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4 ; Ulcus, (Olcer,) 13; Aphtha, (Thresh,) 3; thoracic inflammation, constituting the PnedUstio. Burn,) 1; Odonialgia (Toolh-ach,) monia Typhodes of writers, and foreing a 16; Morbi Cutanei. (Eruptions of the Skin,) combination of symptoms, than which there 43.
are few more difficult of management, or The frequent showers and repeated rains of more embarrassing to the pbysician in the this month. proved highly favourable to ve. whole history of acute disorders. getation, :vhich now exhibits a luxurian, ap. The returning warmth of Summer has al. pearance. The 30, 41h. 9ih 1016. 131b, 141h. ready manifested its influence in exciting 1616, 1919, 230, 2815, 29th, and 30th, were all those affections of the stomach and bo.vels, attended with more or less rain, which was that depend upon a disordered state of the beavy on the 3d, 4th, 15th and 1975 ; and on digestive and biliary organs, produced by the the evening of the 29th, was accompanied operation of external heat. with much thunder and lighining. The quan: The Infantile Remittent, formerly describtity of rain, as measured by the pluviameter, ed, has greatly predominated over every was 8.45 inches. The maximum of ibe tber other acote disorder. It has seldom, howmometer, in the shade,was 81-: its minimum ever, shown any untractableness in ils symp490. The mean temperature for the morn toms; on the contrary, it has, in general, ing was 58° ; for the afternoon 70° : at sun been speedily subdued by the treatment re
The winds have been somewhat commended in the last Report. The dura. variable ; occasionally from the east and tion of this disease, was different in different north-east, but most commonly from the patients; but in most instances, it continued south and south-west.
from seven to ten days. In several it termiThe series of mixed and incongruous disor- nated within the firsi week; and in only a ders mentioned in the preceding Catalogue, few instances, was it protracted beyond ihe may be considered as an effect of the sudden fourteenth day. The decided efficacy of early commencement of Summer beats, after a and free evacuations in the intestinal calate and cold Spring; and in some degree, nal, in arresting the progress of this disorder, aiso, as the result of bot sun-sliine alternating and in rer.dering its symptoms more mild and with frequent rains and showers, and in a tractable, was strikingly exempliled in a few instances with sharp easterly and north- number of instances. Indeed, throughout easterly winds. It would seem, indeed, that the whole course of the disease, whenever the complaints of Winter, Spring and Sum. the bowels were suffered to become constimer, had been promiscuously crowded to. pated, an increase of pain and irritation in gether, without any distinct or predominant the abdomen, and an augmentation of fever, character. But notwithstanding, the month supervened. Under these circumstances, the of June appears to bave been, generally only relief was from the operation of a purspeaking, healthy. From an amelioration gative. In short, to the successful manageof the temperature of the weather, the loslain- ment of the complaint, an open state of the matory constitution so conspicuous through. bowels indispensable; without which, all out the Spring, bas much declined. Acute other treatment will be of little avail. And disorders of the organs of respiration, and so great is usually the torpor and inactivity other inflammatory affections, have, in con. of the intestines, that it is surprising what sequence, become less frequent. This amend- large active doses of aperient medicines are ment of temperature appears also to have often required to excite their peristaltic mobeen favourable to the convalescent and tion. Bot in the use of purgatives, it must phthisical. Only two new cases of Phthisis be observed, that some circumspection is cerpulmonalis have been reported at the Dispen- tainly necessary. The intention is merely to sary during this interval; but in the two pre- remove from the bowels their stagnant and ceding months there were fourteen cases of irritating contents, and afterwards to keep this disease, which were inadvertently left up gentle action, and not active catharsis, out of the list prefixed to the last Report. It which would only tend to relax the tone of may here be remarked, that the state of the the alimentary canal, and unnecessarily to weather has frequently more influence in exhaust the system. producing a favourable change in some of A distinct crisis of this fever was seldom or the affections of the lungs, than any of the ever observable; the signs of amendment ocremedies that are usually applied.
