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soldiers against the government, and seek the 1.C. 1701.

Heg.1113. support of the army against the emperor and his favorites.

Meanwhile Rami, who had penetrated the designs of his enemy, perceived that he must expect to be the victim of the prime minister, if he did not take advantage of his credit and the time which he had left, to ruin him.

The new bafhaw of the bench attached himself more than the ene.

mies of the ever to the mufti, confirming him in the opinion vizier cabal that it was the instruments of the peace of Car- him. lowitz which were aimed at; and that though the dignity of chief of the Muffulman law seemed to secure his head, the fnares that a grand vizier had in his power to lay, and the esteem which the latter was in with the people, rendered the situation of his enemies very dangerous, et them be who they woula. Mauro Cordato, who had more reason than any one toidpead Dalaban, and who was still alive anly because the grand vizier wanted to have all the authots of the peace of Carlowitz put to death at the same time, pretended to have discovered that the mufti's life was in danger, and that Daltaban intended to entice him to his house to have him strangled. Improbable as this attempt was, which would only have stirred up the goud Muffulmen against the minister, who had the greatest interest to please them; the mufti, who' was really invited to an entertainment at the grand vizier's, instead of going thither, went to the seraglio and in




1.C.'1701. formed the sultan of the danger which he thought Heg. 1113.

himself in. He added, that the man, who did not respect the life of the chief of the lay, would foon attempt that of his sovereign; that in the two months which Daltaban had been at the head of administration, he had done nothing but blame the peace of Carlowitz, (by means of which the empire would soon recover its exhausted forces,) menace the authors of that necessary, treaty, and make the people, particularly. the soldiers, contemn and disike the prince who governed them.

Mustapha was but too inuch accustomed to They pre

listen to the mufti Fezula. He no longer beheld vail in the Daltaban but as a traitor and an affalfin, and his grand feighave him death was instantly resolved on; but as the vizier Strangled. was thought determined on an immediate revolt,

a pretext-was necessary to draw him to the seraglio. The person who had succeeded Rami bashaw as reis effendi, fent word to the grand vizier, from the emperor, that the prince, having reflected on the promotion which he had made of Rami to the dignity of bashaw of the bench, was of his opinion, and that he would rather send Rami to Babadachi as fangiac, than put a man at the head of the divan who had not yet passed through the first offices of state, and that he must come to the feraglio to confer with the grand seignior on the catcherif which it would be requisite to issue on this occasion. The grand vizier, who thought he had the confidence of his master, was pleased with this pretended


change, and repaired to the seraglio immediately. 1.C.1701.

Heg.1113 On entering the divan chamber to wait for the chief of the white eunuchs to introduce him to the grand feignior, he found no one in this great room, the doors of which he saw with surprise were guarded by boftangis. After a quarter of an hour, the chiau pachi came and demanded the seals of the empire from him in the name of Mustapha. The prime minister, without being ruffled, said that it was essentially necessary for him to speak to the grand seignior; that he would remit the seals to him voluntarily, and that he was ready to sacrifice his life for him, but that his highness ought noi to refuse him a moment's conversation. Mustapha would not grant this request. As Daltaban persisted in his demand, the sultan, transported with rage, ordered him to be conducted to the place of execution to be beheaded, which they prepared to do. When the grand vizier was on the point of losing his head, the felictar aga came from Mustapha to invite him to purify himself by the abdest before he died, and to tell the grand feignior the secret which he had at first been desirous of communicating to him alone. Daltaban replied, that he had never begun an important action without performing the abdeft, and that he had done it before he left his own house; that his foul was resigned to God, as his body was to the unjust men who had it in cultody; that as to the secret, he did not think he owed any thing more to the tyrant who was


T.C.1701. going to take away his life, for having always, Heg. 1113

served the state better than any of those whom he had employed before him, and for having fought the means to free the Ottoman empire from the disgrace of the peace concluded by poltrons. This answer, which was carried immediately to Mustapha, did not fail to stagger him. He ordered the execution to be suspended. The condemned prisoner was conducted into the inner prison of the feraglio ; but the mufti, and Rami bashaw, who had just been honored with the dignity of grand vizier, comprehending how dangerous it might be to let Daltaban appear before the grand feignior, employed all their ad

dress and influence to haften the execution of Execution the minister. In fact, he was dragged the next

morning at break of day to the place of execution, and after purifying himself by the abdest in a marble bason appropriated to that use, he lost his life, invoking Mahomét; and protesting his innocence and the malice of his enemies.

The cannon of the feraglio, which announced Discontent this execution to the city and to the troops,

threw both into a consternation. Dalcaban was greatly respected in the empire, not by what he had done in the two months which he had been minifter, but by the reputation which he had acquired, both against the Germans and the Arabians. Thę janissaries cried aloud in the streets: “ How can it be hoped to recover the glory of the Ottomans, if those who have ta

< lents

of the prime minifter.

of the people.



his favor.

« lents for war, and the bravery necessary to 1.C.1701.

Heg. 1113 “ lead us against the enemy, perish by the hands on " of the executioner? We shall be neither

governed nor commanded in future but by " chelebs, * who have learned war and politics in " the servile offices of the seraglio, or in the

religious practices of the ulema; and these brave

agavats, grown old in the service, taught by " the faults or success of their commanders, if

they approach the throne, will be facrificed

presently to the intrigues' of effeminate cour< tiers." These complaints were increasing at The mufti Constantinople, when Kiuperli Abdulla, the son abuses of Kiuperli Mustapha who was killed at the battle of Salanakem, was sent thither as caimacan. This family, the only one that can be counted among the Turks besides the Ottoman race, had, as we have seen, produced several viziers who had all governed with great distinction. The mufti gave one of his daughters in marriage to the young Abdulla, the only remaining branch of the Kiuperlis; and as the chief of the law knew that the emperor would refuse him nothing that he should ask, he got his son-in-law appointed bashaw of the bench and caimacan of Constantinople during the residence of the court at Adrianople and Karischtiran. He had given




* They call chelebs all the viziers, bashaws, or sangiacs, taken from the icoglans, and who have paffed through the several offices of the seraglio, or those of the ulema; and agavats those who, without ever having been effendis, or had any post in the feraglio, rise to thesz dignities by their fervices in the army. Daltaban was of these last.

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