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1.C. 1901, the place of mollac of Jerusalem to his own son, Hego 1113

who was as young as the caimacan of Constan

tinople. J.C.1702. If, in a despotic country, it is rare for men Heg.1114. Abuse of grown'old in place not to abuse their favor, it power of could not be expected but young men without the mufti's

experience and almost without education, who found themselves at the pinnacle of grandeur, would look on those who were under them as the instruments of their authority, or the slaves of their caprices. The mollac of Jerusalem issued extravagant orders every day, which the bashaw durst not prevent the execution of, because he dreaded the power of the mufti who was exceedingly partial to his son as well as his son-in-law. One night, the mollac's Deep being disturbed by the barking of fome dogs, he was so enraged that he ordered all these animals in Jerusalem and its environs to be killed. This sentence was directly contrary to the Alcoran, which orders domestic animals to be taken care of, and forbids the killing of any beast, unless it be hurtful, or necessary for the nourishment of man. The Turks in general are very fond of dogs, and consider it as a duty to feed them. The odd condemnation which the mollac had just pronounced, stirred up a mutiny in the city. It is not improbable that the bashaw who was diffatisfied with him, contributed to excite it; but every thing gave way to the authority of the mufti. He sent a fetfa from Adrianople, which


approved the conduct of his son, for this time 1.C. 1702.

Heg.1114. only, without its being permitted to kill dogs in future: This circumstance emboldened the young moļlac, who, a few months after, issued a new order, equally absurd and still harder than the first. The flies were very troublesome at Jerusalem during the heat of the summer. The pontiff-magistrate ordered, that each artisan should bring him every day forty of these insects stringed up, under pain of a severe fine, and he caused this ridiculous sentence to be executed with great feverity. All the artisans were constrained to quit their work to catch flies; and the complaints recommenced against the son of the mufti. These tyrannical puerilities had filled all the foldiers and the people of Asia with indignation against the government. An injustice commitced by the young caimacan of Constantinople decided the insurrection which the inattention of the grand vizier and the imbecility of the mufti had been preparing for a long time. Though the expences of government since the peace were considerably in the leffened, the finances were not in a better state. Whilst the grand vizier Rami was at Karischtiran, endeavouring to conciliate the favor of his master, the collectors of the taxes appropriated the money to their own use. The caimacan of Conftantinople having neither sufficient prudence, nor talents, nor perhaps power, to prevent those abuses, the people complained of the absence of the emperor. The officers in power seized this opporM2





The cai. macan re.

which oc

L.C. 1702. tunity to do for themselves, and those who claimed Heg. 1114

what might be called lawful debts were in fact the only ones who did not take advantage of the present occasion to enrich themselves with the money of the public.

The janissaries had been kept without their fuses the pay a long time. When it had been paid with their pay, great difficulty, there was no more money in cafions an the public treasury for the jebeggis and the rection. soldiery who guarded the ainmunition and pro-'

visions. This was insufficient to satisfy a famished troop, who were not to be imposed on by such a young man as the caimacan. The deputies of the jebeggis, charged with making remonftrances, had recourse to abusive language. The caimacan having ordered them to be taken into custody for being wanting in respect to him, made resistance, and called their comrades. The jebeggis afsembled, and fell furiously on the caimacan's delis, killed several of them, and carried the prisoners in triumph to their quarters. The vanquishers reported to their comrades what had passed between the caimacan and them, their just request, and the arrogance and hardness with which it had been rejected; and they concluded with saying, that it was in vain lo hope for justice whilst the Muffulmen should be at the mercy of a young man without beard or brains, equally arrogant and incapable, and who knew only how to order punishments. Caracach Mahomet, a principal officer of this corps, having spoken

with more vehemence than the rest, proposed to ... 1702.

Heg.1114 the jebeggis to commune with the janiffaries, whom he knew to be as discontented as they were, though they had received their pay, to seize on the gates of Constantinople, and to pillage every thing that they could find both at the caimacan's and the defterdar's, who is the treasurer of the public money. This proposal was received with joy ; and as all seditions increase when they are not opposed at their commencement, as soon as the two corps had taken up arms, and the gates of Conftantinople were shut, Caracach Mahomet said to the soldiers, that it was not worth their while to engage in such dangerous proceedings merely to get the jebeggis paid ; that, since they were armed, it would be right to overturn the government, which there was so much reason to cornplain of, and to trample on those who wanted to subject the people to such an unjust yoke. Let us appoint minifters, cried

The janisthey, in the place of those fools, mad-men, and faries and rogues, who do so much mischief. Several re- point new plied to these clamours, that Caracach Mahomet should be grand vizier ; but he took care how he accepted that perilous office: he would rather employ tools on whom the blame might fall, than expose himself. The ulema was convoked in the great mosque, where all the rebels repaired in a crowd. Caracach, affecting much modesty, faid, that he was not in any respect person of sufficient consequence to have this im




1.C. 1902. portant dignity conferred on him; that if the a bad choice of the emperor's ministers provoked

a rebellion, care should be taken not to fall into the same error as they wilhed to remedy. He was the first to give his vote for an old bashaw, called Dorojan, who, two years before, had been deprived of his government, because he had not been able to find presents to maintain himself in it. This election was made by acclamation. Kiasibi Mehemet effendi, of the race of the emirs, became mufti in the same manner, and they named for caimacan another deposed bashaw, called Ferrari. - These principal officers chose an aga of the janissaries, an aga of the jebeggis, a

defterdar, and all the other officers of lefs imThe new portance. The new mufti declared to the people tributes a- by a fetfa, that the good. Muffulmen had been fetfa in the constrained by necessity to remedy the abuses, provinces.

and to make war against the unjust ministers, who oppressed the people instead of governing them; that it was necessary to recall the invincible emperor into his capital, which had been too long deprived of his gracious presence, to engage him to employ none but sage financiers, brave officers, and equitable judges, such as those who had been just chosen ; in short, to oblige the sultan to govern according to the law of the great prophet, or to puil him down from his throne and place thereon a prince more agreeable to God. This fecía was sent into all the Asiatic bashawcies, in which the ballaws, beglerbegs, fangiacs, mol


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