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Great Britain 1 in 35min France 1 in 30. During the six months next preceding The deaths in large towns bear a still April last, 1700 bales of cotton were shipgreater proportion to the population, being ped at Mobile, and about the same quanti. in New-York and Philadelphia 1 in 40 or ty remained to be shipped. The trade of 45, in St. Petersburg 1 in 28. in Paris 1 in the present year is expected to be more 23, and in London, 1 in 21! It thus ap- than double that of the past. The trade pears, that most erroneous opinions have of Madison county will be to Mobile. The hitherto prevailed, particularly at a dis- navigation to this place has been explored, tance, respecting the salubrity of Mil. and the merchants of Madison county calledgeville. It is worthy of remark, that, culated their loss at 50,000 dolls. the last of the deaths last year, not a single adult year, by not shipping to Mobile the goods fell a victim to the Billious Fever, that purchased at New York dreadful scourge of warm climates.

Military preparations are making in Georgia, for the purpose of quelling the

Gov. M‘Minn, of this state, Gen. Jackson, Florida Indians.

and Gen. Meriwether, of Georgia, have been The exports from Savannah, from the appointed commissioners to negotiate with 1st of October 1816, to the 1st of April White River for all the territory claimed by

the Cherokees, an exchange of lands on 1817, were 54,452 bales Upland Cotton; that tribe in Georgia and Tennessee. 15,436 do. Sea Island ; 11,715 tierces Rice; 1,586 hhds Tobacco.

George M. Bibbe, Esq. of Georgia, has The steam-boat, which arrived at Natches been appointed governor of the new Terri- on the 10:h of March, from Shippingport in tory of Alabama.

this state, passed, in its course down tbe Obio The Secretary of the Treasury of the and Mississippi, upwards of 500 boats, barges, United States has communicated to the &c. It must be a profitable trade to New Governor of this state an account of a spe

Orleans, that can employ so much tonnage. cies of grass, called Lupenella, some seeds has been surveying the ground round the

Loammi Baldwin, esq. of Massachusetts, of which he has received from our Consul Falls

of the Ohio, on the Kentucky side of at Leghorn. It is represented as the the river, for the purpose of ascertaining the finest grass cultivated in Italy, and is par. practicability and expense of a canal in that ticularly calculated for land that has been place. He has reported at much length, and impoverished by crops. Three years cul- gives his opinion that a canal for keel-boat tivation of this grass is said to enrich the navigation, which is, he thinks, most expepoorest land to such a degree, as to pro- dient, can be constructed for $240,000. duce two abundant successive crops. It affords excellent food for cattle, and is

State of Ohio rs. Isaac Evans. Indictment much preferred by them to hay. It is cut with a sickle to avoid shaking off the blos- the Owl Creek bank of Mount Vernon. De

for passing an unauthorized bank note, ou

cision-that the note was not money, and Married] At Waynesborough, John the desendant discharged. Whitehead, Esq. to miss Abby L. Sturges On the 25th of April last, the Chief Judge of Pairfield, Conn.

of the Supreme Court of the State of Ohio, Died.] At Savannah, Capt. John Smith, was fined one dollar and fifty cents, for not of Hampton, Vir. John Morse, merchant, attending a militia muster, as a private senaged 25.

tinel, in strict conformity to the laws of the

State of Ohio. The suits recently instituted in the Uni. ted States' District Court, by the heirs of

There is now residing in the county of Livingston and Fulton, against certain in. Wayne, in this state, a girl 17 years of age, dividuals, for violating the patentee's ex

that weighs 335 pounds.

The Governor of this state has recognised clusive privilege of navigating the river

the bank of Vincennes as the state bank. Mississippi by steam, was dismissed by the Hon. D. A. Hall, judge of said Court, on the ground that said Court had not Not far from the bank of Quicaurrie river, competent jurisdiction.

