« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
of the place, infantry and not cavalry could be of of the breach they had to defend, were, as has use, even if the cavalry that had reached the town been seen, but three or four hundred in number, were of any considerable amount, which they and as no fresh troops had come up to their rewere not; the large army of the enemy, unless re- lief, they were exhausted with forty-eight hours tarded in its approaches, would consequently be continual action ! Nevertheless, they withstood able to make itself master of the place, before any | the enormous numerical superiority of the enemy accession of strength to the Irish garrison could with great spirit for some time, not giving arrive; and yet, while it was so absolutely neces- ground till at least two hundred of their little sary to delay the enemy's advance, the number of party were killed and wounded ; and when evenIrish troops in the English town was so very tually forced by such a severe diminution of small, or not above three or four hundred altoge their small number to retire, they made their way ther, that an attempt of such a mere handful of to the bridge, which led over the Shannon, into men to issue from their fortifications, for the pur- the Irish half of the fortress. There, or in front pose of arresting the progress to the walls of a ' of the bridge, they bravely kept the whole power veteran army, 25,000 strong, appeared to be a of Ginckle's force at bay, till they cut off the rash or hopeless enterprise. Nevertheless, as enemy's access to the western or Connaught side several bogs, woods, and other intricacies of the of the river, by breaking down two arches of the ground leading to the town, appeared to present bridge ; and then, with some further loss in gain. some convenient opportunities for making an at- ing the draw-bridge, the remnant of this galtempt to disturb the enemy's march, Colonel Fitz-lant little band succeeded in retiring from the gerald sent out a party of Irish grenadiers to dis- English town, which they so obstinately defended, pute the passes and defiles with the hostile forces. into the Irish town, which they tuus so nobly The grenadiers performed this delicate and im- preserved! The only trophies of any consequence portant task with equal courage and prudence-claimed from this unequal contest, were one prikeeping the masses of the enemy in check as long soner, a French Lieutenant-Colonel, who was as possible, and, while retiring before his supe- found disabled, amidst the slain, under the bridge, rior numbers, making him purchase his advance about two days subsequent to the attack, and one at the cost of a considerable number of men! pair of colours, likewise found in the same place, The English camp was but five miles from Ath. under the dead, four days after. For this last lone, and the troops are mentioned by their own acquisition, Ginckle is said to have presented the historians to have mored - from their quarters finder with five guineas. It appears, on this oc"very early" on the morning of the 19th of 'casion, to have been easier to find a prisoner and June,--a time of the year when it is daylight at a pair of colours, than to TAKE them! three o'clock-yet so ably was their progress On the evening of the 20th of June, just as the disputed by the gallantry and skill of this little English town was taken, St. Ruth appeared with outpost of Irish grenadiers, that the garrison his forces on the Connaught side of the Shannon, were not driven from their last position beyond and, encamping a little behind the Irish town, the walls, and confined within the fortifications made arrangements to put a stop to the enemy's of the town on the Leinster side, till nine further progress. On the other hand, Ginckle, o'clock !
without allowing any intermission of exertion to Ginckle, though nearly the whole of his im. his army after their late success, commenced his mense battering train had yet to come up, re-operations the same evening, for attacking the solved to lose no time in attacking the English Irish town. The three guns with which he had town. He first planted three guns against a cannonaded the Irish breast-work towards Lanesbreast-work which the Irish had constructed on borough were brought into the English town, the western bank of the Shannon, to guard a along with the nine eighteen pounders, which had ford over the river, above the town, upon the battered down the bastion near the Dublin Gate. northern or Lanesborough side. These three The next day, June 21st, a detachment of cavalry guns fired upon the Irish breast-work the whole under Colonel Wolseley, was dispatched towards day. About six in the evening, a second battery Ballymore, to hasten up a number of pontoons for was raised between Isker and Athlone, and, by the passage of the river, and to guard eleven canhard working that night, at eight in the morning non and three mortars which were on the road; of the 20th of June, a third battery of nine and, against evening, a battery was completed eighteen pounders was ready. The heavy guns to the right or north-east of the bridge, for five being then ordered to play with vigour upon a twenty-four pounders, and a floor finished for six bastion by the river side, near the Dublin gate, a mortars. These eleven guns and three mortars, breach was made in the “slender wall” by twelve together with the twelve guns, just mentioned as o'clock; and the fire being so strong and inces having been brought from beyond the walls into sant as to prevent the small garrison within from the English town, make a total of twenty-six raising any works to repair or counteract the pieces of battering artillery, all except three damage done by the English artillery without, an (whose sizes are not specified, but which were assault was ordered at five o'clock. The ene- probably mortars, and as such, large,) being of my's storming party consisted of a strong de- very great weight of metal. tachment of infantry, sustained by a considerable These dispositions for attacking the Irish town body of horse. It was formed of 4,000 Dutch, being completed early on the morning of the 22nd, Danish, English, and other troops, all fresh and at six o'clock the English batteries opened upon vigorous men, selected for the purpose-the oper- the citadel or Castle of Athlone, which, as it was ations of the siege from its commencement hav- so situated in the Irish town that its fire coming been carried on by successive detachments manded the passage of the bridge over the Shanfrom the enemy's main army, that relieved one non, it was first necessary to destroy, before any another at proper intervals, so that, where there attempt could be made to enter the Irish town by were so many troops, none were overworked. the bridge. The Castle was a fortress of conThe Irish, on the contrary, besides the weakness 'siderable strength, the walls of which Colonel
