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Indian corn (maize) has fairly silked, and several days in and about Cape Ann har the farina on the blossom is matured, dust bour, has brought to my recollection one a small portion of ground plaister on the of this species. tufts of silk. There ought to be no wind, “On a passage I made from Quebec, and perhaps the advantage would be in 1787, in a schooner of about eighty greater if applied while the dew was on tons burden, while standing in for the in the morning. The gentleman stated Gut of Canso, the island of Cape Breton that whenever this had been practised the being about four leagues distant, one of cobs were crowded with grains to the the crew cried out, “A shoal a-head!-very extremity. He likewise observed The helm was instantly put down to tack that advantage had also been obtained by ship, when to our great astonishment, this dusting the blossoms of potatoes. Per- shoal, as we thought it to be, moved ofl, haps the same process would be advanta- and as it passed athwart the bow of our geous on the blows of melons, cucumbers, vessel, we discovered it to be an enorsquashes, pumpions, and even peas and mous Sea-serpent, four times as long as beans."

the schooner. Its back was of a dark I am apprehensive of some mistake in green colour, forming above the water a this matter, as nothing has come to my number of little hillocks, resembling a knowledge on the subject since cutting chain of hogsheads. I was then but a out the above paragraph from the news- lad, and being much terrified, ran below paper, in 1812 ; but if the fact should be until the monster was at some distance so, it is of some moment to agriculture from us. I did not see his head distinctand the sciences to diffuse the informa- ly ; but those who did, after I had hid tion ; and it is with a view of soliciting a myself in the cabin, said it was as large knowledge of what has been done by as the small boat of the schooner. I rethose who have made experiments, that collect the tremendous ripple and noise I have offered these observations on the he made in the water, as he went off from subject. If gypsum fails of fertilizing the us, which I compared at the time to that earth on the sea coast, from chemical occasioned by the launching of a ship. changes with sea salt, the same effect "My venerable friend, Mr. of must take place when it is sprinkled on your city, was a passenger with me at the the blossom or mingled with the dew ; time. He will corroborate this statement, for it is well known that dew contains and probably furnish you with a better much earthy and saline particles in solu- description of this monster; for I well tion, and is generally more impure than recollect his taking his stand at the bow rain ; and from experiments which I have of the vessel, with great courage, to exmade on rain-water, it appears impregna- amine it, while the other passengers were ted with salt, and other impurities, at all intent only on their own safety. seasons of the year, in and about New “ At Halifax, and on my retum to BosYork. Hence, if gypsum will fertilize, as ton, when frequently describing this monabove applied in a sea atmosphere, che- ster, I was laughed at so immoderately mists should know it-and this informa- that I found it necessary to remain silent tion is to be derived from practical far- on the subject, to escape the imputation SAMUEL AKERLY. of using a traveller's privilege of dealing

in the marvellous." Further evidence to prove the existence of

On the evening of September 9, capt. the Kraken, in the ocean, and lending to James Riley was at my house, and said show that this huge creature is a species that he knew capt. Folger, of Nantucket, of Sepia or Squid. Being three several who was occupied on a whaling voyage communications of facts, made to Dr. in the southern Atlantic Ocean, about 20 Milchill, by William Lee, Esq. Capt. years ago. On the cruise, he saw an aniRiley, and Capt. Neville, in September, mal of uncommon size, floating on the 1817, communicated by Dr. Mitchill. sea, oss the coast of Brazil

. Capt. F. then (See our Magazine for JUNE, p. 124, commanded a very large French buido.

for Capt. Fanning's Narrative.) ship, and the floating carcass was four or Copy of a letter addressed to Dr. Mitch- five times as long as his vessel. It attract

ill, by our late Consul at Bordeaux, now ed the spermaceti whales, who came to in the treasury department, Wm. Lee, feed upon it, and had eaten away great Esq.

portions of the flesh. He visited the humayo Washington, Sept. 2, 1817. body of the creature, and satisfied him“My dear sir,

self that it was an enormous craken. He T'he description given in our news. hauled all his boats nipon it, and his merr papers of a Sca-serpent, lately sorm for acımard it and lived upon it as if it had



•been a rock or island. They remained the whole voyage. She was accordingly on it and near it for the purpose of killing kept to windward for the purpose of the whales that came to devour it. In this, avoiding it; but the smell was, notwiththey were so successful, that by continu- standing, extremely nauseous and dising there they took whales enough to load gusting. their vessel and complete her cargo. The On conversing with mariners in the back of the kraken was high and dry White Sea, such occurrences were spoken enough for them to inhabit temporarily, of by them, as too common to excite and to look out for their game. And when much attention or any doubt. from this point of observation they dis Afterwards, while at Drontheim in covered a whale coming to make a meal, Norway, capt. N. discoursed with practithey launched their boats from the top of cal men concerning things of this kind, the dead kraken, and made an easy prey The prevailing idea was, that such driftof him. The substance of the monster's ing lumps were by no means uncommon; body was skinny, membranous and gela- that they were bodies or fragments of tinous, and destitute of the fat and blub- huge squids; that these were sometimes ber for which the whale is remarkable. borne away by the Maelstrom current,

