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Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate. Any supplier of a commodity or ocean transportation who fails to file such a report or who files à false report shall be ineligible to furnish—directly or indirectly-commodities or ocean transportation financed under this title for a period of five years.
Sec. 301.27 (a) In order to establish a strong relationship between United States food assistance and efforts by developing countries to increase the availability of food for the poor in such countries and improve in other ways the quality of their lives, the President is authorized to encourage the use of the resources provided by the concessional financing of agricultural commodities under this Act for agricultural and rural development, including voluntary family planning, health, and nutrition programs, by permitting the funds accruing from the local sale of such commodities, or the dollar sales value of
the commodities themselves, which are used for such purposes to be applied against the repayment obligation of governments receiving concessional financing under this Act. The agreemnt between the United States Government and an eligible developing country government which provides for repayment of the obligation to the United States accruing from the concessional sale of United States agricultural commodities by the use in the participating country of funds from the sale of such commodities or of the commodities themselves for specified development purposes shall be called a Food for Development Program.
(b) The overall goal of assistance under this title shall be to increase the access of the poor in the recipient country to a growing and improving food supply through activities designed to improve the production, protection, and utilization of food, and to increase the well-being of the poor in the rural sector of the recipient country. Assistance under this title shall be used for programs of agricultural development, rural development, nutrition, health services, and population planning, and the program described in section 406(a)(1) of this Act, in those countries which are undertaking (or are seriously prepared to undertake in connection with the provision of agricultural commodities under this Act) self-help measures to increase agricultural production, improve storage, transportation, and distribution of commodities, and reduce population growth in accordance with section 109 of this Act, when such programs are directed at and likely to achieve the policy objectives of sections 103 and 104 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and are consistent with the policy objectives of this Act. Particular emphasis should be placed on activities which effectively assist small farmers, tenants, sharecroppers, and landless agricultural laborers, by expanding their access to the rural economy through services and institutions at the local level, and otherwise providing opportunities for the poor who are dependent upon agriculture and agriculturally related activities to better their lives through their own efforts.
37? U.S.C. 1727. Sections 301-307 were added by the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1977, Public Law 95-88, 91 Stat. 548.
Sec. 302.28 (a) Whenever the President, in consultation with the government of a developing country, determines that such developing country meets the criteria specified in subsection (b) of this section and could benefit from the sale of United States agricultural commodities (including processed and blended foods) for the purposes of generating funds or distributing such commodities for agricultural and rural development, and improving food distribution and use within such country, the President may designate such country as eligible for a Food for Development Program.
(b) In order to be eligible for a Food for Development Program under this section, a country must (1) have a need for external resources to improve its food production, marketing, distribution, and storage systems; (2) meet the criterion used to determine basic eligibility for development loans of the International Development Association of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development; (3) have the ability to utilize effectively the resources made available by the sale of food commodities under this section for the purposes specified in clause (1) of this subsection; and (4) indicate the willingness to take steps to improve its food production, marketing, distribution, and storage systems.
(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, the aggregate value of all agreements entered into under this title
(A) for fiscal year 1978, shall be not less than 5 percent,
(C) for fiscal year 1980 and each fiscal year thereafter, shall be
not less than 15 percent, of the aggregate value of all agreements entered into under title I of this Act for such fiscal year.
(2). The President may waive the requirement of paragraph (1) of this subsection with respect to a fiscal year if he determines that there are an insufficient number of agricultural and rural development projects which qualify for assistance under this title and that therefore the humanitarian purposes of this Act would be better served by furnishing financing under other provisions of this Act. Any such waiver shall be reported to the Congress, together with a detailed statement of the reasons for the lack of acceptable projects and a detailed description of efforts by the United States Government to assist eligible countries, pursuant to section 303(a), in identifying appropriate projects for assistance under this title.
(3) Greatest efforts shall be made by relevant United States agencies to encourage maximum utilization of assistance for Food for Development projects under this title, even beyond the minimums required by paragraph (1) of this subsection.