Grace had last year lined with “eighteen feet | on Lanesborough, and drive the English into the thick of earth,” so that Douglas's artillery made river. Colonel O'Reilly accordingly threw up little or no impression upon the place. But it strong works upon the only accessible part of had now to withstand the incessant and ponder- the bank on the Connaught side, and Ginckle's ous discharges of Ginckle's far more numerous idea of passing over there had, in consequence, to and efficient train, directed by the veteran skill be abandoned ! and experience of foreign officers, who had ac- The dangerous attempt to cross by force at quired the knowledge of their profession at the the bridge had therefore to be resumed, though great sieges of the Continent, in an age when the the Irish, after this success in baffling the encscience of military engineering was carried to my, displayed as much activity in resisting the such a brilliant height by the rival abilities of a English at Athlone, as they had shown vigilance Vauban and a Cochorn. The fire of the besieg- | in foiling them at Lanesborough. That night, ers was directed against the north-eastern or they raised two batteries of six guns above the weakest part of the Castle; by seven in the Castle—one of three six-pounders, close by the evening a large breach was made in the wall, and river, and another of the same number farther off the English great guns and mortars continuing upon an eminence. Next day, or on the 25th, to blaze away without any interruption, even
these two Irish batteries played upon the enemy's during the night, by five in the morning of the quarters; the latter upon a portion of the walls 23d of June an entire side of the Castle gave of the English town, by which part of Ginckle's way before the hostile cannon-balls and bomb- force was sheltered, and the former upon some shells. A fortificd mill upon the bridge, in which English regiments posted near the river. The sixty-four Irish soldiers were stationed, was also first three guns had not much effect upon the wrapped in flames by the enemy's grenades, and walls; but the other_three, pouring their shot the garrison, with the exception of two men who into the midst of the English regiments, obliged saved their lives by leaping into the river, being them to shift their quarters to a less dangerous neither able to get out of the building nor to position. Ginckle, on the other hand, from a batquench the conflagration, were unhappily involved tery of six twenty-pounders planted below the in the destruction of the place. Next day, or on bridge, did great injury to a breast-work of the the 24th, more heavy ordnance continuing to ar- Irish, destroyed the greater part of the houses rive, three additional batteries were constructed yet standing in the Irish town, and so exposed against the Irish town; “one below the bridge, the rest of the hostile works to view, as to force another above it, and a third without the town the Irish to quit most of their trenches, except walls by the river side," over against a bastion such as were behind the Castle. On the 26th, erected by the Irish on the Connaught bank of thirty waggon-loads of powder arrived in the the river. Meanwhile, notwithstanding the im- English camp; no less than seven batteries now mense superiority and powerful effects of the continued to fire the whole day upon the Irish English artillery in demolishing the fortifications works, and "all night,” says the English annaof the Irish town, Ginckle, finding from the spirit list and eye-witness, “our guns and mortars and resolution of the Irish defence, and from the play most furiously!" On the 27th, a new or nature of the place, that it would be more pru- eighth battery of five pieces was planted in a dent to endeavour to pass the river by some sort meadow below the English town, to rake the of a division or flanking movement, than by passage, and thus to interrupt the communication merely limiting himself to a direct attempt to between the Irish camp and the Irish town; one cross the bridge by force, had formed a plan to hundred cart-loads of cannon-balls also came from gain the opposite bank by means of pontoons, Dublin; and, on that day as well as the former, below the ford, or towards the side of Athlone in the English “guns and mortars fired without inthe direction of Banagher, and had likewise re
termission !" Amidst the incessant blaze and roar solved upon making another attempt, in the oppo- and destruction from so many pieces of heavy site direction of Lanesborough. New “tin boats, artillery, whose vivid light, in the fine, short, and floats, and other materials” for the former of warm nights of June, rendered every discharge those enterprises, had arrived in the camp from of ball from the cannon, and of bombs and stones England on the 23d, escorted by a reinforcement from the mortars, as precise and as fatal as by of Lord Oxford's and Colonel Byerley's regi. day, the spirit and gallantry of the Irish defence ments of horse; but as less of those articles could not be surpassed. A correspondent from than were expected were sent, other boats that Ginckle’s army, describing the formidable state were in Ireland had to be put in order, to com.