curring in too gradual a manner to ascertain A few cases of Intermittent, Remittent, and distinctly the precise time of their comTyphous Ferers, appeared in different quar. mencement. The favourable symptoms, bowters of the city. Fourteen deaths from Ty- ever, of which sonetines one and sometimes pbus alone are recorded in the New-York another gave the first indication of recoverbills of mortality. Ouly four cases of this ing, were, a return of appetite ; the alvine disease occurred in the practice of the Dis. evacuations having a more healthy appear. pensary, all of which terminated favourably. ance; the sever becoming less urgent, with in four other patients it was associated with longer intervals between the accessions of
the paroxysms; the pulse growing stronger, ed, 1; Catarrh, 3; Childbed, 2; Colic, 1; more steady, and less frequent; the congue Cholera Morbus, 1; Consumption, 37; Con-. beginning to look clean; and the patient ac. vulsions, 12; Diarrhea. 1 ; Dropsy, 7; Dropqairing more tranquillity of temper.
sy in the Head, 6; Dropsy in the chest, 2; Chronic affections of the Bronchiæ, were Drowned, 2; Dysentery, 1; Erysipelas,1; Fefrequent. To this bead belong chronic ver, 1 ; Bilious Fever, 1; Inflammatory Fecoughs, Tussis cum Dyspnea, Catarrbus pi. ver. 1; Remittent Fever, 2; Typhous Fever, lui osus, Catarrhus senilis, &c. Cephalic com- 14; Gout, 2; Hæmorrhage, 1; Hives, 1; Inplaints generally were vfien met with. But lammation of tbe Brain, 3; Indammation of the most prevalent of the class of chronic the Chest, 8; luflammation of the liver, 2; diseases, as will be seen from an inspection Iniammation of the bowels, 3; Lusanity, 1: of the foregoing list, were dyspepsia and other Jaundice, 1 ; Marasmus, 2; Mortificationi
, 1; di-orders of the alimentary canal. These Old age. 8 ; Palsy, 2; Pleurisy, ?; Quiusy, were, in a certain degree, to be attributed to l; Rheumatism. 1; Scalded, 1; Scirrhus, 1; the increased temperature of the atmosphere: Scirrhus of the liver, 1 ; Spasms, 1; Sprue, but, it is a lamentable truth, that in the ma 1; Still-born, 15; Sudden Death, 1 ; Tabes jority of instances, they could be clear!y mesenterica, 3 ; Teething, 1; Vomiting of traced to the intemperate use of spirituous li- blood, 1; Worms, 2 ; Unknown, 1; Casualquors.
ty, 1; Suicide, 2 ; Total of deaths. 180. The subject of the case of Chorea is a fe. of this number there died 47 of and under male, aged 15 years, in whom the catamenia the age of 1 year ; & between 1 and 2 bave never appeared. The disease, although years ; 6 between 2 and 5 ; 6 between 5 and of several years standing, appears to be de- 10; 10 between 10 and 20; 21 between 20 clining under the use of chalybeajes, vegeta- and 30; 26 between 30 and 40; 24 between ble tonics, and purgalives at intervals of a few 40 and 50; 14 between 50 and 60; 9 bedays.
tween 60 and 70; 7 between 70 and 80; 2 As a suitable appendage to this account between 80 and 90; and I between 90 and. of diseases-the Reporter subjoins the num. 100. ber of deaths stated in the New York Bills of Mortality, for the month of June :
JACOB DYCKMAN, M.D. Abcess, 2; Apoplexy, 3 ; Asthma, 1; Burn New York, June 30th, 1917.
ART. 17. CABINET OF VARIETHS.
EFFECTS OF POLITICAL CHANGES.
