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from which to most readers they cal inaccuracies. His materials appear will derive no inconsiderable accession to be complete, and he has abundantly of interest, we have been debarred fortified himself with documents. Some from entering into a minute investiga- of these are equally novel and curious. tion of their merits. We cannot, how. A part of them were preserved by bis ever, conclude our brief and cursory own vigilance ; but for considerable notice of this work without recoin- proportion of the more important pa. mending it, if due allowance be made pers relating to the revolutionary war, for the prejudices under which it was he is indebted to the New York evidently written, as a copious source Historical Society, who allowed him both of information and amusement. If every facility of access to their valuthe first volume were republished, sepa. able collections, although the General, rately, a considerable edition of it with an ingratitude he would not might readily be sold.
have failed to condemn in another, General Wilkinson's style is bold and has omitted an acknowledgment of this fuent, but marred by many grammatic courtesy.
ART. 8. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.
Account and Proceedings of the New-York Historical Society. AMONG the literary institutions poses, the Society, on the 11th of Marck
which do honour to this city, (of last, resolved to establish lectureships all of which we propose, as opportunity on the various branches of Natural Hiswill admit, to publish an account,) the tory, and appointed the following genHistorical Society, especially since the tlemen lecturers : extension of its plan, occupies a distin Saml. L. Mitchill, M. D. on Zoology guished rank. Its utility is sufficiently and Geology. evinced by the volumes of its collec- . David Hosack, M. D. on Botany and tions already given to the world ;-in Vegetable Physiology. embracing the animal, mineral, and ve George Gibbs, Esq. on Mineralogy. getable kingdoms within the range of Mr. John Griscom, on Chemistry and its researches, we may expect from its Natural Philosophy. investigations results proportionably im The reports made to the Society by portant to the wider scope indulged to the Committees, to whose consideration inquiry.
these several subjects were referred, are This Society was incorporated in the subjoined. They will serve to exhibit year 1804. The objects of the as- the spirit in which the Society propose sociation, as defined in the charter, are to prosecute their design, and will, we the collection and preservation of what- trust, excite a correspondent zeal in the ever may relate to the natural, civil, public. The reports are accompanied literary, and ecclesiastical history of the by circular letters from the Chairmen United States, and of this State in par- of the respective Committees, intended ticular.' To carry into effect these pur. to be addressed to gentlemen who might
probably be able to contribute speci- on a board, it is desirable tbat at least all mens to their cabinets, or facts to their examination and description. Important ad
new species should be brought forward for arcbives.
ditions may thus be made to our ICHTHYOLOREPORT ON ZOOLOGY.
Gy. To a people, who already consider their
FISHERIES of the utmost importance, both to Pursuant to a resolre of the Historical Socie- the States, and to the nation, no additional
iy, at the meeting held in the New York In- recommendation is necessary, farther than stitution, on the 11th daay of March, 1817, to ask of our fellow.citizens all manner of the Committee on Zoology offered a Report communications. concerning the means of promoting that Among the amphibious orders, tortoises, Deparlment of Natural Science
frogs, serpents, and lizards, are so easily preFor carrying into effect the design of the served that individuals of this kind are soliSociety, measures ought to be adopted to cited from such persons as feel a generous form a cabinet of Zoology. Some of the ardour to favour ihe views of the Society. leading objects are comprehended in the fol Contributions towards the history of the lowing summary; from which it will appear, Mammalia, may be expected from the fur tbat the collection of facts, specimens, draw. merchants, furriers, and hunters. Almost ings, and books, may be commenced imme- every ibing known under the titles of FURS diately; that all the citizens may be solicited and PELTRIES, passes through our city, or is to exert themselves, and that much may be contained within it By application to the accomplished with very little cost.
proper sources of intelligence, there is a conFrom the class of Polypes, inhabiting the lident espectation of a rich return of all the depths of the ocean, are derived the produc- matters comprised in their respective proviotions called Zoophytes and Lithophytes.- ces.