of the English works, says, we can now stand plete the requisite number. During these repairs, almost at the water's edge and look over,” yet, he Ginckle proceeded with his design of crossing adds, “the enemy work like horses in carrying towards Lanesborough, where he was informed, fascines to fill the trenches ! And, to cite the that “there might be an easy and undiscovered more expressive account of another spectator, passage for most of his army, whilst his cannon Colonel Felix O'Neill, writing from the Irish amused the Irish at the town !" For this pur- camp-though the enemy “raised their batteries pose, the day he ordered the three additional bat- 80 high that A CAT COULD teries already mentioned to be mounted, he sent out a lieutenant with a party of horse to examine GREAT OR SMALL SHOT.........the French Generala the ford, which was found to be practicable. acknowledged they NEVER But Brigadier Wauchop, Governor of the Castle TION AND PIRMNESS IN ANY MEN OF ANY NAof Athlone, having gained early intelligence of tion; nuy, BLAMED TILE MEN FOR THEIR FORthis design, gave immediate warning of it to WARDNESS, and cried them up for BRAVE FELColonel Edmund Bui O'Reilly, Governor of Low, as INTREPID AS Lions !" The great vi. Lanesborough, directing him, in case of any dan. gour with which Ginckle pushed on his approaches ger, to send for the Earl of Antrim's regiment, since the 26th, and the fury with which he thun
hich was ready to advance at the first signal dered from his artillery by night as well as by
SCARCE APPEAR WITHOUT BEING KNOCKED IN THE HEAD BY
SAW MORE RESOLUUS GREAT
day, proceeded from a final determination to lows, who were all slain before they could com. force his way over the bridge at any cost, since plete their desperate task. Undeterred by their he had now nothing to hope for in the direction of fate, eleven more then sprang forth to continue Lanesborough, and, even if his pontoons for pas. what remained to be done. Another general dis. sing at the southern or Banagher side of the charge of cannon and musketry flashed along the town were ready, the Connaught bank was for- English bank of the river! The smoke cleared tified there also! The Irish, on their part, op- away; nine of the bold assailants had fallen; only posed this determination of Ginckle with undi- two were seen to survive; but the bridge was minished and desperate obstinacy. “ We labour impassible; they had finished their heroic enterhard," says Ginckle's historian, “to gain the prise ! bridge; but what we got here was ich by Inch Ginckle, thus a second time defeated in striving as it were, the ENEMY STICKING VERY CLOSE TO to cross the Shannon, resolved to renew his apIT, though GREAT NUMBERS of them were SLAIN proaches over the bridge by the more cautious by our GUNS; and this service,” he adds, “cost method of a covered walk or close gallery, and
STORE OF AMMUNITION !" The at- to support this new mode of attack by several tack on that point was commenced by the Eng others, in different directions. The whole of that lish on the 26th, the day on which they had com- day he cannonaded the Irish town with great vipleted their seven batteries; and the struggle was olence,-"as I believe never town was," writes a gallan maintained by the Irish till the evening spectator. “THIRTEEN SQUADRON OF WAGGONof the 27th. By that time, Ginckle at length HORSES,” continues the same authority, “are set contrived to gain possession of and to cover the out for Dublin for MORE AMMUNITION," and two broken arches demolished by the brave little "you may imagine," he adds, “how fast we ply garrison of Colonel Fitzgerald ; and, the same them with our artillery, when our WHOLE ARTILnight, the English were enabled to work hard at LERY is employed !” This terrific fire demolished the last arch of the bridge which the Irish had a great part of the walls that had hitherto stood broken, and had continued to contest from the erect on the western bank of the river, opposite to opposite side of the river, till they were obliged the English town, but was principally pointed to retire, by a circumstance which rendered a against the northern and strongest part of the longer attempt at resistance impossible. Their citadel, called Connaught Tower, which, after breast-works, from which an opposition was taking much trouble to destroy, was finally overmade to the further advance of the English, thrown. All the remaining thatched houses in the were mostly formed of fascines, the wood of Irish quarters were likewise burned by the enewhich, from the great warmth of the weather, my's shells ; and even the whole of the very inbeing soon dried and easily inflammable, was set ferior batteries possessed by the besieged, were on fire by some of the enemy's grenades; and, now dismounted. Yet the Irish, amidst so many the flames spreading, the troops that guarded great disadvantages, continued to repair their old those entrenchments were consequently obliged trenches, and even to form some new ones in a to retire, to avoid being enveloped in the confla- meadow opposite the last English battery of five gration !
