Shapers of the Great Debate at the Constitutional Convention of 1787: A Biographical Dictionary

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006 - 368 էջ

As the oldest still operational written constitution in the world, the U.S. Constitution--and the concepts it proclaims-- have been under almost constant attack since its inception. At a convention in 1787, fifty-five delegates assembled in Philadelphia to revise and amend the Articles of Confederation, only to emerge sixteen weeks later with a new document: the U.S. Constitution. The convention was filled with constant debate over how much power should be given to government and how should this power be allocated, state rights v. nationalists, small states v. large states, political conservatives v. political liberals, and slave-owners v. non-slave-owners. Fifty-five biographies, one for each delegate, are presented. Biographies include such notable individuals as Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, Luther Martin, and James Madison. An introductory essay, appendices including the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution, and an annotated bibliography are also included.

The Shapers of the Great Debate series takes a biographical approach to history, following the premise that people make history in the circumstances in which they find themselves. Each volume in this series examines the lives and experiences of the individual's involved in a particular debate through major and minor biographies.

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JOHN LANGDON 17411819
18
JACOB BROOM 17521810
42
CALEB STRONG 17451819
43
WILLIAM LIVINGSTON 17231790
56
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN 17061790
105
GOUVERNEUR MORRIS 17521816
109
ROBERT MORRIS 17341806
122
JAMES MADISON JR 17511836
178
PIERCE BUTLER 17441822
267
GEORGE WASHINGTON 17321799
293
JAMES WILSON 17421798
301
GEORGE WYTHE 17261806
308
THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
319
DANIEL CARROLL 17301796
327
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES
329
GUNNING BEDFORD JR 17471812
343

INTRODUCTION
182
ALEXANDER MARTIN 17401807
189
ELBRIDGE GERRY 17441814
196
JAMES MCCLURG 17461823
207
ABRAHAM BALDWIN 17541807
240
RICHARD BASSETT 17451815
264
GEORGE CLYMER 17391813
344
SELECTED ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY
355
29
361
WILLIAM RICHARDSON DAVIE 17561820
363
WILLIAM PATERSON 17451806
366
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Common terms and phrases

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Էջ 325 - ... armed, and equipped in the same manner as the quota of such State, unless the legislature of such State shall judge that such extra number cannot...
Էջ 351 - Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Էջ 350 - If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress...
Էջ 351 - Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a...
Էջ 350 - Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Section 3. This article shall be Inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several states, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Էջ 324 - ... office; appointing all officers of the land forces in the service of the United States, excepting regimental officers; appointing all the officers of the naval forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service of the United States; making rules for the government and regulation of the said land and naval forces, and directing their operations. The United States, in Congress assembled, shall have authority to appoint a committee to sit in the recess of Congress, to be denominated...
Էջ 104 - Thus I consent, sir, to this Constitution, because I expect no better, and because I am not sure, that it is not the best. The opinions I have had of its errors I sacrifice to the public good.

Հեղինակի մասին (2006)

Joseph C. Morton is Professor Emeritus, Department of History, at Northwestern Illinois University in Chicago. He is the author of The American Revolution, a volume in the Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of 1500-1900 (Greenwood, 2003).

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