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through this mutinous foldiery. A pistol ball :C.173.1 wounded him in the arm, but did not hinder him & 1144. from repairing to the seraglio, where he informed the grand seignior that the rebellion was recommencing. Whilst the rebels were running to seize tents and kettles to encamp in the Atmeidan, the bashaws, assembled at the call of the grand feignior, sought companions to go and attack the rebels; for the last revolution had taught them the value of time. At break of day, the grand vizier, the aga of the janiffaries, the capcain bashaw, and all che bashaws of the bench, at the head of what they had assembled of levancis, bostangis, lopggis, jebeggis, and even some janissaries, marched to the Atmeidan under the standard of Mahomét. They found only the four hundred men under arms, affembled by the einissaries of the sultanesses. Without deigning to enter into a conference with them, they attacked them vigorously. The emir who carried the standard of Mahomet was knocked off his horse. If the rebels had been able to get posleffion of this revered standard, superstition perhaps would have turned the devout Mussulmen on their side. The bashaws were so convinced of it, that they made use of all their efforts to preserve this sacred banner, and this made them perform prodigies of valour, At length the people appearing to declare for them, the rebels took to flight. The major part took refuge in the odas of the janissaries. The bashaws were for pursue VOL. IV.' Xx

ing

1.C.173. ing them thither, but the grand vizier, Cabacu& 1144. lak, was afraid of disaffecting that soldiery, which

had not yet taken any part. The odas having the right of asylum, the grand vizier would not violate them, for fear of furnishing a pretext for the bad intentioned, who might be very numerous. Two hundred of the rebels were left dead on the field of battle, as likewise their chiefs; feventy were made prisoners. Cabaculak had these immediately strangled, and in the very place where they had been vanquished; and having caused the tubulcham to be beaten to affemble the janissaries, he ordered, that nine of the seventeen odas then at Constantinople should

march the next day to join the army in Persia. Two prin.

The two princesses, who were soon known to have the Ottoo been the instigators of this fresh conspiracy, were are sent to both shut up in the old feraglio. Their riches, feraglio. which they had made such a bad use of, increased

the public treasure. Each of them had assigned her for subsistence only two piasters a day, which make five shillings sterling.

Mahmout had been desirous of going himself at the head of his troops against the rebels; but as the name of Achmet III. had resounded in the Atmeidan, his ministers persuaded him not to go out of the seraglio, lest some of the confpirators, hidden within its walls, should take advantage of his absence to shut him out and replace his uncle once more on the throne of his ancestors. In a country where every thing belongs to the

cesses of

the old

by the grand

first occupier, such steps are often decisive. Mah-J.C. 1731,

Heg.1 143, mout, who, on the first news of the rebellion, had & 1.144. ordered that the deposed emperor should be straitly guarded, restored him all the liberty which he had enjoyed before, as soon as he was sure that he had no part in any of the commotions which had appeared to be made in his favor. On account of these troubles, the grand vizier renewed the prohibition to assemble in the coffee-houses, Divers or

ders given and to go out in the night. He caused

very strict search to be made after the Greeks who fold vizier. wine. Their casks were staved, and it was forbidden under pain of death to sell or procure this dangerous liquor to any Mussulman. As one of the original causes of the discontent of the people was the dearness of bread, the grand vizier also ordered that no vesfel, loaded with wheat, rye, or barley, should go out of the

port

of Constantinople. When the riots were put an end to, order was restored every where, and the divan resumed its deliberations.

The grand vizier, Cabaculak, turned his attention to the affairs of Persia. He proposed reinforcing the nine odas that he had already sent thither; but he advised his master not to quit the capital, nor to send him, the vizier, away, 'till tranquility should be perfectly restored. The grand seignior, who thought it prudent not to let any thing remain of what the rebels had done, resolved to depose Rustan bashaw of Erivan, and even put him to death, because Patrona Calil had

X X 2

of

VOL. IV.

resolves to

to death.

pens in

J.C.1731. of his own authority appointed this general to Heg.1143,

& 1144. command in Persia, and it was supposed that The grand

there was a secret correspondence between Rustan seignior and the rebels. He sent a capiggi to Selim, aga have the kiaia, or lieutenant to Rustan, with the appointthe army, ment of bashaw of Erivan for him, by virtue of Persia put which Selim was to take the command, and have What hap- his commanding officer așrested and executed as

a rebel. The capiggi pachi, charged with this delicate commission, took off, or at least concealed, the marks of his office, and set forward for the army as a private spahi going to join his corps. On his arrival at the gates of Erivan, where all was resounding with the acclamations of victory, he learned, that Rustan had just totally routed the Persians, who had attempted to besiege that place; that having gone out to meet them, he had made a great carnage, and was preparing to pursue - them. The capiggi pachi, doubting already of the success of his mission, asked to be conducted to Selim aga. He was told that that brave officer had exposed himself too much in the action, in which he had been grievously wounded, and was just dead of his wounds. Mahmout's envoy, greatly embarrassed, meditated to steal away from the army whilft on the march which it was going to begin ; but Rustan bashaw, to whom an account was given of the most trifling events, foon learned that there was a new comer in the army, who called himself a spahi, and who belonged to

confequence.

ngne

Heg. 1143,

none of the corps of that soldiery, employed un- .C. 1731.
der his orders. The general, caused this man to & 1144.
be brought before himn. From his embarrassed
air, and several contradictory answers, Rustan
thought him a spy. He instantly ordered that
he should be hanged; upon which, the capiggi
pachi, who had no other measures to take, and
who thought he might expect some return for his
sincerity, gave Rustan the commission which ap-
pointed Selim aga commander in chief, and
the order for him to have Rustan put to death.
After having read it, Rustan ordered the army to
march, and wrote to the Porte, by the same ca-
piggi pachi, an account of the death of the officer
whom they had intended for the command in
Persia; that as to the rest, his life belonged to
the emperor, but that it was better for him to
lose it in serving his master, chan by the hands of
the executioner ; that he had just vanquished the
Persians; that he hoped to beat them again in a
few days; that in the intermediate time it was ne-
cessary that he should live, and that afterward the
most powerful emperor would decide on his fate.
Rustan bashaw kept his word, for having come
up with the Persians at seventy-two miles from
Erivan, before they had time to recover them-
selves, aided by the succours of Ali bashaw of
Tauris, he beat them a second time, and drove
them back as far as Dervan.

These accounts would have caused great joy at
Canftantinople, if sparks of a fire badly extin-

guished

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