A of , , of
way, that bis insanity was first disco
vered. Signor T. arrived in this country COMMISSION was executed on Mon- about the end of the year 1815. His disease in the city of New-York, under a writ from since the middle of May last, he has been an the court of Chancery, de lunatico inquirendo, absolute lunatic. He seems to have suffered on Don Martin Thompson, Minister from the a complete prostration of intellect, and is patriots of Buenos Ayres to the United States. sinking into 'idiocy. He is confined in the The commissioners were Robert Bogardus, hospital. Esq. James Campbell, Esq. Hon. Samuel L. The Count Regnaud St. Jean d'Angely Mitchill, m. D. and Archibald Bruce, m. D.- hus lately exhibited another singular instance From the testimony of the witnesses examin- of insanily, in New York, though of a very ed, the Commissioners and the Jury impan. different kind. His delirium was accompanelled to try the question, were fully satisfied nied with a wonderful exaltation of mind. of Don Martin's utter mental incapacity. It He conceived magnificent projects.
He appears that he never was a man of strong bought estates, ordered expensive im. understanding, and apprehension and anxiety provements, contracted for ships, &c. and easily undermined and subverked his reason gave in payment draughts upon any bank ing faculties. His attention to his pecuniary wbose printed checks were offered him. He interests has not, however, in any degree seriously entertained the idea of invading diminished since his 'derangement. On the France with a fleet of steam boats, and it is contrary, solicitude on this subject, was pro- said, had actually bespoken saddles for a bably one of the causes of the aberration of corps of cavalry which he lotended to emhis mind, and still retains its ascendant. He bark as a part of his expedition. He sufferhas a considerable som deposited in the Me- ed some alarm, bowever, from an idea wbich chanics' bank in this city; but upon this be had taken possession of him, that the Bouris very reluctant to infringe, whilst be bas an bons had suborned persons to poison bim, irresistible propensity to increase his store, and that the detention of Madame, his wife, by appropriating whatever he can lay hold was a part of the scheme of the conspira. of. It was by wis extravagagees in this ey Ebat sought his life. He was several
times confined in the hospital, and as often tases witbont grumbling, and can sing : God discharged at the roquest of his friends. save the King. Not a poetic feature, nor a ray weck or two since, he sailed for Holland in of genius in his face, except a somewhat ani. great glee, making no secret of his design of mated eye, distinguishes the bust of the audethroning Louis ihe 18th, and restoring the thor of the Lay of the Last Minstrel, from the Bonapartean dynasty.
stupid, vacant, and onlettered loon,
Mr Scott is abont 47 years old, and is de
scended from an obscure family in Loibian. From the New (London) Monthly Magazine.
In his infancy, as he bimself relates, the old A traveller, who has made some obser- people took him upon their knees, called hime vations on the state of society in Edin. Lillle Wally, and told him all sorts of old sto. burghi, gives us the following particulars ries and legends, while his brothers were respecting some of the most distinguished abroad at work, from which he was exempted literary characters of that city :
on account of his lameness. Some of the pbilo.
sophers who attach a moral to all their fables, Professor Playfair. who. I believe, goes as
will probably make the discovery that the frequently into company as any young man
world owed one more great poet to the thai lives according to the fashion, is often to circumstance that Walter Scott was born be seen in the corner of a crowded drawing with one leg shorter than the other. Well! soom. He is now about 60 years of age, and e'en let them if they will !-Scott has bas nothing remarkable in bis appearance: Indy, a natural daughter of the late Duke of
been some time married to a Guernsey excepting a very intelligent, gray eye. was at first in the church, but resigned his Devonshire, with wbom he is said to have Living and obtained a professor's chair
Be received a portion of 10.0001. She was born sides his criticisms in the Edinburgh Rerier, in the island, and spoke wretched broken chiefly on mathematical works and travels, English. To her virtues belong an ungohe published some years since an explanation vernable fury against all the unlucky wights of Hutton's geological system, which was
who censure her husband's works. It is revery favourably received."