150 or 160 miles from its confluence with

the Missouri, a large number of bones bave MISSISSIPPI.

been found, which are supposed to have beThe trade of Mobile is rapidly increas. longed to the Mammoth. The shoulder-blade ing. The importations of last year, chief. is said to be four feet long and three broad. Iy coast-wise from Boston, New York, and Died.). At Belle Fontaine, capt. Edmund New Orleans, are estimated at $1,000,000. Shipp, of the ride regiment.








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YATECHISM of Political Economy, or Fa- condition of his own country. Indeed, the res

miliar Conversations on the manner in extraordinary circumstances in which Great Bri. which Wealth is produced, distributed, and tain has been placed, have called forth a multiconsumed in Society, by JEAN Baptiste Sax, tude of pens intent upon their melioration, and Professor of Political Economy, in the Arhe given rise to an infinitude of political speculations NEE Roral,' of Paris, &c. &c. Translated embodying important facts, but all too closely from the French, by John Richter. Pbila. connected with the occasion of their origin, not

to lose much of their merit when detached from delphia

M. CAREY and Sos. New-York, it. Ganihl's able work on political economy, has Kirk and Merceir. 8vo. pp. 183. done much towards fixing the standard princi

ples of this science, and will interest all who do This is a very sensible and useful work, -as far not shrink from the labour of investigation; it as it gocs. It is, however, merely elementary, bas, moreover, lessened that labour. We have and does not even touch upon many important subjects, much less does it descend to minute very lately seen a popular treatise on this sub

ject, entitled “Conversations on Political Ecoparticulars on any point. The author, frequent- nomy,' in form of familiar dialogues, the circulaly, refers in support of his positions to a more tion of which, as it must disseminate correct noextensive and elaborate work, which he has here- tions, and will tend to excite a wholesome spirit colore published, under the title • Traite d'Eco. of inquiry, we would gladly aid. This Cate. romie Publique,' and which from this specimen chism is, perhaps, the most convenient compend of his opinions and reasonings, we should be hap- for those who love to arrive directly at concluÞy to see.

We are glad, in the mean time, to sions. M. Say appears to have written for no meet with a brief and perspicuous treatise, in one meridian, nor any single exigency. There is which topics, in regard to which the people, at large, have so great an interest in being well in, ses are broad and his inferences general. He

no narrowness in his calculations. His premiformed, are brought under their notice, and shows no squeamishness in approaching any disadapted to their comprehension. Many userul cussion; and is evidently cxempt from the domi. reflections will pass through every man's mind nion of prejudice. sho peruses this book, and it is, perhaps, one of The best recommendations that it has, or that any

We cannot refrain from remarking, however, work can possess, that it will set the reader to on the incongruity of the style of publication, with thinking. There are a multitude of åseful truths the principle of the work.

E. within every one's reach, that are never converted to his use, merely because he does not A Portraiture of Domestic Slavery in the turn bis attention towards them. An author United States, with Reflections on the Pracwho will put us upon a right track, and give us ticability of restoring the Moral Rights of the an incentive to pursue the research to which he Slave, without impairing the Legal Privilehas invited us, often does us a greater benefit, ges of the Possessor ; and a Project of a Co. by these means, than he possibly could by gra- lonial Asylum, for Free Persons of Colour, tuitously imparting to us the results of his own labours. Habits of ratiocination are more valua: including Memoirs of Facts on the interior ble than any axiom, or collection of apborisms, traffic in Slaves, and on Kidnapping. By In the same proportion that the yoil is more valua. Jesse Torrey, jun. Physician, Author of a Se. ble thau the crop it has yielded, or the loom, ries of Essays on Morals and the Diffusion of than the web it has wrought. The one is a ca- Knowledge. Philadelphia. For the Author. pacity or power that may be made serviceable New-York. Kirk & MercĖis. 8vo. pp. 94. in various ways, and on any emergency,--the The subjects to which the Author of this pubother is a product that has already received its lication is endeavouring, we hope with success, limitation, both as to its mode and measure of ap- to call public attention, is of immense importance plicability. It is very possible that Mr. Say's to our country. Slavery, with retributive justice, assertions are not all of inein entitled to be re- has become a curse to those who have inflicted it. ceived as dogmas ;-certain we are, that all of in the southern section of the Union, slaves comthem will not be so admitted. They are recom- pose nearly the whole agricultural population, mended, however, by a boldness that does credit the class that constitutes the bone and muscle of do the author's sincerity, at the same time that it every coinmunity,--the class too, whose increase encourages us to a like independent exercise of is inost rapid. It requires but little reflection to our understandings.

