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woman, and child of them, puzzled to think * Ay, but, Harry, what's that rowled up what the pudden was at all-whether Catho- in the tail of yonr cothamore (big-coat) ?' lic, Prodestan, Prosbytarian, or Methodist « «Out wid yez,' said Harry, 'cross your—what it meant, or where it was goin' ! selves three times in the name of the four Had Jack Rafferty an' his wife been wil Mandromarvins, an' pray aginst the cliplin' to let out the opinion they held about stick—the sky's fallin'!' Harry Connolly bewitchin' it, there is no Begad, it was hard to say whether doubt of it but poor Harry might be badly Paddy or the wife got out first, they were so trated by the crowd, when their blood was much alarmed by Harry's wild thin face, up. They had sense enough, howandiver, an' piercin' eyes; so out they went to see to keep that to themselves, for Harry bein' what was wondherful in the sky, an' kep' an ould bachelor, was a kind friend to the lookin' an' lookin' in every direction, but Raffertys. So, of coorse, there was all kinds divle a thing was to be seen, barrin' the sun of talk about it, some guessin' this and some shinin' down wid great good-humour, an' guessin' that—one party sayin' the pudden not a single cloud in the sky.' was of their side, another party denyin' it, “ Paddy an' the wife now

came in an' insistin' it belonged to them, an' so on.' laughin', to scould Harry, who no doubt was

In the mane time, Katty Rafferty, for a great wag in his way, when he wished. 'fraid the dinner might come short, went Musha, bad scran to you, Harry— They home and made another pudden much about had time to say no more, howandiver, for as the same size as the one that had escaped, they were goin' into the door they met him and bringin' it over to their next neighbour, comin' out of it wid a reek of smoke out of Paddy Scanlan's, it was put into a pot and his tail, like a lime kiln.' placed on the fire to boil, hopin that it Harry, shouted Bridget,“ my sowl to inight be done in time, espishilly as they glory, but the tail of your cothamore's afire; were to have the priest an' the mivisther, you'll be burned ! Don't you see the smoke and that both loved a warm slice of a good that's out of it ?' pudden as well as e'er a pair of men in Eu- “ Cross yourselves three times,' said rope.'

Harry, widout stoppin', or even lookin' be* Anyhow, the day passed ; Moll and hind him, -Cross yourselves three times Gusty were made man an' wife, an' no two in the name of the four Mandromarvins, for could be more lovin'. Their friends that as the prophecy says :—Fill the pot, Eddy—' had been asked to the weddin' were saun- They could hear no more, for Harry apterin' about in pleasant little groups till din-peared to feel like a man that carried somener time, chattin' an' laughin'; but, above thing a great deal hotter than he wished, as all things, sthriviñ' to account for the figaries any inight see by the liveliness of his moof the pudden, for, to tell the truth, its ad- tions, and the quare faces he was forced to ventures had now gone through the whole make as he went along.' parish.

"What the dickens is he carryin' in the “Well, at any rate, dinner-time was skirts of his big coat,' asked Paddy. dhrawin' near, and Paddy Scanlan was sittin' “My sowl to happiness, but maybe he comfortably wid his wife at the fire, the has stole the pudden,' said Bridget, for its pudden boilen before their eyes, when in known that inany a sthrange thing he walks Harry Connolly, in a flutther, shout- does.' in' Blood an' blunderbushes, what are “ They immediately examined the pot, yez here for ?'

but found that the pudden was there as safe " Arra, why, Harry, why, avick?' said as tuppence, an' this puzzled them the more, Mrs. Scanlan.

to think what it was he could be carryin' Why,' said Harry, 'the sun is in the about wid him in the manner he did. But suds an' the moon in the high Horicks | little they knew what he had done while they Here's a clipstick comin' an, an' there you were sky-gazin'!' sit as unconsarned as if it was about to “ Well, anyhow, the day passed and the rain mether! Go out an' cross yourselves dinner was ready, an' no doubt but a fine three times in the name of the four Man- gatherin' there was to partake of it. The dromarvins, for, as prophecy says :-Fill the priest and the Prosbytarian ministher had pot, Eddy, supernaculum-a blazin' star 's a met the Methodist praicher—a good civil rare spectaculum! Go out both of you, an' inan he was, in throth-on their look at the sun, I say, and yell see the Jack Rafferty's, an'as they knew they could condition he's in-off'!'

