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WOOL RESEARCH AND PROMOTION

Agricultural Act of 1954

Act of August 28, 1954, Public Law 83–690, 68 Stat. 912, 7 U.S.C. 1787 AN ACT To provide for greater stability in agriculture; to augment the market

ing and disposal of agricultural products; and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

WOOL PROGRAM

Sec. 708.1 The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to enter into agreements with, or to approve agreements entered into between, marketing cooperatives, trade associations, or others engaged or whose members are engaged in the handling of wool, mohair, sheep, or goats or the products thereof for the purpose of developing and conducting on a national, State, or regional basis advertising and sales promotion programs and programs for the development and dissemination of information on product quality, production management, and marketing improvement, for wool, mohair, sheep, or goats or the products thereof. Advertising and sales promotion programs may be conducted outside of the United States for the purpose of maintaining and expanding foreign markets and uses for mohair or goats or the products thereof produced in the United States.

Provision may be made in such agreement to obtain the funds necessary to defray the expenses incurred thereunder through pro rata deductions from the payments made under section 704 of this title to producers within the production area he determines will be benefited by the agreement and for the assignment and transfer of the amounts so deducted to the person or agency designated in the agreement to receive such amounts for expenditure in accordance with the terms and conditions of the agreement. No agreement containing such a provision for defraying expenses through deductions shall become effective until the Secretary determines that at least two-thirds of the producers sho, during a representative period determined by the Secretary, have heen engaged, within the production area he determines will be benefited by the agreement, in the production for market of the commodity specified therein approve or favor such agreement or that producers Kho, during such representative period have produced at least twothirds of the volume of such commodity produced within the area which will be benefited by such agreement, approve or favor such agreement. Approval or disapproval by cooperative associations shall

17 DR.C. 1787 Amended by the Act of August 10, 1973, Public Law 93-86, section (1) (7) (B), 87 Stat. 224.

be considered as approval or disapproval by the producers who are members of, stockholders in, or under contract with such cooperative association of producers. The Secretary may conduct a referendum among producers to ascertain their approval or favor. The requirements of approval or favor shall be held to be complied with if twothirds of the total number of producers, or two-thirds of the total volume of production, as the case may be, represented in such referendum, indicate their approval or favor.

PART V. RESEARCH RELATING TO SPECIFIC AGRI

CULTURAL COMMODITIES AND PRODUCTS

HALOGETON GLOMERATUS CONTROL ACT

Act of July 14, 1952, Public Law 82-529, 66 Stat. 597, 7 U.S.C. 1651

et seq.

AN ACT To provide for the eradication and control of Halogeton glomeratus on

lands in the United States, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Halogeton Glomeratus Control Act."

Sec. 2. In order to protect the livestock industry from losses caused by the poisonous weed Halogeton glomeratus now or hereafter existing on lands in the several States, to provide for the maintenance and development of valuable forage plants on range and pasture lands, and to prevent destruction or impairment of range and pasture lands and other lands by the growth, spread, and development of the poisonous weed known as Halogeton glomeratus, it shall be the policy of the Federal Government, acting independently or in cooperation with the several States and political subdivisions thereof, private associations and organizations, and individuals, to control, suppress, and eradicate this weed, poisonous to livestock, on lands in the several States irrespective of ownership.

Sec. 3." (a) The Secretary of the Interior with respect to lands under his jurisdiction, including trust or restricted Indian lands, and the Secretary of Agriculture with respect to any other lands, either independently or in cooperation with any State or political subdivision thereof, private association or organization, or individual, are severally authorized, upon such conditions as they respectively deem necessary

(1) to conduct surveys to detect the presence and effect of Halogeton glomeratus on lands in such State;

(2) to determine those measures and operations which are necessary to control, suppress, and eradicate such weed; and

(3) to plan, organize, direct, and carry out such measures and operations as either of them may deem necessary to carry out the purposes

of this Act. (b) Measures and operations to control, sunpress, or eradicate Halogeton glomeratus on lands under the jurisdiction of any department, agency, independent establishment, or corporation of the Federal Government shall not be conducted without the consent of the department, agency, independent establishment, or corporation concerned.

SEC. 4.2 The Secretary of Agriculture in his discretion may allocate, 17 U.S.C. 1652.

I7 U.S.C. 1658.

out of any sums appropriated to him under authority of this Act, to any department, agency, independent establishment, or corporation of the Federal Government having jurisdiction over any land on which there exists Halogeton glomeratus, such amounts as he deems necessary for the control, suppression, and eradication of such weed by such department, agency, independent establishment, or corporation, as the case may be. Sums appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior under authority of this Act shall be expended for work on, or of benefit to, lands under his jurisdiction, including trust or restricted Indian lands. Either Secretary may also accept and utilize such voluntary and uncompensated services of Federal, State, and local officers and employees as are available.

Sec. 5. In the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of the Interior, as the case may be, no expenditures shall be made from funds appropriated under this Act to control, suppress, or eradicate Halogeton glomeratus on lands in the several States until there have been made or agreed upon such contributions, in the form of funds, materials. services, or otherwise, by the States and political subdivisions thereof, private associations, and organizations, and individuals, toward the work of controlling, suppressing, or eradicating such weed, as the Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of the Interior, respectively, may require.

Sec. 6.* (a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture and to the Secretary of the Interior such sums as the Congress may from time to time determine to be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(b) Any sums so appropriated shall be available for expenditure for the employment of persons and means in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, for the purchase, hire, maintenance, operation, and exchange of aircraft and passenger-carrying vehicles, and for such other expenses as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(c) Such sums shall not be used to pay the cost or value of any property injured or destroyed in carrying out the purposes of this Act.

Sec. 7. The authority contained in this Act shall be in addition to, and shall not limit or supersede, authority contained in existing law with respect to the control, suppression, and eradication of pests, plants, and plant diseases.

37 U.S.C. 1654, *7 U.S.C. 1655. 67 U.S.C. 1656.

CONTROL OF CATTLE GRUBS

Act of June 16, 1948, ch. 477, 62 Stat. 458, 21 U.S.C. 114e-f AN ACT Authorizing additional research and investigation into problems and

methods relating to the eradication of cattle grubs, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in order to protect, promote, and conserve livestock and livestock products and to minimize losses, the Secretary of Agriculture, either independently or in cooperation with States or subdivisions thereof, farmers' associations, and other organizations and individuals, it is authorized to increase and intensify research and investigations into problems and methods relating to the eradication of cattle grubs and to undertake measures to eradicate these parasites.

SEC. 2. As used in this Act, the term “State" includes the District of Columbia and the Territories and possessions of the United States. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this Act. Funds appropriated pursuant to this Act shall be expended in accordance with procedures prescribed by the Secretary.

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