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A. parviflora of Pursh. 'The Veronica scu very similar to H. nudiflorun of Michaux, tellata must form a new species, which Mr. &c. ; if it should be different, the name of R. calls V. uliginosa : the Nelumbium H. adpressum may be given to it. Diag. speciosum ought to have been called N. nosis. Stem upright, quadrangular leaves, luteum : the Cerastium Semidecandrum lanceolate, obtuse, smooth, uprightof the U. S. is a peculiar species, which branches opposite. The writer of this Mr. R. calls C. purnilum, &c.
article was informed verbally It is to be noticed with regret that Dr. author that it is herbaceous and trigy. W. P. C. Barton has adopted the erroneous generic denomination Centaurella 4. Aster corymbosus, var 6. alatus,of Michaux, erroneous in a double view, page 81. Petiols winged, leaves deeply because that genus had been previously acuminated, deeply serrated, teeth acudedicated to his own uncle Dr. Benj. minate. Barton by Dr. Muhlenberg, published by 5. Aster philadelphicus,--page 81. Wildenow under that name in the Acts Branches horizontal, leaves long linear. of the Berlin Society, and adopted by Next to A. tradescanti. Persoon, and because the name of Cen 6. Aster tenuiculus,-page 81. Branchtaurella is defective, according to the wise es weak, leaves linear, or oblong-linear, rules of nomenclature established by Lin- slightly serrated in the middle. Next to næus, being a diminutive of Centaurea, 1. fragilis. an old gen!is. His pretext is that the ge
We shall not dare to pronounce on nus Barlonia of Muhlenberg and Wilde. these three species of Aster; in such an now is obsolete, and another new genus extensive genus, when new species are has been named Bartoniu by Nuttall and so imperfectly noticed, they cannot be Pursh; but unless a fourth name! and a considered as ascertained. better one be given to the Barionia of
7. Malaris correana,-page 86. This Wildenow ; a third one likewise errone- species had been mistaken for the .M. ous (Centaurium) having been given to loeseli by some American botanists, but it it by Persoon through an oversight, is perfectly distinct from the loeseli of (since he had adopted the Bartonia in the Europe. Pursh has omitted this plant. sane volume), the Centaurella of Mi. Dr. Barton gives the following tolerable chaux must retain its old and good name description of it. Bulb round, scape two of Berlonia, and the Bartonia of Nuttall leaved, leaves broad-lanceolate, spike must be called . Nullallia ! as Mr. Ralines- oblong, labellum cordate concave canalique has nimed it in his Florula Niissúri- culate shorter than the petals. Obs.
Seren new species are introduced in Spike few flowered, flowers herbaceous, this Prodromus ; some remarks will be petals yellowish, scape quadrangular, offered on each of them.
leaves scarcely plicated; blossoms in Potamogeton diversifolium-page June, grows in shady woods. 27. It happens that ever since the year 1311, Mr. C. S. Rafinesque has given the
The author of the Prodromus professvery same name to another species of this found by himself, or his friends ; he does
es to mention only such species as were genus, which was the P. hybridum var 6. of Michaux, but which is a peculiar spe- plete enumeration of the plants of Phila:
not assume, therefore, to give us a comcies, distinct likewise from the P. hetero, delphia ; in fact a great many plants well phyllum of Europe, see Enumeration of known by our botanists are omitted by Aner. Potamoz. in Med. Rep. p. 46. hex. 3, vol. 2, p. 409. The species of Dr. which were found by Mr. C. S. Rafines
him. We are acquainted with several W. P. C. Barton must therefore receive adotlier namne.
It is proposed to call it que in the neighbourhood of that city, P. dimorphum. Its characters are stated and for the grátisication of the student
we shall mention some of them, hoping is follow. Minute, filiform, upper leaves Aottiz elliptic petiolated hall an inch that Dr. Barton will avail himself of these long, with 6 perves, lower leaves sessile real Flora Philadelphica. We shall use
additions, whenever he may publish the filiforn, many minnte axillar spikes. the characters V. É. and A. for Vernal, This species is the P. Setaceum of Pursh, Estival, and Autumnal. pago 120, but not of Wildenow, being different from the European.
Viola rolundifolia Mx. This is omit2. Pyrola conroluta -page 50. This ted by Pursh, and is very distinct from appears to be the P. asarifolia of Mi- his V. clandestinu, found on the Vissahichaux, and therefore not new.
kon, rare, V. 3. Ilipericum,—without a name! page Viola banda. Wild, common, near 74. Imperfectly described : it appears the Schuylkill, V.