take the liberty, why they insisted on his

way to

dinin' wid them ; for, asther all, begad, in will; so just a morsel.' ‘But, Jack, this thim times the clargy of all discriptions lived bates Bannagher,' says he again, puttin' the upon the best footin' among one another; spoonful o' pudden into his mouth, has not all as one as now—but no matther. there been dhrink here ?' Well, they had nearly finished their dinner, "Oh, the divle a spudh,' says Jack,' for when Jack Rafferty himself axed Katty for although there's plinty in the house, faith, it the pudden; but, jist as he spoke, in it came appears the gintlemen wouldn't wait for it. as big as a mess-pot.'

Unless they tuck it elsewhere, I can make Gintlemen,' said he,' I hope none of nothin of this.' you will refuse tastin' a bit of Katty's pud- “He had scarcely spoken, when the parson, den; I don't mane the dancin' one that who was an active man,cut a caper a yard high, tuek to its thravels to-day, but a good solid an' before you could bless yourself

, the four fellow that she med since.'

clargy were hard at work dancin' as if for a . To be sure we won't,' replied the priest, wager. Begad it would be unpossible for so, Jack, put a thrifle on them three plates me to tell you the state the whole meetin' at your right hand, and send them over here was in when they seen this. Some were to the clargy, an' may be,' he said, laughin', hoarse wid laughin, some turned up their eyes for he was a droll good-humoured man,- wid wondher; many thought them mad, an'

may be, Jack, we wont set you a proper others thought they had turned up their litexample.'

tle fingers a thrifle too often.' “ Wid a heart an' a half, yer Reverence Be

goxty, it's a burnin' shame,' said one, an' gintlemen ; in throth it's not a bad ex- ' to see four clargy in sich a state at this ample ever any of you set us, or ever will early hour!' • Thundher an’ounze, what's set us, I'll go bail. An' sure I only wish over them at all ? says others; why, one it was betther fare I had for you; but we're would think they're bewitched. Holy Moses, humble people, gintlemen, and so you can't look at the caper the Methodist cuts! An’ expect to meet here what you would in Father M-Sorley ! Honam an dioual ! higher places.'

who would think he could handle his feet at « • Betther a male of herbs,' said the Me- sich a rate ! Be this an' be that, he 'cuts thodist praicher, where pace is— He had the buckle' and does the threblin' step' time to go no farther, however, for much to aquil to Paddy Horaghan, the dancin'-mashis amazement, the priest and the ininisther ther himself! An' see ! Bad cess to the started up from the table jist as he was goin' morsel af the ministher an' the parson that's to swallow the first spoonful of the pudden, not hard at ' Pease upon a trencher,' an' it of and before you could say Jack Robinson, a Sunday too ! Whirroo, gintlemen, the fun's started away at a lively jig down the floor.' in yez asther all-whish ! more power to

“At this moment a neighbour's son came yez!' runnin' in, an' tould them that the parson “ The sorra's own fun they had, an' no was comin' in to see the new-married couple, wondher; but judge of what they felt, when an'wish them all happiness, an'the words were all at once they saw ould Jack Rafferty scarcely out of his mouth when he made himself bouncin' in among them, and foothis appearance. What to think he knew ing it away like the best v' them. Benot, when he saw the priest an' ministher dad no play could come up to it, an' footing it away at the rate of a weddin'. thin' could be heard but laughin', He had very little time, however, to think, shouts of encouragement, and clappin' of for, before he could sit down, up starts the hands like mad. Now the minute Jack Methodist praicher, and clappin' his two Rafferty left the chair where he had been fists in his sides, chimes in in great style carvin' the pudden, ould Harry Connolly along wid them.'

