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HUMANE SLAUGHTER ACT Act of August 27, 1958, Public Law 85–765, 72 Stat. 862, 7 U.S.C.

1901 et seq. AN ACT To establish the use of humane methods of slaughter of livestock as a

policy of the United States, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Congress finds that the use of humane methods in the slaughter of livestock prevents needless suffering; results in safer and better working conditions for persons engaged in the slaughtering industry; brings about improvement of products and economies in slaughtering operations; and produces other benefits for producers, processors, and consumers which tend to expedite an orderly flow of livestock and livestock products in interstate and foreign commerce. It is therefore declared to be the policy of the United States that the slaughtering of livestock and the handling of livestock in connection with slaughter shall be carried out only by humane methods.

Sec. 2. No method of slaughtering or handling in connection with slaughtering shall be deemed to comply with the public policy of the United States unless it is humane. Either of the following two methods of slaughtering and handling are hereby found to be humane:

(a) in the case of cattle, calves, lorses, mules, sheep, swine. and other livestock, all animals are rendered insensible to pain by a single blow or gunshot or an electrical, chemical or other means that is rapid and effective, before being shackled, hoisted, thrown, cast, or cut; or

(b) by slaughtering in accordance with the ritual requirements of the Jewish faith or any other religious faith that prescribes a method of slaughter whereby the animal suffers loss of consciousness by anemia of the brain caused by the simultaneous and instantaneous severance of the carotid arteries with a sharp

instrument and handling in connection with such slaughtering.” Sec. 3.: (Repealed)

Sec. 4.* In furtherance of the policy expressed herein the Secretary is authorized and directed

(a) to conduct, assist, and foster research, investigation, and experimentation to develop and determine methods of slaughter and the handling of livestock in connection with slaughter which are practicable with reference to the speed and scope of slaughtering operations and humane with reference to other existing

methods and then current scientific knowledge; and 17 U.S.C. 1902.

* The Act of October 10, 1978, Public Law 94-445, 92 Stat. 1069, amended section 2 by adding "and handling in connection with such slaughtering" and repealing sections 3. 4(c) and 5. a 'See note 2. • 7 U.S.C. 1904.

(b) on or before March 1, 1959, and at such times thereafter as he deems advisable, to designaté methods of slaughter and of handling in connection with slaughter which, with respect to each species of livestock, conform to the policy 'stated herein. If he deems it more effective, the Secretary may make any such designation by designating methods which are not in conformity with such policy. Designations by the Secretary subsequent to March 1, 1959, shall become effective 180 days after their publication in the Federal Register.

(c) (Repealed) Sec. 5. (Repealed)

Sec. 6.' Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prohibit, abridge, or in any way hinder the religious freedom of any person or group. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, in order to protect freedom of religion, ritual slaughter and the handling or other preparation of livestock for ritual slaughter are exempted from the terms of this Act. For the purposes of this section the term “ritual slaughter” means slaughter in accordance with section 2 (b).

See note 2. *7 U.S.C. 1906.

• See note 2.

BUREAU OF DAIRY INDUSTRY

Act of May 29, 1924, ch. 208, 43 Stat. 243, 7 U.S.C. 401 et seq. Chap. 208.-AN ACT To establish a Dairy Bureau in the Department of Agri

culture, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That there is hereby established in the Department of Agriculture a bureau to be known as the Bureau of Dairy Industry.”

Sec. 2.? That a Chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry shall be appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture, who shall be subject to the

neral direction of the Secretary of Agriculture. He shall devote his time to the investigation of the dairy industry, and the dissemination of information for the promotion of the dairy industry.

Sec. 3. For the purpose of enabling the Secretary of Agriculture and the Chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry to carry out the purposes of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to transfer to the Bureau of Dairy Industry such activities of the Department of Agriculture as he may designate which relate primarily to the dairy industry, and to employ such additional persons in the city of Washington and elsewhere, as may be necessary.

Sec. 4. For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act and the activities of the Bureau of Dairy Industry such sums of money as Congress may deem necessary are hereby authorized to be appropriated, in addition to such sums provided for in the Agricultural Appropriation Act for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1925.

SEC. 5. That this Act shall be in full force and effect on and after July 1, 1924.

17 U.S.C. 401. Amended by the Act of May 11. 1926, ch. 286. 44 Stat. 499, which changed the name of the “Bureau of Dairying" to the "Bureau of Dairy Industry". Functions of the Bureau of Dairy Industry were transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture hy 1947 Reorg. Plan No. 1, $ 301, eft. July 1, 1947, 12 F.R. 4534, 61 Stát. 952, 7 U.S.C. 37 U.S.C. 402. * 7 U.S.C. 403. 67 U.S.C. 404.

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391 note.

TENNESSEE EXPERIMENT STATION

Act of May 29, 1928, ch. 892, 45 Stat. 981, 7 U.S.C. 422, 422a Chap. 892.-AN ACT Authorizing and directing the Secretary of Agriculture

to establish and maintain a dairy and livestock experiment and demonstration station for the South at or near Lewisburg, Tennessee

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at or near Lewisburg, Tennessee, a dairying station for investigations, experiments, and demonstrations in the dairy industry, and the problems pertaining to the development of such industry in the South, and for investigations, demonstrations, assistance, and service in dairy livetock breeding, growing, and feeding, and dairy products manufacture.

Sec. 2.1 That there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $50,000, to carry out the provisions of this Act, including the construction of buildings, the acquirement of equipment and apparatus, the purchase of livestock, and the employment of necessary persons; and each fiscal year thereafter necessary appropriations for the maintenance of said station as contemplated by this Act:Provided, That suitable lands are furnished by the State or other interests. 17 U.S.C. 422a. Omitted from the current version of the Code.

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NORTH DAKOTA EXPERIMENT STATION

Act of July 3, 1926, ch. 769,44 Stat. 84, 7 U.S.C. 421, 421a
Chap. 769.-AN ACT To provide for the establishment of a dairying and

livestock experiment station at Mandan, North Dakota Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at Mandan, North Dakota, a dairying and livestock experiment station, in connection with the Great Plains Experiment Station, for investigations and experiments in the dairy and livestock industries and the problems pertaining to the establishment and development of such industries, and for demonstrations, assistance, and service in livestock breeding, growing, and feeding.

Sec. 2.1 That there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $25,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to carry out the provisions of this Act, including the acquisition of suitable lands, the construction of buildings, the purchase of livestock and breeders, and the employment of necessary persons. 17 U.S.C. 421a. Omitted from the current version of the Code.

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