The Specter of the Absurd: Sources and Criticisms of Modern Nihilism
SUNY Press, 01 հնվ, 1988 թ. - 456 էջ
This book is our century's most comprehensive and wise treatment of nihilism in all of its guises, comparing favorably with Rosen, Cavell, and indeed with Spengler. Crosby argues that our culture is genuinely haunted by nihilism expressing itself in the fideism of fundamentalism as well as in the debilitating alienation from all orientation. This results from a one-sided development of Western culture.
Unlike most writers on this topic, Crosby acknowledges many sources colluding to frame the culture of nihilism, including "the death of God," the objectification of nature, the meaninglessness of suffering in a mechanical universe, the ephemerality of time in a world where value does not accumulate, the arbitrariness of historicized reason, the reduction of value to will, and the alienation of the Cartesian ego. These sources are reviewed in the first two parts of the book with the result that the phenomenon of nihilism becomes understandable.
In its third and fourth parts, Crosby provides a critical analysis of the religious and philosophical forces leading to nihilism by discussing authors from the early modern period through Dostoyevsky, Sartre, Russell, and Derrida. He shows that these forces are skewed and impoverished and should not be allowed to determine our situation. The comprehensive attention to detail and the multi-perspectival interpretation demonstrates as well as asserts the richness of the culture that puts nihilism in its place.
Part Five, finally, rephrases the criticism of the sources of nihilism in positive ways.
Part Four in particular is a tour de force of philosophical argument. Its richness of nuance, plurality of views examined, and adroitness of critical interpretation provide cumulatively a powerful, non-nihilistic reading of the philosophic tradition.
The force of the argument derives from its comprehensive, cumulative character. Crosby distinguishes and relates five areas of nihilism: political, moral, epistemological, cosmic, and existential. Throughout the book, he illustrates and examines these as they are expressed in literature and art, in daily life and practical affairs, and in philosophy. The book is richly erudite in its marshalling of consciousness from so many domains.
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Experiencing the Absurd
Types of Nihilism
Arguments About God Nature Suffering and Time
Arguments About Reason Will and Other Persons
Anthropocentrism Externality of Value and Religion As Theism
Gods AllSeeing Eye Search for Certainty and Deprecation of the World
CorrespondenceSubstance and the Hegemony of Science
Truth Through Method and Seeds of Nihilism in the Thought of Descartes
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absolute absolute idealism absurd action afterlife argues argument Aristotle aspects assumed assumption atheism awareness basis belief causal certainty certitude Chapter character Christian claims completely conceived concept conclusion consciousness context cosmic criticism culture death Descartes Descartes's discussed distinction dualism epistemological ethical existence existential nihilism experience fact foundationalist freedom fundamental give Hegel hegemony of science Hobbes human Hume idea ideal implicit important individual insistence interpretation Kant Kant's kind knowledge lives mathematical meaning meaningful metaphysical method mind modern moral nihilism natural science negative freedom Nietzsche Nietzsche's nihilistic nominalistic objective one's outlook past persons perspectives philosophy possible present principles problem purely question radical rational reality reason relations religious role Sartre Sartre's Schopenhauer scientific scientific method scientific reductionism scientism sense significance simply social solipsism source of nihilism Stirner subjectivism subjectivist suffering theory things thinkers thinking thought tradition truth understanding universe Wolf Larson