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1.C. 1730. that they were convinced it was that of a galley Heg.1143.

flave, who greatly resembled Ibrahim ; that there The army was treachery in it, and that they had demanded the ftanding four ministers in person, not dead bodies difficult his depo- to be known again which might not be the same.

They added: likewise, that the long reign of Achmet II. had but too much proved that he was incapable and unworthy of the throne, and that they would have sultan Mahmout for their sovereign. The name of Mahmout, repeated in the ranks, resounded presently from all parts, and reached even the feraglio.

One might be astonished that three men of the dregs of the people should have conducted this revolution with so much ability and firmness, if it were not known that they received advice from the iman of Saint Sophia's, a preacher to the emperor, who was secretly the enemy of his master and of the mufti, because he had been refused one of the two dignities of cadilesker. This man, without appearing either a rebel or a malecontent, had guided the three chiefs in those steps of moderation which had, gained them the love of the people. It was to him that they were indebted for their conduct, which had been so much admired, and he had been an inftrument of the rebellion the more dangerous, as no one had observed his proceedings or even suspected them. Zadi effendi (that was the name of the iman) entered the feraglio as foon as he heard the acclamations of the rebels who proclaimed Mahmout; and, affecting a for


Heg. 1143


row which he did not feel, he said to some ba- J.C. 1730. Ihaws who were assembled under a kiosk, that a the deposition of Achmet was inevitable; that the rebels had been full of it for three days past; that they had directed their steps with an artifice which left the emperor without resource; that all the people were prejudiced, and that the death of the four ministers only emboldened those whom it had been intended to appease. Zadi, by exaggerating the matter, had no difficulty to persuade these terrified officers what he pleased. They saw, likewise, all the avenues of the feraglio guarded, and cannon planted against the principal gates. In the midst of the pensive filence

Deposition which Zadi's discourse had occasioned, a person of Achmet came to inform the viziers that Achmet ordered a divan to be assembled, at which he would be prefent himself. All the bashaws entered into the chamber, where Zadi followed them. And as the emperor asked with a confused voice if the rebels were still in the Atmeidan, if they were resolved not to lay down their arms, and what they could yet have to desire: “ My lord,” said the effendi to him with assurance, " thy reign is at an end, " thy revolted subjects will no longer have thee « for their master, they demand chy nephew « Mahmout with loud acclamations. It is in vain “ for thee to flatter chyself that they will return to of their allegiance.” At these words the prince turned pale ; but having immediately recovered himself, he said: “Why was I not in„VOL. IV.

Tt2 “ formed



3.C.1730. « formed of the truth fooner ?” Follow me

« all of you.” Immediately he went to Mahmout's prison, with all his retinue, and, having taken that prince by the hand : “ The wheel has “ turned for you as for me,” said he to him, conducting him to the divan chamber. “ I re“ sign you the throne, which Mustapha my bro“ther resigned to me on a like occasion.” And when he had seated him thereon: “ Remember," faid he to him, “that Mahomet IV. Mustapha II. " your father, and myself, have been pulled down “ from the throne whereon you mount, for having " too much trusted to our ministers. Let no sub“ject assume an influence over you which he may « abuse. See every thing with your own eyes, « and guard yourself against the effeminacy which It has conducted us all to our ruin, Be fevere, " but be juft. I recommend my children and my

« self to your protection. After this advice, he Mahmout ascends the returned into the apartment from whence he had

taken his nephew, to end his life there. Immediately a throne was raised for Mahmout in the room where the emperors give audience to foreign ministers.



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mout and


THIS.ceremony being over, Mahmout* would

fain fee the man who had made him emperor. He sent for Patrona Calil, who presented himself before his new master in the dress of a

Interviews janissary, with his legs naked, such as he was of Mah four days before when he sold old clothes in the Patrona. streets. This man, who from the bosom of meanness had found means to thrust his daring hands on the imperial throne, had the appearance of pofseffing a daring soul. Mahmout, feeling at his fight a sentiment of admiration and gratitude, asked him what recompense he desired. « Sublime emperor,” replied Calil, " I have “ obtained what I most wished: my country is “ delivered from the tyrants who oppressed it,

and thy highness is seated on the throne of his “ ancestors. But the history of the revolutions of the empire is too well known to me, for me " to be ignorant of the fate that awaits me: I “ have been told, that not one of those, who have “ made emperors, has died in his bed.” “I .

" swear

He was at this time thirty-four years old.





J.C. 1730. « swear to thee by the soul of my ancestors,”

replied the prince, “ that I will not make any “ attempt on thy life, and that it is my intention « to reward thee.” « Well then !” replied Patrona, “ since thou hast some gratitude, we “ will ask thee for a striking testimony of it: “ abolish immediately thefe impofts under which “ the tyrant Ibrahim has made all the empire “ groan, which have occasioned his death and

« the deposition of Achmet.” “ Thou shalt be tion of the new im. « satisfied,” replied the prince: and immediately

the criers were dispatched to the different quar. ters of Constantinople to publish the abolition of the new impost.

Neither Patrona Calil, nor either of the chiefs, could read, and consequently it was impossible to confer any great dignity on them ; but they obtained an unbounded power, which they soon abused. Mehemet bashaw was made grand vi. zier : Achmet III. had made choice of him be. fore he descended from the throne. Mahmout confirmed also an aga and a kiaia of the janissaries whom the rebels had nominated. The grand feignior wished to gain the affection of the people. Seeing the public treasury fuller than it had been for many years, and that the confiscation

of the property of the five proscribed ministers Present increased it still more, he ordered, that the cusa the troops. tomary present to the troops should be more

considerable than any of his predecessors had made; and though it was the rule to distribute

made to

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