comprehend the nature of the impending danThe writings of Adam Smith are too abstruse ger, though it surpasses the powers of ordinary to be easily comprehended by the unphilosophic prescience to detine its extent, and baffles the mind, ---besides, subsequent experience has elu- skill of political wisdom to devise a remedy. Dr. cidated much that was problematical or intricate Torrey is sensible of the impracticability of inIn his day. Mr. Malthus has, more recently, ducing the free blacks to emigrate, and the impowritten some ingenious, though rather theoretical licy of emancipating those in bondage on any essays, on national industry and population, but other condition. He proposes measures for the his views seem to have been in a degree, restrain- melioration of their present situation, and for their ed by considerations bearing upon the peculiar gradual enlargement: He very justly, however,


protests against the admission of freed-men to the of the Swedenborgians, that we consider them privileges of citizens, and against every measure rather a subject of philosophical speculation than that tends to incorporate them into the mass of of religious controversy. In this light we must the people. We pretend not to have formed any confess, that the pamphilet before us, as far as one definitive opinion on a subject beset with so many of the uninitzeled can understand it, has its dificulties as the one under consideration. We merit. It suggests some very fanciful and pleasare glad that it has excited discussion. The pre- ing analogies between the spiritual and material sent work is calculated to do good. It is written worlds, which amuse, at least, if they do not iin with the warmth of a patriot and a philanthropist, struct. Baron Swedenborg was a man of learn

- though with more ardour of feeling than choice ing, equally conversant with nature and with of language. It is not confined merely to spe. books,-to soch qualifications it needs but to add culating upon evils that exist in apprehension, a moderate degree of imagination to enable any it unmasks atrocities daily practised upon man to form an ingenious theory that shall be the unotlending race whom rapine has dragged susceptible of many specious supports, without to our shores enough, not only “to harrow up calling in the aid of inspiration. I then it be, as the soul" of humanity, but to make " the very we believe it is, a rule no less to be observed in stones cry out.” Whatever differences may exist philosophy than in poetry, on any other point, we trust there can be but one

* Nec Deus intersit, nisi dignus vindice nodus sentinxent in regard to protecting those whom we Inciderit:' bave brought into subjection to our laws. We the credentials of the Baron's mission must be earnestly recommend this work to general peru: severely scrutinized, and his authority admifted is the prominent feature in the character of the only on extrinsic evidence. For proofs of this slave-bolders of the United States, it ought not to kind we shall look in vain in this publication, rest in their discretion to avenge offences against

por do we, indeed, know where they are to be themselves, with a severity which justice does sought. This little Essay is well written, but con

tains more enthusiasm than argument, more of not exercise in punishing any crime committed against society. "Nor ought it to be left in the good feeling than of sound logic. it is, in fact, power of an individual, in defiance of every prin- ligion, not less honourable than peculiar, that the

a distinctive feature of the professors of this reciple of right, and every dictate of nature, to se

most ardent attachment to their own sect enkin ver a tie sacred in the eye of religion, by whatever dles no rancour against others, and that the most formality contracted.

fervid zeal of proselytism is combined with per: E.

fect philanthropy. Melincourt, a Novel, by the Author of

E. “Headlong Hall.” Philadelphia, Moses Tho.

Memoirs of Sir Joshaa Reynolds, late New-York, Kirk & MERCEIN. 2 vols. President of the Royal Academy; com12mo. pp. 484.

prising Original Anecdotes of many distin. This book has the worst of all faults, in a work guished persons, his cotemporaries, and a designed for amusement, that of being extremely brief Analysis of his Discourses. To which tedious. The Author has attempted to intro- are added, Varieties on Art. By JAMES duce various political, philosophical, and (if we Northcore, Exq. R. A. Philadelphia. Remay so speak) sentimental opinions, in the form printed, by M. Carey à Son. New-Yorkr d a story; and in so doing he has produced a Kirk & Mercein. 8vo. pp. 496. jumble, from which the reader can extract no