It is not generally understood, what Every article belonging to the Gorgonias and extensive and important knowledge, on these Corals, to the Madrepores and Flustras, and subjects, is in store within a great city, ready to each of the kindred families, is worthy of to be imparted to those who will seek it. a place in the Museum.
Anatomy is the basis of improved Zoolo. *The Radiary animals furnish productions gy. The olassification of animals is founded no less interesting. In particular, the Aste- upon their organization. This can be ascerrias with its constellation of sea-stars, and tained only by dissection The use of the the Echinus with its brood of sea urchins, knife is recommended for the purpose of acwill furnish many species, easy to be galber- quiring acquaintance with the structure of ed, transmitted, and preserved.
animals. It is proposed, that the members So little has bitherto been done in rela. avail themselves of all opportunities to cultition to our Insecis, that alınost the whole field vate COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, and to commaof ENTOMOLOGY remains to be cultivated. In nicate the result of their labours and rean effort to form a collection of these nomer. searches to the Society. There is, perhaps, ous swarms, all hands may be employed, no department of the science more replete There being no particular dilliculty either in with novelty and instruction, and with the procuring and preserving these creatures, it means of conferring wide and lasting reputamay be expected, that in a few years, all ibe tion to those who skilfully engage in it. larger animals of this class may be possessed
To exbibit and perpetuate the researches by the Society, and disposed according to of the gentlemen who undertake the arduous the most approved of the modern systems.
task of anatomical examination, the accomThe Crustaceous class will also furnish plishment of SKETCHING and Drawing is an specimens, easy to be preserved and trans. indispensable qualification. Beyond the reported. From the extensive families of Crabs, presentation of internal appearances, wheLobsters, and their congeners, a becoming iher bealthy or morbid, this art applies to all diligence will gatber abundant supplies.
outward forms that stand in need of delineaMolluscous animals make important and tion. It is recommended to the members to elegant contributions to Naturalists. Their procure plates and pictures of natural obunivalve, bivalve, and mutivalve shells, jects, and bring them for safe keeping and commonly survive their authors. Their ar popular utility, to be placed in the portfolios rangement into genera and species, forms the of the Society. science of CoscHOLOGY. It is recommended Th would be an inexcusable omission that early and persevering pains be bestowed in passing over unnoticed, the VETERINARY upon this subject, and that these beautiful Art or PROFESSION. The diseases of domesprodnctions be methodized after the most tic animals are deeply and intimately conexcellent of the plans that have been propos. nected with the property and comfort of man. ed.
Every thing that can illustrate or cure the Considering the facility with which fishes distempers of sheep, neat catile, horses, may be preserved, by drying their hall skins swine, dogs, poultry, and of quadrupeds and
birds generally, will be highly acceptable. Remarks on the more elaborate and expenThis valuable branch of knowledge, known sive preparations of Zoology, are reserved for by the name of Episoolic, deserves more a future report. In the mean time, it is sup. particular cultivation than it has hitherto re- posed the matters herein suggested, will, for ceived among us.
a season, occupy all the industry of the memBooks on the various branches of Natural bers and their friends History, are eminentiy desirable. They will Tbe Committee, bowever, cannot close, constitute the Library which the Society in- without an earnest recommendation to the tends to forin. There can be no doubt that study of Man. The migrations of human many important volumes, from Aristotle up beings from Tartary, Scandinavia, and Po. to Lamarck, might be collected from their lynesia, to the north-western, north-eastero, scalieled sources, of proper pains were taken. and soutb-westeru regions of America, merit It is recommended, that every exertion be extraordinary attention. There is nothing made !o effectuate this ohject. Proprietors extravagant in the belief, that colonies, or and authors may frequently be found, will. bands of adventurers, by the way of the ing to be liberal. as soon as they are satisfied Aleutian Islands, the shores of Greenland, and that a worthy occasion presents.