Viola bicolor, Pursh. V. tenella, Raf. Polygala spathulata, Raf. near Mount near Woodbury, V.
Holly. E. Viola papilionacea, Pursh. In Penn Enothera uniflora, Raf. in New-jersylvania. V.
Viola concolor, Forster. At the falls Callitriche terrestre, Raf. (and Mg.) of the Schuylkill. V.
above Cooper's Ferry. V. Viola Striala, wild. V. asarifolia, Mg. Callitriche cruciata, Raf. at GermanDitto. V.
town. E. Eschynomene aspera, Mx. near Glo Hyacinthus botryoides, L. near Germancester point. E.
town, naturalized. V. Florkea uliginosa, Mg. below the falls Narcissus pseudonarcissus, L. naturalof Schuylkill. v.
ized, near Gray's Ferry. Arabis rotundifolia, Raf. At Camb Lechea mucronota, Raf. in New-Jersey. den. This species is intermediate between E. the A. reptans and the Draba arabisans. Epilobium divaricatum, Raf.nearChesV.
nut Hill. E. Arabis parviflora, Raf. and Athaliano, Lciophyllum thymifolium, Pursh, (AmBart. Ditto. V.
myrisine buxifolia, Pursh; abominable Carex acuta, Mg. common in woods; name !) between Cambden and Mount many other species of this extensive Holly. E. genus are omitted in the Prodromus. V. Pyridanthern barbulata, Mx.
Sedum ternałum, Mx. near Darby. V. Woodbury. V.
We have been induced to notice this Dentaria diphylla, Mg. Ditto. V. Prodromus at some length, because it is
Cerastium nutans, Raf. near Gray's the first work of its kind published in the Ferry. V.
United States, and as botanical kpowCerastium tenuifolium, Pursh, at the ledge is increasing fast in our country, it falls. V.
might be taken for a model of some simiRanunculus debilis, Raf. German- lar future production. But as it would town. E. Lithospermum tenellum, Raf. rather be an improper one, let us hope at Cambden, common. V.
that our botanists will avoid the faults i Festuca tenella, Mg. wild. Ditto. V. has been needful to point out. Dr. Bige.
Gentiana crinita, wild, near Frank- low's Florula Bostoniensis, which shall ford. A.
be noticed hereafter, would be a better Scripus acicularis, L. in New-Jersey, model, although it bears a different name. common. E.
It is particularly expected that the gentleQuercus obtusiloba, Mx. Ditto. men now engaged in framing a Prodromus brosia elatior, L. in Pennsylvania, near Flora Noveboracensis, will compile it and Germantown. A.
publish it in such a shape and style as Asclepias viridiflora Raf. (and Pursh) will do honour to themselves, and escape near Darby. E.
the most severe criticism. Asclepias culea, Raf. Ditto, rare. E. C. S. R.
Art. 5. MUSEUM OF NATURAL SCIENCES.
By C.S. RAFINESQUE, ESQUIRE. 1. Description of the Tulipora Striahila, hope he will soon give us. I shall at pre
a new species of Fossil from the State sent merely give the description of one of New-York.
species, which I found in my tour, in the OSSIL Tubipores, although not un
summer of 1816.
