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THE

HISTORY of the TURKISH,

o R

OTTOMAN EMPIRE,

From Its Foundation In 1300,
To The Peace Of BELGRADE In 1740.

TO tfHicH is mftii>

AN HISTORICAL DISCOURSE

O N

MAHOMET And His SUCCESSORS.

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SOLD ALSO BY

J. Stockdale, Piccadilly, and Messrs. Scatcherd
and Whitaker, Ave-Maria-Lane, London.

MDCCLXXXVII.

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THE

HISTORY

O F T H E

Turkish, Ot Ottoman Empire,

From its Foundation in 1300, to the Peace of
Belgrade in 1740.

A C H M E T II.

Twenty-first: Reign.

TPHE first action of Achmet II. after having J.c.i69girded on the sword of Othman and received H&gMo°?'

the oaths of the great officers of the empire, was to go and visit Mahomet IV. in his prison. The Achmetii. . new emperor found this feeble prince greatly therMa* >^ terrified. The wishes of some of his old servants, hom"' who had been desirous of putting Mustapha his J eldest son on the throne, had reached his ears: v Mahomet knew likewise that they had talked of •*j restoring him the empire j and as on a similar ^ occasion he had attempted to put his brothers to death, by a return on himself he expected death L,. Vol. iv. B ,, . for

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1102' ^or nim anc* *"s children. Achmet, as incapable of governing as his two predecessors, was more humane. His visit had no other object than to remove the fears of his brother. He addressed him with an air of chearfulness, saying: "I have "been forty years dependant on you, brother, it "is.my turn now; but yours will return again "one day perhaps: so I would with to be on "good terms with you." After an hour's familiar conversation, "Cheer up, brother," said the emperor to Mahomet as he left him; "you "let me live when you were "my master, and I "will do the fame by you " and he sent him, to alleviate his solitude, several women who were past child-bearing, which arrives much sooner in Turkey than in other climates. The court Whether the grand vizier was afraid to expose A^rkno.'0 the new emperor too much to the view of his plc' subjects, or that he thought it necessary to have the court nearer the theatre of war, he persuaded the grand seignior to remove to Adrianople, troops".8°{ where recruits flocked in great numbers from all the provinces of the Ottoman empire to enlist under the colours of this vizier, whom the conquest of Belgrade caused to be looked on as the defender of his country. Kiuperli, whom this eagerness could not but flatter, would not however have more troops raised than he had intended for the following campaign. The order lately established in the finances would not admit of greater expences. He forbade the bashaws and

commanders

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