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take the

kiaia of the killar agasi, and some other accom- 1.C. 1691 plices, were hanged up instantly in light of the , & 1103. troops, and the grand vizier prepared to set out for Hungary with intention to merit more and more the favor of the people and the love of the foldiers.

Kiuperli was at the head of a hundred thousand The Turks chosen troops. The success of the last campaign media has had so elated the courage of the officers and foldiers, that the Ottomans, who for twenty years had been constantly beaten under incapable generals, believed themselves invincible under Kiu. perli. On the grand vizier's arrival at Belgrade, he learned that the prince of Baden was in the vicinity of Peterwaradin with an army almost as numerous as his. A council of war was called, when it was resolved to march against the Auftrians in order to make them retreat to Buda, in cale they should refuse to come to action.' Two bridges being thrown over the Save, the army pafled to the other side. The prince of Baden, on the news of this motion of the Turks, intrenched himself in a place called Salanaker, where he waited for the enemy; Kiuperli soon appeared. Whilft he was observing the position of the Austrians, a body of five thousand Germans, that wanted to join the prince of Baden, coming out of a forest, met the Ottoman army between the Austrian camp and him. This troop, vigorously charged, was soon put in such disorder, that not a fingie combatant escaped


Salana.' kem;


L.C. 1691. death or Navery. This Naughter was over before Heg, 1102, & 1103., the prince of Baden had had time to range his

army in battle. The janissaries, full of hope and courage, considered this first success as a

certain presage of a more important victory; but Battle of the action was scarcely begun, when Kiuperli,

whose activity carried him wherever he thought Kieferli is his presence necessary, was struck by a ball in the

temple, which killed him on the spot. These
news being soon spread in the ranks, so ter-
rified and discouraged the Ottomans, that they
presently gave way every where, and those, who
had expected a victory, were the witnesses or
victims of a most fatal defeat; twenty-eight chou-
fand Turks, killed or wounded, remained on the
field of battle, as likewise three thousand Ger-
mans, without counting the five thousand that
had been entirely destroyed before the general
action came on.
· The Ottomans did not join again 'till they had
reached Belgrade, where the prince of Baden did
not think it right to pursue them. He chose
rather to take Lippa, which the Turks had con-
quered the preceding campaign, The oldest of
the balhaws, called Ali, who commanded the
Turks fince the death of the vizier, would by no
means undertake any thing with troops fo lately
beaten and quite discouraged. He waited for
the autumn in a camp well intrenched, and sent
word' to Adrianople, that the loss of Kiuperli

.... had

had drawn along with it the loss of a campaign 2.C.1691.

Heg. 1102, which had promised to be very glorious. No- & 1103. thing considerable was done this year, either on the side of the Poles or the Venetians. All these people were waiting for the general peace, that the English and Dutch ambassadors were negotiating, but which the French ambassador traversed efficaciously, by always persuading the ministry, that the diversion, which the king his master intended to make in their favor, wouldenable them to obtain a glorious peace. The ambaffador likewise made use of a second mean, which Lewis XIV. was not sparing of: that was to scatter a great deal of gold in the 'divan.

The caimacan of Conftantinople, called Ara- 1.C . baji bashaw, was raised to the dignity of grand Heg.1103, vizier. This minister had neither the talents nor Arabaji the elevated mind of his predeceffor. His extreme made avarice gave the example of depredation to those fer. who had some part in the government; and Mr. Dechateauneuf took advantage of the avidity of the members of the divan, to buy at a dear rate juffrages against a peace. · The Greek, Mauro Cordato, one of the ambaffadors at Vienna, was charged more particularly than his colleague to examine and give an account of every circumstance. Mauro Cordato, bribed with French gold, wrote to the grand vizier, that the victory of Salanakem had thrown the court of Vienna into more confternation than the loss of a battle, could have done at any other time; that GerVOL. IV,


& 1104,

bahaw is


L.C. 1692. many was so drained of men and money, that the Heg.1103,"

eight thousand Austrians killed at Salanakem would be much more difficult to replace, than the twenty-eight thousand Turks left on the same field of battle, and' that it was impossible for the empire of Germany to carry on the war two years longer. These considerations determined the grand vizier to continue it; but from the manner in which he prepared for it, one would have thought that he was himself paid by the house of Austria. He began with putting to death, on the slightest pretences, several persons who might give him umbrage. This cruelty produced an effect quite contrary to his wishes. The friends of the bashaw of Silistria, of the bostangi pachi, and of the felictar, all strangled, leagued themselves together against a fanguinary tyrant who knew only to destroy. A palpable fault, which his avidity made him commit, foon furnished means for ruining him in his turn. He contrived to give a copper money seven times its intrinsic value, thinking to enrich the state by a proceeding that would have the appearance of increasing the public funds; but this incapable minister was ignorant that the misuse of authority can never establish confidence. The foreigners, who carry on all the commerce of the East, refused to take these pieces at their nominal value; in a little time the custom-house officers and tax-gatherers refused them likewise, though government paid the troops and the people who

I 104


The new

and inca

brought provisions to the feraglio with this false 1.C. 1692.

Heg.1103, money. An insurrection was the consequence; and, & 1104. the injustice which occasioned it too heinous for the new the author of these absurdities not to become the zier, greedy victim of them. He was deposed, and stripped pablo, isa of the great property which a tyrannical admi- depolca. nistration in several bashawcies had enabled him to heap up. Turposchi, balhaw of Diarbekar,

Turposchi received orders to come and take the seals of the bathaw is

made grand empire. The capiggi pachị had but just de-.vizier." livered him the catcherif of the grand seignior in the palace of his residence, when an officer of the old grand vizier's, who had been dispatched.before the deposition of the latter, arrived at Diarbekar with several delis, toʻstrangle him. The new grand vizier had the moderation not to avenge the injury intended him. He brought back his executioners to Conftantinople, without Thewing any resentment to them, or to him who had sent them. On his arrival, he resolved to curn his thoughts seriously to a peace. Mr. Decolliere, the Dutch ambassador, and sir ..... Paget, the English ambassador, pressed it equally, Both had been consuls of their nation, and both had over the French ambassador the advantage of understanding and speaking Turkish, consequently the facility of treating themselves with the minister, without having recourse to druggermen, subaltern officers, always more ignorant than the ambassadors of the intentions of their court, and of political resources. Mr. DechaVOL, IV.



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