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These are not idle words of vague or un- | similar conditions of society, but we should shapen fear. The position of Ireland is never read the division lists with a severing daily growing more and more imperative, in view. But when an exclusively Irish bill its demand upon the intelligent attention of is sought to be carried by dint of EngEnglishmen. Those wonderful facilities of lish votes through the House of Commons, intercourse, which superficial observers only against the indignant protest of two thirds of regard as so many easings of the load of na- Ireland's representatives, and in defiance of tional responsibility, -as so many excuses the declared will of five sixths of her people, for doing nothing effectual, by way of legis- who can find one word wherewith to answer lative amends for the past, or for aiding the oft-reiterated allegation, that Ireland has amelioration in its cross channel way,—have not justice done her in the United parliain truth created in the minds of all reflect. ment. ing inen, an urgency hitherto unfelt, save as Inconceivable as the infatuation of the a sentiment for securing to Ireland, speedily Tories has been, in their rejection of soothing and permanently, the solid benefits of reform. measures and their attempt to enforce injuIreland's tranquillity and wellbeing has rious ones, the tone they have assumed both become emphatically an English question,- in speech and writing seems to'us more utterly beyond comparison the most important insane. They appear to be just sufficiently English question of the day. A destitute, aware of Ireland's feelings, to know how excitable, daring, and numerically powerful to offend the most thoroughly. They people are brought to their very doors; a know that the great majority of her children people taught, and unhappily with too much are devoted to the ancient mode of faith, and iruth, to ascribe their misery to the conse- they therefore omit no opportunity of lamquences of England's misgoverning folly and pooning and traducing it. They know that jealousy of them; a people full of ambition 10 ihe people are with reason attached 10 that be better, rapidly growing in educated extraordinary man, whose career is identified intelligence, and yet, from a variety of intri- with their history during the last five and cate causes, led and influenced by passionate twenty years, and they depute their nobility feelings essentially different from those of and clergy, to treat him publicly with the Britain.

grossest and most disgraceful personal inNevertheless we have seen within the last sult. They know that a deep and enthusisession of the imperial legislature, a spirit astic feeling of country is bound up with the and demeanour evinced towards Ireland, heart of our nation, and they employ the whose results, if persevered in further, must ablest pens and the most conspicuous occainevitably inature in the Irish mind indeli- sions, io pour every epithet of scorn and reble and ineradicable sentiments of interna- proach upon our country and our race. To tional hatred. Situated as the two islands such men as Lord Ellenborough it may be are, it is utterly impossible to exasperate the given to see, that in legislating for a disconpopulation of the one against the other, without tented tributary, it is better to leave its nadoing incalculable injury to the best interests tionality something to rally round, than to of both. But the people of Ireland must attempt to cut it down continually as often cease to have the impulses of men, ere they as it revives; but the mass of the Tory parcan regard with any other sentiments than ty seem bent at all hazards on provoking those of the bitterest resentment, the pre- and perpetuating, as far as in them lies, hadominance in the councils of England of a tred and distrust between the countries. disfranchising and denationalizing policy. But what is to be the end of all this? Ireland is jealous of her nationality; the Do they imagine the condition of Eus rulers of England know this, and yet they rope such, as to render the desperate experispare no opportunity of wantonly wounding ment of a dragoon government in Ireland it. Ireland is jealous of the limited propor- promising? Is the fast improving intellition her representatives bear to those of Bri- gence and sobriety of our people, calculated tain ; how can they argue that such jealousy to increase the belief of its possibility ? is groundless, when even this, Lord Stanley Are the hourly multiplying means of interand his three hundred abetlors threaten vir- course, and the continually advancing immitually to take away, by rendering it an abso- gration of Irish into England, likely to renlute mockery ? Were Lord Stanley's mea- der a state of convulsion on this side of the sure a general one, or had it proposed to channel matter of unconcern on the other ? adopt an undiscriminating law of registration Or is the tone of popular feeling here so for the three kingdoms, we might argue “ hushed in dreams of bliss and sweet conagainst the equality of its bearing upon dis- tent," that no anxiety or care need be enter


tained on its account? Verily we think it image ; and the warning of its being needful no wise strange, that M. de Feuillide should to look must be heard, before the ascertainbe able to account for the present antagonism ment of the truth can begin. For this cause of parties, by no more subtle theory than alone therefore, it is very useful and desirathat the Orangists or ultra tories are tho- ble, that, without our will bidding, the roughly insane.