Tubipora striatula. Tubes connivent, most unnoticed by methodical writers. fastigiated, compact, thicker above, nearRemains of this genus, or rather family of ly straight, hexagonal, unequal, minutely Polyps, are not scarce in North America, striated, outside and inside. and in particular in the northern and west The specimen upon which this species ern parts of the state of New-York. I is ascertained, and which is deposited at have seen many species in the possession the Lyceum of Natural History, was of Dr. Saml. L. Mitchill
, which appear found at Glen's falls on the Hudson river, altogether new, and whose descriptions I imbedded in a calcareous sand-stone many
feet below the surface of the ground, and highly interesting. It is one of the first nearer to the bed of the river. The stratum which cannot fail to attract the notice of had been permeated in the lapse of ages the Botanist; all its species being parasitiby the waters, and the specimen left ex cal on plants, and often highly injurious, posed, although it was disengaged with deserve to be studied even by those who some difficulty. It is itself nearly chang- do not cultivate Entomology. It appears ed into the same sand-stone, very heavy that this genus is one of the most extenand of a gray colour. It is nearly cubical, sive in nature, and if it is supposed that one about five inches long, two or three broad, third of all plants nourish them, and that irregular on the sides, truncated at both every such plant breeds a peculiar species, ends. The tubes are all compactly con we could hardly conceive such a prodinected, through the whole length instead gious multiplication of species: it is howof being only connected by transverse di ever highly probable, that many species aphragms, as in the majority of other can live on different plants, and that a less species; these tubes diverge a little from number of plants affords them. As yet their base, by growing gradually thicker scarcely less than 100 species have been towards the top, where their broadest enumerated, and very few of them dediameter reaches two lines sometimes : scribed, the authors having followed Linthey are slightly flexuous and rather un næus in the practice of conceiving that equal in breadth and length, although the specific name derived from the plant their majority forms at the top a trunca on which they feed, was sufficient to chated plane, not quite even however. The racterize them, which implied the errogreatest number are hexagonal, with the neous belief of their being found thereon sides nearly equal, but many have un- exclusively. These little insects have also equal sides, some are pentagonal, and a attracted the attention of philosophers, feiv heptagonal, either with equal or un- and the experiments made upon them by equal sides. The little furrows are slight- Bonnet and Hubert, have revealed two Jy sexuous and visible inside as well as wonderful secrets of nature; Bonnet disoutside. They are articulated by inter- covered that the females separated from nal cells, very visible where the inside is the males could breed, and that their febroken and not petrified; it is even some male posterity to the seventh generation, times visible outside by slight transversefur- could likewise breed without intercourse rows, and lower cells are shorter vertically with the other sex! and Hubert has lately than horizontally; the upperones are gene- ascertained that the ants use them as their rally equalin height and diameter, but some cattle, carrying their eggs and young on of the uppermost are longer than broad. the plants suiting each species, in order
This production, as well as the other to feed on the honied liquor they exude. fossil tubipores, are vulgarly known in These facts fill us with admiration, and the United States under the appellation account for the rapid propagation of of petrified Wasp-nests, a faint similarity those insects, and their sudden appearwith some nests of wasps being perceivs ance on many plants. cd in many; which has led the ignorant to I shall endeavour to study all the spe. believe that they are petrifications of such cies of this genus found in the United bodies, of which their stratum and their · States, and invite the attention of the geological position preclude the possibili- Botanists and Entomologists to this inter
esting subject, begging them to distinguish All the species of Tubipores now live particularly those which feed on differing are found in the sea; but the local po- ent species of plants, those which breed on sition of my specimen of Tubiporre stria a single exclusive species, and the few tula, is not demonstrative of the geological species which may feed on a common fact that the place where it was found, species of plants. Meantime, I shall was once the bed of the sea: from many enumerate and describe concisely about circumstances, I conclude that it rather 12 species, which I observed in the state was the bed of the large lake of the Hud- of New York, last year, (many on rare son, and the species might (with some plants), the whole of which are probably others) have inhabited lakes instead of new or yet undescribed. the ocean, or have lived in such lakes at a 1. Aphis Diervilla-luter. Body nearly period when it had a communication with rounded, annulated, whitish rulous, length The ocean.
1 line ; antens very short bent, one third
the length of the body, appendages long 2. Specimens of sereral new American truncated two thirds the length of the species of the genus . Iphis.
body. This genus has always appeared to me 9. Iphis Pralia-hispida. Body pale
green or rufous, obovate 1 1-2 line ; head venture on proposing this new genus untruncated ; antens longer than the body der the name of Loxerales, i. e. bent and straight ; appendages 1-2 line. horns.
3. Aphis Aquilegin-canadensis. Body But my 12th species, must certainly pale rufous ; acute posteriorly, without form a new genus, differing widely from appendages, 1 line; antens of same length. the Aphis, by the flattened body, the mis
4. Aphis Hieracium-renosum. Body sing appendages, the antens bent aud ferruginous red, oboval about 1 line long; club-shaped, and I shall give to it the antens two thirds of that length, appen- name of Clado.rus, i. e. Bent-club. dages very short.
