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1.C.1716. again against the enemy; but experience had
are taught him to avoid coming to a pitched battle

with prince Eugene. The siege, which was very
bloody on both fides, lafted from the 5th of August
to the 13th of October, the feraskier, who was en-
camped near the Imperialists, not daring to give
battle. The resistance of the besieged was such,
that, notwithstanding the efforts and the conquests
which the Imperialists daily made of some work,
prince Eugene, disgusted by the continual rains,
was thinking of raising the siege, when he saw the
white flag hung out. The garrison had yet
twelve thousand men left; the Austrian general
granted them the honors of war without hesita-
tion. He had lost more than eight thousand fol.
diers before the ramparts of Temeswar ; but this
important conquest did not appear to him to be
bought too dear. Walachia fubmitted imme-
diately, almost without striking a blow, to the
authority of Charles VI.

The prince, called
Mauro Cordato, whom we have seen druggerman
of the Porte, and employed at the last peace, was
made prisoner and treated with great rigour by
the Imperialists, who suspected him of having
endeavoured to raise up the malecontents of

The Turks were not more fortunate against the republic of Venice. The captain balhaw had made a descent upon the isle of Corfu, and besieged the capitalThe news of the victory of prince Eugene so discouraged him, that he raised



the conti


the siege and re-embarked precipitately. These J.C.1716.

Heg. 1128. misfortunes, which were foon known at Adriano ple, grieved the fultan to the very heart and covered him with shame. He vented his rage on the khan of the Tartars, whom he deposed, for having, as he said, given bad advice to the grand vizier.

The feraskier, who had been almost an idle J.C. 1717. spectator of the fiege of Temeswar, and who faw that prince Eugene quartered his troops near his ftanding new conquest, thought it best to bring back the fortunes, broken remains of his army into the inner part nuation of of the empire. Trembling left he should be resolved made the victim of the fultan's rage, he never durst return to Adrianople, notwithstanding the repeated orders which he received, always pretending that his presence was absolutely necessary near the troops: he fixed his head quarters at Guisanda. The confternation was so great at Adrianople, that Ibrahim bashaw, the caimacan, forbade, under pain of death, to write to Constantinople any news of the battle, or rather rout, of Peterwaradin. The grand

The grand feignior, under the first impressions of terror, proposed to return to Constantinople; but the plague, which then ravaged that great city, and which was more rife and destructive than it had been known for a long time, diverted him from this design. His ministers made him comprehend, that having a numerous army and places well defended bersveen the Imperialists and Adrianople, the conquest of so much country could not be the work of one




J.C.1717. winter. Several members of the divan and ulema Heg. 1129. in would fain take advantage of this panic to raise

a desire for peace. But, not only after such an unfortunate campaign the moment was not favorable to enter on a treaty, twelve thousand five hundred pounds sterling, which the marquis of Bonac, the French ambaffador, distributed in the divan by order of his court; made those change their sentiments who had at first maintained that an unjust war muft neceffarily be unfortunate, They hoped, or feigned to hope, that Frances which interested itself so strongly in the war, would make a diversion to employ the Germans; but the regent of the kingdom was desirous of raising up enemies against the emperor, only to prévent him from having any intention to attack France. They sent for count Ragotski to the Porte, who was then retired into France, and count Berchiny, an Hungarian lord, who had been driven from his country as a rebel, and whom the court of Vienna had had the credit to oblige to leave Poland, which he had chosen for an asylum; but neither sufficient money nor troops were given them to enable them to make a di. version of any consequence,

There was no grand vizier yet, and no one presumed to folicit that dignity, more dangerous even than honorable. Ibrahim bashaw, the caimacan, who had succeeded the last grand vizier in his ascendency over the sultan, would rather cultivate at court the favor and confidence of his



Heg. 1129.

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master, than go into Hungary to be beaten by 1.C. 1717. prince Eugene, and risk his life and favor. He got the bashaw of Belgrade, Aftchi Ali, to be Aftchi Ali appointed grand vizier. This officer had made grand vi. the greatest preparations, both around his town and in the avenues, to defend that bulwark of the Ottoman dominions, which he saw on the point of being attacked, and he had raised an intrenchment of fix miles of ground, defended by a ditch eighteen feer deep. From this ditch to the Danube the distance was sufficient to contain a hundred thousand men ranged in battle; these considerable works, which shewed that the contriver of them was not void of understanding or military skill, procured Aftchi Ali bashaw the dignity of grand vizier, which he had no way desired, but that he durft not refuse.

Meanwhile prince Eugene, who fattered himself with a campaign as favorable as the preceding one, haftened to reassemble his army, which was increased by the auxiliary troops

of the duke of Bavaria and of several sovereigns of the empire. A great number of young princes or lords, whom the general peace between the Christian powers left at leisure, were come to Icarn the art of war under fo greát a master. Among these were the count of Charollois, the prince of Dombs, the princes of Bevern, Culmbach, Wurtemburg, Lichtenstein, and Anhalt, and several lords, such as the prince of Pons, the prince of Marsillac, and the marquis Hh2



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1.C.1717. of Alincourt. The Austrian army amounted to Hez. 1129.

a hundred and forty thousand well disciplined

tronps, in high spirits. Prince Eus

The 15th of May prince Eugene, after having Heges Bel- disposed detachments to cover Transylvania and grade, and

the country of Temeswar, laid siege to Belgrade. zier ear- This place is situated on a little hill, at the foot nestly en

of which the Save joins the Danube, and on the summit was a citadel that commanded the town. Belgrade is very populous: the streets are narrow, people walk there almost always sheltered from the intemperature of the air by large trees planted on the right and left. considerable commerce is carried on there; and the Save, the Danube, the Drave, the Moravia, and the Teisse, furnish the warehouses with all sorts of European, Asiatic, and Indian merchan. dise. The town was then surrounded with a single rampart: prince Eugene proposed this attack, because, as Belgrade was not fortified equal to its riches, he hoped to make himself master of it before the Turks should be able to succour it, Six veffels of war and six demi-galleys were launched on the Danube to enable the Austrians to build their bridges, destroy those of the enemy, and provision the army. In effect, a bridge being made in halte with eighty-four boats at about eight miles below Belgrade, a hundred thousand men crossed the river, the rest of the army being employed to cover Transylvania and the province of Temeswar.


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