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soldiers against the government, and seek the 1.C.1701.

Heg.1113 support of the army against the emperor and a his favorites. i.

Meanwhile Rami, who had penetrated the deligns of his enemy, perceived that he must expect to be the victim of the prime minister, if he did not take advantage of his credit and the time which he had left, to ruin him. The new bafhaw of the bench attached himself more than the ene. ever to the mufti, confirming him in the opinion vizier catal that it was the instruments of the peace of Car- him. lowitz which were aimed at; and that though the dignity of chief of the Muffulman law seemed to fecure his head, the fnares that a grane vizier had in his power to lay, and the esteem which the latter was in with the people, rendered the situation of his enemie's very dangerous, fet them be who they would. Mauro Cordato, who had more reason than any one to dread Daltaban; and who was still alive anly: because the grand vizier wanted to have all the authot's of the peace of Carlowitz put to death at the same time, pretended to have discovered that the mufti's life was in danger, and that Daltaban intended to entice him to his house to have hiin strangled: Improbable as this attempt was, which would only have stirred up the goud Muffulmen against the minister, who had the greatest interest to please them; the mufti, who was really invited to an entertainment at the grand vizier's, 'instead of going thither, went to the seraglio and in

mies of the




J.C. 1701. formed the sultan of the danger which he thought
s himself in. He added, that the man, who did

not respect the life of the chief of the law, would
foon attempt that of his sovereign; that in the
two months which Daltaban had been at the head
of administration, he had done nothing but blame
the peace of Carlowitz, (by means, of which the
empire would soon recover its exhausted forces,)
menace the authors of that necessary, treaty, and
make the people, particularly. the soldiers, con-
temn and disike the prince who governed them.

Mustapha was but too imuch accustomed to
They pre. listen to the mufti Fezula. : He no longer beheld

he Daltaban but as a traitor and an assassin, and his Hiore thim death was instantly resolved on; but as the vizier Strangled. was thought determined on an immediate revolt,

a pretexç-was necessary to draw him to the seraglio.
The person who had succeeded Rami bashaw as
reis effendi, fent word to the grand vizier, from
the emperor, that the prince, having reflected on
the promotion which he had made of Rami to
the dignity of bashaw of the bench, was of his
opinion, and that he would rather send Rami
to Babadachi-, as fangiąc, than put a man at
the head of the diyan who had not yet passed
through the first offices of state; and that he
must come to the feraglio to confer with the
grand feignior on the catcherif which it would
be requisite to issue on chis occasion. The
grand vizier, who thought he had the confidence
of his master, was pleased with this pretended


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change, and repaired to the seraglio immediately. J.C. 8701.

Yo Heg.1113 On entering the divan chamber to wait for the chief of the white eunuchs to introduce him to the grand feignior, he found no one in this great room, the doors' of which he saw with surprise were guarded by bostangis. After a quarter of an hour, the chiau pachi came and demanded the seals of the empire from him in the name of Mustapha. The prime minister, without being ruffled, said that it was essentially necessary for him to speak to the grand seignior; that he would remit the seals to him voluntarily, and that he was ready to sacrifice his life for him, but that his highness ought not to refuse him a moment's conversation. Mustapha would not grant this request. As Daltaban perfifted in his demand, the sultan, transported with rage, ordered him to be conducted to the place of execution to be beheaded, which they prepared to do. When the grand vizier was on the point of losing his head, the selictar aga came from Mustapha to invite him to purify himself by the abdest before he died, and to tell the grand feignior the secret which he had at first been delirous of communicating to him alone. Daltaban replied, that he had never begun an important action without performing the abdest, and that he had done it before he left his own house; that his foul was resigned to God, as his body was to the unjust men who had it in cultody; that as to the secret, he did not think he owed any thing more to the tyrant who was



:C:1701. going to take away his life, for having always, Heg. 1113. &

served the state better than any of those whom he had employed before him, and for having fought the means to free the Ottoman empire from the disgrace of the peace concluded by poltrons. This answer, which was carried immediately to Mustapha, did not fail to stagger him. He ordered the execution to be suspended. The condemned prisoner was conducted into the inner prison of the seraglio ; but the mufti, and Rami bashaw, who had just been honored with the dignity of grand vizier, comprehending how dangerous it might be to let Daltaban appear before the grand seignior, employed all their ad

dress and influence to hasten the execution of Execution the minister. In fact, he was dragged the next of the

morning at break of day to the place of execution, and after purifying himself by the abdest in a marble bason appropriated to that use, he lost his life, invoking Mahomet, and protesting his innocence and the malice of his enemies.

The cannon of the seraglio, which announced Discontent this execution to the city and to the troops, of the people.

threw both into a consternation. Dalcaban was greatly respected in the empire, not by what he had done in the two months which he had been minifter, but by the reputation which he had acquired, both against the Germans and the Arabians. The janissaries cried aloud in the ftreets: “How can it be hoped to recover the e glory of the Ottomans, if those who have ta

os lents

prime minifter.

his favor.

< lents for war, and the bravery necessary to l:C.1701.

Heg, 1113. « lead us against the enemy, perish by the hands " of the executioner? We shall be 'neither « governed nor commanded in future but by « chélebs, who have learned war and politics in " the servile offices of the seraglio, or in the « religious practices of the ulema; and these brave « agavats, grown old in the service, taught by “ the faults or success of their commanders, if " they approach the throne, will be facrificed « presently to the intrigues' of effeminate cour« tiers.” These complaints were increasing at the mufti Constantinople, when Kiuperli Abdulla, the son abuses of Kiuperli Mustapha who was killed at the battle of Salanakem, was sent thither as caimacan. This family, the only one that can be counted among the Turks besides the Ottoman race, had, as we have feen, produced several viziers who had all governed with great distinction. The mufti gave one of his daughters in marriage to the young Abdulla, the only remaining branch of the Kiuperlis ; and as the chief of the law knew that the emperor would refuse him nothing that he should ask, he got his son-in-law ap- ' pointed bashaw of the bench and caimacan of Constantinople during the residence of the court at Adrianople and Karischtiran. He had given VOL. IV.


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* They call chelebs all the viziers, bashaws, or fangiacs, taken from the icoglans, and who have passed through the several offices of the feraglio, or those of the ulema; and agavats those who, without ever having been effendis, or had any post in the seraglio, rise to thes: dignities by their services in the army. Daltaban was of these last.

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