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· Heg.1127.

offices of

going to attack Hungary and the dominions of 1.C. 1715. the emperor Charles VI. the grand vizier was an afraid that this power would arm for its own Notwithsafety and afterward lend its forces as auxiliaries

the good to the republic of Venice; he persuaded the ful- Charles

VI. the tan to send an ambassador to Charles VI. to assure Turks de

clare war thai prince of the fidelity of the Porte to all its againft the

republic of engagements, and the desire which it had to con- Venice. tinue on good terms with Germany. The emperor seemed satisfied with these protestations. 'But the report having spread throughout Europet hat the Turks were preparing to make a đescent upon the Morea, Charles VI. offered his mediation to engage the Venetians to satisfy the Porte for the complaints which that court fo loudly made. The Turks, who feared confederates, were still less desirous of mediators. In vain did Charles VI. cause the sultan to be told, that, as guarantee of the treaty of Carlowitz, it belonged to him to know the difference that had arisen between the Venetians and the Porte: he could get no other reply froin the divan than an assurance of inviolable fidelity.

Coumourgi, believing himself sure that the German monarch, more interested in repairing his provinces than in protecting his allies, would not be so foon in a situation to begin a war, fent for the Venetian ambassador, Andrew Memmo, and, after making severe complaints against the senate of Venice, whom he accused of having assisted the rebels who had been punished more VOL. IV,



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The Vene tian ambassador is arrested.

the clothes

};C. 1715. than three months before, declared plainly to the
Heg: 1127

ambassador, that the Porte was resolved to re-
cover the Morea; he accompanied this declara-
tion with an apologue, which contained a dif-

dainful sense for the republic.
The grand Two able boxers, said he to the ambassador,
companies having challenged each other, stripped to be
ration with more at their ease. The brother of one of them,
logue. who was a child without strength, but not with-

out malice, took advantage of the combat to
carry off the clothes of the adversary. The two
champions shewed nearly equal force. But when
the battle was over, one of them found himself
deprived of his best garments. As he was cros-
sing the town, almost naked, he met his robber
impudently dressed in the theft which he had
thought he might make without any risk. The
boxer, irritated, seized the robber, stripped him,
not without well beating him, and recovered with
joy the clothes which he had lost. This is what
the emperor my master hopes to do soon, added
he; and he gives you twenty days to go and
warn your republic of it. The ambassador with-
drew confused, congratulating himself however, ,
that, contrary to the usage of the Turks, he was
to be sent back into his own country instead of
being imprisoned; but his joy was but of short
duration ; for the second day after the audience,
he was arrested, with most of his retinue, in or-

der, as they told him, that he might answer for
..the subjects of the grand feignior who might



Heg. 1127

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happen to be in the Venetian dominions. This J.C. 1715. ambassador was conducted, first to the prison in u the arsenal, and afterward to the castle of the Dardanelles.

Achmet, besides ninety sultanas and sixty gal- State of leys which he had in the port of Constantinople, man forces. and of which he had caufed more than the half to be recently built, had had time to affeinble Venetians. two hundred thousand men, in Asia and Europe.. He divided his troops into three corps, one of which, consisting of seventy thousand men, was to make war with the Venetians; another to cover the frontiers of Hungary, Transylvania, and Poland, in case any motions were made by the ancient allies; and the third was intended to remain in the plains of Adrianople, under the eye's of the monarch, both to recruit that which was sent against the enemy, and to accompany the prince in case circumstances should oblige him to take the field. Venice, which was lulled into a fatal security, had not time co levy troops sufficient to resist the first efforts.' Hierome Delphino, proveditor general of the Morea, had only eight thousand men to defend all that country. As soon as he learned that the Turkish fleet was approaching, he distributed these few 'forces in the places of most importance in his government, such as Corinth, Napoli di Romania, Malvasia, and Modon the castle of the Morea. His whole naval force consisted only of eleven galleys very badly equipped, and eight 'vessels. Fourteen VOL. IV.



The Mo

J:C.1715. Venetian and Genoese men of war, and fix MalHeg.1127. w tese galleys, came feasonably to his fuccour.

He hoped, with this reinforcement, to hinder the debarcation of the Ottoman troops; but Dianun Coggia, who was then captain bashaw, and one of the best seamen the Turks have ever had, would not expose himself to a naval combat with

vessels and sailors on which he could not depend, The Mo. Whilst the proveditor was waiting with his rea is tak: en in one feet in the port of Elfimino, to be in readiness to campaign.

cover which either side should be most in need, the captain bashaw arrived before Cerigo, the ancient Cytherea. He found but little obstacle to his debarcation. The governor surrendered the place on the first summons. The captain bashaw caused it to be dismantled as soon as it had sur- rendered, and he transported two hundred families to Africa.

Meanwhile the grand vizier, with seventy thousand men, entered the isthmus of Corinth, and took that place while the captain bashaw made himself master of Napoli di Romania. All the towns of the Morea had foon the same lot. Never was there a conquest more sudden or more easy. It was principally owing to the flowners of the senate of Venice, who would never believe that the preparations of the Turks menaced the Morea, and to the resentment of the Greek' Christians against the Latins. As the Greeks were greatly perfecuted by the latter for the ex. ercise of their rite, they wished to change master;

- and



solves to

and they gave the Turks all the information in F.C. 1715. their power for attacking the places, surprising 2 the magazines, and penetrating into the country.

The advantages of the Turks in the Morea were feebly balanced by the bad success which the balhaw of Bosnia had in Dalmatia. Four sieges of small places, which he attempted succeffively, were all raised.

The winter was employed by the Venetians in J.C.1716. foliciting the protection and succour of their an- Heg.1128.

Charles cient allies, and in getting some regiments from VI. rethe Swiss, Grisons, and princes of Germany. affift the

Venetians. They obtained no other succour from the pope, than permission to raise a tenth on their own clergy. With this money, and what they found in the public treasury, they raised thirty thousand troops; but the most important step was to make Charles VI. declare himself, as guarantee of the treaty of Carlowitz, which the Turks had infringed the first. The emperor of the West, whom the Venetian ambassador earnestly pressed to declare himself, consulted his council several

times. Prince Eugene was strongly against aban- doning the Venetians. He said, that the glory

of the house of Austria was interested in the defence of allies who had faithfully fulfilled the conditions of the treaty with Leopold, and that the hereditary dominions of Charles VI. mult necessarily be exposed by the progress of the Turks. It was clear that these Infidels, heretofore overcome by the confederate powers, were


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