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(e) With respect to any foreign person, other than an individual or a government, who is required by subsection (a), (b), (c), or (d) of this section to submit a report, the Secretary may, in addition, require such foreign person to submit to the Secretary a report containing

(A) the legal name and the address of each person who holds any interest in such foreign person;

(B) in any case in which the holder of such interest is an individual, the citizenship of such holder; and

(C) in any case in which the holder of such interest is not an individual or a government, the nature of the legal entity holding the interest, the country in which such holder is created or orga

nized, and the principal place of business of such holder. (f) With respect to any person, other than an individual or a government, whose legal name is contained in any report submitted under subsection (e) of the section, the Secretary may require such person to submit to the Secretary a report containing

(A) the legal name and the address of any person who holds any interest in the person submitting the report under this subsection;

(B) in any case in which the folder of such interest is an individual, the citizenship of such holder; and

(C) in any case in which the holder of such interest is not an individual or a government, the nature of the legal entity holding the interest, the country in which such holder is created or organized, and the principle [sic] place of business of such holder.

CIVIL PENALTY

Sec. 3.1 (a) If the Secretary determines that a person

(1) has failed to submit a report in accordance with the provisions of section 2, or (2) has knowingly submitted a report under section 2

(A) which does not contain all the information required to be in such report, or

(B) which contains information that is misleading or

false, such person shall be subject to a civil penalty imposed by the Secretary. The amount of any such civil penalty shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section. Any such civil penalty shall be recoverable in a civil action brought by the Attorney General of the United States in

an appropriate district court of the United States. (b) The amount of any civil penalty imposed by the Secretary under subsection (a) of this section shall be such amount as the Secretary determines to be appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act, except that such amount shall not exceed 25 percent of the fair market value, on the date of the assessment of such penalty, of the interest in agricultural land with respect to which such violation occurred.

INVESTIGATIVE ACTIONS Sec. 4.2 The Secretary may take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary to monitor compliance with the provisions of this Act

17 U.S.C. 3502.

27 U.S.C. 3503.

and to determine whether the information contained in any report submitted under section 2 accurately and fully reveals the ownership interest of all foreign persons in any foreign person who is required to submit a report under such section.

REPORTS TO CONGRESS AND THE PRESIDENT

Sec. 5. (a) In accordance with the schedule set forth in subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary shall

(1) with respect to each period set forth in such subsection, analyze information obtained by the Secretary under section 2 and determine the effects of foreign persons acquiring, transferring, and holding agricultural land, particularly the effects of such acquisitions, transfers, and holdings on family farms and rural communities, and

(2) transmit to the President and each House of the Congress a report on the Secretary's findings and conclusions regarding

(A) each analysis and determination made under paragraph (1); and

(B) the effectiveness and efficiency of the reporting requirements contained in section 2 in providing the information

required to be reported by such section. (b) An analysis and determination shall be made, and a report on the Secretary's findings and conclusions regarding such analysis and determination transmitted, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section

(1) with respect to information obtained by the Secretary under section 2 during the 6-month period following the effective date of section 2, within 9 months after such effective date;

(2) with respect to information obtained by the Secretary under section 2 during the 12-month period following the effective date of section 2, within 15 months after such effective date; and

(3) with respect to each calendar year following the 12-month period referred to in paragraph (2), within 90 days after the end of such calendar year.

REPORTS TO THE STATES

Sec. 6.- Not later than 30 days after the end of each 6-month period beginning after the effective date of section 2, the Secretary shall transmit to each State department of agriculture, or such other appropriate State agency as the Secretary considers advisable, a copy of each report which was submitted to the Secretary under section 2 during such 6-month period and which involved agricultural land located in such State.

PUBLIC INSPECTION

Sec. 7. Any report submitted to the Secretary under section 2 shall be available for public inspection at the Department of Agriculture located in the District of Columbia not later than 10 days after the date on which such report is received by the Secretary.

37 U.S.C. 3504. 47 U.S.C. 3505. 57 U.S.C. 3506.

REGULATIONS

SEC. 8. Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prescribe regulations for purposes of carrying out the provisions of this Act.

DEFINITIONS

Sec. 9.? For purposes of this Act

(1) the term "agricultural land" means any land located in one or more States and used for agricultural, forestry, or timber production purposes as determined by the Secretary under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary;

(2) the term “foreign government” means any government other than the Federal Government or any government of a State or a political subdivision of a State; (3) the term “foreign person" means (A) any individual

(i) who is not a citizen or national of the United States;

(ii) who is not a citizen of the Northern Mariana Islands or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; or

(iii) who is not lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence, or paroled into the United States, under the Immigration and Nationality

Act; (B) any person, other than an individual or a government, which is created or organized under the laws of a foreign government or which has its principal place of business located outside of all the States;

(C) any person, other than an individual or a government

(i) which is created or organized under the laws of any State; and

(ii) in which, as determined by the Secretary under regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe, a significant interest or substantial control is directly or indirectly held

(I) by any individual referred to in subparagraph (A);

(II) by any person referred to in subparagraph (B);

(III) by any foreign government; or

(IV) by any combination of such individuals,

persons, or governments; and (D) any foreign government; (4) the term “person" includes any individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company, trust, estate, or any other legal entity;

(5) the term "Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture; and

87 U.S.C. 3507. 77 U.S.C. 3508.

(6) the term “State" means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, or any other territory or possession of the United States.

EFFECTIVE DATES

SEC. 10. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this Act shall become effective on the date of the enactment of this Act.

(b) Section 2 shall become effective on the date on which regulations prescribed by the Secretary under section 8 become effective.

$7 U.S.C. 3501 note.

RURAL TRANSPORTATION ADVISORY TASK FORCE

Act of November 2, 1978, Public Law 95–580, 92 Stat. 2475, 49 U.S.C.

1653 note

AN ACT To establish a Rural Transportation Advisory Task Force, and for

other purposes

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Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Congress hereby finds and declares that,

(1) an adequate transportation system, made up of various modes of transportation, is essential to the overall success of the Nation's agriculture programs, to a sound program of rural development, and to the economic stability of the United States;

(2) the economical and efficient movement of agricultural commodities (including forest products) and agricultural inputs has been impeded by a shortage of railroad freight cars and motor trucks and by the deteriorated condition of many rail roadbeds throughout the United States;

(3) the economical and efficient movement of agricultural commodities (including forest products) and agricultural inputs is further threatened by the proposed abandonment by the railroad companies of thousands of miles of important railroad lines in the United States;

(4) the maintaining of an efficient and economical transportation system for agriculture and rural development in the United States has not received the priority attention which such system should have received; and

(5) the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Transportation have a responsibility to assume a more active role in representing the interests of agriculture and rural development in the United States in order to insure the availability of an adequate, efficient, and economical transportation system sufficient to meet the needs of agriculture and rural development in the United

States. Sec. 2. (a) There is hereby created in accordance with the provisions of this section a Rural Transportation Advisory Task Force (hereinafter referred to as the "Task Force").

(b) The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Transportation (hereinafter referred to as the Secretaries) shall serve as Cochairmen of the Task Force, which shall consist of fourteen members in addition to the Cochairmen, appointed by the Secretaries on the following basis:

(1) one to be selected from a list of qualified individuals recommended by the Secretary of Agriculture;

(2) one to be selected from a list of qualified individuals recommended by the Secretary of Transportation;

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