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PREDATORY ANIMAL CONTROL 1
Act of March 2, 1931, ch. 370,46 Stat. 1468, 7 U.S.C. 426. Chap. 370.-AN ACT To authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out
his ten-year cooperative program for the eradication, suppression, or bringing under control of predatory and other wild animals injurious to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal husbandry, wild game, and other interests, and for the suppression of rabies and tularemia in predatory or other wild animals, and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized and directed to conduct such investigations, experiments, and tests as he may deem necessary in order to determine, demonstrate, and promulgate the best methods of eradication, suppression, or bringing under control on national forests and other areas of the public domain as well as on State, Territory, or privately owned lands of mountain lions, wolves, coyotes, bobcats, prairie dogs, gophers, ground squirrels, jack rabbits, and other animals injurious to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal husbandry, wild game animals, fur-bearing animals, and birds, and for the protection of stock and other domestic animals through the suppression of rabies and tularemia in predatory or other wild animals; and to conduct campaigns for the destruction or control of such animals: Provided, That in carrying out the provisions of this Act the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with States, individuals and public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions.
Sec. 3.That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make such expenditures for equipment, supplies, and materials, including the employment of persons and means in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and to employ such means as may be necessary to execute the functions imposed upon him by this Act.
1 Functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to conservation of wildlife, game and migratory birds were transferred to the Secretary of the Interior by the 1939 Reorganization Plan No. II, section 4(f), effective July 1, 1989. See 5 U.S.C. 903, note. 17 U.S.C. 426b.
FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE ACT
Act of February 16, 1938, ch. 30,52 Stat. 73
Sec. 506.1 The Corporation
(a) shall have succession in its corporate name;
(b) may adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal, which shall be judicially noticed;
(c) may purchase or lease and hold such real and personal property as it deems necessary or convenient in the transaction of its business, and may dispose of such property held by it upon such terms as it deems appropriate;
(d) subject to the provisions of section 508 (c), may sue and be sued in its corporate name, but no attachment, injunction, garnishment, or other similar process, mesne or final, shall be issued against the Corporation or its property. The district courts of the United States, including the district courts of the District of Columbia and of any territory or possession, shall have exclusive original jurisdiction, without regard to the amount in controversy, of all suits brought by or against the Corporation. The Corporation may intervene in any court in any suit, action, or proceeding in which it has an interest. Any suit against the Corporation shall be brought in the District of Columbia, or in the district wherein the plaintiff resides or is engaged in business;
(e) may adopt, amend, and repeal bylaws, rules, and regulations governing the manner in which its business may be conducted and the powers granted to it by law may be exercised and enjoyed;
(f) shall be entitled to the use of the United States mails in the same manner as the other executive agencies of the Government;
(g) with the consent of any board, commission, independent establishment, or executive department of the Government, including any field service thereof, may avail itself of the use of information, services, facilities, officials, and employees thereof in carrying out the provisions of this title;
(h) shall assemble data for the purpose of establishing sound actuarial bases for insurance on agricultural commodities;
(i) shall determine the character and necessity for its expenditures under this title and the manner in which they shall be incurred, allowed, and paid, without regard to the provisions of such determinations shall be final and conclusive upon all other officers of the Government;
any other laws governing the expenditure of public funds and 17 U.S.C. 1506. The term "Corporation” refers to the Federal Crop Insurance Corpora. tion. Amended by the Acts of June 21. 1941. ch. 214. 55 Stat. 255; August 1, 1947, ch. 440. 61 Stat. 71 August 25. 1949, ch. 512. 63 Stat. 665; and the Federal Crop Insurance Act of 1980, Public Law 96–365, 94 Stat. 1312.
() shall have such powers as may be necessary or appropriate for the exercise of the powers herein specifically conferred upon the Corporation and all such incidental powers as are custoinary in corporations generally; and
(k) may enter into and carry out contracts or agreements necessary in the conduct of its business, as determined by the Board. State and local laws or rules shall not apply to contracts or agreements of the Corporation or the parties thereto to the extent that such contracts or agreements provide that such laws or rules shall not apply, or to the extent that such laws or rules are inconsistent with such contracts or agreements.
Sec. 508. To carry out the purposes of this title the Corporation is authorized and empowered
(a) If sufficient actuarial data are available, as determined by the Board, to insure producers of agricultural commodities grown in the United States under any plan or plans of insurance determined by the Board to be adapted to the agricultural commodity involved. Such insurance shall be against loss of the insured commodity due to unavoidable causes, including drought, flood, hail, wind, frost, winterkill, lightning, fire, excessive rain, snow, wildlife, hurricane, tornado, insect infestation, plant disease, and such other unavoidable causes as may be determined by the Board.
Except in the case of tobacco, insurance shall not extend beyond the period the insured commodity is in the field. For the purpose of the foregoing sentence, in the case of aquacultural species, the term “field" means the environment in which the commodity is produced. Any insurance offered against loss in yield shall make available to producers protection against loss in yield that covers 75 per centum of the recorded or appraised average yield of the commodity on the insured farm for a representative period (subject to such adjustments as the Board may prescribe to the end that the average yields fixed for farms in the same area, which are subject to the same conditions, may be fair and just). In addition, the Corporation shall make available to producers lesser levels of yield coverage, including a level of coverage at 50 per centum of the recorded or appraised average yield, as adjusted. The Corporation shall not make available to producers any level of coverage in excess of 75 per centum of the recorded or appraised average yield, as adjusted. One of the price elections offered shall approximate (but be not less than 90 per centum of) the projected market price for the commodity involved, as determined by the Board. Insurance provided under this subsection shall not cover losses due to the neglect or malfeasance of the producer, or to the failure of the producer to reseed to the same crop in areas and under circumstances where it is customary to so reseed, or to the failure of the producer to follow established good farming practices. The Board may limit or refuse insurance in any county or area, or on any farm, on
:7 U.S.C. 1508. Amended in its entirety by the Federal Crop Insurance Act of 1980, Public Law 96–365, sections 105, 106, and 107, 94 Stat. 1812.
