Page images

ror Achmet, to come to that prince immediately 1.C.1693.

+ Heg. 1104) in a pleasure house out of town, where he was & 1105. desirous, of conferring with him. The prophet thought as he had been just preaching on obedience, he ought to give the example. Flattered with the honor which the emperor intended him, he began to think that his preaching had had fome effect. But he had no sooner entered his highness's carriage, which was brought to the mosque door for him, than the officers had him conducted a great way out of town, assuring him, that he would never return to Adrianople again, and that if he did not endeavour to disperse his prosely tes, he would certainly be put to death in secret. Misri had not the courage necessary for che head of a fect, at least he contradicted himself at the approach of danger ; for the prophet never prelumed to appear again, though a violent storm, which the same day beat down several tents in the camp, and even several houses in the towny passed for a prodigy in favor of his miflion, This supposed miracle staggered feeble minds; lo much so, that the emperor wrote with his own hand that he would see Misri and confer with him. The prophet, who remembered the me nances of the vizier and mufti, preferred an obscure, contemned life, to the glory and danger of apostleship. es

About the same time, a dreadful fire broke out Fire at in Constantinople, which the superstitious might looples again take for a ygn of God's wrath. A violent VOL. IV. . . D


re at


L.C.1693. wind carried vortices of Aames into wooden & 1105" houses, which, being neither deep nor high, were

set on fire in an instant. The Turks have nei

ther fufficient order nor industry to guard against ..this too frequent calamity. Sir Paul Ricaut re

ports that in less than two days one quarter of the city was in a blaze. It is to be presumed that this historian exaggerates, as no other writer, nor the dispatches from the French ambaffador, make any mention of this disaster. But, as we have already remarked, a fire at Constantinople is of much less consequence than it would be elsewhere, as the houses not being of much value, and wood being very common in European

Turkey, the disafter is soon repaired.' .. . J.C. 1693. The efforts of the English and Dutch ambalo Heg. 1105• fadors to make up a peace, and the usual flowCampaign late and of ness of the Turks, prevented the campaign from portance. being opened 'till the middle of July. The

grand vizier, having learned that the duke of Croi had besieged Belgrade, haftened to the fuccour of that important place. The Austrians not being so numerous as the enemy, repassed the Save precipitately; but their rear guard was beaten and their baggage pillaged. The war was scarcely any thing on the frontiers of Poland: In Dalmatia the Venetians invested a small place, of which the Turks obliged them to raise the siege. Bujulki Mustapha, who had saved Belgrade, returned to Adrianople, believing himself intitled to the thanks 'of his master and the esteem


little im

of the nation ; he entered the town, surrounded J.C. 1693.

Heg.1105. with a military pomp greatly resembling a tri. umph; but he had an enemy waiting for him there whom he little expected, and whose blows it was difficult to parry. This was Fatima the fan vorite sultaness, whom her quality of mother of the two twin princes rendered absolute over the heart of her husband. Fatima had never seen the grand vizier, and consequently could not have been personally offended by him; but, to oblige the mufti and the killar agasi, she resolved to be his ruin. Though the chief of the law had procured Bujulki che seals, he had been soon difsatisfied with his work, because, instead of a phantom of a vizier, as he had meant to give the nation, and under whose naine he had expected to govern, he had found Bụjulki an absolute, martial minister, determined to govern the state and command the army himself. The care of the revenues of the royal mosques, intrusted to the kinar agafi, gives that officer great intercourse with the mufți. When they have the prudence mutually to assist one another, their power is very great, as the sultanesses, always superstitious and in many respects dependant on the kisar agasie naturally enter into the intrigues of these two favorites, whom they consider almost as their mar. ters. The sultaness Faţima, who was particularly fond of the mufti, because she thought she was indebted to his prayers for having brought two princes into the world at the same time, faithfully VOL. IV. D 2


L.C. 1693. related to the grand seignior what the kisar agali Heg. 1105,

told her from the chief of the law against his miniter. Sometimes he was a traitor who wanted to puc another prince upon the throne ; at other times a fanguinary man who had the subjects of the empire punished on flight suspicions; and then again a careless fellow who neglected the affairs of the state that he might amuse himself in hunting and shooting. Indolent, weak men always liften with more attention to scandal than praise. The emperor easily believed every thing that came from the mouth of his beloved sultaness. One day they heard in the seraglio the noise of fowlers pursuing birds, which proved to be the grand vizier and some other officers; the fulta

ness took care not to lose this occasion to renew The grand her complaints. The deposition of the vizier vizier is was resolved on and executed fo suddenly, that, during the on his return froin shooting, he found the chiau

pachi in his palace, charged with demanding the seals of him. The English ambaffador, who had juft entered on a negotiation of peace with this minister, wrote to London, on the occasion of the fall of Bujulki : « The ministers are changed fo

often in this court, that an ambassador can “ scarcely treat twice with the Tame person; this « alone would be sufficient to overturn the best “ established government in the world. Chance, “ here, makes the generals and officers of the “ divan; it is very difficult to know if they will “ be capable or not of the employment given

of them;

vizier is


« them; and if they should be so, they are left 1.C. 1694.

Heg. 1 r05, “ too little time to be able to turn it to advan- & 11062" « tage.”

Tarabolus Ali bashaw, who succeeded Bujulki, had no thoughts of peace. Those, who had got, ten him the place, had made that a condition of TheFrench his elevation. Mr. Dechateauneuf, the French imballador ambassador, had not only cmployed che liberalities tels to pro

ucs vision Con. of Lewis XIV. to keep up this warlike disposition ftantinople. in the divan, but provisioned Constantinople by causing the corn and other necessaries to be trans. ported in French bottoms; for the Venetians, who kept the sea, had almost entirely destroyed the commerce of the Turks. This succour quieted the people, whom the dread of a famine had stirred up ; preparation was then made for taking the field; but the operations were as now this year as The ar. the preceding one. The grand vizier fent a seras- main in

observation kier into Hungary. The two armies remained in during the

campaigo.. observation during the whole campaign. The king and republic of Poland had dispatched a minister to Constantinople, who, notwithstanding the fupport of the French ambassador, was sent back without having been heard; the Poles were revenged for it by beating an army of fifty thousand men, Turks and Tartars, which was escorcing provisions and ammunition to Kaminieck. The Venetians were still more fortunate; for being masters of the sea, they made a descent on the isle of Scio and took the capital without much resistance. They took likewise two towns in Dalmatia, .

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »