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HIS T O R Y
PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES
HOUSE OF COMMONS;
CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF
The moft interesting SPEECHES and MOTIONS; accurate
laid before and offered to the House,
PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES
HOUSE OF COMMONS,
In the SIXTH SESSION of the
Seventeenth Parliament of GREAT BRITAIN,
Appointed to be holden at WESTMINSTER,
On THURSDAY, the 25th of OCTOBER, 1790.
Thursday, 2915 October. A MESS
MESSAGE from His Majesty was delivered by Sir Francis Molyneux, Gentleman Uther of the Black Rod :
Mr. Speaker, The King commands this honourable House to attend His Majesty immediately in the House of Peers.
Accordingly, Mr. Speaker, with the House, went up to attend His Majesty ; and being returned,
Mr. SPEAKER acquainted the House, that in pursuance of the directions of an act of the 24th of his present Majesty, he had issued his warrants, during the recess, to the Clerk of the Crown, to make out new writs for the election of several Members to serve in Parliament.
A bill for the more effectual preventing Clandestine Outlawries, was read the first time.
Refolved, That this bill be read a second time.
Mr. SPEAKER reported, that the House had attended His Majesty in the House of Peers, where His Majesty was pleased to make a most gracious speech from the throne to both Houses of Parliament ; of which, Mr. Speaker said, he had, to prevent mistakes, obtained a copy, which he read to the House, and is as followeth; viz.
My Lords, and Gentlemen, IT is a great satisfa£tion to me to reflect, that, notwithstanding the many events unfavourable to the common cause, the prospect resulting from the general situation of affairs has, in many important reSpecis, buen materially improved in the course of the present year.
In Italy, the threatened invasion of the French has been prevented; and they have been driven back from a considerable part of the line of cooit which they had occupied : there is also reason to hope that the recent operations of the Austrian arınies have checked the progress which they have made on the side of Germany, and frufirated the offensive projects which they were pursuing in that quarter.
The fuccefjes which have attended their military operations in other parts of the camfrign, and the advantages which they have derived from the conclufion of Separate treaties with some of the powers who were engaged in the war, are far from compensating the evils which they exjerience from its continuance. 'The desiruction of their commere, the diminution of their maritime power, and the unparalleled eri:b. rrement and distress of their internal situation, bare produced the impression which was naturally to be expected ; and a general sense appears to prevail throughout France, that the only relief from the increasing prajire of these difficulties must arise from the restoration of fence, and the efablisiment of some settled system of government.
The distraction and anarchy which have so long prevailed in that country, have led to a crisis, of which it is as yet impollible to foresee the issue ; but which muft, in all human probability, produce conjequences hig”ly important to the interests of Europe. Should this crisis terminate in any order of things compatible with the tranquillity of other cuntries, and affording a reasonable expectation of security and permanence in any treaty which might be concluded, the appearance of a dijption to negociate for general peace on just and suitable terms will not firil to be met, on my part, with an earnest desire to give it the full:ji and speedief effect. But I am persuaded you will agree with me, that nothing is so likely to ensure and accelerate this defireable end, as to fhew that we are prepared for either alternative, and are determined to prosecute the war with the utmost energy and vigour, until we have the means of concluding, in conjunction with our allies,
Such a peace as the justice of our cause and the situation of the enemy
With this view I am continuing to make the greatest exertions for maintaining and improving our naval superiority, and for carrying on alive and vigorous operations in the West Indies, in order to secure and extend the advantages which we have gained in that quarter, and which are so nearly connected with our commercial resources and ma
I rely with full confidence on the continuance of your firm and zea
on the uniform bravery of my fleets and armies, and on the fortitude, perseverance, and public spirit of all ranks of my people
. The acts of hoftility committed by the United Provinces, under the influence and control of France, have obliged me to treat them as in a fiate of war with this country.
The fleet which I have employed in the North Seas has received the myft cordial and active allistance from the naval force furnijhed by the Empress of Russia, and has been enabled effectually to check the operations of the enemy in that quarter.
I have concluded engagements of defensive alliance with the two imperial courts; and the ratifications of the treaty of commorce with the United States of America, which I announced to you last year, have wow been exchanged. I have directed copies of these treaties to be laid before you.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
It is matter of deep concern to me, that the exigencies of the public Service will require further additions to the heavy burdens which have been unavoidably imp:sed on my people. I trust that their pressure will, in fame degree, be alleviated by the flourishing state of our commerce and manufactures, and that our expences, though neceffarily great in their amount, will, under the actual eircumstances of the war, admit of considerable diminution in comparison with those of the present zeur.
My Lords, and Gentlemen, I have observed for some time past, with the greatest anxiety, the ury high price of grain, and that anxiety is increased by the apprebension that the produce of the wheat harvest in the present year may not have been such as effectually to relieve my people from the difficulties with which they have had to contend. The spirit of order and suba 2.ilion to the laws which, with very few exceptions, has manifested iJolf under this severe pressure, will, I am sure, be felt by you as an uditional incentive to apply yourselves with the utmost diligence to the