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peace should

met bashaw intimated to the French ambassador 1.C. 1739.

Heg that the peace would be treated of at the head of the army only, because the valid sultaness and the killar aga 'would not have the blame of the event attributed to them, if the not be as glorious as the janissaries, the people, and the ulema wished. The French ambassador, decorated with a new character, received greater honors at the grand feignior's audience than were usually paid to the representative of the first Christian potentate.

He was clothed with a cloak of fable; an unusual quantity of cafcans was distributed to his retinue, and the train of janissaries and officers of the seraglio was more numerous at this audience than had ever been seen. As the marquis of Villeneuve was preparing to join the grand vizier, he received dilpatches from Vienna, which authorised him, as mediator, to cede the major part of imperial Walachia to the Turks, and half of Servia. It would not have been difficult to conclude a peace at this rate, if the marquis of Villeneuve had received a favorable reply from the czarina to the dispatches by which he demanded her final refolution; but the court of Vienna would not separate itself from Russia, and the cabinet of Peterfburg remained silent. It was rumoured that the czarina, fearing the partiality of France, was desirous of having the mediation, or at least the comediation, of Poland; but the Turkish ministers declared constantly, that they would have no other

3C

mediator

VOL, IV.

The
French

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J.C. 1739. mediator than the marquis of Villeneuve if à Heg.1152. a peace were never concluded. This ambaffador

left Conftantinople the sgth of June, and the ambaffador fame train that had conducted him to the grand the army. feignior's audience, accompanied him as far as

Darud Bashaw. His journey was retarded by an innumerable crowd, come to meet him, who loaded him with benedictions, and warmly folicited him to conclude a glorious peace for them. These marks of an anticipated acknowledgment proved the confidence which the Turkish people have in the French nation, notwithstanding their prejudices against the Christians in general.

On his arrival at Adrianople, the marquis at patches length received the answer of the court of Russia.

He found by the dispatch of covat Ostermann, secretary of state to the czarina, that her impea rial majesty persisted in retaining Afoph, in order to preserve her dominions from the incursions of the Tartars. The Russian minister endeavoured to prove, that the cession of this place would be of no injury to the Turks, because if the Ruffians incroached on the grand feignior's dominions, the powers interested in the preservation of the Ottoman empire with regard to their commerce, would lend the latter succours; that moreover the Turks would be at liberty to build a fortress near Kuban, on the frontiers that should be affigned them; that it should be ftipulated in the treaty that Russia fhould not keep any fleet on the fea of Aloph, and that the commerce of the Rus

from Rur. fia, and stops at Nifa.

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lians on that sea and the Black sea should be car. L.C. 1739.
ried on in Turkish bottoms only. These dis-
patches were brought the French ambassador by
Mr. Cagnoni, a man chosen by the Rufian mi-
nistry to explain and secretly direct the negotia-
tion. He accompanied the pacquets which he
gave the marquis of Villeneuve with a bill paya-
ble to the bearer for thirty-five thousand piastres,
drawn on some merchants at Marseilles. The
French ambassador, after having thanked Mr.
Cagnoni, returned him the bill, saying, that he
had not yet done any thing that deserved'a re-
compense from the czarina; that if the negotia-
tion should end in a manner agreeable to that
princess, he would not refuse the testimony of
fatisfaction which her majesty should be pleased
to honor him with, perfuaded that it would be
of a nature agreeable to the character with which
he was invested. The marquis of Villeneuve re-
ceived at Niffa dispatches from the grand vizier,
which desired him to remain in that town till a
more favorable time for entering on a conference.

Meanwhile the Turks passed the Moravia to Motions of
the number of a hundred and thirty thousand rent at-
men, The Imperialists advanced towards Se-
anendriah. General Munich was at Kaminieck
and menaced Choczin, The khan of the Tartars
was at Orkapi with fixty thousand men, and he
expected reinforcements from the Turks. All
these dispositions did not seem to announce a
peace; the grand vizier appeared more deter-
VOL, IV.

3C-2

mined

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invested by

The
French

is fent for to the Turkish army.

J.C. 1739.mined than ever to attack the emperor of the Heg.1152. a West vigorously. The Austrian army did not

amount to twenty-five thousand men; it was

intrenched in a place called Kroska. The Turks Belgrade is

forced these intrenchments the 25th of July, and the Turks. the Imperialists retired with loss under Belgrade.

Being attacked a second time, they were .constrained to repass the Save: the grand vizier then caused Belgrade to be summoned to surrender. General Vallis, who commanded the army, had shut himself up in that place. He replied to

the summons by proposals of peace. The grand ambaffador vizier immediately fent a courier to the marquis

of Villeneuve, for him to come to the camp with all speed.

The French ambassador found the Turkish ment of army, which he had been told was on the point the negotir of wanting provisions, enjoying the greatest abuna

dance. The Ottomans were masters of the course of the Danube, and numerous and well constructed batteries were playing on the fortifications; the trenches too were carried as far as the glacis, and the janissaries were murmuring because they were made wait 'till the ramparts should be open to be led to the assault. The grand vizier told the marquis of Villeneuve, in the first interview which he had with him, that the Austrians began to know their weakness; that general Vallis, authorised with full powers from his master, had fent a colonel from the town to offer him, the grand vizier, one part of Walachia and Servia,

and

Com.

merce

and the isle of Orsowa, on condition of demolish- J.C. 1739.

Heg.1152 ing the fortress; but that God had armed the Ottomans against the knavery of the Austrians; and that as he does not permit an unjust war to have a fortunate issue, the Turks would hear of no proposition 'till Belgrade should be given up to them with the fortifications that the Austrians had made there, and the Porte should be restored every thing that belonged to it by right in Hungary. The marquis, who had received new instructions from the court of Vienna, was sorry to see that the negotiations crossed one another, less through self-love, as he wrote to Versailles, than because the multiplicity of the negotiators could only throw uncertainty and confusion into this

Charles VI. had it so much at heart, that the marquis of Villeneuve was written to from Vienna to go on with the treaty between the Imperialists and the Turks, if not independently of the Russians, at least before speaking of the affairs of that court, only inserting the effential clause that they should be treated of immediately after that of Austria, and both under the guarantee of France. This new instruction was conformable to that which *the French ambassador had received from Verfailles. He resolved to desire a conference with the plenipotentiary of Vienna, with whom the court of Austria had just associated the count of Neuperg, who arrived at the Turkish camp the 18th of August,

After

great affair.

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