guns, erected to rake the passage between St. It was now Sunday morning, the 28th of June. Ruth's camp and the town. In this dangerous From the 19th, or during nine successive days employment they strove to skreen themselves in and nights, the English had been engaged in get- some degree from the English artillery, by a ting thus far towards the accomplishment of their stratagem which they had also practised elseattempt, to force the passage of the Shannon, and where,—particularly at the siege of Carrickferbecome the masters of this stubbornly-defended gus, in this war. “They got," says Story, town. But that undertaking seemed now on the whose account of the matter there, will convey a verge of success; the invaders appeared to be sufficient notion of its exercise here,—“they got upon the point of obtaining in a few hours the a great number of cattel, and drove them all as end of their long labours; they enjoyed the pros- near to the top of the breach as they could force pect of spending that Sunday evening in the them to go, keeping themselves close behind Irish town. The beams were laid over the last them; and this served in some measure to secure broken arch, the only material obstacle presenting the breach, for several of the cattle were killed itself to the eyes of the English between a rapid by our shot, and, as they fell, the Irish threw advance to the triumphant attainment of their earth, stones, and wood upon them !" Meantime, wishes. Those beams were even partly planked; it having been resolved by a Council of War, that and, a few more boards once placed over the on the very next morning, the 29th, the passage small space yet uncovered, and the path to the of the river should be a third time attempted, and long inaccessible bank and town would be open! in greater force than ever, the English pio. But the enemy were destined to go "no farther." neers, under the protection of their formidable A brave dragoon, serjcant of Brigadier Maxwell's artillery, were levelling the way from their camp regiment, named Custume, proposed, with a party to the water-side, for the launching of their large of his countrymen, to put a stop to the enemy's bridge of boats. These were to be thrown across design of passing the river. The offer of the in- the stream at a place 1050 feet below, or to the trepid Serjeant was agreed to, and he dashed south of the town-bridge; and an endeavour was forward in the face of all the English works, at also made to ascertain if a ford, about a hundred the head of ten daring companions in armour, and and fifty feet to the south of the same bridge, and " with courage and strength,” says King James, between it and the bridge of boats, would be prac"even beyond what men were thought capablé | ticable for the passage of a detachment.
“ Three of," began to pull away the English beans and Danish soldiers, under sentence of death," says planks, and fling them into the water! A tre- Harris, “were offered their pardon, if they would mendous fire of great and small arms from the undertake to try the river. The men readily English line was directed upon these gallant fel consented, and, putting on armour, entered at
three several places. The English in the trenches overwhelm the English with his entire strength, were ordered to fire, seemingly at them, but to in case any assistance should be required by the aim over their heads, whence," he observes, “the garrison! While the French General made these Irish concluded them to be deserters, and did not excellent dispositions for meeting the enemy, fire till they saw them returning; when the Eng- Ginckle, as the best method of exciting the lish by their great and small shot obliging the courage of his English and mercenary troops, distriIrish to lie covered, the men were preserved, two buted" handfuls of money" to the men, who were of the men only being slightly wounded; and it to attack by the bridge and ford. The contest was discovered, that the deepest part of the river was to commence at the bridge, near the broken did not reach their breasts, the water never having arch on their own side of wliich the English had been known so shallow in the memory of man! It raised a breast-work. To this they had almost was accordingly determined that the Irish town advanced their gallery; and upon the attack upon should be assailed in three places.