ported, that when his Marmion u as criticised He is styled the D'Alembert of Edinburgh, in the Edinburgh Reriew, she could scarcely and not without reason, though as great a
be restrained from pulling the ears of the edi. compliment is thus paid to D'Alembert as to
tor when she met him some time after at a him. What is particularly pleasing in Play. fair, is a peculiar simplicity and frankness of
Mr. Scoit is blest with some other good manner; and it is truly gratifying to witness things that rarely fall to the lot of a poet. the mildness and modesty which character. He is sheriff-depute of a county, commits ofize the demeanour of this worthy scholar fenders to gaol and sends them to the gal. and philosopher. Playfair is a bachelor, and lows with great ability. He is also a clerk of his unmarried sister at present lives with the above mentioned court These two places him.
produce him from 8001. to 1,0001 per annum.
Though a great number of travellers bave In another corner-probably the Poet's Cor- his parties are not numerous; he coufines
letters of recommendation to Mr. Scott, yet ner - you may occasionally fiud Walter Scott, himself to a chosen few of the ministerial though he is not a frequent visiter of these side, and is warmly attached 10 the king and places. I should imagine that there is scarce: the church. His manners are agreeable, only any other person in the profane world who tainted with vanity, and the only affectation is so much lalked of as Walter Scott, and to be perceived in him is, that he is solicitbut few travellers come to Edinburgh with ous not to appear as a poet. He is very lively out inquiring whether he be visible. In a and full of anecdote ; and though not brilsmall dark room where one of the courts is liant in company, is always cheerful and unheld, he is to be seen every morning in term tine, seated at a small table with the acts of
assuming. the court before him. He is a short, hroad. shouldered. and rather robust man, with light The Rev. Mr. Alison, known by his Essay hair, eyes between blue and gray. broad nose, on Taste. Sermons, fc. is a very amiable man, round face, with an almost sleepy look, dress whose feelings are as pure as his taste He cil in a shabby black gown, his lame leg con. is a native of Scotland, but educated in Eng. cealed under ihe table, and the other extend. land, and was for several years head minised in such a way as never leg. whether lame ter of the Episcopal Chapel at Edinburgh. or couud, ought to be:-a man, forsooth, to For mildness, elegance and persuasive elo. ubom you would swear that heaven bad giv- quence. his sermons have scarcely any eqnal. en a good-natured. hon-st soul. not over. His amiable and accomplished wife is an burdened with intellect-a jolly, loyal sub. adoiiled daugliter of the late Mrs. Montague, ject, who is fond of port and porter, pays bis with whow sbe long lived in London and Pa
REV. ARCHIBALD ALISOX.
VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS OF MUD AND SALT IN
THE ISLAND OF JAVA.
ris, among the most celebrated persons of two minutes. From various other parts of their time. Hence the conversation of Mrs. the quagmire round the large globes or bubAlison is peculiarly interesting. The com- bles, there were occasionally small quantities pang too that visits at their house, is the best of mud shot up like rockets to the height of and most select of all classes in Edinburgh. twenty or thirty feet, and accompanied by
smoke. This was in parts where the mud was of too stiff a consistency to rise in globes
or bubbles. The mud at all the places we By T. S. Goad, Esq. of the East India Service. came near was cold on the surface, but we
were told it was warm beneath. The water Having received an extraordinary account which drains from the mud is collected by of a natural phenomenon in the Plains of the Javanese, and by being exposed in the Grobogan, fifty pals or miles N E of Solo, a bollows of split bamboos to the rays of the party, of which I was one, set off from Solo sun, deposits crystals of salt. The salt thus on the 8th of September, 1815, to examine it. made is reserved exclusively for the Empe
