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Podolia, and the Ukraine, should be restored J.C. 1699.

Heg.1110, them in all their extent, and as they had be- & 1111. longed to Poland before the invasion of Mahomet; Poland restored to the Porte three small places in Moldavia. The agreement made with the Venetians was, that they should have all the Morea as far as Hexamilium; that the Turks should poffefs the main land, with Lepanto ; but that the Venetians should remain masters of the isle of Saint Maura, as likewise of the neighbouring islands. In Dalmatia, the republic of Venice gained fix places. Venice retained like wise the castles of Castelnovo and Risano; each might erect new fortresses on the limits or repair those that had been demolished. It was agreed that this treaty should be ratified by the contracting powers, and that the two emperors of the East and West should mutually send ambas, sadors to each other.

Thus terminated this general peace so much desired by the contracting parties. The plenipotentiaries and the mediators resigned themselves to the public testimonies of joy, which people came to divide with them from all the neighbouring countries. The Germans made fountains of wine run, which at first offended the Turks; but presently these good Ottomans, drawn by a spirit of concord, yielded to the invitations of their new allies, and drank with them. The mediators, passing through Belgrade in their return to Conftantinople, were received



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J.C. 1699. with all the marks of acknowledgment that a Heg: 1110, & tu. people escaped from great danger considered as

due to their deliverers. They received every where on their passage the same marks of joy and gratitude; at Adrianople, where the sultan was at that time, the rejoicings recommenced on the arrival of the mediators. The grand vizier loaded them with honors, presents, and praise.

It is to be remarked, that in this treaty, the name not men- of count Tekli was not even mentioned; the

Turks left him an asylum at Pera, in which he Turkey. paffed an obscure old age with some succours

furnished him by Lewis XIV. We shall see in the sequel prince Ragolski, who married his only daughter, the inheritor of the pretensions and misfortunes of his father-in-law.

One article of the treaty of Carlowitz imported, the Turks that the Hungarian rebels should obtain their a territory pardon, and that those, who, being too much hundred exasperated against the Austrian power, would Hungarian not remain in their own country, shouid have refugees. liberty to remove to Turkey. Fourteen hundred

families took advantage of this clause; the grand seignior caused lands to be distributed to them, which they cultivated as they pleased, enjoying liberty of conscience, under condition of paying the tenth after ten years' establishment, and of furnishing, whenever they should be called upon for that purpose, one man out of five in a state to bear arms, from sixteen years old to forty.


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The grand seignior having learned that both J.C. 1699. the people and the janissaries murmured at his *1111. too long residence at Adrianople, which deprived Return of his capital of the splendor and opulence which feignior to the court of the emperor and the numerous odas tinople. of janissaries and spahis drew thither; being defirous likewise to give more folemnity to the ratification of the treaty which an ambassador was to bring from Vienna, he thought it proper to return to Conftantinople.

The exchange of the two ambassadors was J.C. 1700. made in the beginning of January 1700 at Salanakem. Count Hottinguen, the Austrian am- The bassador, was conducted to Belgrade to receive mutually the honors and presénts which were prepared for bassadors him : he paffed two days in that town in sump- ther to tuous entertaininents, which shewed more and the peace. more how agreeable the peace was to the Otto

The ambassador received the same honors at Adrianople as at Belgrade : at length, being arrived the first of March within sight of Conftantinople, he stopped to prepare for his entry, which he made the eighth with a magnificence worthy of the master that he represented, of the power to which he was sent, and of the importance of his 'miston. The emperor and the grand vizier gave him audience successively. Instead of a simple caftan of filk, which the Chriftian ministers had 'till then received, they dressed count Hottinguen on these two occasions in a vest of sable. The presents on both sides

man court.


1.C. 1700. were of the greatest magnificence. The rati& 1112 fication of the treaty being but a mere ceremony,

the residence of the Austrian ambassador was not long at Conftantinople, nor was that of the Ottoman minister at Vienna. They both returned at the same time, and were exchanged at the fame place and with the same form as when they came. Venice and Poland also fent ambaf. fadors, who brought the ratification of the treaty: they were received likewise with honor; but it was easy to perceive, by their reception, by the replies of the sultan and of the grand vizier, and even by the style of their equipage, that king John Sobieski was dead, and that the l'urks were more afraid of prince Eugene, than of all the Polith and Venetian generals together.

Immediately after the departure of the amKarisch- bassadors, the grand seignior retired to Karisch

tiran palace, which is a small town between Conftantinople and Adrianople, an agreeable place for hunting and shooting. Mahomet IV. had built a pleasure-house there. The sojourn of his son in this place where Mahomet had

addicted himself so long to idleness and pleasure, against the

made the people murmur, who highly blamed this peace purchased with the finest provinces. Mustapha experienced that a nation governed despotically is often the less under subjection for it ; that the slave who shakes off his chains with indignation, is much nearer rebellion than the citizen who knows how much the convulsions of

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a state been

a state are dangerous for himself. They com- J.C. 1700.

Heg.1111, plained of this prince, who at first had given the & 1112. greatest hopes, but whom the love of repose, of rustical amusements, and of debauchery, had for some years paft wrested from the cares of his empire, and who had just lost a considerable


of the territory which his ancestors had conquered. This was still worse when they learned from all parts

that the czar Peter of Moscovy was employing the time of the truce in making great préparations for war ; that he was raising troops and disciplining them like the French and Ger.

that he was building a large fleet; and that fortresses were erecting at equal distances along the Boristhenes. The people cried that war must be declared without delay against this dangerous neighbour, or he would soon extend the bounds of his empire at the expence of the Ottoman poffeßions, as the emperor Leopold had just done. The khan of the Tartars, more interested than any one else to put a stop to thefe enterprises, sent frequent intelligence to the Porte. Notwithstanding the assurances which the vizier repeatedly gave his master that the letters of the Tartarian prince contained nothing but falfities; that these people desired ardently a war on account of the booty which they could not well do without, the Tartars knowing better how to massacre human beings than to cultivate the earth, and that if panic terrors were listened to, the peace would never be enjoyed which had

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