Captain Neville, being on a voyage and ingulphed and dashed to pieces by from London to Archangel, in the year its whirlpools; and thus these broken 1803, saw floating on the ocean in about trunks and limbs sometimes cast on shore the latitude of 68, a mass of solid matter and sometimes tossed about on the sea. of a dirty whitish colour, which when he It is supposed that squids and whales descried it, and for some time after, was inhabit the same tracts of ocean ; because believed to be an island of ice. On ap- the former furnishes food for the latter, proaching it, however, he ascertained it to at least for the cachalats, orco, and other be an animal substance of an irregular toothed and voracious species. figure, as if lacerated, decayed, and eaten away.

The remnant of the carcass was nevertheless full as large as the brig in which Extract of a letter from James Kent Platt, he sailed; whose capacity was one hun M. D. a young physician, from Newdred and eighty-nine tons, and length York, who is now in attendance at the seventy feet.

London Hospitals, to Dr. David HoThis enormous body was the food of sack. animals both of the air and of the water.

London, June 17, 1817. For, as he sailed within a few rods of it, MY DEAR SIR, he saw great numbers of gulls and other We have lately had two or three sea-fowls, sitting on it and flying over it; new and important operations. About a those which were full, retiring, and the week since, Mr. Cooper tied the aorta hungry winging their way to it for a re- just above its bifurcation, in a man who, past. He also beheld several cetaceous was labouring under an immense aneuriscreatures swimming round it; some of mal tumour of the left external iliac artethem were whales of a prodigious magni- ry. The aneurism was too high and tude, exceeding the vessel in length. large to admit either of the external or Others were smaller and seemed to be. common iliac being secured, and as the long to the grampus and porpoise tribe. sac had sloughed and hæmorrhage had He considered them all as regaling them- begun, it was thought justifiable to pass selves with its flesh.

a ligature around the aorta itself. It was Near one extremity of this carcass, he a dangerous, but it was a dernier resort. distinguished an appendage or arm hang- An incision was made three or four inches ing down into the water, which from his long, through the parietes of the abdoacquaintance with the sepia, he concluded men, on the left side of the umbilicus; to be that of a squid; being probably the the intestines were pushed aside, and the only one left after the rest had putrified vessel detached from the surrounding or been devoured.

parts and membranes by the fore finger Such was likewise the opinion of a na- of the right hand, which was kept under vigator of much experience and long ob- the artery till the common aneurismat servation in the scenery of the north At- needle was introduced, when one ligature lantic then on board ; who remarked that was applied. The ends of the ligature the corrupting lump was intolerabiy setid were brought out at the external wound, and offensive to man; and would, if the the integuments were placed in contact, brig was suffered to run against it, impreg- and then secured by a quill suture. inate her with foulness and stench for Previously to the operation an attempt

was made to suppress the hæmorrhage opportunity of removing the secreted by pressing on the abdomen, but this matter, faster than it could be deposited failed. The operation did not produce by the arteries. He had been induced any extraordinary pain. The man lived to believe, from observing the languor of two days after it-on dissection it appear the circulation in the leg, after the opeed that no part of the intestines, and no ration for poplitial aneurism, that in the veins had been included in the ligature. present instance, it would be so long beThe aorta had been rendered completely fore the circulation would be completely impervious by it—there was no evidence restored by anastomosis, that the absorof peritoneal inflammation, and nothing, bents, having the balance of action in besides the aneurismal tumour, appear- their favour, would not only maintain it, ed unnatural within the cavity of the so as to remove the present enlargement, abdomen. It may be proposed as a but also, to prevent any future accumuquestion, what was the immediate cause lation. When the operation was perof the man's death? Mr. Cooper sug- formed the right leg was ten inches larger gested no explanation. The patient seem- in circumference than the left. In about ed in tolerable good health previous to a fortnight afterwards, it had become the operation. I do not know how we diminished to pearly the same size with shall account for his sinking so suddenly, the healthy limb. This was very grati, unless we call in the aid of the old doc- fying to Mr. Cooper; the absorbents had trine of sympathy. According to that, performed the labour he had projected the general system received so violent a for them—they had removed the orishock from the operation, that it was un- ginal deposition; it remained now to be able to rally its vital forces; it made an proved, that they could prevent any attempt at resistance, but finding itself future enlargement. The boy was disunequal to the task, it sunk under the charged from the hospital, and in about a effort.

