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1.C. 1697. manifeftoes, promising their countrymen the preHeg. 1108, & 1109. servation of their privileges, abundance, and li

berty, in the name of their new king, and under the protection of the Turks. The commotions

of the Transylvanians and the advice of count against

Tekli determined the grand feignior to conduct Eugene.

a hundred and thirty thousand men thither. He took the field early ; Tekli promised him a reinforcement of fifty thousand rebels, warlike foldiers, all ready to open their towns to him. As the grand feignior, with his numerous army, drew near Temeswar, he learned tñat prince Eugene of Savoy, already greatly celebrated in Europe, was in the neighbourhood of Titul with fifty thoufand men. The grand vizier pressed Mustapha to march against the enemy. Prince Eugene meditated to cover Segedin, Peterwaradin, and the other places situated on the Danube and the Teisle, a river which falls into the former, and he was thoroughly resolved to avoid a battle if he poffibly could. Several marches and counter-marches of the two armies displayed the superiority of the Austrian general, who beat all the parties sent out to endeavour to stop up the narrow paffes. At length Mustapha was on the

point of laying siege to Peterwaradin, believing Eugenes prince Eugene encamped under Segedin, when the Turks he perceived the Austrian army, which took poffrom laying siege session of the plain between the Turks and the to Peter

place that the latter meant to attack. Forced marches cost the Germans nothing under a gene




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ral who always knew the motions of the enemy 1.C. 1697. as well as they did themselves, and who ordered & 1109. nothing that had not its advantage. It was necessary therefore for the Turks to pass the Danube The grand

vizier is on a bridge, which they had just thrown over, to desirous of attack the enemy, before they besieged the town : him. this was the advice of the grand vizier, the particulars of which he gave in the divan with the authority of a chief who explains his intentions rather than alks advice; but an old bashaw of the A bashaw bench, called Coja Jafer,' strongly opposed this bench opdesign, saying, that the experience which he had and carries had in the German wars had taught him, that the voice their superiority was infinite in plain ground. sultan.. " Don't you remember,” said he to the vizier, " that last campaign eight thousand men stood « against more than forty-five thousand; that “ their victory perhaps would have been com" plete, if they had not lost their general in the " heat of the battle? Are you ignorant of the " reputation of the present commander ? Don't " you see the disposition of his camp? If you « will take advantage of your superiority of “ number, wait ’till you are attacked: then you « may extend yourself and surround the Auf« trians in the plain which you poffefs, or else “ you may destroy them by counter-marches and « skirmishes; but take care how you attack them " in an advantageous camp. They will not come « to action unless they are sure of having the

advantage.” All the bashaws were of the VOL. IV.


fame . ,

Heg. 1108,

L.C.1697. fame opinion as Caja Jafer. The grand vizier, & 1109. irritated at this inaction, and still more, probably,

at an inferior bashaw's presuming to oppose him, and gain the voice of the council, replied with

rage and treated him as a coward. Coja Jafer · exclaimed : “Sublime emperor, if you hear me,

« undraw the curtain which covers you, and
“ judge for the interest of your glory between
" your grand vizier and me.” Mustapha was
really behind the veil, which, in the pavilion of
the camp, as in the divan chamber at Conftan-
tinople, always represents the dangerous window,
and enables the emperor to hear every thing
without being perceived. The sultan appeared,
and Coja Jafer, addressing himself again to the
grand vizier, faid: “ Brother, Heaven may have
“ inspired you; if it be by revelation that you
“ speak, without doubt our troops will be vic-
« toriaus; but as there are but few miracles
« happen, I have no faith in the present. If
« our glorious sultan permit you to go and at-
« tack the enemy, I conjure him to have me
« immediately loaded with chains; and if you
“ be victorious, I will consent to be put to the
« moft ignominious death ; but, if you are
« beaten, you will have to answer to God, ta
« the holy prophet, and to our glorious emperor,
for your prefumption and imprudence. As to
“ myself, I am of opinion that we should in-
“ trench ourselves. If the enemy advance on
6 us, he will lofe his advantage, and we are



“ sufficiently numerous to surround him; but L.C.1697:

Heg.1108, " let us always have intrenchments between him &1109. ," and us, in order to oblige him to give the

« first blow, and especially to make the first “ movement.” Mustapha, all presumptuous as he was, inclined to the opinion of the old bashaw, and from this moment the grand vizier conceived a violent hatred for this man, whoin he looked on as his rival.

Elmas, in order to regain the confidence of his master, advised the sultan to lay siege to Segedin, TheTurks which prince Eugene had just left. Mustapha towards liked this project, and attempted it a few days Segedin. after the consultation about giving battle. Prince Eugene, hearing at break of day the tubulcham,* did not doubt a moment that the Turks were coming to attack him. But being informed a . little after, by his scouts, that they were marching, rather precipitately, towards a town called Zepta, become famous by the battle' which we are going to mention, prince Eugene put himself low them at the head of the choice of his army, ordering

8 guard. the main body to follow him. Towards che end of the day, he came up with a corps of the Turks' rear guard, composed of three thousand men, which he cut to pieces. . Elmas bashaw had the man who brought this intelligence strangled immediately, left it should spread in the

ians fol

w them and beat

their rear

army :

* This is a beat of the great drums of the janissaries, which, like the General in the British armies, announces a movement.

THE OTTOMANS. L.C. 1697. army: and as he could not conceal that a sort of Heg.1108,“ & 1109. messenger had been to him, he had the temerity

to deceive the sultan, assuring him that his rear guard had entirely defeated the advanced guard of the Austrians. The grand seignior was already congratulating himself on this supposed success, when the alarm was spread all of a sudden. Some Tartarian scouts published throughout the

army the misfortune worse than it was. The The grand

"emperor being undeceived, instead of waiting refolves to for the victorious enemy, ordered a bridge to be Teiffe with immediately thrown over the Teiffe, by the borkis army.

ders of which he was then keeping. The work was finished in four hours by means of pontons or boats of leather, which the Turks always carry with them. The emperor, who would have had his soldiers have wings, passed the bridge the first; the grand vizier being come, according to custom, to kiss his stirrup, the sultan thrust him back with a menacing air: “ Take “ care;” said he, “ to bring over all the army, “ and even the baggage, with the greatest diligence. If we lose a single waggon, your head « shall answer for it.” Elmas clearly perceived that he was ruined. It was impoffible for all the army to pass over before prince Eugene should overtake them. However, Mustapha being gotten on the other side hastened the passing over of the troops both by gesture and voice, and would always have the bridge covered with men. This narrow passage could contain but very few people

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