This is a valuable as well as a very entertain. interest, and very little information. On this last point we would speak with some diffidence, for ing production, and is calculated to afford muck the work has an air of mystery, and may contain gratification, not only to the artist and connoisstores of recondite knowledge,' which our vision, seur, but to the lover of literary anecdote, and

to all who have been accustomed to take an inbedimmed by its powerful soporific influence, had terest in the memoirs of such men as Burke and not the keenness to detect. The writer certainly Johnson, Goldsmith and Garrick, the early appears to be a man of some knowledge and ta. friends and intimate associates of the subject of lent, but he has learned nothing of the art of wri the present volume. Mr. Northcotex who is ting in a popular manner. His perpetual stateli- himself an eminent painter, became a pupil of Sir tess perpetually tires, and his manner of trifling, Joshua in the year 1771, and resided úr his house (which he frequently attempts,) reminds us of the for tive years; by which means he bad very famode in which Goldsmith said Doctor Johnsou vourable opportunities of becoming well acquaintwould write fables,--" His little fishes talk like ed with the character and opinions of his distinwhales."

guished friend, who, as Mr. Burke observes, S.

"was on very mauy accounts, one of the inost Religion and Philosophy United, or an at. mernorable men of his tine." Sir Joshua Reytempt to show that Philosophical Principles nolds, it is well known, maintained a familiar inform the foundation of the New Jerusalem tercourse with the most eminent inen of his day Church, as developed to the world in the Northcote, as above inentioned, enabled liin 19

genius and learning, and the situation of Mr. mission of the Honourable Emanuel Sweden- collect a number of anecdotes of these distinborg. Boston, published for the subscribers. guished characters, which are not to be found in New-York. RILEY & ADAMS. 8vo. pp. 55. any other writer.

There is something so extravagant in the tenets The celebrated Discourse on Painting, delivera


ed by Sir Joshua Reynolds, as President of the Chemist, Lecturer on Practical Chemistry, Royal Academy of Arts, bave particularly Mineralogy, &c. &c. &c. Philadelpbia, pubengaged the attention of Mr. Northcote in the lished by M. Carey & Son. New-York. present work, and he has taken occasion to ex• KIRK & MERCEIs. 12mo. pp. 204. hibitra brief analysis and suminars of the ingeni,

This book is a useful vade mecum for the cheous principles, enlightened views, and critical

mical student. The experiments appear to be instructions with which these Discourses so pre- carefully made, and the results accurately stated. eminently abound.

L. Accompanying these Memoirs are several Ey. says or pieces of the Biographer himself, in which Poems, by Hannah Moore. From the Lon.

Boston. WELLS & LILLY. he has undertaken “ to give opinions in respect don edition. to the Arts, under a variety of views." In one New York. KIRK & MERCEIN. of them, under the veil of a Dream, he presents This is a collection of minor Poeins, by Miss to the imagination a splendid portraiture of the Hannah Moore, which make a pretty sort of most celebrated painters of Italy; and through reading enough, though they betray not a single the allegory of the “Slighted Beauty," another scintillation of genius. Miss M. is a useful and piece of considerable length, he gives a represen- not unpleasing writer on most subjects, but tation of the Fine Arts, as they were gradually in- she enjoys only a modicum of the inspiration of troduced into England in the various attitudes, the muses. As a poet, she has about as much costumes, and fashions of the different schools of faney as Dr. Johnson, without his energy of dicpainting on the continent.