month he returned with his leg as large as By the same reasoning we explain why it had been before. This sequel had been there were no appearances of peritoneal anticipated by some, but the prospect of inflammation; the constitution was so pa- introducing a useful improvement seemed ralized, that it could not react, it could to Mr. Cooper sufficiently encouraging to not exert sufficient power to institute an make the attempt. I admire his enterinflammatory process.

prise ; it bears him along to the noblest Though this experiment has failed, yet achievements; he is not retarded by the as a fact, it is very interesting in a surgi- obstacles which dishearten and disarm cal and physiological point of view. It common men: Even in his failures I see shows that the vessel can be tied in the a grandeur of design, which marks the living body-and what is curious, that greatness of his character; they seem to little alteration was made in the pulse at arise out of circumstances which no huthe wrist, by thus cutting off the circula- man power can either prevent or contion from the inferior half of the system. trol. "I shall leave London with regret It might have been conjectured, that that I lose forever afterwards the instrucsymptoms of congestion in the head and tion of so great a man. breast would have arisen, but none such With sentiments of respect and esteem, occurred. The most prominent change

I remain truly yours, produced was a pain in the abdomen,

JAMES KENT PLATT. which the patient compared to a sensation of burning lead being in his belly. LAW INTELLIGENCE. The artery was tied in the evening at 10, New-York Mayor's Court. and this pain had chiefly subsided the

JOHN P. CLEMENTS vs. ISAAC next morning. But I will not be longer

GRIMSHAW. tedious in the detail of the case; you will probably soon see the particulars pub

PRICE, for the Defendant. lished in a more interesting form.

WILKINS, for the Plaintiff. I cannot forbear mentioning to you an. This was a special action on the case other surgical operation, which, though against Grimshaw, tried at the Septemold in its form, is new in its application. ber term of this court, before his Honour Mr. C— tied the femoral artery in the the Recorder, for falsely and deceitfully usual place, in a boy affected with the dis- recommending one Abel Wooster to the ease commonly called the Barbadoes leg. plaintiff as a man of property ; whereby His object here was to lessen, suddenly, the plaintiff was induced to give credit to the quantity of arterial circulation in the Wooster, and afterwards lost his debt. limb, and thus to give the absorbents an The facts as they appeared on the trial VOL. I. NO. V!.


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were as follows. The palsy had incapa- Wooster, and thereby made himself liacitated the plaintiff for the grocery busi- ble for the amount, and therefore the suit ness, in which he was engaged, and his ought to have been brought against hina wife had by her industrious management as endorser of the same. of it, acquired four hundred and seventy

Price contended that the objection was dollars. The defendant, who was well not placed upon the ground on which the acquainted with the plaintiff

, and inform- plaintiff was entitled to recover. Deceit al i hat his wife had that amount of and damage were the foundation of this money in her possession, advised her not action, and if the plaintiff had sustained to part with it until he should point out a a loss by this false representation of the person to whom it might be safely intrust- defendant, it was immaterial by whom ed, and at the same time cautioned her the note was endorsed. Inquiries as to never to deposite money in any of the the credit of third persons were frequenthanks, as there was not one of them good ly made with confidence in the veracity, for any thing. On the 23d of February, rather than the pecuniary circumstances 1816, the defendant came with Wouster of the informant; and if a man not worth to the wife of the plaintiff, and advised cent should be inquired of as to the inher to loan Wooster that amount. Woos- solvency of his neighbour, his worthless ter was at this time an utter stranger to liability for the amount, could never exthe plaintiff and his family. The defend cuse a misrepresentation made with the ant received the money, and Wooster intent and effect of prejudicing another. save his note with Grimshaw's endorse The Court charged the jury, that if inrnt at 60 days. It appeared that the they were of opinion that the defendant defendant and Wooster were confedera- knowing Wooster to be insolvent, repreted for this kind of deception, and had sented him to be a man of good credit, successfully practised it on several orca and the plaintiff advanced and lost his sions——that Wooster, though at that time money by means of such representation, possessed of a considerable stock of there could be no doubt of the plaintiff's crockery, was in bad credit, and that be- right to recover. In a community like fore he failed in July following, had con ours, it was all important to restrain and fessed a judgment in favour of the de- punish all fraudulent designs on the fair fendant for eight thousand dollars, under dealer. From all the evidence, he had no which the defendant sold and appropria- doubt that Grimshaw knew the circumted to his usqall the property at that time stances of Wooster to be desperate-that in the possession of Wooster.

he misrepresented them to the plaintiffWilkins objected among other things and that Wooster thus obtained the mothat all evidence of fraudulent represen- ney in question. tation was met and rebutted by the fact, The Jury immediately gave a verdict that the defendant endorsed the note of for the plaintiff for 8522 26.


Biographical Memoir of the late Solomon Schaeffer, Pastor of the Evangelical Lutheran.