likeness drawn of us by another should ocWe distinguish between the followers of casionally be held up to our view. It may the Inglis and Buckingham standard, and Aatter or unduly derogate perhaps; but if its those who on many points differ from them, lineaments sometimes break the perilous day less on account of the actual value of the dream of self-forgetfulness, and unasked redifferences already apparent, than because mind us how and what we seem to be, surely we are satisfied they spring from a dissimi- it is appointed unto us for good. larity of moral and intellectual nature. It is a fact of no little significance moreUpon the former, argument is and must ever over, when various accounts, separately given be little better than thrown away. They and coming from hands in many respects have wrapped themselves round in a mantle dissimilar, accord in the main. Vanity must of fanaticism, which pity cannot penetrate or be strong indeed, -blind even as the night, sympathy unbind. Men whose notions of which refuses to yield up its illusory safuture happiness for themselves, is condition- tisfaction to testimony so corroborated. ed on the belief of the everlasting misery of People on the other side of the channel are those who differ from them, are unable to continually falling into this easy minded comprehend the claim which these prefer, for state of vague and general belief, that as the equal rights in this transitory sphere. But condition of Ireland is in intellectual capaall, who for want of due reflection allow city improving, it is therefore needless to themselves to be denominated Tories, are take much further thought about the matter. neither in fact nor in pretence fanatics. Foreigners visit Ireland, almost every year; They can feel, can think, can feel ashamed and they narrate what they have heard and of what is shown them to be wrong, can seen; but the last thing a continental reader upon occasion rise above the paltriness of would infer from their accounts, would be partyism, and (as for instance on the Irish apathy or contented ignorance on the subject Municipal reform bill,) compel even the among Englishmen. And most assuredly leaders of their party to do what is just. On it well behoves all thinking men in Britain, such men, and on a numerous class among to know what our continental neighbours English reformers, whose energy is apt to are thus learning (through channels wholly grow indolent, from want of the requisite beyond their power to direct,) to think refreshening that reflection alone can give, garding the internal state of the united kingreasoning is not always thrown away. To doms. Far from resenting the curiosity of these moreover must be added numbers of their neighbours, or attributing sinister mothe various grades of society, in England, tives for their exposés, they ought to rejoice, who have never espoused decidedly, either that they are thus likely to be forewarned of the cause of political improvement or retro- their neighbouring weakness and danger. gression. When the proportion which all The world is come to that condition, wherethese taken together bear to the entire com- in observation can no longer be eluded. munity is duly estimated, it will not appear Such as we are, we must be publicly prohyberbole to say-ye are the English nation; claimed to be. Debility cannot be paraded your danger or security is staked upon the on state days, to look like strength in the prevalence of just principles of government eyes of a foreign ambassador; for one offihere; your condition must be determined by cial spy of foreign governments, there are a yourselves; what,-in so far as the peace hundred unofficial spies of foreign nations. and prosperity of Ireland is concerned,—is The people of other countries have now their that condition ?

envoys, to gather them information :-has There are two ways of becoming acquaint- England a sense of self regard or shame, and ed with one's aspect and condition; either by shall she feel insensible to what notions foreign beholding the picture that is drawn of us by countries are thus learning to form, regardanother, or by looking in the glass of our ing Ireland ? own consciousness. The latter, if the mir- We are not about to enter into any ror be an honest one, is doubtless the better detailed analysis of the work of M. de of the two; but then it is as fleeting as the Feuillide. It is in every point of view mood of contemplation; the humour of sell inferior to that, which has already become enquiry must return ere we regain the so well known, from the pen of M. de