the Pacific Ocean, penetrated oor Continent Fossils onigbt to be collected with particu- at an early day; and that their descendants lar care. The organic remains of vegetables settled, by bloodshed and exterminating wars, and animals, imbedded in stone, or buried in their respective claims to the country situa. the other strala of the earth, are frequent in ted south of the middle Lakes, four or five our region. Some of them resemble living spe. hundred years before the royage of Columbus. cies; while others are not known, at present, All which is respectfully submitted. to be inhabitants of this globe. From the SAMUEL L. MITCHILL, Chairman. Ocean to the Lakes, they present themselves New York, 11th March, 1817. to the eye of the Geologist Let them be gathered into one body. Let the Mastodons, REPORT ON BOTANY AND VEGETABLE Crocodiles, Encrinites, Pectinites, Ammo.
PHYSIOLOGY, aites, Belemnites, and other reliques of the Read at a Meeling of the Historical Society, extinct races, be assembled and classed, and
held at the New-York Institution, on the 8th then let the philosopher survey the whole, and
day of April, 1817. draw wie aud pious conclusions. The city of New York may be considered as a centre The Committee, to whom these subjects surrounded by wonders of this sort; and the have been referred by the Historical Society, great Lakes, with their tributary stretips, report. exbibit Testimonials no less surprising and That they bave given the necessary direccbaracteristic.
tions to have the apartments, assigned them Zoological research is promoted in several for Ibe branches of Natural History commitways by foreign commerce. Living arimals ted to their care, fitted up in such a manner are frequently imported; and these, when as will be best calculated to display to advan. ever circumstances are favourable, ought to tage the various vegetable productions which be examined, and if necessary to be described they may be enabled to collect. and figured. Cargoes, and even ballast, often That, pursuant to the resolutions passed contain excellent specimens, both of the at the last meeting of the Society, an applica. animal and fossil kind. Peculiar creatures lion bas been made to the Governors of the are known to inhabit the outer bottoms of New York Hospital, soliciting the use of the vessels, wbere they may be seen before they Herbarium in their possession, and to bare are disturbed for the purpose of cleaning and the same placed in the apartments of the repairing. Sometimes, too, fishes, not usually Hi-torical Society, as a basis upon which to visiters of our barbours, follow the track of erect a similar cabinet in this Institution. ships from the Ocean, and offer themselves The Committee have great pleasure in to ihe curiosity of the Naturalist. All these acknowledging the promptitude and liberalisources of knowledge deserve to be carefully ly with which the governors of the Hospital explored
have complied with the request of this SoPersons who favour the Society with ciety. donations, will be honourably noticed and The Committee also, with great satisfaction, remembered: their offerings shall be duly observe, that the Horlus Siccus referred to, registered and labelled. As, from its act of cossists of several thousand plants in a very incorporation, it possesses succe»sivn and good state of preservation, and well caicu. perpeiuiiy, the contributions of public spirited Inted to illustrate both the generic and specific individuals are exempted fron the late too characters of the plants which it contains. often incidental to private establishments. Soare of these, too lopy perceive, have been They will endure for a great length of years, preserved and designated by the bands of ilio and descend to future generations.
illustrious Swede himself, being duplicates
taken from the original collection now in the eminent station in the cultivation of this depossession of Sir James Edward Smith, by partment of Natural History: looking too, to wbom they were presented to the Chairman our climate and the advaniages of our Joral of this Committee. Others again. were col situation as peculiarly favourable to the lected and preserved by the late celebrated cultivation of this branch of knowledke, Professor Vahl, of Copenbagen, and are they have most liberally sent us large colnanied by the hand of that Prince of Bota: lections of seeds, particularly of such plants as Risis. Some of his original letters accoin. they couceived would be most useful, either pany the plants, which be from time to time as articles employed in the bealing art, which transmitted. Since bis death, bis successor, enter into the diet of mankind, are cultivated Professor Hornemann, and Mr Hoffman as food for cattle, or are made use of in agriBaug. of that city, have kindly continued culture, or in the various arts and manufactheir correspondence and contributions of tures which contribute to the comfort of man. dried plants.