comes over and claps himself down in his Jack Rafferty,' says he,—and, by the place, in ordher to send it round, of coorse ; way, Jack was his tenant,— what the dick- an' he was scarcely sated, when who should ens does all this mane ?' says he; 'I'm make his appearance but Barney Hartigan, amazed !'

the piper. Barney, by the way, had bcen “. The divle a particle o' me can tell sent for early in the day, but bein' from you,' says Jack; “but will your reverence home when the message for him went, he jist taste a morsel o' pudden, merely that couldn't come any sooner.' the young couple may boast that you ait at “ Begorra,' said Barney, you're airly at their weddin'; for sure if you wouldn't, who the work, gintlemen! Oh, blessed Phadrig! would ?'

—the clargy too! Honam an dioual, wbat "Well,' says he, 'to gratify them I does this mane? But, divle may care, yez

no

shan't want the music while there's a blast either the divle or a fairy in it, sure enough. in the pipes, any how! So sayin' he gave Well, as I said, in it coines to the thick o' them Jig Polthogue,' and afther that 'Kiss them; but the very appearance of it was my Lady,' in his best style.'

enough. Off the four clargy danced, and off “In the mean time the fun went on thick the whole weddiners danced after them, an' threefold, for it must be remimbered every one makin' the best of their way home; that Harry, the ould knave, was at the pud- but divle a soul of them able to break out of den; an' maybe he didn't sarve it about in the step, if they were to be hanged for it. double quick time too. The first he helped Throth it wouldn't lave a laugh in you to was the bride, and, before you could say see the priest an' the parson dancin' down chopstick, she was at it hard an' fast before the the road on their way home together, an' the Methodist praicher, who immediately quit ministher and Methodist praicher cuttin' the Father M-Sorley, and gave a jolly spring buckle as they went along in the opposite before her that threw them into convulsions. direction. To make short work of it, they Harry liked this, and made up his mind soon all danced home at last, wid scarce a puff of to find partners for the rest; so he accor- wind in them; the bride and bridegroom dianly sent the pudden about like lightnin'; danced away to bed; and now, boys, come and to make a long story short, barrin' the an' let us dance the Horo Lheig in the barn piper an' himself, there wasn't a pair o' heels 'idout. But you see, boys, before we go, an' in the house but was as busy at the dancin' in ordher that I may

make everything plain, as if their lives depinded on it.'

I had as good tell you, that Harry, in cros“Barny,' says Harry, ‘jist taste a mor- sin' the bridge of Ballyboulteen, a couple of sel o' this pudden, divle the sich a bully of miles below Squire Bragshaw's demesnepudden ever you ett; here, your sowl ! thry wall, saw the pudden floatin' down the ria snig of it-it's beautiful.'

ver-I suppose he expected it; but be this “To be sure I will,' says Barney, 'I'm as it may, he took it out, for the wather had not the boy to refuse a good thing; but, made it as clane as a new pin, and tuckin' it Harry, be quick, for you know my hands is up in the tail of his big coat, contrived as engaged ; an' it would be a thousand pi- you all guess, I suppose, to change it ties not to keep them in musick, an' they so while Paddy Scanlan an' the wife were exwell inclined. Thank you, Harry; begad aminin' the sky; and for the other, he conthat is a famous pudden; but blood an' tur- trived to bewitch it in the same manner, by nips, what's this for !'

gettin' a fairy to go into it, for, indeed, it “ The word was scarcely out of his was purty well known that the same Harry mouth when he bounced up, pipes an' all, was hand an' glove wid the good people. an' dashed into the middle of them. Hur- | Others will tell you that it was half a pound roo, your sowls, let us make a night of it ! of quicksilver he put into it; but that doesn't

The Ballyboulteen boys for ever! Go it, your stand to raison. At any rate, boys, I have reverence-turn your partner-heel an' toe, tould you the adventures of the Mad Pudministher.-Good! Well done again.- den of Ballyboulteen; but I don't wish to Whish! Hurroo! Here's for Ballyboul- tell you many other things about it that teen, an' the sky over it !

happened-for fraid I'd tell a lie.* “ Bad luck to the sich a set ever was seen together in this world, or will again, I suppose. The worst, however, wasn't come yet, pudding has not, so far as I have been able to as

* This superstition of the dancing or bewitched for jist while they were in the very heat an'

certain, ever been given to the public before. The fury of the dance, what do you think comes singular tendency to saltation is attributed to two hoppin' in among them but another pudden, causes, both of which are introduced in the tale. as nimble an' merry as the first! That was

Some will insist that a fairy-man or fairy-woman enough; they all had heard of the clargy fairy into it; whilst others maintain that a com

has the power to bewitch a puddling by putting a among the rest—an’ inost o’them seen the petent portion of quicksilver will make it dance other pudden, and knew that there must be over half the parish.

HISTORY OF THE LINEN TRADE.

PART II.

" IRELAND, IN RELATION TO ENGLAND, MAY BE COMPARED TO A YOUNGER SISTER LATELY COME OF AGB, AFTER HAVING SUFFERED ALL THE MISBRIBS OF AN INJURED MINOR, SUCH AS LAWSUITS, ENCROACHMENTS PTON HER PROPERTY, VIOLATION OF RER RIGHTS, DESTRUCTION OF HER TENANTS, AND EVERY EVIL THAT CAN BE NAMED."-EARL OF ORRBRY, 1751.*

In the January number we gave a brief sketch | was the immediate consequence; and of the statutary History of the Linen Trade we saw that up to the close of William's from the year 1542, to the close of the se- reign, England appeared to have utterly forventeenth century; it now remains to trace gotten that part of her compact which bound its progress from that time to the present. her to give the linen trade of Ireland every Before, however, we enter on its history encouragement it should be capable of'; during the eighteenth century, it will be ne- while in opposition to the fundamental princessary to take a brief retrospect, so as to ciples of the constitution, she forced upon carry with us a remembrance of the events us an extension of that part of the treaty of the latter part of that which preceded, with which related to the prohibition of our the details of which we closed our former woollen manufacture. paper.

It must not, however, be forgotten that It will be remembered, that in order to the parliament which entered into this barsecure to England a monopoly of the wool- gain for us, were not the representatives of len trade, her Lords and Commons in con- the people; in their election the people of the junction with our King, proposed to the land had no voice; they were for the most Irish parliament that Ireland should relin- part nominees of an unnational aristocracy, quish her trade in woollens in favour of Eng- or the obsequious minions of an anti-Irish goland, on the condition that England should vernment; and holding their seats irrespecrelinquish that of linens in favour of Ire- tive of the popular will, they sympathised land, and that they should mutually give not with the wants of the people, nor reevery encouragement, the one to the other, garded the interests of the country. Yet in in what were thenceforth to be considered all things they were not subservient to Engtheir respective trades.

land; and while we find them with placid It would be superfluous to enter into any unanimity submitting to her dictation, where argument to show how unfair was the pro- the beggary of our people was the forfeit

, we position, that the staple manufacture of one at the same instant find a powerful party nation should be handed over to another, for roused into firm and effective resistance by no higher consideration than that of being en- a demand made on the chartered rights of couraged in the extension of a different trade their patrons. When the Lords Justices, on in which she was engaged, and which, though the part of England, demanded that our intrinsically valuable, was at that time woollen trade should be put down, it was one of comparatively minor importance. proposed to effect it by levying prohibitory That a total want of reciprocal interest must duties, under the imposing title of “Supbe met with, in a compact founded on such plies;" and the Commons' Journals of the a proposition, is self-evident; however, as time furnish evidence, that while the only the compact was entered into, the absence property that remained to the people of mutual advantage in the terms need not the sweat of their brow and the fruit therenow be canvassed.

of-was unanimously alienated by a corrupt, We have seen how faithfully Ireland ful- because irresponsible parliament, the profilled her part of the treaty; we have also perty of the nobles was held sacred. had evidence of the national decay which

“The Solicitor-General reported from

the committee appointed to consider of * Letters on Swift's Life and Writings, xyi. p.