Beaumont. But from its ad captandum style, hatred of the Irish people to the principles and its piquant adoption of local and na- of that system, is reasonable and reasoned ; tional phrases, which are given in English it is derived from examination and reflecinstead of being attempted in a French tion; it is maintained by comparison of the translation, it is probable that many will evils that once were, with the condition of read with eagerness and interest, the things which has more lately been. Ireetchings of the more superficial observer, land's hatred of Toryism is instinctive, and will form their notions of Ireland as instinctive as her love of justice. There's thereby, who would have failed to go not a wound still bleeding in her frame, through the more philosophic inductions of there's not a weakness still humbling and the abler and more accomplished statistician. degrading her,—there's not a memory or The leading features, however, in the two fear of evil haunting her, wherewith the portraitures are unhappily but too coinci- the curse of Toryism is not intuitively assodent with one another, and too true to fact. ciated. They saw in England the corruptIt were easy to point out inaccuracies in ing hand, but they never felt the heel. both, and to raise, were that our object, They knew the guile, but they never knew plausible doubts as to the value of testi- the insolence of power. They knew that mony so invalidated : but we are in no they were swindled annually to a large humour for carping at trifles, just now. amount; but they were not left upon the

The matter is too serious for special road side as we were, naked and wounded. pleading on; too solemn to be handled as Their pride was sometimes piqued at the a mere topic of literary criticism. Ireland, rattling of the scabbard; but in Ireland for after forty years of legislative union, is many a dreadful year, the scabbard was held up to the eyes of Europe as a reproach empty. Nothing but time the great forto Great Britain ; and the slumbering giver,” could have anealed these terrible jealousy of rivals and of enemies is told, recollections ; and had Toryism been that in Ireland there is still a depth of susceptible of tuition, the sight of the poverty and discontent, which though at utter wreck it had made of a noble land, present tranquil and gradually subsiding and the gradual improvement already from off the face of our beautiful land, wrought therein under many disadvantages, is yet sufficient, if roused and agitated by an opposite system to that it had pursued, again, to damage if not to peril the pros- ought to have taught it. But toryism is perity of England herself. And unhappily untaught and unteachable; its own madness there is too much ground for such a tale. and threatenings within the last twelve Great improvements have taken place of months declare, that if Ireland is to be recent years, undoubtedly; perhaps we spared till she recover her strength, her ought rather say, that the way has been deadly foe must at all hazards be withheld distinctly wn, how great improvement from being again unleashed against her. may hereafter be effected. The distrust of The one incontrovertible and damning the mass of the people if not wholly flung fact, that all foreigners attest, and justly aside by the government, has been less charge against the misgovernment of odiously bespoken, and often disavowed. Ireland by England is, that, with unbounded Popular distrust has in its turn been ready natural resources of wealth and elements and credulous whenever it had any thing of greatness, the country is still in an economilike cause. The press has in no instance cal condition utterly disgraceful to any been prosecuted or menaced by the govern- European state. England boasts of her ment; and cordial aid has been given to the enlightenment, 'her progress, her new deexecutive, by all creeds and classes, in the velopments of amelioration; she says, and prosecution of real offenders. Upon the not untruly, that Rome in her best estate permanent establishment of this mutual never knew such a general temper of civiconfidence between the governors and the lization, as they not only have long been governed, all hope of political amelioration enjoying in Great Britain, but by its must depend; without it all other expe- example have taught other nations dients failed in times past; with its suspen- enjoy. Yet assuredly Rome would have sion all that the last six years have begun burned with shame, had any province to accomplish, will be uprooted and over subject to her remotest proconsular sway, turned also.

been found after many generations in the Uprooted it must nevertheless be, if by plight which Toryism has left Ireland in. any unfortunate event a Tory government How much stronger is the contrast, when should assume the reins of power. The we recollect that the two kingdoms have

ever were.