tion. The style of these Memoirs is, we think, high Most, if not all these pieces, have been some ly creditable to Mr. Northcote--chaste, neat, time in print. We are obliged, however, to the and unostentatious; and the reader will be publishers, for noting that they are reprinted from pleased to find the Biographer taking no pains to the London cdition. It should always be disThrust himself forward in order to display his own tinctly stated, whether a literary production be powers as a critic or philosopher; whilst, at the incligenous or exotic. Miss Moore is, indeed, too same time, the remarks he occasionally intro- well known to the reading world, to make it parduces are always sensible and pertinent. We ticularly necessary to guard against any mistake have no hesitation in saying that this volume will as to her identity, -—but we daily see publications be a highly acceptable present to the public, and issuing from our presses, from the pens of foreiga will be regarded as a very interesting supplement authors of no very great distinction, every parto Hawkins and Boswell, independently of its ticular of intelligence in regard to whom, we merit as a body of valuable information and criti- are obliged to ylean from extraneous sources, cal instruction relative to the noble art of paint- which are difficult of access exactly in proporing.

tion to the necessity of inquiry. We cannot loo A.

strongly iaculcate it upon Booksellers, to use the The Life of Andrew Jackson, Major Ge- means in their power to discriminate between neral in the service of the United States : com. our own and foreign literature, and to afford data prising a history of the war in the south, to assist the bibliographer of after times.

E. from the commencement of the Creek campaign, to the termination of bostilities before

Aralor; being a Series of Agricultural Es.New-Orleans. Commenced by John Reid,

says. By Col. John Taylor, of Caroline Brevet Major, United States' Army: Com. County, Virginia. Baltimore. John M. CAR. pleted by John Henry Eaton. Published for TER. New-York. A. T. GOODRICH & Co. ibe benefit of the children of John Reid. 12mo. pp. 220. Philadelphia, M. CAREY & Son. New York, Kirk & MERCEIN. 8vo. pp. 423.

The author of these essays is more accustomGenerally we dislike contemporaneous biogra; miliar with ibe logical process of either. His

ed to thinking than writing, though not very faphy, because it is generally little else than a kind notions, as far as we can extricate them from the of covert panegync. This book, however, forms intricacies of bis style, are indicative of a natuan exception, and indeed corresponds to the lat- ral fund of good sense and habits of attentive obter part of its title more than to the former, being servation. He is correct, at bottom, in the posiless'a biography than a history. It is a full and tion which he frequently and strenuously urges, explicit narrative of facts arranged with chrono. that premiums for the encouragement of manulogical accuracy, and set forth in a respectable factures are, in other words, premiums for the style. It makes no high pretensions, while, ne: discouragement of agriculture. It is inconsistvertheless, it bears every mark of Gidelity. It also throws much light upon the nature of militia artificial mes, from its natwal channels. Ir it

ent with sound policy, ever to divert industry, by operations, and though there be no set eulogium

were allowable to hold out adscititious induceupon the illustrious subject of the memoir, yet ments to any particular species of labour, they the facts recoried will stand a noble and impe- should unquestionably be used to promote the culrishable monument of his military talents and de

tivation of soil. The great cause of the general voted patriotism.


pressure at this moment is a deficit of agricultuA Practical Essay on Chemical Re-Agents ral products, occasioned partly by the untowardor Tests. Illustrated by a series of experi: ness of the seasons in the two years last past, but meuts. By Frederick Accum, Operative principally by the rushing from their spheres"



of all classes of the community, on the return of gage in the Sisyphean toil of climbing the steeps peace, into the vortex of trade. The reilux of of German myoticisin. the wave gives us now an opportunity to repair its - We have much to congratulate ourselves upon ravages.

in the disenthralinent of opinion which has been A good historical and didactic treatise on the achieved during the latter part of the last centuagriculture of the United States is a desideralum. ry, and the beginning of the present; and we E.

have still more to hope from the spirit of free inDissertation First : Exhibiting a Gene• quiry, upon every subject, which has gone abroad. ral View of the Progress of Metaphysical The reaction of the mind, naturally incident to anel Political Philosophy, since the Revi. its emancipation from the bondage oi superstition, val of Letters in Europe, by Dugald Stew- has contributed more to the enficacy of its oudeaart, esq. F. R. S. London and Edinburgh, intellectual vassalage, than all the aids furuished &c. &c. Part 1. 8vo. pp. 260. Boston, by the champions of pneumatology. We are Wells & Lilly. New-York, Kirk & MER• not among those who calculate upon the discove.