(4) 20 In developing and carrying out Food for Development Programs under this title, consideration shall be given to using the capability and expertise of American agriculture, in partnership with indigenous individuals and organizations, in furthering economic development and increased food production.
SEC. 303.30 (a) A country designated as eligible and wishing to participate in a Food for Development Program shall formulate, with the assistance (if requested) of the United States Government, a multiyear proposal which shall be submitted to the President. Such proposal shall include an annual value or amount of agricultural commodities proposed to be financed under the authority of title I of this Act pursuant to the provisions of this title, and a plan for the intended uses of commodities or the funds generated from the sale of such commodities, on an annual basis. Such proposal shall also specify the nature and magnitude of problems to be affected by the effort, and shall present targets in qualified terms, insofar as possible, and a description of the relationships among the various projects, activities, or programs to be supported.
27 U.S.C. 1727a.
* Paragraph (4) was added by section 205 of the International Development Cooperation Act of 1979, Public Law 96-53, 93 Stat, 369,
* 7 U.S.C. 1727b.
(b) The multiyear utilization proposal for a Food for Development Program shall include, but not be limited to, a statement of how assistance under such Program will be integrated into and complement that country's overall development plans and other forms of bilateral and multilateral development assistance, including assistance made available under section 103 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or under any other title of this Act. .
(c) In his review of any utilization proposal for a Food for Development Program, the President shall be satisfied that such assistance is intended to complement, but not replace, assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or any other program of bilateral or multilateral assistance, or under the development program of the country desiring to initiate a Food for Development Program.
Sec. 304.31 (a) Whenever a utilization proposal has been agreed upon by the President and the participating country, the Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized to furnish credit under the authority of title I of this Act to the participating country for the purchase of a specific annual value of agricultural commodities to be delivered over a period of from one to five years, subject to the availability of commodities under section 401 of this Act.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no payment except as provided for under this title shall be required of the recipient government as a part of any agreement to finance the sale of agricultural commodities pursuant to a Food for Development Program.
(c) In making food assistance available under this title to a country on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development list of relatively least developed countries, the President may waive any requirement contained in section 303 (a) or (b), in that portion of section 303 (c) which requires that assistance under this title is intended to complement but not replace any part of the development program of the participating country, or in section 306, if he finds that such country is unable to meet such requirement but could use assistance under this title to meet important humanitarian or developmental objectives of this Act. Such waivers, and the reasons therefor, shall be reported annually by the President to the Congress.
(d) The Commodity Credit Corporation may pay, with respect to commodities made available under this title to a country on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development list of relatively least developed countries, freight charges from United States ports to designated ports of entry abroad or to designated points of entry abroad in the case of landlocked countries.
517 U.S.C. 1727c. Subsection (d) was added by section 202 of the International Develop- · ment and Food Assistance Act of 1978, Public Law 95-424, 92 Stat. 955.
SEC. 305.52 (a) Funds generated from the sale of agricultural commodities by any participating country under this title shall be held in a special account, where practicable, to be disbursed for the purposes described in the approved Food for Development Program of such country. The amount of funds disbursed for such purposes and in accordance with the agreement shall be deemed payments for the purposes of section 103(b) of this Act. Disbursements of funds from the special account in an amount equivalent to the dollar value of the credit furnished by the Commodity Credit Corporation under section 304(a) shall be deemed to be payment of all installments of principal and interest payable thereon for the commodities purchased by the participating country for purposes of this title.
(b) Such disbursements shall be deemed to be payments with respect to the credit furnished pursuant to the agreement or if, in the case of a country on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development list of relatively least developed countries, the disbursements in a fiscal year are greater than the amount of the annual repayment obligation which that country would have to meet for that fiscal year under the agreement but for the disbursements in accordance with the Food for Development Program, then the disbursements which are in excess of the amount of that annual repayment obligation may, to the extent provided in the agreement, be considered as payments with respect to the annual repayment obligations of that country for that fiscal year under other financing agreements under this Act.33
(c) 34 When agricultural commodities made available under this title are used by the participating country in development projects in accordance with the applicable Food for Development Program, the dollar sales value of such commodities shall be applied, in accordance with subsections (a) and (b) of this section, against repayment obligations of that country under this Act, with the value of the commodities so used being deemed to be disbursements made at the time of such use.
