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Heg. 1115

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THE OTTOMANS. C.1703. but from the king his master, and that he was

astonished the minister of another power should pretend to send him any. On this refusal, there was a fresh message from the grand vizier, which had the same answer from Mr. Deferiolles. At last Caia Lili fent the capiggi pachi with several of his men to repeat his orders. The capiggi pachi was ordered to declare to Mr. Deferiolles, that, if he did not obey immediately, the janisfaries should enter the French palace to extinguish the illumination by force. The capiggi pachi was greatly embarrassed with this commiffion ; however, he resolved to execute it with all the

discretion which the circumstances would admit Firmness of. This menace, already softened by the officer baffador. who carried it, was still more so by the drugger

man who rendered it to the ambassador in his native tongue. However, Mr. Deferiolles comprehended the sort of danger which heran, and taking his measures immediately, he said to the capiggi pachi and those who accompanied him: “ You are welcome, you shall join in our joy; « I will conduct you every where myself, and « you shall soon be convinced that the alarms of “ the grand vizier are without foundation. An « illumination cannot set a stone edifice on fire, « and my palace is at a distance from all the so wooden houses of the suburbs.” The ambassador jinmediately ordered the great door to be shut, and that all the Frenchmen should take their arms, as they had done in the morning at


of the am

the singing of Te Deum, in order, as he said, to J.C. 1703.

Heg.111ge shew the capiggis how graceful his countrymen' were under arms, and how well they knew the use of them. Mr. Deferiolles then returned to the foreign ambassadors, and told them, that he had asked their company to honor his nation by partaking of his joy; but that it was neither feemly nor just to make them share the dangers which this circumstance might occasion, and that therefore he earnestly intreated their excellencies to withdraw by a back door which he would have opened to them. As these ministers seemed una; willing to retire and leave him in this dilemınày the French ambassador observed, that it was he alone who had to support the honor of his chiaracter; that they might be blamed if they risked theirs, the quarrel abfolutely concerning only the French, and the other nation's having no part in the insult. On this, the foreign minister's took their leave. When they were gone, Mr, Deferiolles made those who were under arms, to the number of more than five hundred, perform some military evolutions, and particularly to fire several volleys, which were very diftinctly heard out of the palace. He caused a table to be prepared for the capiggis, and had plenty of refreshments served up to them. Nevertheless the illumination still continued. The capiggi pachi and his men vainly endeavoured to retire ; but the ambassador, under pretence of being very earnest to do them the honors of his


1.C. 1703. entertainment, declared, that they should not an leave his palace 'till day-light, when the sun

should eclipse the illumination; that then he
would beg the capiggi pachi to go and assure the
grand vizier that there had not been the least
danger of fire.' The whole night was passed in
expectation of a catastrophe that never happened.
The grand vizier, who was unwilling without
doubt to expose the officers whom he had im-
prudently sent into the palace, and who moreover
respected Lewis XIV. and the firmness of his
ambassador, dissembled : and Mr. Deferiolles,-
who had at first threatened to complain to his
court of the behaviour of the prime minister, gave
a faithful account of his conduct in this delicate
· If the French had expected some satisfaction
for this infraction of the law of nations, Achmet
III. would have scarcely left them the time to

demand it; for the grand vizier was deposed a vizier and few days after the entertainment given by the deposed.

ambassador. This man, whom the favor of the people had raised to the highest dignity in the empire, was deposed at the end of three months by the general clamour. The faults which he was continually committing had put Constantinople into confusion. The promp justice which is rendered to individuals in the divan, no longer consisted but in arbitrary ,decisions founded in caprice, and not in equity. Caia Lili was deprived of the seals and sent into exile in an island




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of the Archipelago. In the first year of the reign 1:C.1703:
of Achmet, we have seen a vizier deposed by a
love intrigue. A violent passion, in which he
was thwarted, was the cause of his choosing the
third, who did not feein formed for governing.
It is necessary to take the circumstances of this Reasons
affair a little higher. About the middle of the forme
reign of Mustapha II. Achmet, who enjoyed in Mchemet
the seraglio more liberty than the brothers of the for.
reigning emperor had ever had before, saw with
the valid sultanefs, who was his mother as well
as Mustapha's, a young nave whose elegant form
and pleasing voice charmed him. He foon grew
violently in love with her, and had no great dif-
ficulty to get those charming features unveiled
which he already adored without having seen.
In a place where the women are so strictly watched,
and where the conduct of the princes is so mi-
nutely observed, the intrigue of Achmet and the
young Nave could not fail of being soon dif-
covered. As soon as the valid sultaness was in-
formed of it, she was very uneasy for the conse-
quences. Nothing less than both their lives was
at stake. For much smaller faults girls of the
seraglio had been thrown into the sea inclosed
in leather sacks; and since the Ottoman em-
perors kept their brothers and children in the
seraglio, they had never let them come near
women capable of having children. Curdisca
(that was the name of the valid suicaness) had an
affection for the two culprits. She was well con-


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J.C. 1703. vinced that there was not an instant to be lost to Heg.1115

separate them. The same day the young nave, called Sarai, was married to the son of the first physician, and the valid sultaness gave her a confiderable portion. This intelligence drove prince Achmet to despair; he sent for the first physician, and severely menaced him if his son should ever dare consider Sarai as his wife. The anger of a prince of the blood royal is not of any very great consequence in the Ottoman empire ; but the provident physician, who knew how much all the Orders of the empire were already diffatisfied with the mufti Fezula and the weaknefs of Muftapha II. foresaw that a revolution was not very diftant, and that the prince, who for the moinent was the least to be feared of all mankind, would be soon perhaps the most terrible enemy that a man could have. He advised his son to receive with honor the wife that he could not refuse without exposing himself to a present disgrace, but to treat her always as his fifter. Achmet, as we have seen, became emperor some years after. His first attention was to get himself confirmed on the throne. We have said that he was obliged to banish the valid sultaness; but when he thought he had secured his power by the execution of those who had procured it him, he recalled his mother, and sent in search of the young Nave, whom he still loved. Nuhé ef

fendi, her husband, had removed from Constan- tinople with her, in hopes that the cares of the


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