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THE OTTOMANS.
J.C. 1691. for him and his children. Achmet, as incapable
Heg. 1102,
& 1103. of governing as his two predeceffors, was more

humane. His visit had no other object than to
remove the fears of his brother. He addressed
him with an air of chearfulness, saying: “I have
“ been forty years dependant on you, brother, it
“ is my turn now; but yours will return again
« one day perhaps : so I would with to be on
" good terms with you." After an hour's fa-
miliar conversation, “ Cheer up, brother,” said
the emperor to Mahomet as he left him; “ you
« let me live when you were my master, and I
« will do the same by you ;” and he sent him,
to alleviate his solitude, several women who were '
past child-bearing, which arrives much sooner in

Turkey than in other climates.
The court Whether the grand vizier was afraid to expose

'the new emperor too much to the view of his ple.

subjects, or that he thought it necessary to have the court nearer the theatre of war, he persuaded

the grand reignior to remove to Adrianople, Raifing of troops." where recruits flocked in great numbers from all

the provinces of the Ottoman empire to enlist under the colours of this vizier, whom the con. quest of Belgrade caused to be looked on as the defender of his country. Kiuperli, whom this eagerness could not but flatter, would not howa ever have more troops raised than he had intended for the following campaign. The order lately established in the finances would not admit of greater expences. He forbade the balhaws' and

commanders

Adriano

remove

03.

ented.

commanders of different corps to increase the J.C. 1691.

Heg.1102, number of their foldiers. “So many true Be- &1103. « lievers, said he, " are unnecessary to beat “ Giaurs already frighted.” Whilft Kiuperli was employed for the public welfare, envy was endeavouring to ruin him. The ceconomy which was extended to every part of the administration hurt the officers of the seraglio greatly, especially Omar, the kisar agasi or chief of the black eu, nuchs. We have seen in the course of this history that the killar agasi, who has the command, of the haram: after the emperor, always

Conspira. finds opportunities to enrich himself, both by the cy against

Kiuperli : interest which all the women, even the fultaneffes, how prehave to keep in with him, and the administration ven of the royal mosques, the immense revenues of which are all in his hands. The grand vizier had had the boldness to demand of him an account of these fums, conformably to the law of Mahomet, which orders, that the incomes of the mosques shall be reserved to carry on wars against the Infidels, after, however the maintenance of the imans shall have been first subtracted. Kiuperli having maintained this precept with more rigour than the killar agasi and his kiaia, who have the care of these treasures, could have wilhed, it was no way difficult to stir up the eu. nuchs and women against the grand vizier; and with these the emperor lived in greater familiarity than with his generals or his ministers. Kiuperli was painted to this feeble prince as a rebel and VOL. IV, B 2

an

J.C. 1691. an usurper, who, not satisfied with governing the & 1103. empire, had the presumption to give law to his

sovereign in his feraglio and even in his haram, as he disposed at his pleasure of treasures which were said to be reserved for his highness's expences only. They added, that it was the intention of the grand vizier to depose Achmet in order to put one of his nephews on the throne, The sultan, persuaded that his grand vizier was culpable, was afraid notwithstanding to demand of him an account of his administration. The minister's enemies were as much against this way of proceeding as Achmet, left Kiuperdi, fufstained by the foldiers, the people, and even the divan, should justify himself and discon: cert their scheme. The women, who acted by the instigation of the killar agasi, got the simple Achmet to consent that the grand vizier, drawn to the door of the haram, under pretence of speaking with the sultaness, fhould be strangled by the black eunuchs charged with accompanying him. This minister, whom all the good Mufsulmen looked on as their firmest hope, and whom the emperor's enemies feared with so much reafon, was about to perish by the plots and hands of the most contemptible wretches in the universe, if one of those mutes, who are kept in the feraglio to serve as buffoons, as if human nature were not already sufficiently abased in them, having discovered this conspiracy, had not run to warn Kiuperli of it. These unfortunate beings, to

whom

,

whom nature has refused at the same time lies: 169.29 both the organs of speech and of hearing, and & 1103, whom people take pleasure in rendering deformed by an extravagance worthy of those who can amuse themselves so, are generally endowed with an understanding and address that supply che place of their defects, either for hearing or making themselves understood. They comprehend what is faid, sometimes by the fole motion of the lips; a gesture, a glance of the eye is sufficient to instruct them. They have among them a particular language, performed by the moving of the fingers, which alınost every body understands and speaks like them both in the feraglio and in the haram, on account of the absolute filence people are made observe there under severe pum, nishments. "A mute then having learned the secret from the kisar agasi, when he was conferring with his kiaia in the emperor's chamber, knowing too that the prince had given his consent to this fatal plot, ran to inform the grand vizier of it, less with intention to fave the minister's life, than to be revenged of the killar, who had had him cruelly chastised a few days before for a trilling fault. The mute had but just made Kiuperli sensible of the danger to which he was expofed, when the chief of the baltagis came to command him in the name of the emperor to repair to the seraglio. The grand vizier, who did not pride himself on an implicit obedience, ordered the baltagi pachi to return to the palace,

assuring

OF THE OTTOMANS. J.C. 1691. affuring him that he was coming immediately; Heg.1102, & 1103. but, instead of executing his promise, he sent for

all the principal officers of the different corps, and communicated to them what the mute had just told him.' As he entered into an apology for his conduct, a general clamour was raised : " Perilh all feeble and unjust emperors,” said the officers, « and preserve at our head the fage, 6. the valiant Kiuperli, who alone has saved the “ empire.” They resolved to arm themselves immediately and assemble the troops : if Kiuperli had said, a word, the supposed conspiracy would have really come to pass, and would have had full success; but the sage minister would not bring about an useless revolution; he only wished to remove and punish the evil counsellors of a prince, in whose name he had always expected to seign. Meanwhile the troops, who had taken up arms, surrounded the seraglio, and the grand vizier repaired thither attended by several balhaws and agas of the army. He sent to the grand feignior, who was shut up in his haram, that there would be no safety for him 'till he should have delivered up the kisar agasi and his kiaia. The demi-man, who had learned betimes that his plot was discovered, had wisely taken to Aight, provided with some valuable effects, and was seen no more. The terror of all the grand vizier's - enemies could not be compared to that of the

grand seignior, who thought himself happy that his prime minister would forgive him. The

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