their Excellencies the Lords Justices' 127.

speech, that they came to two resolutions,

which were then read and put from the zealous culture the linen trade increased till chair :-Resolved—That it is the opinion of the stunted shrub became the mighty oak. this committee that an additional duty be im- But we must not anticipate. posed on all new drapery of the manufacture It would be difficult to trace the graof this kingdom that shall be exported from dual and, though slow, yet onward and steathe same, freize excepted. Resolved–That dy progress which the spirit of nationality towards the said supply a tax be laid on all began at this time to assume. In the senate beneficial grants of any lands, tenements, house it had for a long time ceased to show and hereditaments, made to any person by itself, and remained hushed as in the stillness his Majesty." The former of these re- of death. But the reaction which overstrainsolutions was passed by the House, nem. ed oppression never yet failed to excite, con; whereas the latter, though eman- began now to exhibit itself even there. ating from the same source, was negatived Weak and feeble indeed was it as yet; but by a majority of ninety-two to eighty-five.* 'twas there, and there was again hope. “A We record these votes as being a fair sample little leaven leaveneth the whole lump;" and of what must be expected from a legisla- the protest against the interdiction of our tive body not subjected to popular control. woollen trade, which was uttered in tones Such was the Irish parliament at that time, scarcely audible to the faithful few who then it was in no way accountable to the people; were found to utter it, died not on the naand when their rights were assailed, no voice tion's ear, till the principles they contended was raised within the senate-house to plead for were unequivocally recognized (as we their cause-no patriot arm outstretched to have before shown) in the unanimous resostem the torrent of oppression.

lution of the Commons for the encourageWe may now proceed to examine the de- ment of native manufacture. We cannot tails of the trade during the eighteenth cen- however further pursue this interesting topic tury; and on looking to the lists of our ex- at present, but must pass on to the subject ports at the beginning of that period, we will more immediately before us. find that while our compact with England The first step taken for the advancement had put a complete check to the export of of this trade,* was to abolish such duties woollens, her promised encouragement did as were imposed on the export of the manot increase that of linens. We exported in nufactured article, and on the import of 23,727

such commodities as were required in the 1699 ... 18,858

different processes of the manufacture. This 1700 ... 12,714

was effected by the fourth clause in 4th act 1701 ... 9,408+ pieces of linen. of Anne, chap. iv. whereby it was enacted Finding that it was vain to hope for ef- “ that from and after the 1st day of August, fectual encouragement from the English 1705, there shall be paid no duty whatever parliament, however solemnly pledged to it, for or on account of the exporting any flaxen we had to look nearer home for assistance; or hempen cloath, made or manufactured in and our own parliament seeing that the deso- this kingdom.”+ By a subsequent clause, lating effects of their late legislation was not the import duty on foreign potashes, and on confined to the working classes alone, but different sorts of hemp and flax-seed were was quickly spreading through every rami- done away. It would be useless to enumefication of the social frame, felt that if prompt rate the various acts which were passed for the measures were not taken to stay its progress, improvement of this trade, from the time they also might be included in the general when it became the only one our rulers perruin which threatened ; and knowing that mitted us to have. We will therefore refer England, on whose promises they affected to to a few only, as serving to illustrate the rely, could not be depended on, they took the principle which was acted on, and then pass encouragement of the linen manufacture into on to review the manner in which England their own hands, and set to work with the fulfilled her “ compact.” earnestness of inen from whose political vo- At a very early period the system of cabulary impossiblehad been expunged. bounties was introduced. The space allotted Despite the rivalry of England, and de- to us will not permit of our entering into a spite what was still worse,—the niggardly dicussion of this system in an economic cramping, fettering encouragement which point of view. We at present mention it has been so often boasted of, under their merely as a historic fact; and allow our rea

1698 ...

Com. Jour., vol. ii. p. 255. 7. Newenham's View, appendix, tab. vii.

16th June, 1705. see Com. Jour. vol. ii. 483. I Statutes, vol. iv. 74-5.

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