, and thence, with under the title of Journal d'un Voyageur An- all ber attendants, to England: but it is now glois, contains a description of her own tra- again asserted, that she will make an er. vels, and several of the occurrences of her cursion into Persia, in the course of the year. ble.

A very active correspondence is said to be
carrying on between the Courts of Peters- the Prussian government, was shortly to issue

It is understood that a law, emanating from
burgh, Vienna, and Berlin. Some refer it to at Berlin, which will open to the Polish
an intended alteration in the constitution of
Galicia, others to a war with Turkey. It is peasants the way to freedom; and that a ge-
also asserted that M. de Humboldt and. M. berg for introducing into Prussia the liberty

néral law was preparing by Prince Hardende Metternich are out of favour; and that

of the press. this event is connected with the late dismis

General Kosciusko has entered the mili-
sal of M. de Montgelas. M. de Markoff is
supposed to have been sent op an extraordi- tary service of Prussia. He has declared
pary mission to the Court of France. The free, and exempt from all charges or personal
recent events in England, and the fermenta. services, the inhabitants of his domains in

Poland. A few others have followed his
tion that has lately manifested itself in the
North of Europe, have induced the Emperor example. Our readers will bear in mind that
Alexander to pause in his system of enfran- slaves, as much appertaining to the soil as

the body of the people of that country are chising the peasants of his Empire.

the trees that grow upon it. The Emperor Francis, it is said, has writ

The last sitting of the Diet, at Cracow, on ten a letter to the widow of Marshal Ney, in the 3d February, was rather turbulent. It is which he freely complies with her request to expressly stated that the Diet does not con.. fis ber abode in Florence, and in which he cur in any manner in the regulations of the thus speaks in reference to her husband :

constitution, the basis of it having been laid "We deplored the fatality of the circum- at the congress of Vienna, and the final de. stances which brought ou this misfortune of velopement belonging entirely to the comyour illustrious husband, and impressed with missioners of the allied powers. the recollection of his having been the victim of his devotion to a Prince allied to us by the ties of blood, and to ber Majesty the Dutchess The commerce of Denmark is increasing; of Parma, our beloved daughter, we make it her policy is becoming more liberal; and on our duty to concur in offering you every con- the invitation of Austria, she has recently acsolation in our power."

ceded to the “ Holy and Fraternal Alliance." The Princess of Wales arrived at Vienna This celebrated compact was first agreed to, on the 10th of April,about 2 o'clock, under the Sept. 26, 1815, by Austria, Russia, and Prus


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