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Useless conferences at Niem.

and Kile


land, where the czarina had desired that the con- 1.C. 1737. gress might assemble. The ambassador of the emperor of the West was already gone thither. The king of Poland had consented that the con- mirowa. gress should be held in this town, which belonged to him, on condition that the ambassadors of each of the powers should come there without guards, and trust to him for their security. Whilst the Russian plenipotentiaries were impatiently expected there, the news arrived that the Moscovite army had in the mean time taken Oczacow and Oczacow Kilbournow, and that a body of Austrian troops, bournow under the command of general Vallis, had entered Walachia, and detached parties to reduce Moldavia. The Turks then perceived that the empress of Russia's defiring to have a congress assembled in a Polish town, was merely to get the ambassador of Charles VI. out of their hands, especially when Mr. Talleman had declared to them, that if a treaty of peace were made, his master would have each continue in poffeffion of what he had conquered; and that consequently Walachia and Moldavia should be confirmed to the emperor of the West to pay him for his mediation. The conferences were presently bro

ken up.

The people were irritated at Constantinople at the war's being carried on with fo little vigour, and that the minister, deceived by false appearances, left the enemies of the empire the leisure and opportunity to strip it, whilst they kept a fine


vizier is

J.C. 1737. army in the most profound inaction. The cla.

mours of the people having reached the seraglio,
made the fultan uneasy, and decided the fall of

the grand vizier and his kiaia. The kisar aga, The grand

who divided the whole confidence of his master depored with the valid sultaness, persuaded him, that the

kiaia, who was the grand vizier's confident and
counsellor, had carried on a secret correspondence
with the enemies of the state, and that the in.
action of the army was more owing to his trea-
chery than to the remiffness of the grand vizier.
The felictar aga was immediately dispatched to
the army. This officer declared the deposition
of Ishmael and the punishment of the kiaia, and
presented the seals to Siegen, a bashaw of three-
tails, who immediately took the command of the

troops. The new general lost no time to repair His fuccef- the faults of his predecessor. The very day that

the selictar aga left the army, after having ac

quitted himself of his commission, he was present bikesnila, at a victory wherein the Imperialists lost four

thoufand men killed on the field of battle, and
fifteen hundred prisoners. Count Seckendorf,
„who commanded the Austrians, was constrained
to abandon Walachia; he was beaten a second
time the same campaign on the confines of Servia,
and saw Niffa taken by the Turks, without his
beaten and dispersed army being able to give it
the least fuccour. The Russians were stopped at
the same time by the new khan of the Tartars.
The severity of the winter, which had already


for beats count Seckendorf several


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commenced, obliged the Turks to go into quar- Heg.1757: ters; but the recovered courage of this nation rendered the ministers more difficult on the conditions of peace, which the marquis of Villeneuve was continually proposing.

Siegen bashaw, on his return to Constantinople, was received with the transports of joy which his recent victories occafioned in the people, who, for a long time past, had experienced nothing but misfortunes. Charles VI. perceived too late that his armies were no longer commanded by prince Eugene. He had count Seckendorf arrested and his conduct inquired into, making him responsible for the misfortunes of the last campaign. He desired to have the conferences recommenced ac Niemmirowa, and folicited the mediation of France with sincerity, offering to be answerable for the adherence of the czarina to the future treaty. But the Turks, as much irritated at hav.

TheTurks, ing for enemy the very prince whom they had elated with chosen for arbitrator, as elated with their new cels, pre. success, far from thinking of a peace, had invited for the prince Ragotski from Rodosto, where he lived in obscurity, and were preparing to send him into Transylvania at the head of an army. They talked at the seraglio of not making a peace 'till after the conquest of Belgrade, Buda, and Temeswar.

Siegen bashaw would not listen to the marquis of Villeneuve, who told him, that the diversion of prince Ragotski might do the Turks more

their suc.

pare anew




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by the mi.

J.C. 1737. mischief than good, since that prince was not Heg.1150.

elected by the Transylvanians, as his father had Mediation. been, and that a people jealous of its laws would quis of Vil.

not receive a sovereign more voluntarily from the traversed hands of the Porte than from those of the emnifters of the cza.

of the West. Notwithstanding these fage

peror rina. representations, prince Ragotski was declared

waywode of Transylvania; he received in person the standard and mace of arms, the marks of investicure, with more pomp than the Turks generally make use of in these ceremonies. But the new sovereign, who knew by the experience of his ancestors how little was to be depended on che Porte, published a manifesto, by the advice of the marquis of Villeneuve, which declared to the Transylvanians, that he, Ragotski, took the title given him by the Ottoman emperor, without pretending to any right to their fovereignty 'till they should have conferred it on him by a volun

tary election. J.C. 1738. The winter was passed in unsuccessful negotiaHeg.li5l• tions. In the spring, the grand vizier sent word

to the French ambaffador, that sultan Mahmout would never hear of a peace except through the mediation of his master, but that the grand seignior expected that the success of this campaign would be such as should constrain the enemies of the Porte to make more advantageous proposals. Though the czarina had fent to the marquis of Villeneuve her consent to the proposals presented by the emperor of the West for


her and himself, she sent the mediator another J.C.1738.

Heg. 1151. power which changed all the preceding difpositions, and gave him just reason to suspect the fincerity of her ministers. He had no longer room to doubt it when he learned by the from Persecretary of a Persian ambassador, just arrived fia. at Conftantinople, thac this minister was come principally to offer the mediation of Thamas Kouli-khan between the Russians and Ottomans; but the Turks preferred the good offices, and especially the guarantee of France, to the offers of an usurper, whom they could not look upon as an ally, and whom they did not believe very well secured on his throne. They rejected the proposals of Thamas Kouli-khan, the more affirmatively, as he demanded permisfion to keep an iman at Mecca, and wanted to introduce by degrees a sort of communion between the Allians and Sunnites, which the latter refused with horror.

However, the Turks, who at first had been beaten, had this same campaign a success which seemed the camto promise them a more disadvantageous peace. Elias bashaw, who had laid siege to Orsowa in the very beginning of the spring, was forced to raise it, and was pursued by the Imperialists beyond the Danube. On the arrival of the grand vizier, who brought a reinforcement, the Ottomans repassed the river a third time, drove the Imperialists back as far as Meadia, which they made themselves masters of in a few days, and forced their ene

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