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1.C.1697. Eugene was ravaging Bosnia ; that he had burnt Heg.1108, & 1109. Saraio the capital of that province';' that Said ce Eu bashaw was killed in defending it; that the of troops in concert had elected Daltaban to succeed

e him, a brave warrior, known by important seraba. vices against the Poles, and more recently against shaw, who is confirm- the rebels of Asia, and who a short time before ed by the emperor. had been banished to Bosnia by the last grand

vizier. Daltaban having assembled all the na-i
tional troops, which are never called out but
on the most pressing occasions, made fo good
a disposition against the army of prince Eu-
gene, that the latter, not thinking it right to
hazárd a battle, and seeing the season advancing,

brought back his, troops into winter quarters in Deturn of Hungary. The grand feignior confirmed the the grand choice of the soldiers, and sent the chree horseseignior to Conftanti- tails to Daltaban, after which he returned to nople.

Constantinople, perceiving nothing on his way but consternation and discouragement. The Poles, divided between the prince of Conti and the elector of Saxony Frederick Augustus, both elected successors to Sobieski by different parties, had not had leisure to make war abroad; and as to the Turkish and Venetian feets, they had done

nothing more than watch each other. Embaffy The end of this year was remarkable by an Persia. embassy from Persia, the object of which was to

obtain mosques of the feet of Ali for the Persians who lived in the dominions of the grand seignior. The magnificent presents which the ambassador



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made gave a high opinion of the riches of the T.C.16976

" Heg.1108, Perfians, and of their taste for the arts ; but & 11092 their negotiation was without success. The Ottoman court replied, that all the Mussulmen might adore God and praise his prophet in the places appointed for that purpose; but that the true Mussulmén ought not to furnish occafions for rendering the Divinity or Mahomet another worship than that prescribed by the original Alcoran. The Persian ambassador left Constantinople at the end of two months, sufficiently dissatisfied with the success of his mission, but ' his master did not then express any resentment of the refusal which he had met with.

A short time after the audience of the Persian ambassador, Mr. Deferiolles, who had followed the Turks in several of their campaigns by order of the court of France, and who had lately been appointed ambassador at the Porte in the room of Mr. Dechateauneuf, requested that a day might be appointed for his having an audience of the grand feignior, to deliver him his credenrials and his presents: this ceremony is performed with more pomp for the French ambassadors than for those of the other crowns, on account of the friendship which has so long united the Porte and that court. We should give an account of a misunderstanding which deprived Mr. Deferoilles of the honor which he ought to have received, and which was like to bring on a war between the two powers.



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L.C.1697: An oda of janissaries and the chiaus being

& 1109, come to the French palace to honor the march Ms. Den

of the ambassador ; the latter, mounted on a

ch superb horse, preceded by all his houshold richly ambafra. clothed, and by the retinue added by the Turks, dor, is not

Imitted followed by all the merchants of the French dience of nation at Constantinopie, repaired from the paman em- lace that he inhabited at Pera to the seraglio, why. where he was to be admitted to an audience

of his highness. The presents intended for
the grand feignior were carried with him, which
consisted of pieces of clock-work, goldsmiths
ware, looking-glafles of great value, and other
rarities which the Turks, who are very magnificent
and indolent, set a great value on. A law, which
is almost as ancient as the Ottoman monarchy,
forbids the admittance of any Giaur or Infidel,
armed in any manner whatsoever, into the pre-
fence of his highness. The Mussulmen them-
selves don't appear before the monarch with
arms, except in time of war, and when the cam-
paign is open. Mr. Dcferiolles had read in the
account which his predeceffor had given of his
embafly, that he had never taken off his sword
when he was admitted before the throne of the
grand feignior. The new ambassador did not
doubt that this honor, 'till then unknown in the
Ottoman empire, had been granted to the great
respect which the Turks had always shewn France,
and which was increasing every day by the wand
which the Porte was likely to have of that crown


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on account of its difference with the court of J.C. 1697. Vienna. Mr. Deferiolles, being resolved to enjoy & 1109. the same honors as his predecessor, wore at the audience'a (word very long and very remarkable by the excellency of the workmanship. On his arrival in the divan chamber',: he met the new grand vizier Hussain, who received him with the customary honors, and caused to be distributed according to usage, in presence of the ambassador, the pay to the janiffaries and to the bostangis of the seraglio ;-after this, the grand vizier and Mr. Deferiolles were served at a table where they ate Calone, and the principal persons of the ambasfador's retinue at different tables, at each of which fome officers of the seraglio ate with them, and did them the honors. The grand vizier said to Mr. Deferiolles, that Mustapha was returned on purpose from his house at Darud Bashaw to give him audience, and that his highness would see him with pleasure. The repast being over, caftans were brought, which are a fort of gowns that the grand seignior and grand vizier always give foreigners of distinction at their audience, and which the latter put on before they appear chere. The number of chefe gowns is proportionable to the esteem which the Porte has for the ambassador or for the prince that it receives, Thirty caftans were distributed to the French ambassador and twenty-nine of his attendants : the greatest number ever given before. As the Frenchmen, who were to enter into the throne


1.C. 1697. chamber, were putting on these caftans over Heg. 1108, & 1109. their other clothes, the chiau pachi, who had

warned each of them to take off his sword, perceived that the 'ambassador kept on his. He warnéd Mr. Deferiolles a second time by the finit interpreter, Mauro Cordato, who had been ambassador at Vienna. On Mr. Deferiolles's crefusing rather haughtily, Mauro Cordato affüred him, that his pretension was of no consequence to the dignity of his master, and abfolutely tended to 'nothing but to transgress the laws of the Porte, -as, in the memory of man, no one had entered armed into the throne chamber in presence of the grand reignior. Mr. Déferiolles replied, that Mr. Dechateauneuf, at his audience; had never taken off his sword; Mauro Cordato and the old officers of the seraglio strongly denied it, declaring all, that, fo far froin Mr. Dechateauneuf's having worn a sword in presence of the emperor, he had none on when he came out of his palace, or on his way to the seraglio.* As the quarrel began to grow high between the chiau pachi and the ambassador, the grand vizier being gone into the throne chamber, Mauro Cordato, who openly profeffed himself attached to France, and who in fact had been magnificently paid by *Mr. Dechateauneuf, took the ambassador afide,

's . . and

* Mr. Dechateauneuf having written in the account which he gave in, • and having fince asserted, that he never took off his sword at his audience,

it is probable that, as the French wore at that time very short hangers, Mr. Dechateauneuf concealed one of these in the plaits of his coat and under his caftan.

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