Church in Hagerstown, Stale of Maryland.

[CONCLUDED.] THE ministrations of Mr. S. were ported by a consciousness of rectitude, tions under his care, and obviously con of duty; and was thereby at no loss for tributed to the increase of the spiritual a reply. family of Christ. Great numbers were He urged in substance: “that the Gosannually added to the church, and confes- pel was calculated to benefit mankind at sedly not without advancement in the large ; that the word of God was not heavenly life. By these means the con to be bound to any tongue or people. gregations were in an increasing and Jesus Christ commissioned his disciples flourishing state. Notwithstanding this to preach the Gospel to every kindred, well known and acknowledged truth, and nation. Do we not, said he, celebrate some of the clerical brethren, as well as in our Church the great miracle on the others, still upbraided him for preaching day of Pentecost, when the Lord poured in the English language. But he was sup- out his Spirit upon the Apostles, and gave

them power to speak in various tongues ? Bohemia, who have kept their faith go They were thus endowed, and immedi- long a prisoner to their language, that ately fitted to disseminate evangelical they cannot converse with any one, so das truths among all nations; and beginning to be understood, unlees he first learn their at Jerusalem, they proceeded to found tongue. The Holy Spirit did not thus the Christian Church in every quarter of conduct in the beginning of Christianity. the habitable globe. Had they pertina- He did not tarry at Jerusalem until the ciously adhered to the ungenerous senti- whole world should there collect to learn ment which some would now exalt into the Hebrew language; but be endowed a maxim, that only one language should the Apostles with divers kiuds of tongues, be the vehicle of the glad tidings from to enable them, wherever they came, to above to sintul men, then truly, the ope- preach the Gospel of Christ. This exration of the Gospel would be confined ample I would rather follow, and it is just to circumscribed limits indeed.” On these that our youth should be exercised in difgrounds Mr. S. declared : " that whenever ferent languages, not knowing what parwarranted by the will of God, and exist- ticular purpose the Lord may call them ing circumstances were favourable, it was to fulfil." his determination to embrace every op

Various were the trials which beset the portunity, and to apply all means by path of this faithful servant of Christ; which he might in any wise gain souls yet was it “ as the shining light, that unto God, and by all means to suve some.” shineth more and more unto the perfect " I must work (he said) while it is day, I day.” know not how soon the night may come In his conduct he was upright. His when no man can work. Whilst I de- piety was pure-his character spotless.-pend upon the grace and mercy of my His manner was rather reserved, but canDivine Master, I shall endeavour to be did. He was studious, almost to excess, prepared when he shall summon me to yet agreeable to all who enjoyed his comrender an account of my stewardship.”— pany. He did the work of an evangelist, Who would not applaud such a resolu- and made full proof of his ministry. His tion ?

duties were discharged with conscienTo convince such of the Lutherans who tiousness and fidelity. The poor, the objected to his conduct, of their incon- ricb, and all, within the widening field of sistency; to show them the absurdity of his useful and benevolent labours, found their prejudices, and how little their sen- in him not only the faithful Pastor and timents coincided with the principles of friend, but the practical observer also of the great Reformer, (whose principles that beautiful evangelical precept: Love were those of the Bible,) he referred them thy neighbour as thyself." Long will he to the following extract, from the works live in their grateful and affectionate res. of that distinguished author.*

membrance. “ It is by no means my intention to say His sermons evinced that biblical critithat I expect the Latin language to cism was his peculiar province. At the used in our religious worship; the whole same time they breathed such a spirit of of my design is the improvement of our piety, such a tender concern for the mos youth. And were it in my power, and ral and religious improvement, and for the Greek and Hebrew were as common the eternal salvation of his hearers, as with us as the Latin, and contained such gave them an immediate access to the excellent church music, and psalmody as heart. With this were combined the adthe Latin does, it would be my wish to vantages of a graceful and dignified peruse all the four languages alternately, son, an excellent voice, a perspicuous Sunday after Sunday, so as to sing and style, an original and unaffected manner, read in German, Latin, Greek and He- and a persuasive eloquence in both the brew. I do not in any wise hold with languages in which he officiated. His those who confine themselves to one lan- administration of the Apostolic rite of conguage only, and despise all others; for I firmation was always peculiarly solemn wish in such manner to raise our people and impressive. and youth as to become serviceable to These devout occasions left not a mere Christ, in other quarters, and be able to transient glow. of this many pious converse with the inhabitants of foreign Christians are ready to bear witness, who countries; otherwise we shall fall into ' in their lives and conversation before God the predicament of the Waldenses, in acknowledge, that their hearts are yet

warm with the religious impressions * Luther's Works : Altenburg Edition. which then they first received. Tom, in, p. 464.

Among Mr. Schaeffer's manuscripts

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