for nearly forty years, been more absolutely | crushed for centuries, does not possess incorporated, ihan the free cities of Italy private capital adequate to the construction

Rome made great and ample of vast works such as they have in England. compensation for the homage of supremacy But did we ask her to give us the money ? she exacted; as far as Ireland is concerned, Not a farthing; all we prayed was, that England has made absolutely none; and as far having no power or separate authority to as Toryism is engaged by the consistency, contract loans on our own separate account, the obstinacy, the bigotry, and the tyranny a sum sufficient to make a portion of those of its nature, we are to be denied the sınall. improved ways of transit we desired, might est particle of tardy retribution.

be raised in the name of the international One example may suffice. It is well firm, and secured directly and primarily known that, with every willingness to work, upon our own county rates, which the mass of the Irish labouring classes offered to mortgage for the purpose. We cannot obtain employment during a great offered further, that these rates should not portion of the

year. It was made if pos- merely be liable to the payment of the sible more obvious than ever, by the reports interest on the principal sum thus advanced, of the Poor Enquiry Commissioners in but that through them, the entire loan 1835 and 1836, that an abundance of with interest should be raised, and paid off useful work might be created for the able- within a given time in annual instalments, bodied population, during the intervals of by virtue of the act of parliament which their agricultural labour; work which from should authorize the loan, and without any its nature, must infallibly open up hitherto reference or discretion whatsoever being unbroken national resources, and thus per- reserved to the local taxing bodies. The manently promote the general improvement rates so offered in mortgage, yield upwards of the country. One item of this sort, of £1,250,000 a year; and ihe entire sum whose effects upon general production ad- proposed to be raised was but £2,500,000. mitted of no dispute, was

a connected Paltry and limited as this was, it was too system of railways. The cost of their great a risk of imperial credit in the esticonstruction, though great, the people were mation of that party, who in the space of willing and ready to bear. The aristocracy, twelve years added three hundred millions though upon other subjects misled by to the national debt. But the motive for their old allies into believing, that their both acts, however opposite, was the same. interests differed from those of the great Liberty is dear to Ireland ; and her ameliobody of their countrymen, in this instance ration, and redemption from beggary and acted blamelessly. They united with men, need, would add a new fortress to the western whom all their lives they had been arrayed lines of European freedom. Toryisin against in party conflict; they offered their trembles at Ireland's thus gaining a firm lands gratuitously to government, in many and assured footing; her position, her instances to a very great extent; thereby bravery, her enthusiastic temperament, her exhibiting a striking contrast to the generous sympathy in every cause of ensordid and grasping conspiracies, that in lightenment are too well understood, not to every part of England the great landed pro- be feared and abhorred by all whose domiprietors unblushingly entered into, to mulet nion they withstand. Therefore has Ireland public enterprize for their own selfish been kept down hitherto; therefore have benefit. Even the clergy of various sects all the palliative designs of the Whigs and creeds, whom it is proverbially dilli- been thwarted and delayed; therefore was cult to combine in Irelann upon any public every engine of calumny and fanaticism purpose, zealously joined with the gentry and brought into play against church reform, the mercantile classes in preferring our unani- against the purification of the municipal mous solicitation to parliament, for leave to bodies, and, with more uncloaked hatred and make railroads in our own country at our malignity than all, against the continuance own expense. To the disgrace, the indelible of leniency in the administration of justice, disgrace of the united legislature be it said, and freedom in the return of representatives the opposition of English members was to parliament. so powerful, that the government were com- Yet never was impolicy more shortsighted, pelled to abandon the scheme.

and, as the event may one day prove, more Of course there was a pretext found suicidal, than that which decrees physical other than the real one, for this miserable barbarism to a great and growing people, act of despotic and ungenerous wrong. a people already far beyond the power of Ireland having been long despoiled, and bigotry and despotism to stop in their