Sec. 306.35 Not more than one year after the initial delivery of commodities to any country under this title and each year thereafter for the period of agreement, the government of the participating country, with the assistance (if requested) of the United States Government, shall submit a comprehensive report to the President on the activities and progress achieved under the Food for Development Program for such country, including, but not limited to, a comparison of results with projected targets, a detailed description of how the commodities were used or a specific accounting for funds generated, their uses, and the outstanding balances at the end of the most recent fiscal vear. Such annual report may also include recommendations for modification and improvement in the Food for Development Program of such country.
Sec. 307.36 Each year the President shall review all agreements providing for the use under this title of the proceeds from the sale of agricultural commodities, or of the commodities themselves, with respect to which there was not full disbursement during the preceding fiscal year. The results of such review shall be included in the annual report to the Congress required under section 408(a) of this Act.
* 7 U.S.C. 1727d. Subsection (b) was added by section 203 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978, Public Law 95-424, 92 Stat. 955.
* The last sentence was added by section 206 of the International Development Cooperation Act of 1979. Public Law 96-53, 93 Stat. 369.
* Subsection (c) was added by section 204 (b) of the International Development Coopera. tion Act of 1979, Public Law 96-53, 93 Stat. 369.
$7 U.S.C. 1727e. The requirement for a detailed description of how the commodities were used was added by section 207 (a) of the International Development Cooperation Act of 1979. Public Law 96-53, 93 Stat. 369.
» 7 U.S.C. 17274.
(b) If the President finds that the provisions of an agreement are not being substantially met, he shall not extend financing for sales under this title until the end of the following fiscal year or until the situation is remedied, whichever occurs first, unless the failure to meet the provisions is due to unusual circumstances beyond the control of the recipient government.
Sec. 310.30 The Secretary shall, whenever he determines that such action is in the best interest of the United States, and to the maximum extent practicable, barter or exchange agricultural commodities owned by the Commodity Credit Corporation for (a) such strategic or other materials of which the United States does not domestically produce its requirements and which entail less risk of loss through deterioration of substantially less storage charges as the President may designate, or (b) materials, goods, or equipment required in connection with foreign economic and military aid and assistance programs, or (c) materials or equipment required in substantial quantities for offshore construction programs. He is hereby directed to use every practicable means, in cooperation with other Government agencies, to arrange and make, through private channels, such barters or exchanges or to utilize the authority conferred on him by section 4(h) of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, as amended, “o to make such barters or exchanges. In carrying out barters or exchanges authorized by this section, no restrictions shall be placed on the countries of the free world into which surplus agricultural commodities may be sold, except to the extent that the Secretary shall find necessary in order to take reasonable precautions to safeguard usual marketings of the United States and to assure that barters or exchanges under this Act will not unduly disrupt world prices of agricultural commodities or replace cash sales for dollars. The Secretary may permit the domestic processing of raw materials of foreign origin. The Secretary shall endeavor to cooperate with other exporting countries in preserving normal patterns of commercial trade with respect to commodities covered by formal multilateral international marketing agreements to which the United States is a party. Agencies of the United States Government procuring such materials, goods, or equipment are hereby directed to cooperate with the Secretary in the disposal of surplus agricultural commodities by means of barter or exchange. The Secretary is also directed to assist, through such means as are available to him, farmers' cooperatives in effecting exchange of agricultural commodities in their possession for strategic materials. Barter or exchange of agricultural commodities under clause (a) of this section shall be limited to exchange for materials which originate in the country to which the surplus agricultural commodities are exported and to arrangements which will prevent resale or transshipment of the agricultural commodities to other countries. 41
37 This section contained an amendment to section 407 of the Agricultural Act of 1949. * This section contained an amendment to section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949. * 7 U.S.C. 1692. 40 15 U.S.C. 714b. " The last sentence as added by section 7 of Public Law 90-486, 82 Stat. 451.