The real genus Aphis is distinguisher 5. Aphis Melampyrum-latifolium. Body by the following characters :-Body oral oboval, green, with a pale stripe along or oblong and thick, two appendages on the back, 1 line long; eyes black, antens the rump, and often a lengthened ovidehalf a line ; appendages very short. tum, forming a third appendage ; antens
6. Aphis Pteris-aquilinoides. (P. aqui- setaceous straight, but osten recurved lina Amer. Auct.) Body pale green, obo- over the back; bill very short; wings val, one line long; eyes brown, antens longer than the body, obtuse, roofed, half a line long ; appendages very short veined, and generally with an oblong spot
7. Aphis Campanula-riparir. (C. ro on the lower edge, in the males; females tundifolia Amer. Auct.)Body oboval brick. without wings. red, two lines ; feet and antens reddish brown, antens shorter than the body; 3. New species of Hammifers, noticed in appendages very short.
the Notes to the (Tableau methodique 8. Aphis Chenophyllum-canadense. Bo des Mammiferes) Niethodicul Picture dy oboval, acute, pale green, with two of the Mammifers, by D. Desmarels, in paler dorsal stripes, length 1 1-2 line, head the 24th and last volume of the French truncated, antens shorter than the body; New Dictionary of Natural History. appendages very short.
Paris, 1804. Translated and impronard, 9. Aphis Erigeron-philadelphicum. by C. S. Rafinesque. Body green, oblong oboval, length two 1. Galago minutus. Raf. Petit Galago lines ; antens bent, shorter than the body; Desm. Tabl. pag. 10. Lemur minutus appendages very short.
Cuvier-Dwarf galago. Def. Jurine 10. Aphis verticolor. Body oblong, gray, ears very short.-Obs. from Seoboval, two lines long ; head truncated negal, as well as the Galago Senegalensis brown, thorax fulvous, abdomen ferrugi- of Geoffroy, which differs by being much nous, feet brown, but white near the body, larger, of the size of a cat, with long ears, antens nearly as long as the body and and a variegated colour. brown ; appendages very short.-On 2. Plcropes pusillats. Geoffroy Cataseveral species of the order Glossainthia logue des Viammiferes du museum d'Hisor Cichoracevus, and even on the Hiera- toire Naturelle. Pterope Olive, Desm. cium venosum along with the 4th species. Tabl. pag. 11.--Olivaceous Pterope.
11. Aphis furcipes. Body oblong obo- Del. Fur entirely of an olive colour.val, length one line, green, eyes black, an- Obs. It merely differs from the Pteropus tens longer than the body, feet brown, as rufus hy the colour and smaller size, nawell as the tops of the appendages, which tive of the eastern tropics as well as all are one fourth the length of the body: - the other species of this genus. On the Primula veris and Bellis perennis 3. Pleropus Siramineus. Geoffi. Cat. in gardens.
Mus. Pterope jaune Desm. tabl. p. 11.12. Aphis fusciclava Body oboval, Yellow Pterope. Def. Fur entirely yeldepressed, dark fulvous, without appen- lowish.--Obs. Size of the following. dages, length one line ; antens shorter
4. Pteropus ruber. Geoffr. Cat. mus. than the body, bent, tips clavated and Pterope à cou rouge Desm. tabl. p. 11.brown.-On many garden plants. Redneck Pterope Def. Fur fallowish,
P.S. I have observed, this year, about neckrufous. ---Obs. Desmarets thinks it twenty other different species of this may be a variety of the Pteropus rufus or wonderful genus, which shall be noticed the P. fuscus. and described hereafter.
5. Vespertilio borbonicus. Goeffr. cat. On further consideration, I suspect that mus. Chauve souris, de l'Ile Bourbon my first and 9th species, with bent an- Desm. tabl. p. 12. -Bourbon Bat. Def. tens, like an elbow, ought to form a pe- Tip of the nose nearly split; a white spot cuiar genus, to which probably many at the base of each wing. species will belong. It will be so desira
6. Phyllostoma crenulata. Geoffr. cat. ble to divide this extensive genus, that I mus. Phyllostome crenclé Desm. tabl. 12.
Crenulated Phyllostome. Del. Appen- p. 19. Dasyure gutte.-Dotted Dasyure. dage of the nose lengthened and crenu Def. Grizzled gray, dotted with white. lated.
Obs. Native of Australia, along with 7. Phyllostoma emarginata. Geoffr. cat. the D. maculatus, of which it had been mus. Phyllostome échancré Desm. tabl. considered as the female ; this last is p. 12.Notched Phyllostome. Def.- black. Appendage of the nose lengthened, lan 15. Sciurus rufiventer. Geoffr. cat. ceolated, and denticulated, top truncated mus. Ecureuil à ventre roux Desm. tabl. and notched.
p. 21.-Fallow-belly Squirrel. Def. Back 8. Mustela rufa. Geoffi. cat. mus. n. fallowish brown, belly pale fallow, tail 217. Marte marron, Desm. tabl. p. 16.-- brown at the base, fallowish at the end. Red Weasel. Def. Fur very long, brown, Obs. Native of North America, rather variegated with little lines of a brownish larger than the Sc. vulgaris. L. fallow; tail black, ears very short. 16. Sciurus erithopus. Geoffr. cat. mus. Obs. Size of Mustela foina, L.
