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attached to the state of valid sultaness. All the J.C. 1695.

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Heg.1106. favorite courtiers of Mahomet IV. were recalled a from their exile. One Elmas bashaw, who had been a favorite with that prince, was sent for from the isle of Metelin, to enjoy the confidence and favor of his son. Mustapha made him nischangi, which answers nearly to the dignity of fecretary of state in Great Britain, 'till he could be raised to a higher place. The emperor ordered the horse-tails to be hung up at the door of the seraglio as a sign of war before the return of the spring, and that the troops should encamp immediately in the plains of Adrianople.

Mustapha had not assembled his army so early He afilemwithout fubftantial reasons'; he was desirous of army early, knowing the disposition of the troops; and in order to get over the immense distance which feparated him from the private soldiers, and even from the fubaltern officers, who are the soul of an army; he went, after the example of some of his predecessors, disguised into the camp, difcoursing familiarly with those that he met, both on military discipline and the abuses which were crept into the government. These conversations procured him a great deal of information. He heard the vizier Tarabolus Ali spoken of as a mifer who had devoured the substance of the empire, not only whilst in the place that he had poffessed but a short time, but in all the bathawcies vihich had been intrusted to him Gince he had left the seraglio. They confirmed to Muftapha

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J.C. 1695. what he knew already, that the mufti had taken Heg.1106.

advantage of the influence which he had acquired over the last monarch, to keep back the revenues of the mosques, which ought to be applied to the carrying on of the war against the Giaurs; and that the favorite sultaness of Achmet II. had immense sums in the old seraglio, which the kisar agasi had procured her for the bashawcies that she sold to those who oppreffed the people. These discoveries determined the emperor to depose the

mufti inftantly, as likewise the kislar agafi. He He deposes sent word to fultaness Fatima, that she must either & the kis- prepare to die, or remit to the public treasury the įar agafi. riches which she had plundered from the empire.

Some historians assert that Muftapha received the value of eight hundred and thirty-three thousand three hundred and thirty-three pounds sterling in money and jewels from these three confiscations. He left the mufti, the sultaness, and the killar agasi, only sufficient to lead an obscure, miserable life in exile. We remark, with some surprise, that sixty female Naves belonging to this black monster were sold by auction.

The grand seignior bestowed the dignity of mufti on Fezula effendi, who had been his preceptor, and he made the black eunuch, who had informed him of the death of Achmet, killar agasi. He was indebted to him for his fceptre and perhaps his life. The emperor did not confine himself to these changes : the grand vizier, more culpable in his eyes than those who had

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been just deposed, was said to be richer than any J.C.1695.

Heg. 1106. of them.' Mustapha, who had not forgotten that this minister had been desirous of putcing the son of Achmet on the throne, fought only a pretence to be revenged and get poffeffion of his immense fortune. As he was visiting the artillery, he remarked that the cannon were mounted on carriages too Night and badly shod. The grand vizier having thrown the fault on the toppchi pachi or great master of the ordnance, this officer reproached the minister, in the presence of the grand feignior, with never having, since his being raised to the chief place in the empire, furnished the ordnance with the money necessary for its expences, even for those that were indispensable, and he offered to prove what he advanced by the examination of his accounts. More was not neceffary for Mustapha. This prince, on his return to the seraglio, had Tarabolus Ali arrested. The grand vichiau pachi, having demanded the feals of the bolus put empire from him, delivered him immediately to the executioners, who left him only time to purify himself by the abdest, and to say a short prayer.

This confiscation also increased the public treasure.

Mustapha made Elmas baihaw grand vizier, to whom he had given his confidence. The youth of this new minister, hardly thirty years old, made the old bashaws murmur among themselves; but the severity of the fultan, and the pains which he seemed resolved to take, equally prescribed the

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J.C. 1695. fame to the divan and the troops. Mustapha Heg.1106 son cannot be denied the merit of having loved order

and fought men worthy to command. As they morto ad- were deliberating in the divan on the maritime expedition operations of the following campaign, a pirate of Scio,&ex. Tunis, called Mezzomorto, who 'till then had

followed no other trade than scouring the seas, hearing that it was proposed to keep on che defensive, rose up, without being interrogated, and declared, that if they would give him the command of four vefsels called sultanesses and eight galleys, he would retake the isle of Scio froin the Venetians. On the captain bashaw's making fome objections, and seeming defrous to impose silence on him, this mariner entered into an explanation of his project, the success of which he founded principally on the facility of landing in the island, and on the division of the Latin and Greek Christians, which, according to him, was. gotten to such a height, that it must be easy to procure intelligence in the principal town, and to obtain great succours from the Greeks, who were rich and numerous in Scio, and who would rather obey the tolerating Turks than the Venetians, who were declared enemies of their feet and destroyers of their churches. Mustapha heard this discourse from behind the curtain of the dangerous window; he undrew it instantly, and ordered that Mezzomorto should have the vesels he ..desired and every thing which he should judge necessary for this expedition. The pirate did

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not deceive the confidence of his master. Having 1.C. 1695.

. found the Venetian feet in the road, he fell upon and dispersed it with the less difficulty, as these Italians, accustomed for many years past to great advantages over the Turks, had not expected such a smart attack. After a complete victory, the Ottoman Aleet arrived at the isle of Scio, and the troops landed just as if it had been on the territory of the grand feignior. The Venetians had not made any new fortification to the principal town, nor even attempted to repair the old

The approach of the Turks increased the animosity of the Latins and Greeks; combats were fought every day within the walls of Scio, the besieged considering much less how they should repulse the enemy than destroy one another. Mezzomorto' encamped in the plain without being in hafte to make his approaches, though the Greeks invited him earnestly. The Venetians; convinced of the impoffibility of defending a place full of enemies, took advantage of this delay to haften their fight; they embarked the effects that they were able to remove, without the Turks' throwing any obstacle in their way, and abandoned the island to the enemy, who as yet had only menaced them. The Turks having entered the town, put in chains all the Venetians, and even the Roman catholics that they met. Mezzomorto, in order to convince the Greeks of his protection and gratitude, caused all the Latin churches to be destroyed, and for

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