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bashaw of the bench, and gave him one of his T.C. 1702. sisters in marriage. When several months had a consolidated his power, he consulted with his brother-in-law on the incans co punish the con'fpirators, in order to take from the great officers of the Porte in future the temptation of deposing their sovereign. He first, under different pretexts, dispersed all J.C.1703.

Heg.1115. the odas of janissaries and spahis. Caracach Me- Hedemora hemet, that officer of the jebeggis who had been the vizier the foul of the conspiracy, without having ever mufti, an consented to be invested with any of the prin- those who Gipal charges, for fear of being sacrificed in the on the end, was the dupe of his own policy, for he was the first that was punished. Achmet, in order to take from hiin all mistrust and to fatter him in his own way, had made him bashaw of one-tail, or sangiac, promising to advance him by degrees. He was sent to the cherif of Mecca with the caftan and sword, which every new sultan always sends, on his accession, to this phantom of a tributary prince. Caracach Mehemet on his return was secretly strangled in Aleppo. The day after the receipt of the news of this execution, the aga of the janssaries was sent for to the seraglio to be appointed, as they said, captain bashaw. Mezzomorto was lately dead. The aga of the janisfaries disappeared, without any one's knowing, for several weeks, what was become of him. It was at length rumoured, that he had been thrown into the sea by night. A little after, the VOL, IV,


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J.C.1703. grand vizier Dorojan lost his place : Achmet was w willing to leave him his life, as he had not been

the author of the sedition, and could be reproached only with having yielded to the torrent.' Doro

jan was banished to Lepanto with a pension of Alfan, the three hundred aspers a day. Affan received the is the au-? seals of the empire from the hands of the dethese pro- posed grand vizier. This new prime minister scriptions.

Thed the blood of the conspirators, without taking any other precaution than to have all the executions made in the towns where he had dispersed them. Affan advised the grand feignior to depose the mufti, and he told this chief of che law, that after the example which the conspirators had given of the mufti Fezula, he, the new mufti, who had so little pretension to that dignity, should bless the clemency of the monarch, who was pleased to leave him his life.

The news of these repeated executions, most of which were made by surprise, filled all those with terror who were conscious of being guilty, and even those who were not fo. However, as none of the soldiers who then composed the garrison of Conftantinople had been concerned in the conspiracy, they had no thoughts of preserving themselves from a danger which did not threaten them. The soldiers who had been distributed in the other towns found themselves in too small a number for it to be possible for them to form another conspiracy. The number of the proscribed has been estimated at fourteen chou




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fand. For six months there appeared lists of fol- J.C. 1703.

sleg. 1115 diers and officers strangled or thrown into the sea.

This fanguinary vizier would at length have on what excited by so many cruelties the insurrection the grand which he was desirous of quelling, if a domestic fan is de. quarrel had not soon removed him from the head of administration. We have said that he was 6

shaw to brother-in-law to the sultan, and it has been Cai observed in the course of this history that the princesses of the Ottoman blood, more happy than the other Mahometan women, enjoy in their houses a liberty and even an authority, which they sometimes abuse. Aiesa, the only wife of the grand vizier, as the husband of the princesses are not permitted, like other Mussulmen, to have a ' plurality of wives, took a liking to her spouse's kiaia, whom some pressing 'affairs drew to the prime ininister's palace. The princess, who had seen him by chance in Affan's apartment, enticed him into the women's quarter, contrary to the law of the Alcoran and the manners of the Turks, who think that a woman cannot without a crime lec her face be seen by any other man than her husband, and that two persons of different sexes cannot be innocently alone together for a moment. Any other Mahometan woman than a princess would have been liable to a rigorous chastisement on the suspicion of the least of these crimes; but the husband of Aiesa had no coercive authority over his wife. The little poniard set with diamonds which she wore at her girdle was her VOL. IV.

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Heg. 1115

J.C. 1703. safeguard. As this restraint rendered the huf

band's jealousy more cruel, he satisfied his vengeance on the man whom he believed the cause of his dishonor. The unfortunate kiaia was seized as he came out of Aiesa's apartment, and the grand vizier had him strangled immediately, without diffembling the cause of his punishment. The princess, who had a great deal of influence over the sultan her brother, ran immediately to the seraglio, and complained bitterly of the unjust death of the kiaia, and the disgrace which it threw on her. Her complaints were not without effect; and her husband, though such a favorite with the grand feignior, was stripped of the vi.ziership and sent bashaw to Grand Cairo. The princess was too much enraged to follow Affan into that province; she remained in her palace at Constantinople free from restraint.

Achmet III. gave the seals of the empire to a balhaw of the bench, called Caia Lili, who had been some time caimacan of Constantinople in the absence of the court, and whose administration the emperor had heard praised by several persons in the excursions which he often made through the streets of Constantinople, disguised sometimes

like a janissary, sometimes a levanti, and at other His fuccer- times an effendi of the lowest order. This Caia for, who. Lili hated the Christians greatly when he was hates the on," Christians, caimacan; he had endeavoured to oblige them insult the to wear only clothes of a course stuff with a parFrench ambassa. ticular mark, and had severely fined those who


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had dared infringe this hard law. This was con- J.C. 1703.

Heg.1115. fidered as a great merit by the devout Muffulmen, and, to say the truth, was the only one of the new grand vizier. His incapacity in the first place of the empire was glaring to a degree; and he enjoyed it only three months. During this short administration he had a difference with Mr. Deferiolles, the French ambassador, in which Caia Lili manifefted his hatred against the Chrifţians, and the French minister courageously supported the dignity of his character and the honor of his nation.

Mr. Deferiolles, having received news of the birth of the duke of Brittany, the eldest son of the duke of Burgundy, a child that lived about two years, thought he ought to celebrate this event with magnificence. He invited all the French of any consideration at Pera, and the ambassadors of the different powers, to a sumptuous entertainment which lasted a day and a night. In the evening, all the courts of the French palace being illuminated, the light was seen at a distance. The novelty drew a great many to look at it. The grand vizier, either to mortify the French, or that he was afraid of a fire, sent a capiggi pachi to tell Mr. Deferiolles to put out his'illumination. The ambassador answered, that he was celebrating the birth of the presumptive heir to the crown of France, and that in confequence he could not too much manifest his joy; that as to the rest, he had no orders to receive


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