this point, the other operations were to depend. in the words of Ginckle's historian, was "to go The grenadiers of each party commenced by over the bridge; a second to pass upon the floats throwing their grenades at each other, from their and pontoons; and a third detachment were to go respective breast-works on the opposite sides of over the ford below the bridge; where our horse," the broken arch; but with very different results. he adds, “were also to pass and second the foot; The English did no damage to the Irish works, a large breach being made on the other side for when a grenade Alung across the river by one of their entrance! A choice body of grenadiers, and the Irish grenades set fire to the English breast. other picked men from every regiment in the work! The whole was immediately involved in English army, were to head the attack, under torrents of flame and clouds of smoke, which, the veteran Major General Mackay, the whole of from the dryness of the fascines or wood-work, whom, supplied with fifteen shots a man, were to and a westerly breeze then blowing and spreading be prepared by six in the morning, behind the the blaze on every side, it was impossible to exwalls of the English town; “but," says the ac- tinguish; so that the English were compelled to count, “ with the greatest silence and secresie im- fall back, and form another breast-work behind aginable !” Intelligence of the entire plan was, their close gallery which was on fire, in order to however, conveyed to St. Ruth by some deserters; preserve the remaining part of the bridge! It and he determined to act accordingly.
was now past twelve o'clock; and the assailants Day appeared, and Mackay's grenadiers were being equally disheartened by this repulse at the at their post in due time. It was, however, near very outset, and intimidated by the vigorous y reten o'clock before the long bridge of boats could parations which St. Ruth had made to receive be got ready for launching; and the English had them, the entire attack was ordered to be disthe double mortification of not only being obliged continued ! “ Ginckle's officers," observes an to defer their attack, but of perceiving that the eye-witness, “knew not well what to think, seeing Irish were fully apprized of the attempt, and were themselves defeated in so great a project ;" — while taking every precaution against it! From an "the troops," says Major General Mackay, “reearly hour, in spite of the continued and annoying turned to their quarters, discovering by the sulfire of the English batteries, detachments of St. lenness and dejection of their looks, the passions in Ruth's best troops were seen pouring into the their minds.” And thus all the waygon-trains of Irish town to man the works. St. Ruth himself, powder, and cart-loads of cannon-balls, and with the rest of his army as a reserve, likewise is handfuls of money,” were equally successful took post immediately behind the walls of the against this one broken portion of the bridge, town that lay towards his camp; and was thus which, after all the labour, and anxiety, and exboth guarded by those walls from the hostile ar- pense of a third attempt to cross the river, was tillery, and on the watch to pounce upon and I still as impassible as ever !
THE NATIVE MUSIC OF IRELAND.
Ere the commencement of our “labours of love,” in the introduction of our National Music to the readers of the Citizen, we were aware that, besides the beautiful Air (No. 2) published in our January Number, there was another native Melody to which the title of "the wearing of the Green" had belonged; and verses written for the latter air by a favourite Poetical contributor to our Magazine, were handed to us at the time. We did not, however, consider the Metre of these words to be so well suited to our No. 2, as that which we adopted, or we should assuredly have given them on that occasion in preference to any thing of our own; but having recently had the good fortune to obtain the Air to which we have alluded above, we are delighted to be enabled to give these beautiful lines on "the wearing of the Green” in conjunction with the Melody for which they were originally written. It is perhaps, scarcely necessary to add, if any resemblance be found between the words of No. 2 and No. 14, beyond what the nature of the subject would naturally account for, that the claim of originality belongs to the Author of the lines which we have now the pleasure to submit to our readers.
The air has come to us by pure oral tradition, for we never saw it noted down until we ourselves had attempted to reduce it to writing. It appears in that antique shape, in which the second phrase is imitated in the third, and the first in the fourth. The close of the first part on the seventh of the dominant is a peculiar feature in Irish Music, and strongly indicates the genuineness and antiquity of the composition. The slight variation in the 6th and 10th bars, possibly crept in, in the course of the tradition ; but we thought it our duty to give the air exactly as it was delivered unto us. In accompanying the varied notes in the third phrase with a varied harmony, we have, perhaps, departed from the rigid simplicity which ought to be exacted; but we hope, that, by a little use, the change may be admitted and not condemned as either impertinent or disagreeable.
THE WEARING OF THE GREEN.
Farewell, my native Land, for I
Must leave your lovely shore;
That wrings your heart so sore;
Or grief on me be seen;
The wearing of the green.
My father loved you tenderly,
He sleeps within your breast ;
Laid with him in his rest;
That was our village queen ;
For wearing of the Green.
The green, and wear the blue,
And-Mary-be with you;
If I had traitor been;
“ But never sell the Green!"