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steady progress towards intellectual and are thoroughly informed that the resources of moral nationalization. The fruits of element- other lands are not to be thus locked up and ary education are already beginning rapidly to chained in idleness, to gratify the antiquated develope themselves. Eight years ago there caprice or trembling selfishness of a foreign was not a single literary periodical in exis- faction. Of a verity, it seems high time for tence in Ireland; at present ere are four England to look closely into this matter. monthly, and two weekly journals published Marred as many of the popular expectain Dublin alone; and all of them supported tions in Ireland have been, by the perversity with spirit and ability. *

of those who negatively controul the will of Little more than eight years ago there the imperial legislature, the emollient of a were not a dozen volumes printed in Dublin just and merciful execution of the laws, durin the course of the year ; we are certainly ing the last few years, has done much to turn within the mark, when we say that on an away her often rising wrath. The people of average there have been of late four times Ireland have had evidence that the youthful that number. Let this go on five years sovereign of these realms desires to rule longer, and Ireland will be utterly un- them, not as tributaries to her English subgovernable against her will.

jects, but in all respects as the equals of their Eight years ago there was not a Mecha- wealthier brethren. Their temper has ever nics’ Institute, from one end of the kingdom been a loyal and confiding one; and save to the other; now there are several in full among the disbanded mercenaries of an illoperation, and if that which has been estab- conditioned faction, the mention of the lished in the capital be a fair specimen, they Queen's name has, since her accession, been are eminently calculated for efficient useful- a rallying word in Ireland of peace, and hope, ness.

It is impossible to estimate the value and oblivion of injuries. But a constituor the consequences of all these things com- tional monarch, however noble-minded and bined. Ireland has already won a distin- faithful to her exalted trust, can only be seen guished name in science; and literature and through her advisers. While these are idenart are fast springing into life within the tified with the furtheranceofthe people's wishes popular bosom. Cotemporaneously, also, even though they stand not in the foremost rank we have seen the people of their own free of those who battle in defence of their just will, associate themselves together to with rights,-in vindication of their traduced and stand the prevalence of immoral habits. As slandered name, all the goodness of majesty far as in them lies, they are going forth to is permitted to reach the people, there is no meet improvement, and planting civilization perverting or discolouring medium interposed in every corner of society. The legislature between the nation's eyes and royalty. alone holds out against their efforts, when- But let these counsellors be removed, let ever toryism can avail to thwart and mar; a bigotted and hungry party force their way and having the keys of authority in its hands, to power, let them prostitute the influence of and the strings of the partnership purse, it de government for six months to the acquisition clares by word and deed, that as it cannot of an orange majority in parliament, and all prevent moral and intellectual progress, it the worth and virtue of the queenly heart will at least frustrate all physical improve will be intercepted e'er they leave the palace ment. Wise and philosophic resolution ! gate. Ireland they will reach no more.

And yet it may one day occur even to the Mercy will be shut out, as in the good old bull-headedness of toryism, that if it was days of decimating ascendency; and the rehard to govern a people equi-barbarized with ciprocity of kindliness and forgiveness, that their country, it will be utterly impossible to was already taking root in the long suffering rule a people self-civilised, in a country kept many towards the guilty few, will wither in by force in a state of stagnation. The mul- the first blast of misrule. titude groaned in blind misery before, and it Toryism—that creed and liturgy of injustook all the hands of toryism to hold them tice, which trampled the Netherlanders into down;

in mercy to itself will toryism only union among themselves, and then into reimagine what the struggle will be by-and-bye, bellion, can alone combine and alienate the when the million eyes are open, and the mil- affections of the Irish people. Toryismlion wills are free, and the million intellects the brand that lit the thirty years' war-fire

in Germany—the curse that drew down the • The University Magazine, the Dublin Medi- fury of revolution upon France in 1789,cal Journal, the Farmer's Magazine, and the that rent America from England, and BelCitizen, published monthly; the Catholic Lumina- gium from Holland— Toryism is ready to ry twice in the month; and the Medical Press, and hazard any thing and every thing in the ato Irish Penny Journal which appear weekly.

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