ry of latent faculties in the hurnan mind, or upon This is the first part of the first in a Series of the invention of a patent process of ratiocination.Five Dissertations, prefixed to the Supplementary We rejoice in the prostration of past systems, not volumies of the Encyclopedia Brilannica, in in the hope of any more satisfactory substitute, which it is intended to exhibit a summary view but in the belief dat mankind will, at last, be of the progress and present state of metaphysical, willing to apply themselves to the cultivation of mathematical, and physical science. The publi- their intellectual powers, instead of spending cation before us brings down the history of the their lives in a preliminary abstract inquiry into moral and intellectual theories, the discussion of their nature and economy. The time that has which, for some ages, constiinted the employment, been thrown away in frivolous controversy on and consumed the talents of the learned, to the points beyond our comprehension, and of no pracdawning of the day-star of reason on the Cimmeri- tical value if ascertainable, is the strongest posan night of the schools. The sequel of this prelimi-sible evidence of our ignorance of that with which nary discourse will take up the consideration of we have thought ourselves most conversant. it the writings of Locke and Leibnitz, and trace is something, however, to have learnt, ai length progress of the science of mind to its present that there are limits which we cannot


and if advancement. he high reputation of Professor we will haut profit by experience, and give our ex. Stewart is sustained by his present performance. ertions to the attainment of objects within our He has taken a wide and liberal survey of his reach, we may grasp much that is useful, which subject, and unbiassed by prejudicc, and unaw. we have heretofore overlooked in our longings ed by authority, has evinced a loyal adherence to after ideal good. The world will be probably the supremacy of common sense. He has been more benefited by the institution of experimental very successful in exposing the fallacies of doc- courses of education, than by any a priori spe. trives that for centuries enslaved the understand. culation on the origin of ideas, or the modes of ing ;--it remains to be seen what other than nega- reasoning. It is enough for this oliject, to know tive advantages have resulted froin their demo- that axions are not innate, and that wisdom is in lition. For ourselves, we consider all specula- some way to be acquired. tions upon nousogony, to coin a word adapted io The history of the advances that have been designate that branch of metaphysics on which made in the new science of political economy so much study has been wasted, as worse than shows the steady progress of reason, where it has nugatory, inasmuch as ignorance is preferable to data to go upon, and equally evinces the fallacy error. Let us be content, without attempting to of unledyed theories. We shall await with imsearch into what is inscrutable, to adopt as the ter- patience the continuation of this able dissertation, puinus to which all just investigations must ulti

E. mately tend, the truth contained in the text of

The Seasons; with the Castle of Indolence. Scriptore, which Dr. Reid wisely adopted as his By James Thompson. New-York.. W. B. motto,-The inspiration of the Almighty has Giller. 12mo pp. 287. given (man) understanding,"—and diligently apply ourselves io imitation of his example, to the

We do not take up this volume for the pardiscovery of the means for its proper conduct. We pose of expressing our admiration of the poet, cannot ioo cautiously guard against yielding our which would carry us nearly the length of ex. selves to the impulses of imagination, in subjects claiming with Collins, wholly foreign to its province. Those magnifi " Yet lives there one whose heedless eye, cent vislas into the regions of mind, which have Shall scorn thy pale shrine glimmering near! so often dazzled the vision of philosophic fancy, With him, sweet bard, may Fancy dic, have proved to the weary pursuit of painful inedi And Joy desert the blooming year." lation,

It is from the rareness of the opportunity of comLong passages that lead to nothing."

mending an American edition of a British work, To the faculty of imagination we must refer, not that we feel bound to notice the remarkable neatmerely poetical creations, but every arbitrary fic- ness of this, which is executed in a superior style tion, as distinguished froin fact-every species of of typography, and ornamented with some of the retérie. It was the ențicement of the illusions of most elegant wood cuts we have seen. Whether this power that erst betrayed reason into the la. the text be more accurate than the run of publibyrinths of ontology, and again seduced it to en: cations from our presses, we have not examined Pol. I. NO. III.

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