the basis of the insurance risk involved. Insurance shall not be provided on any agricultural commodity in any county in which the Board determines that the income from such commodity constitutes an unimportant part of the total agricultural income of the county, except that insurance may be provided for producers on farms situated in a local producing area bordering on a county with a crop-insurance program. The Corporation shall report annually to the Congress the results of its operations as to each commodity insured.
(b)(1) To fix adequate premiums for insurance at such rates as the Board deems actuarially sufficient to cover claims for losses on such insurance and to establish as expeditiously as possible a reasonable reserve against unforeseen losses.
(2) The producer may elect to have deleted from the Corporation's policy of insurance the coverage against losses caused by hail and fire and to obtain coverage therefor from other than a Federal insurer. Upon notice in writing of such election to the Corporation and submission of evidence of such substitute coverage on the commodities insured by the Corporation in a dollar amount not less than that provided by the Corporation's policy of insurance, the producer's premium, as calculated by the Corporation, shall be reduced by an amount equal to 40 per centum of the prevailing average county hail and fire insurance premium charged by other than Federal insurers for the dollar amount of the coverage provided by the Corporation's policy of insurance, as determined by the Corporation: Provided, That the producer's premium shall not be reduced by less than 15 per centum nor more than 30 per centum: Provided further, That, notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this sentence, the producer's premium shall not be reduced by an amount that exceeds the premium for the substitute coverage of a dollar amount equal to that provided by the Corporation's policy of insurance. Any premium reduction in excess of the amount of premium that the Corporation determines would have been necessary for the Corporation to charge in order to cover indemnities actually paid by other than Federal insurers for hail and fire coverage deleted from the Corporation's policy of insurance shall be regarded as premium paid by the Corporation.
(3) For the purpose of encouraging the broadest possible participation in the insurance program, 30 per centum of each producer's premium (reduced, where applicable, for hail and fire exclusion, or State or State agency subsidy), as calculated by the Corporation on any coverage under the Corporation's policy of insurance up to a maximum of 65 per centum of the recorded or appraised average yield, as adjusted, shall be paid by the Corporation.
(4) The producer's premium, or share thereof, shall be collected at such time or times, and shall be secured in such manner, as the Board may determine. (5) The Board may enter into agreements with
State or agency of a State under which such State or agency may pay to the Corporation additional premium subsidy to further reduce the portion of the premium paid by farmers in such State.
(6) With respect to any crop insurance covering the 1981 crop of wheat, feed grains. upland cotton, or rice, a producer shall not be eligible for a partial payment of the premium by the Corporation
under paragraph (3) of this subsection for such commodity if the producer elects to make the acreage of the commodity eligible for payments under the disaster payment provisions for wheat, feed grains, upland cotton, and rice of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (as amended effective for the 1981 crops): Provided further, That a producer who is not eligible for a partial payment of premium by the Corporation under this subsection because of the producer's election to make the acreage of the commodity involved eligible for disaster payments in 1981 shall remain eligible to purchase Federal crop insurance on the 1981 acreage of the commodity at the full cost of the premium.
(c) To adjust and pay claims for losses under rules prescribed by the Board. In the event that any claim for indemnity under the provisions of this title is denied by the Corporation, an action on such claim may be brought against the Corporation in the United States district court for the district in which the insured farm is located: Provided, That no suit on such claim may be allowed under this section unless it shall have been brought within one year after the date when notice of denial of the claim is mailed to and received by the claimant.
(d) In connection with insurance upon yields of cotton, to include provision for additional premium and indemnity in terms of lint cotton to cover loss of cottonseed, such additional premium and indemnity on the basis of the average relationship between returns from cottonseed and returns from lint cotton for the same period of years as that used for computing yields and premium rates.
(e) And directed, notwithstanding any other provision of this title, to provide reinsurance, to the maximum extent practicable, upon such terms and conditions as the Board may determine to be consistent with subsections (a) and (b) of this section and sound reinsurance prin. ciples, to insurers including private insurance companies or pools of such companies, reinsurers of such companies, or State or local governmental entities, including any political subdivisions thereof, that insure producers of any agricultural commodity under a plan or plans acceptable to the Corporation. A test program of such reinsurance shall be made available, to the maximum extent possible, to begin not later than with the 1982 crops. In order to provide equity among producers purchasing crop insurance, whenever the Corporation provides reinsurance under this subsection to any such insurers, the Corporation shall pay a portion of each producer's premium for such insurance so reinsured. Each such payment shall cover the same per centum of the premium, and be subject to the same restrictions regarding payments of premiums for crop insurance on commodities, as provided in subsection (b) of this section for Federal partial payments of Federal crop insurance premiums. The Corporation shall also pay operating and administrative costs to insurers of policies on which the Corporation provides reinsurance to the same extent that such costs are covered by the Corporation on the Corporation's policies of insurance. Insurers of policies on which reinsurance is provided shall make use of licensed private insurance agents and brokers on the same basis as provided for policies of the Corporation under section 507(c)(3) of this title except that the provisions for compensating agents and brokers from premiums paid by the insured shall not apply.