On approaching the village of Kuhoo, we ror of Solo. In dry weatber it yields thirty saw, between two trees in a plain, an appeardudjins of one hundred catties each, every ance like the surf breaking over rocks, with month, but in wet or cloudy weather less. & strong spray falling leeward. The spot In the afternoon we rode to a place in t was completely surrounded by huts for the forest called Ramsam, to view a salt lake, & manufacture of salt, and at a distance looked mud hillock, and various boiling or rather like a large village. Alighting, we went to bubbling pools. The lake was about half the Bludags, as the Javanese call them. They mile in circumference, of a dirty looking are situated in the village of Kuboo, and by water, boiling up all over in gurgling bodiei, Europeans are called by that name. We but more particularly in the centre, whidi found them to be on an elevated plain of appeared like a strong spring ; the water wa mud, about two miles in circumference, in quite cold, and
tasted bitter, salt, and sour, the centre of which immense bodies of salt and bad an offensive smell. About thirty mud were thrown up to the height of from yards from the lake stood the mud hillock, ten to fifteen feet, in the form of large globes, which was about fifteen feet high from the wbicb, bursting, emitted volumes of dense level of the cartlı. The diameter of its bar white smoke. The large globes or bubbles, was about twenty-five yards, and its top of which there were two, continued throw about eight feet, and in form an exact cone. ing up and bursting seven or eight times in a The top is open, and the interior keeps conminute by the walch. At times they throw stantly working and heaving up mud in glo up two or three tons of mud. We got to lee. bular forms, like the Bludugs. The hillock ward of the smoke, and found it to smell like is entirely formed of mud which has flowed the washing of a gun-barrel. As the globes out of the top; every rise of the mud was burst, they threw the and out from the cen• accompanied by a rumbling noise from the tre, with a pretty loud noise, occasioned by bottom of the hillock, which was distinctly the falling of the mud upon that which sur- heard for some seconds before the bubbles rounded it, and of which the plain is com• burst. The outside of the hillock was quite posed. It was difficult and dangerous to ap- firm. We stood on the edge of the opening proach the large globes or bubbles, as the and sounded it, and found it to be eleven ground was all a quagmire, except where fathoms deep. The mud was more liquid The surface of the mud bad become barden- than at the Bludugs, and no smoke was emited by the sun; upon this we approached ted from the lake, hillock, or pools. cautiously to witbin fifty yards of the largest Close to the foot of the hillock was a small bubble, or mud-pudding, as it might very pool of the same water as the lake, which approperly be called. for it was of the consis- peared exactly like a pot of water boiling tency of a custard-pudding, and of very con- violently; it was shallow, except in the censiderable diameter; here and there, where tre, into which we thrust a stick twelve feet tbe foot accidentally rested on a spot not long, but found no bottom. The hole not sufficiently hardened to bear, it sunk, to the being perpendicular we could not sound it Do small distress of the walker.
with a line. We also got close to a small globe or bub About two hundred yards from the lake, ble, (the plain was full of them of different si- were several large pools or springs, two of zes) and observed it closely for some time. which were eight and ten feet in diameter, It appeared to beave and swell, and when They were like the small pool, but boiled the internal air had raised it to some beight, more violently, and smelt excessively. The it burst and fell down in concentric circles, ground around them was hot to the feet, and in which sbape it remained quiet until a suffi. the air which issued from them quite hot, so cient quantity of air was again formed inter- that it was most probably inflammable ; but Dally to raise and burst another bubble. This we did not ascertain this. We heard the caiioued at intervals from about one-balf to boiling thirty yards before we came to the
pools, resembling in noise a water-fall
. The supposed to stand, when, apparently frightenpools did not overflow; of course the bub- ed at the noise of his own gun. be sank down bling was occasioned by the rising of air on bis knees and begged for mercy : during alone. The water of one of the pools ap- this time the expression of his face was inipeared to contain a mixture of earth and lime, mitable. and, at the conclusion, the whole of ard from the taste, to be combined with al. the spectators burst into a shout of admirakali. The water of the Bludugs and the tion. Jake is used medicinally by the Javanese, and In another representation, he imitated the cattle drinking of the water are poisoned.- overstrained politeness of an Amharic courBrilish Annual Register. for 1816.
