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DOMESTIC ANIMALS AND POULTRY: RESEARCH LABORATORIES FOR Foot

AND-MOUTH DISEASE

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Act of May 29, 1884, ch. 60, 23 Stat. 31, 7 U.S.C. 391 Chap. 60.-AN ACT For the establishment of a Bureau of Animal Industry, to

prevent the exportation of diseased cattle, and to provide means for the suppression and extirpation of pleuro-pneumonia and other contagious diseases among domestic animals

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of Agriculture shall organize in his Department a Bureau of Animal Industry, and shall appoint a Chief thereof, who shall be a competent veterinary surgeon, and whose duty it shall be to investigate and report upon the condition of the domestic animals and live poultry ? of the United States, their protection and use, and also inquire into and report the causes of contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases among them, and the means for the prevention and cure of the same, and to collect such information on these subjects as shall be valuable to the agricultural and commercial interests of the country.

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Sec. 12.- The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to establish research laboratories, including the acquisition of necessary land, buildings, or facilities, and also the making of research contracts under the authority contained in section 10 (a) of the Bankhead-Jones Act of 1935, as amended by the Research and Marketing Act of 1946, for research and study, in the United States or elsewhere, of foot-andmouth disease and other animal diseases which in the opinion of the Secretary constitute a threat to the livestock industry of the United States: Provided, That no live virus of foot-and-mouth disease may be introduced for any purpose into any part of the mainland of the United States except coastal islands separated therefrom by waters navigable for deep-water navigation and which shall not be connected with the mainland by any tunnel, and except that the Secretary of Agriculture may transport said virus in the original package across the mainland under adequate safeguards and except further, that in the event of outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in this country, the Secretary of Agriculture may, at his discretion, permit said virus to be brought into the United States under adequate safeguards. To carry out the provisions of this section, the Secretary is authorized to employ technical experts or scientists without regard to the Classifica

1 Amended by the Act of July 14, 1890, ch. 707, 26 Stat. 288, to substitute "Secretary of Agriculture for Commissioner of Agriculture".

* Amended by the Act of February 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59, by adding "and live ponltry" after domestic animals". • Amended by the Act of July 14, 1890, ch. 707, 26 Stat. 288. 121 U.S.C. 113a. Added by the Act of April 24, 1948, ch. 229, 62 Stat. 198.

• The Act of July 31, 1958, Public Law 85-573, 72 Stat. 454, inserted in the proviso clause of the first sentence the exception clause respecting transportation of virus in original package across the mainland under adequate safeguards.

tion Act: Provided, That the number so employed shall not exceed five and that the maximum compensation for each shall not exceed the highest rate of grade 18 of the General Schedule of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as Congress may deem necessary; in addition, the Secretary is authorized to utilize, in carrying out this section, funds otherwise available for the control or eradication of such diseases.

• The Act of October 11, 1962, Public Law 87–793, 76 Stat. 864, substituted the proviso regarding compensation for earlier provisions.

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORGANIC ACT OF 1944

Act of September 21, 1944, Public Law 78-425, 58 Stat. 734

AN ACT To provide for the control and eradication of certain animal and plant

pests and diseases, to facilitate cooperation with the States in fire control, to provide for the more efficient protection and management of the national forests, to facilitate the carrying out of agricultural conservation and related agricultural programs, to facilitate the operation of the Farm Credit Administration and the Rural Electrification Administration, to aid in the orderly marketing of agricultural commodities, and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That,

Sec. 101.

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(b) · The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cooperate with State authorities and with the authorities of the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico in the administration of regulations for the improvement of poultry, poultry products, and hatcheries.

(d): The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase in the open market from applicable appropriations samples of all tuberculin, serums, antitoxins, or analogous products, of foreign or domestic manufacture, which are sold in the United States, for the detection, prevention, treatment, or cure of diseases of domestic animals, test the same, and disseminate the results of said tests in such manner as he may deem best.

17 U.S.C. 429. Amended by the Act of August 4, 1950. Public Law 81-862, 64 Stat. 418, to add reference to the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawall, and Puerto Rico. *7 U.S.C. 430.

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ANIMAL CANCER RESEARCH ACT

Act of October 17, 1980, Public Law 96-469, 94 Stat. 2235, 7 U.S.C.

3901 et seq.

AN ACT To provide for research and coordination of research in the diagnosis,

prevention, and control of malignant tumors in domestic animals, poultry, and wildlife. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that this Act may be cited as the “Animal Cancer Research Act." Sec. 2.- Congress finds that,

(a) basic research on malignant tumors or cancers is essential to protect the health of domestic animals, poultry, and wildlife, including birds;

(b) carcinogenic agents have not been adequately identified in domestic animals, poultry, and wildlife management;

(c) basic research in diagnosis, prevention, and control of malignant tumors in animals and birds has not been adequately coordinated;

(d) significant theories of a common factor in malignant tumors, such as chorionic gonadotropin, have not been pursued in depth;

(e) research on diagnosis, prevention, and control of cancer in animals and birds will be beneficial in identifying any common factors in human and animal malignant tumors, if such exist; and

(f) it is imperative for the Department of Agriculture and the National Institutes of Health to coordinate and consult with regard to the research authorized under this Act to achieve the

maximum benefits from such research. Sec 3.2 The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a program of basic research on cancer in animals and birds at appropriate facilities within the Department of Agriculture or by grants to other qualified research facilities.

Sec. 4.3 The Secretary of Agriculture and the Director of the National Institutes of Health shall annually review the research program conducted under this Act in order to coordinate the program with the National Cancer Institute research program.

SEC. 5. (a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to administer the program under this Act $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1982, and $25,000,000 annually thereafter through the end of fiscal year 1986.

(b) Not more than 30 per centum of any of the amounts appropriated under this section in any fiscal year may be obligated for research under section 3 at facilities of the Department of Agriculture.

17 U.8.C. 3901. 17 U.S.C. 8902. •7 U.S.C. 3903.

•7 U.S.C. 3904.

IMPROVEMENT OF BREEDING HORSES

Act of April 21, 1948, Public Law 80-494, 62 Stat. 197 AN ACT To transfer the Remount Service from the Department of the Army to

the Department of Agriculture Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

Sec. 2. The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to receive the property transferred by this Act and is directed to administer it in such manner as he deems will best advance the livestock and agricultural interests of the United States, including improvement in the breeding of horses suited to the needs of the United States; the acquisition by purchase in the open market, exchange, hire, or donation of breeding stock, and necessary land, buildings, and facilities; the use of horses in the improvement of the supply of horses available in agriculture; the demonstration of the quality and usefulness of horses through participation in and lending for use in fairs, shows, and other events, or otherwise; the loan, sale, or hire of animals or animal products through such arrangements and subject to such fees as are deemed necessary by the Secretary to accomplish the purposes of this Act, and, in carrying out such program, the Secretary is authorized to cooperate with public and private organizations and individuals under such rules and regulations as are deemed by him to be necessary.

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