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offices of Charles VI. the Turks de clare war



going to attack Hungary and the dominions of 1.C. 1715. the emperor Charles VI. the grand vizier was in afraid that this power would arm for its own Aanding safety and afterward lend its forces as auxiliaries the good to the republic of Venice; he persuaded the sultan to send an ambassador to Charles VI. to assure thai prince of the fidelity of the Porte to all its againf the

republic of engagements, and the desire which it had to continue on good terms with Germany. The emperor seemed satisfied with these protestations. But the report having spread throughout Europet hat the Turks were preparing to make a descent upon the Morea, Charles VI. offered his mediation to engage the Venetians to satisfy the Porte for the complaints which that court fo loudly made. The Turks, who feared confederates, were still less desirous of mediators. In vain did Charles VI. cause the sultan to be told, that, as guarantee of the treaty of Carlowitz, it belonged to him to know the difference that had arisen between the Venetians and the Porte: he could get no other reply froin the divan than an assurance of inviolable fidelity.

Coumourgi, believing himself sure that the German monarch, more interested in repairing his provinces than in protecting his allies, would not be fo foon in a situation to begin a war, fent for the Venetian ambassador, Andrew Memmo, and, after making severe complaints against the senate of Venice, whom he accused of having affifted the rebels who had been punished more




vizier ac

an apo. logue. The Vene tian ambassador is arrested.

4:C.1715. than three months before, declared plainly to the Heg: 1127

ambassador, that the Porte was resolved to recover the Morea; he accompanied this declaration with an apologue, which contained a dif

dainful sense for the republic. The grand

Two able boxers, said he to the ambassador, companies having challenged each other, stripped to be ration with more at their ease. The brother of one of them,

who was a child without strength, but not without malice, took advantage of the combat to carry off the clothes of the adversary. The two champions Thewed nearly equal force. But when the battle was over, one of them found himself deprived of his best garments. As he was crossing the town, almost naked, he met his robber impudently dressed in the theft which he had thought he might make without any risk. The boxer, irritated, seized the robber, stripped him, not without well beating him, and recovered with joy the clothes which he had lost. This is what the emperor my master hopes to do foon, added he; and he gives you twenty days to go and warn your republic of it. The ambassador withdrew confused, congratulating himself however, that, contrary to the usage of the Turks, he was to be fent back into his own country instead of being imprisoned; but his joy was but of short duration ; for the second day after the audience, he was arrested, with most of his retinue, in order, as they told him, that he might answer for the subjects of the grand feignior who might


of the

happen to be in the Venetian dominions. This J.C. 1715.

Heg. 1127 ambassador was conducted, first to the prison in a the arsenal, and afterward to the castle of the Dardanelles.

Achmet, besides ninety sultanas and sixty gal- State of leys which he had in the port of Constantinople, manforces

. and of which he had caufed more than the half Weakness to be recently built, had had time to affernble Venetians. two hundred thousand men, in Asia and Europe. He divided his troops into three corps, one of which, consisting of seventy thousand men, was to make war with the Venetians; another to cover the frontiers of Hungary, Transylvania, and Poland, in case any motions were made by the ancient allies; and the third was intended to remain in the plains of Adrianople, under the eyes of the monarch, both to recruit that which was sent against the enemy, and to accompany the prince in case circumstances should oblige him to take the field. Venice, which was lulled into a fatal security, had not time to levy troops

fufficient to resist the first efforts.' Hierome Delphino, proveditor general of the Morea, had only eight thousand men to defend all that country. As soon as he learned that the Turkish fleet was approaching, he distributed these few forces in the places of most importance in his government, such as Corinth, Napoli di Romania, Malvasia, and Modon the castle of the Morea. His whole naval force consisted only of eleven galleys very badly equipped, and eight vesels. Fourteen




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J.C.1715. Venetian and Genoese men of war, and fix Mal-
ntese galleys, came feasonably to his succour.

He hoped, with this reinforcement, to hinder the
debarcation of the Ottoman troops; but Dianun
Coggia, who was then captain bashaw, and one
of the best seamen the Turks have ever had,
would not expose himself to a naval combat with
vessels and sailors on which he could not depend.

Whilst the proveditor was waiting with his rea is tak. en in one feet in the port of Elfimino, to be in readiness to campaign.

cover which either side should be most in need, the captain bashaw arrived before Cerigo, the ancient Cytherea. He found but little obstacle to his debarcation. The governor surrendered the place on the first summons. The captain bashaw · caused it to be dismantled as soon as it had surrendered, and he transported two hundred families to Africa.

Meanwhile the grand vizier, with seventy thousand men, entered the isthmus of Corinth, and took that place while the captain bashaw made himself master of Napoli di Romania. All the towns of the Morea had foon the same lot. Never was there a conquest more sudden or more easy. It was principally owing to the flowness of the senate of Venice, who would never believe that the preparations of the Turks menaced the Morea, and to the resentment of the Greek Christians against the Latins. As the Greeks were greatly perfecuted by the latter for the ex.. ercise of their rite, they wished to change master ;


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and they gave the Turks all the information in J.C. 1715.

Heg.1127. their power for attacking the places, surprising the magazines, and penetrating into the country.

The advantages of the Turks in the Morea were feebly balanced by the bad success which the bashaw of Bosnia had in Dalmatia. Four fieges of finall places, which he attempted successively, were all raised. The winter was employed by the Venetians in

J.C. 1716.

Heg. 1128. soliciting the protection and succour of their ancient allies, and in getting some regiments from VI. rethe Swiss, Grisons, and princes of Germany. affift the They obtained no other succour from the

pope, than permission to raise a tenth on their own clergy. With this money, and what they found in the public treasury, they raised thirty thousand troops; but the most important step was to make Charles VI. declare himself, as guarantee of the treaty of Carlowitz, which the Turks had infringed the first. The emperor of the West, whom the Venetian ambassador earnestly pressed to declare himself, consulted his council several times. Prince Eugene was strongly against abanidoning the Venetians. He said, that the glory of the house of Austria was interested in the defence of allies who had faithfully fulfilled the conditions of the treaty with Leopold, and that the hereditary dominions of Charles VI. must necessarily be exposed by the progress of the Turks. It was clear that these Infidels, heretofore overcome by the confederate powers, were


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