The Commillee acknowledge, with great Another valuable part of this Herbarium, pleasure, the reception of a large colieriion more especially consisting of the gramineous of seeds from Monsieur Thouin, the Proand herbaceous plants growing in the neigh· fessor of Agriculture and Butany at the Jarbourhood of London, has been comwunica. din des Plantes, of Paris, and another from ted by the late Mr. William Curtis, the au our learned countryman, Mr. Jefferson, as thor of the Flora Londinensis.
lately received by him from his European Mr. James Dickson, the celebrated British correspondents. Those seeds have all been Cryptogamist, bas also enriched this collec. conveyed to the Botanic Garden, wbere, in tinn by a most valuable assemblage of the the hands of the present curator, Mr Andrew Musci, and some of the other orders of the Gentle, they will doubtless be cultivated with Cryployamous class
great care and fidelity. The collection of the plants of Scotland, The Committee cannot conclude this report made by the President of the College of without earnestly expressing the hope, that Physicians and Surgeons of this city, Doctor the Legislature inay extend to this infant estabSamuel Bard, when a student at the Univer. lishment a portion of that unexampled munifisity of Edinburgh, and for wbich he received cence and liberality with which they bave the bonorary medal conferred by Professor fostered most of the literary institutions of Hope*, constitutes a part of our cabinet. this State.
Many of the plants of this and the neigh A small annual appropriation added to the bouring states, preserved and arranged by present proceeds of the Garden, and judiciousCadwallader Colden, formerly Lieutenant ly expended under the direction of the Goverror of New York, have also been re- Historical Society or of ibe College of Phycently added by his grandson, Cadwallader sicians and Surgeons, it is confidently believe D. Colden, Esq. of this city.
ed would, in a few years, render the Botanic Much also has been done in collecting the Garden one of the most useful establishments, vegetable products of tbis island, more parti. at the same time that it would prove one of cularly those plants wbich grow in the vicin. the most distinguished ornaments of our State ity of this city. The names of our learned and country : for, in the language of a late coadjutor, Dr. Samuel L. Mitchill, the Pro- British writer*, -"No region of the earth fessor of Natural History, Frederick Pursh, seems more appropriate to the improvemeut the author of the North American Flora, of botany, by the collecting and cultivating lately published, Mr. Andrew Michaus, the of plants, than that where the Elgin Botanic historian of the American woods, Caspar Garden is seated. Nearly midway between Wistar Eddy, M. D. John Le Conte, Esq. the nortbern and southern extremities of the Dr. Rafineau Alire Delile, the learned editor vast American continent, and not more than of the Flora of Egypi, and wbo, while finish. forty degrees to the north of the equatur, it ing his course of education at the Medical commands resources of incalculable extent; School of this city, indosiriously collected and the European botanist will look to it for the cative plants of our island, frequently ap- additions to his catalogue of the highest inpear as ihe contributors to this collection. terest
The Committee also take this occasion to " The indigenous botany of America posobserve, that since the purchase made of the sess most important qualities, and to thai we Elgin Boianic Garden has become extensively trust the cultivators of this science will parknowo, many persons distinguished for their ticularly turn their altention. It can hardly knowledge and love of botanical science, be considered as an act of the imagination, bave directed their attention to the Staie of (so far does what has already been discovered New-Yorki, as taking a decided and pre- countenance the mo-t sanguine espectations,)
* See Life oj Mr. William Smellie, by Robert * See the London Medical and Physical Jour. Kerr, F.R.S. Ed. col. 1. p. 94.
to conjecture, that in the unexplored wilder. They beg leave also to state, that it would ness of mountain, forest, and marsh, which be extremely useful to the Society to have composes so much of the Western World, lie the exact localities of the minerals determined, bidden plants of extraordinary forms and and such further information of the neighpotent qualities.
bouring country, as the donor can procure. All which is respectfully submitted.
By order of the Mineralogical Committee, DAVID HOSACK, Chairman.
GEORGE GIBBS, Chairman. REPORT ON MINERALOGY.
FOREIGN LITERATURE. The Mineralogical Committee of the
GREAT BRITAIN. New-York Historical Society, having by
A SELECTION of Biblical Criticisms of their order prepared an apartment for the purpose of receiving and displaying a col the Books of the Old Testament, Translalection of the minerals and fossils of the from the papers of the late Bishop Horslex,
tions from the Sacred Songs, with notes, United States, beg leave to communicate to the public the arrangements that bave been
is preparing for publication. made, and the further claims of the Society Corrections and Additions to Rees' Cyclope
Mr Churchill is preparing for the press, to the patronage of the friends of science. The progress of the science of mineralogy voluminous work, and be printed in the same
dia, which will extend to the whole of that in the United States has been very satisfactory size and type, so as to form a proper and ne. to its friends in this country, and the labours of American mineralogists bave met with cessary companion to it.
The Memoirs of the Lise and Writings of great applause in Europe. Several new species, and many varieties of minerals, have De BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, comprising his pribeen discovered bere, and the increasing printed from the original manuscripts be
vate and familiar correspondence, now first attention to this science promises many queathed to his grandson Wm. Temple Frankinteresting and valuable discoveries. in a country so vast and so recently settled as
lin, Esq. have been issued from the press. the United States, we can hardly expect to
We understand that a series of letters is find many who have visited, for mineralogical celebrated Earl of Chesterfield to Mr. Arthur
preparing for publication, written by the The researches of most of them have been Stanhope, relative to the education of his son limited to their own state or the district in Philip, the late Earl. which they live. A great number of valuable this country, has published a new work, en
Dr. Mason, of New York, who is now in specimens remain in the hands of persons lilled, a plea for Catholic Communion, in who, either ignorant of their value, preserve them only for temporary gratification, or, who one vol. 8vo. This bas already reached a having no object in making a collection,would second edition. be very happy to place them where they
Walter Scott, Esq. has announced' a new would become useful, in a public Institution. History of Scotland, from the earliest reTo collect these scattered materials of our na: cords to the year 1745, in 3 vols. 8vo. tural history, to display the riches of the mi. from tbe pen of Mr. Godwin, under the title
A new novel may soon be expected neral kingdom of each of our states; to in. of Mandeville, a domestic story of the seform the scientific traveller and citizen; to
venteenth century. encourage the growing taste of this science in our country; to communicate discoveries and
A History of the late war in Spain and invite researches; are objects so useful, so
Portugal, by Robert Southey, Esq. Poet important, that it would be impossible to
Laureate, is preparing, in 2 vols. quarto. doubt of the public favour being shown to
Mr. Leigh Hunt has in the press a new
volume of poems. this undertaking The Corporation of the city of New York
FRANCE. having, with characteristic liberality, ac Literary and Philosophical Institution. commodated the Historical Society with a suite of apartments for this purpose, they et á Genes, which Mr. Millen, Keeper of the
The Voyage en Savoie, en Piemont, à Nice have now' been fitted up with cases with Royal Cabinet of Medals and Antiques, bas glass doors, one case being devoted to each just published, in 2 vols. 8vo. forming the first state, after the manner adopted in the nation part of his Tour in Italy, contains many paral collection at the Ecole des Mines at Paris. ticulars respecting the antiquities of the cities
The Committee beg leave, therefore, to visited by the Author. request donations of minerals and fossils for their collection, from the scientific and
GERMANY. patriotic in every part of the Union. They The King of Bavaria has, in a rescript to will be received with grateful acknowledg. the academy of sciences, ordered the erecments, and displayed to ibe best advantage. tion of a new observatory, for which be bas,