Ecureuil fossoyeur. Desm. tabl. p. 21. 9. Civella fasciata. Geoffr. cat. mus. -Burrowing Squirrel. Def. Back brownCivette à bandeau ou Genette de France, ish gray, feet fallow, tail brown with scatDesm. tabl. p. 17.-French Civet Def. tered yellowish hairs. Obs. Smaller than Fur rufous brown, back, feet, and tip of the Sc. vulgaris, long nails ; perhaps a the tul dark brown, breast light rufous, species of my genus Tenotis, which cona band across the eyes of a dirty white. tains all the squirrels with pouches like Obs. size of the Mustela foina, L.---rose the genus Cricetus, and who live under and lower jaw whitish, very distinct from ground, then it might be called Tenotis the Civettii genella of Spain and Barbary; griseus. Raf. found in France.
17. Castor europeus Raf. C. gallia. 10. Civetta indica. Geoffr. cat. mus. Geoffr. cat, mus. Castor de France Desm. Civette de L'Inde Desm. tabl. p. 17. - tabl. p. 25.--European Beaver. Def. Fur Indian Civet. Def. Fur yellowish gray, short, tail one fourth of total length. Obs. a collar of three rufous brown stripes, The Beaver of the eastern continent has back covered with parallel lines of same been ascertained by Geoffroy St. Hilaire colour, several rows of brown dots on to be diderent from the American Beaver; the sides, belly whitish -Obs. Larger he is much larger, and with a shorter tail than the Civctta fossana, and of a more in proportion ; his fur is not so long, but slender shape-native of the East Indies, the colour varies in both species, and this
11. Canis leucozurus. Raf. C. argen- species does not build dams and lodges, tatus Geoffr. cat. mis. Renard argent
but burrows near the water. Desm. tabl. p. 18.-- White til fox. Def. 18. Cavia cristata. Geosfr. cat. mus. Fur entirely black, except the end of the Caria huppe. Desm. tabl. p. 25.--Cresttail, which is white, and some white hairs ed Aguty. Def. Fallowish brown, belly on the forehead and cheeks. -Obs. yellowish, tail very short, a crest of long Size and shape of the Isatis or Canis la- hairs behind the head. Obs. Size and gopus, L. found in the north of the two shape of Cavia aguti ; native of South continents: very
different from the Sil- America. very Fox Canis cinereo argenteus, L. 19. Lepus egyptius. Geoffr. cat. mus. but as the name of C. argenlatus, implied Lievre d'Egypte. Desm. tabl. p. 20.a similarity and did not apply corectly, Exyptian Hare. Def. Fur pale grizzled, I have changed it to another more correct. legs brown, ears long, broad, and scarcely
12. Canis antarcticus. Geoffr. cat. mus. involuted. Obs. Size and colour of comRenard antarctique Desm. tabl. p. 18. mon Hare, but rather lighter on the back. Antarctic Fox. Def. Brownish feet, fal- From Egypt. low outside, tail shortened. Obs, Size 20. Echidna Sctosa. Geoffr. cat. mus. of the common Fox, colour rather dark- Echidne soyeux Desm. tabl. p. 27.—Red er; lives at the Falkland Islands.
Echidna. Def. Hairs long, ears thick and 13. Canis cancrivorus. Geoffr. cat. mus. chestnut colour, stings weak and shorter, Renard crabier Desm. tabl. p. 18.—Crab- except on the back of the head, the sides eater Fox. Def. Fur dark grizzled on and the tail. Obs. From Australia, difthe back, fallowish white underneath, ferent from the Echidna hystrix, which anterior legs rufous brown, posterior ones has strong and long stings. black. Obs. Size of the common Fox, 21. Niyrmecophaga nigra. Geoffr. cat. colour nearly similar to the common mus. Fourmilier noir Desm. tabl. p. 27. Hare, but darker ; native of South Ame- -Black Ant-eater. Def. Entirely of a rica.
dark black, tail prehensile. Obs. Size 11. Dasyurus guttatus. Desm. tab!, and shape of the M. tamandua of which