tier, paying a first visit to a superior. On coming in, he fell on his face and kissed the
ground, paying most abject compliments to ABYSSINIAN ACTING.
the chief, and, on being invited to sit down, From Sall's Voyage lo Abyssinia. placed himself with well-seigned bumility As I am now opon the holiday sports of the close to the threshold of the door: shortly Abyssinians, it may not be amiss to give some afterwards, on the supposition of a question account of this man. Totte Müze, for such being asked him by the chief, be arose, and was bis name, was one of the cleverest mi. still carrying on the farce, prostrated himself mics I have ever seen, the command which the second time, and gave an answer couchhe possessed over his features almost equalling ed in very polite and artful phrases, adthat which was displayed on the bourds of vancing cautiously at the same time into the our own'theatres by Suet ; an orator to whom middle of the room. In this manner he conbe bore considerable resemblance. One of tinued to take advantage of the attentions bis chief acquirements consisted in the singu- paid to bim, gradually stealing along, till he lar art of making other people (particularly got close to the side of the chief, when he klrangers, who had not been apprized of his assumed an extraordinary degree of famiintention) imitate the contortions of his own liarity, talked loudly, and, to complete the features, a power which I repeatedly saw ridiculous effect of the whole scene, affected. him exercise with success, and which, on one lv shoved his nose almost in contact witb the occasion, drew me into the same kind of ri. other's face. This species of satire afforded diculous situation, without my being con. great delight to the Tigrians; as they pretend scious of the changes in my countenance, on all occasions to despise the submissive until I was roused by a friendly bint from the and effeminate manners of the people of Ras, who let me into the secret of what be Amhara, whom they invariably describe, as was about. He afterwards performed, at the “possessing smooth tongues and no hearts." Ras's request, some finished pieces of acting
In addition to his other represeptations, that evinced very extraordinary native ta. Totte Maze gave a inost admirable imitation lent.
of the mincing step and coquettish mappers One of these consisted in the imitation of of the women of Ambara, and of their exthe behaviour of a chief in battle, who had treme affectation in answering a few of the not been remarkable for his courage. At first most common questions. In all these reprehe came in very pompously ; calling out in sentations, the tones of his voice were so an overbearing manner to bis soldiers, and perfectly adapted to the different characters, raunting what he would do when the enemy and his action so thoroughly appropriate, approached. He then mimicked the sound of that it gave me very unexpected gratitication. horns at a distance, and the low beating of a The following instance may be related, as drum. At hearing this, be represented the a specimen of the wit usually practised by chief, as beginning to be a little cantious, and the jesters of this country: who, like the to ask questions of those around bim, whe: fools of old times, exercise their ingenuity ther they thought the enemy were strong. upon persons of every description, without *This alarm he continued to heighten in pro. regard to rank or station. He had, one day, portion as the enemy advanced, until at last so much offended the Ras by some liberties he depicted the hero as nearly overcome by that he had taken with him, that he ordered his fears; the musket trembling in bis hand, lim never again to set foot upon his carpet, his heart panting, and bis eyes completely (which, it may be noticed, extends about fixed, while, without being conscious of it, balf way down ibe room.) On the following his legs began to make a very prudent re- day, however, to the great surprise of the treat. This part of his acting excited among company, the jester made his appearance, the spectators its due share of contempi, mounted on the back of one of his attend. when dexterously laying hold of the circum- ants, in wbich ludicrous situation he adstance, he affecied to be ashamed of bis vanced close up to the Ras, and with a very cowardice, mustered up his whole stock of whimsical expression of features, cried oui, courage. and advanced, firing his matchlock "you can't say that I am on your carpet at the same moinent in a direction exactly now." The Ras, who, like most of his coutrary to that in wbich the enemy was countrymen, delights in humour, could not